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Mid-Autumn Festival (中秋佳节)

2006-07-29 13:30

  曾经有一些学生问我如何跟家人度过中秋节,也有一些学生主动跟我谈及他们自己的情况,因此我在第二封信中作出了一些回应。

  TEACHER'S

  Dear students,

  I am really glad that most of you turned in your letters to me and some of you wrote down words from your hearts. I really appreciate that. Some wanted to know how I spent my Mid-Autumn Festival holiday. Well, like many other fathers, I took my kids (a daughter of about five and a son of about two) to a playground on Saturday night. I bought each of them a paper lantern. I put a lighted candle in my daughter's lantern  but I didn't do so with my son's because I thought it would be dangerous. I agree that it was no fun at all carrying a lantern without any lighting but it was lucky that he didn't complain. Probably it was because he is only two——a two-year-old boy does not know anything. Perhaps I should have bought him an electrical one. How foolish I was!

  Many of you told me that you were lazy; you were bad last year and this year you want to change. I am really glad to hear that and I believe that you can. “Change”is not easy but you can do it of you believe you can. I support you. Many years ago I taught a girl. Many other teachers told me that she was a triad member and it was difficult to change her. Somehow I felt she was not bad at all. Once she wrote me a diary entry in which she said she very much wanted to be a policewoman someday but she did not think she could. I told her right away that I believed she could. Guess what——now she has been doing the job of a policewoman for five years. I have just told you a 100% true story. Can you see my point in the story?——“change”is possible though not easy. Work harder, my friends, work harder! You can do it.

  Dennis

  一些短语如:most of you、some of them、many of us及a few of these等都是英语的惯用语。

  在现代英语中,this和that往往可以互相取代,不过that在口语中更为普遍。

  这里的like是介词,意思是“好像”。like作动词时的意思是“喜欢”。

  at night解作“晚上”;但“某天晚上”则要说:on Monday night或on Wednesday night.

  这里的lighted解作“亮着的”,也可写成lit.

  my son's相等于my son's lantern,但lantern在这里可以省略。

  这里的at all用于否定句,例如:no fun at all (完全无趣)或not bad at all (一点也不坏)。

  用should have bought…表示后悔的意思,即“本该买……”。

  这并不是一句疑问句,而是慨叹自己是那么的愚蠢。

  这句子共有四个动词,但语法并无错误,因为用了三个连词(conjunction):即but、if及believe(that)you can. that是连词,此处省略。

  somehow这个副词,用来形容一些知其然而不知其所以然的事情便最好不过。

  someday =in the future.

  在说一些令人惊讶的事情之前可以用Guess what.

  用现在完成进行时(present perfect continuous tense)来表示某行动是始于过去,但现在仍然继续进行。

  原来的句子应是though it is not easy,但写作though not easy更简洁有力。例如:It is dangerous though interesting.

  LANGUAGE

  Present vs. Past tense

  学生们往往会在上作文课的时候,问老师应该用现在时(present tense),还是过去时(past tense)来写文章。事实上,在同一篇文章里,现在时和过去时极可能会同时出现,甚至在同一句子中,我们也可能看见两种不同的时态(tense)。让我们从本单元中挑出两个例句加以说明:

  EXAMPLE

  1.I agree that it was no fun at all carrying a lantern without any lighting.

  2.Many of you told me that you were lazy; you were bad last year and this year you want to change.

  因此当我们写文章时,要养成以下的习惯:每当使用一个动词时,先问问自己,究竟所写的是关于以前的,还是现在的事情、感受或思想。不过,当我们要谈一些始于过去,却又属于现在的事时,我们不能用简单的现在时或过去时,而是用现在完成进行时(present perfect continuous tense)。请看看本单元的例句:

  EXAMPLE

  Guess what——now she has been doing the job of a policewoman for five years.

  另外,我们有时候希望表达自己后悔从前没有做某些事情,不过我们不能用简单的现在时或过去时,我们可以说:I should have done it.(我本该这样做)请再看看本单元的例句:

  EXAMPLE

  Perhaps I should have bought him an electrical one. How foolish I was!

  不少学生在STSs中向我谈及他们如何度过中秋节,也有部分学生回应我给他们的鼓励,表示愿意尽力学习,也有一些学生主动提出改善学习环境的建议。以下是我挑选的四段STSs的内容,其中某些动词的时态(tense)是错的,请在错处下画上横线,并将正确时态的动词填写在右栏横线上。若该行没有错处,请用√表示。

  Test Your Understanding

  1.8th Sept 95 is the Mid-Autumn Festival. I felt very happy because my friend and I watch the moon together. The moon was very big and yellow. We talked and played candles. We went home after half an hour. I think we should stay longer.

  2.I hope you could let us write to you once every week because it was not easy to write something. And I hope when you teach in class, you could speak slower, In the last few lessons, many students and I find it difficult to follow you.

  3.I am very happy when I read your letter yesterday. You told us a lot about yourself. Let me tell you something about myself. I have many hobbies, like football, basketball and volleyball.…I spent a lot of time playing these. I was a lazy boy, so I failed in exams last year. I am a repeater. This year I would try my best.

  4.The Mid-Autumn Festival holiday was great fun. Many people go somewhere to enjoy their holiday. But many people, like my family, stayed at home to have a good dinner. We watch TV at home together. I also feel that“change”is not easy. Last year I was very lazy. I have to change my lazy habits. I would try my best in my study.

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