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成人英语三级考试2003年4月真题

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  2003年4月北京地区成人本科英语统考试题B卷

  Part I Reading Comprehension (40%)

  Directions: There are four passages in this Part. Each Passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Auswer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage l

  Questions l to 5 are based on the following passage:

  What will man be like in the future -in 5000 or even 50000 years from now? We can only make a guess, of course, but we can be sure that he will be different from what he is today. For man is slowly changing all the time. Let us take an obvious example. Man, even five hundred years ago, was shorter than he is today. Now, on average, men are about three inches taller. Five hundred years is a relatively short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller.

  Again, in the modem world we use our brains a great deal. Even so, we still make use of only about 20% of the brain's capacity. As time goes on, however, we shall have to use our brains more and more, and eventually we shall need larger ones. This is likely to bring about a physical change tool the head, in particular the forehead, will grow larger.

  Nowadays our eyes are in constant use. In fact, we use them so much that very often they become weaker and we have to wear glasses. But over very long period of time it is likely that man's eyes will grow stronger. On the other hand, we tend to make less use of our arms and legs. These, as a result, are likely to grow weaker. At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life.

  But what about hair? It will probably disappear from the body altogether in course of time because it does not serve a useful purpose any longer.In the future,then,both sexes are likely to be bald.

  Perhaps all this gives the impression that future man will not be a very attractive creature to look at. This may well be true. All the same,in spite of all these changes, future man will still have a lot in common with us. He will still be a human being, with thoughts and emotions similar to our own.

  1. The passage tells us about________.

  [A]how man's life will be in the future

  [B]how future man will look like

  [C]the fact that man's organs will function differently in the future

  [D]the fact that man is growing uglier as time passes

  2. There is evidence that man is changing______.

  [A]man has been growing taller over the past 500 years

  [B]man has got stronger eyes than he ever had

  [C]man's hair is getting thinner and thinner

  [D]man's limbs are getting weaker because he tends to make less use of them

  3. Man's forehead will grow larger because______.

  [A]he will use of only about 20% of the brain's capacity

  [B]the other 80% of his brain will grow in due time

  [C]he had rather narrow forehead a few hundred years ago

  [D]he will have to use his brain more and more as time goes on

  4. Future man will probably_______.

  [A]have smaller eyes

  [B]see better

  [C]have larger eyes

  [D]gave to wear better glasses

  5. The reason for believing that future man will be different is that he_______.

  [A]is always

  [B]hopes for a change

  [C]never stops changing

  [D]will live a different life

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 1O are based on the following passage:

  People all over the world today are beginning to hear and learn more and more about the problem of pollution. Pollution is caused either by man's release of completely new and often artificial (人造)substances into the environment, or by releasing grealy increased amounts of a natural substance (物质),such as oil from oil tankers into the sea.

  Whatever its underlying reasons, there is no doubt that much of the pollution caused could be controlled if only companies, individuals and governments would make more efforts. In the home there is an obvious need to control litter and waste. Food comes wrapped up there or four times in paekages that all have to be disposed of; drinks are increasingly sold in bottles or tins which cannot be reused. This not only causes a litter problem, but also is a great waste of resources, in termsof glass, metal and paper. Adverising has helped this process by persuading many of us no only to buy thing we neither want nor need,but also to throw away much of what we do buy. Pollution and waste combine to be a problem everyone can help to solve by cutting out unnecessary buying,excess use and careless disposal (处理) of the products we use in our daily lives.

  6. The main cause of pollution is______.

  [A]the release of artificial or natural substances into the environment

  [B]the production of new industrial goods

  [C]increased amounts of a natural substance

  [D]our ever-increasing population

  7. Much of the pollution could be controlled if only______.

  [A]people would pay more attention to the problem

  [B]governments would take effective measures

  [C]all sides concerned would make more efforts

  [D]farmers would use less artificial fertilizers

  8. Food packages, bottles and tins for drinks can cause______.

  [A]air and water pollution

  [B]both a litter problem and a waste of resources

  [C]to pay for the service

  [D]to produce the receipt

  9. Which of the following can not help solving the problem of pollution?

  [A]Cutting out unnecessary buying

  [B]Eating less

  [C]Reduce excess use

  [D]Carefully dispose our daily products.

  10. What does the underlined word “litter” mean in paragraph 2 ?

  [A]not many  [B]serious problem  [C]bits of waste things  [D]indtustrial pollution

  Passage 3

  Questions 11-15 are based on the following passage:

  Thousands of years ago, in the middle of an ocean, miles from the nearest island, an undersea volcano broke

  out. The hot liquid piled higher and higher and spread wider and wider. In this way, an island rose up in the sea.

  As time went on, hot san and cool rains made the rock split and break to pieces, Sea waves dashed against the rock. In this way, soil and sand came into being.to grow taller.

  Nothing lived on the naked soil. And then the wind and birds brought plant seeds, spiders and other little creatures there. Only plants could grow first. Only they, in sunlight, could produce food from the minerals of the soil, water and air. While many animals landed on the island, they could find no food. A spider spun its web in vain, because there were no insects for its web to catch. Insects couldn't stay until there were plants for them to eat. So plants had to be the pioneer life on this new island.

  11. The passage centers on _______.

  [A]how an undersea volcano broke out

  [B]how an island rose up in the sea

  [C]how soil was formed on a new island

  [D]how life began on a volcano- produced island

  12. According to the passage, the island got its first soil from ______.

  [A]sea waves

  [B]its own rock

  [C]the sand brought by the wind

  [D]cool rains

  13 .The word “naked” (in para. 3) could be replaced by which of the following?

  [A]hidden

  [B]new

  [C]mysterious

  [D]bare

  14 . The order of coming into being on the island is_______.

  [A]soil, plants and animals

  [B]soil, little creatures and plants

  [C]soil, birds and plants

  [D]soil, human beings and animals

  15 .According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE ?

  [A]Spiders were the first life that could live on the island.

  [B]The island is far away from any piece of land.

  [C]Insects could not live on the island without plants

  [D] Plants were brought to the island by human beings

  Passage 4

  Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:

  Sports and games make our bodies strong, prevent us from getting too fat, and keep us healthy. But these are not their only use.They give us valuable practice in making eyes, brain and muscles work together. In tennis, our eyes see the ball coming, judge its speed and direction and pass this information on to the brain. The brain then arms, legs, and so on, so that the ball is met and hit back where it ought to go. All this must happen with very great speed, and only those who have had a lot of practice at tennis can carry out this complicated chain of events successfully. For those who work with their brains most of the day,the practice of such skills is espcially useful.

  Sports and games are also very useful for character-training. In their lessons at school, boys and girls may learn about such virtues as unselfishness, courage, discipline and love of one's country; but what is learned in books cannot have the same deep effect on a child's character as what islearned by experience. The ordinary day-school cannot give much practical training in living, because most of the pupils' time is spent in classes, studying lessons. So it is what the pupils do in their spare time that really prepares them to take their place in society as citizens when they grow up. If each of them learns to work for his team end not for himself On the football field, he will later find it natural to work for the good of his country instead of only for his own benefit.

  16. When we play tennis we have to _____.

  [A]use, first, our eyes, then the brain and finally the muscles

  [B]make our eyes, brain and muscles work almost at the same time

  [C]use mainly the arms and legs to hit

  [D]usc mainly the muscles so that the ball is met and hit back

  17. The “complicated chain of events” refers to_______.

  [A]the passing of information and making of decisions

  [B]the meeting and hitting back of the ball

  [C]the coordinated movements of our eyes, brain and muscles

  [D]a lot of practice before playing tennis

  18 . By “character-training”, the author means that sports and games can help children_____.

  [A]live a better life when they grow up

  [B]know better how to behave properly in their future life

  [C]understand better the virtues they learn in books

  [D]all of the above

  19. According to the author, a child's character can be most deeply influenced by________ .

  [A]what he does out of class

  [B]what he learns in books

  [C]his place in society

  [D]his lessons in school

  20. What is of the greatest importance to a football team is _____.

  [A]its members  [B]its team work

  [C]thefootball field  [D]the climate

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure(40%)

  Directions: In this part there are 40 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four ices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on

  the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  21 . Not until then, had I heard _____ of what happened.

  [A]something  [B]anything  [C]nothing  [D]everything

  22. History is the story of _____ happened to the people before today.

  [A]whichever  [B]whomever  [C]whatever  [D]wherever

  23. The teacher asked his students to leave enough _____ on the page for correction.

  [A] room      [B]margin    [C]place     [D]paper

  24. After stopping for a few minutes, the bus moved _____ to its next stop.

  [A] forward   [B]off       [C] with     [D] on

  25 .I'll _____ that I'm a qualified engineer.

  [A]have you know                        [B]have known you

  [C]have you knowing                     [D] have you known

  26. Of those _____ had applied for the jobs, only two were accepted.

  [A]persons     [B]that         [C]who        [D]which

  27. She could have done just as well as you, _____ the chance.

  [A]given       [B] to give     [C] giving     [D] give

  28. But for the rain, we _____ a nice holiday.

  [A]should have                   [B]would have had

  [C]would have                    [D]well enough

  29. ______ I admit that there are problems, I don't agree that they cannot be solved.

  [A]When         [B]As            [C]While         [D]Since

  30. What may happen to you, if you _____ in your school work?

  [A]fall down    [B]fall apart    [C]fall off       [D]fall behind

  31 . She was _____ the top prize in the competition.

  [A]awarded       [B]rewarded      [C]received       [D]accepted

  32 . They have _____ many horrible crimes against the people.

  [A]done             [B]made          [C]committed      [D]had

  33 . We have decided to call _____ Mr. Black sometime next week at his home.

  [A]on               [B]at           [C]up              [D]for

  34. His failure to pay the debts _______ the suspicion that he was not to betrusted.

  [A]concerns         [B]confesses     [C]confuses       [D]confirms

  35. Having heard so much about Mr. Smith, they were_______ to meet and have a chat with him.

  [A]eager            [B]desperate     [C]urgent         [D]earnest

  36. We were deeply impressed by her important _______ to the success of the project.

  [A]work             [B]determination   [C]improvement  [D]contribution

  37. I'd like to take________of this opportunity to thank you for your co-operation.

  [A]advantage        [B]occasion        [C]benefit      [D]profit

  38. She told me it was the most ______ gift her daughter had received.

  [A]delighting       [B]delighted       [C]delights      [D]delight

  39. Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the people______ harm them.

  [A]fewer than       [B]other than      [C]rather than  [D]better than

  40. Bill doesn't ______ what people say about him.

  [A]concern          [B]matter          [C] care        [D] disturb

  41. Mr. Wilson said that he did not want to ______ any further responsibilities.

  [A] take on         [B] get on         [C] put up       [D] look up

  42. I would have told him the answer had it been possible, but I_____ so busy then.

  [A] am              [B] were           [C] was           [D] would be

  43. It is very important for the strong man to know that _______ strong he is, he cannot be the strongest.

  [A] whatever        [B] whenever       [C] whichever      [D] however

  44. The fact _______ he does so in so short period of time challenges explanation.

  [A] why             [B] that           [C] what            [D] which

  45. It's urgent that a meeting _______ before the final decision is made.

  [A] will be arranged                  [B] must be arranged

  [C] be arranged                       [D] would be arranged

  46. The United States is composed of fifty states, two of ______  are separated from the others by land or water.

  [A] them            [B] that          [C] which           [D] those

  47. The new English dictionary I bought yesterday ________ me almost twenty yuan.

  [A] spent           [B] paid          [C] cost             [D] took

  48. In fact he had done_______ he could do to help the poor.

  [A] what             [B] which        [C] as              [D] all which

  49. They discussed the problem three or four times,bot could come to no_______.

  [A] end              [B] conclusion   [C] result          [D] judgment

  50. She is very careful. She______very few mistakes in her work.

  [A] does             [B] takes        [C] makes           [D] gets

  51. When he was set free after twenty years in prison, he was amazed _______ the changed world he found.

  [A] at               [B] of           [C] on              [D] to

  52. I'd like to_______a special table for the coming Valentine's Day.

  [A] preserve         [B] deserve      [C] conserve        [D] reserve

  53. One of the benefits of the new model is that it is easier _____ than the old one.

  [A] operating        [B] to be operated   [C] to operate    [D] operated

  54. Every year when the flu is _____I'm bound to get sick.

  [A] getting around                        [B] coming around

  [C] hanging around                        [D] going around

  55. The grass______ many animals live is abundant here.

  [A] by which        [B] with which        [C] on which      [D] of which

  56. ____ mostly in small town, I'd only recently fallen in love with cities.

  [A] Grown up        [B] Being grown up    [C] Growing up    [D] Having grown up

  57. It______ me as an uphill battle, simply because it is an awkward and time-consuming process.

  [A] appears          [B] occurs           [C] strikes       [D] hits

  58. Would the news _____he failed to pass the exam bother you?

  [A] which            [B] that             [C] of which      [D] on which

  59. He abandoned a career that______to his becoming one of the most influential people in the world.

  [A] could have led   [B] will lead        [C] should have led     [D] must lead

  60. I believe you have______some important points in the report.

  [A] left alone       [B] left behind      [C] left off         [D] left out

  Part III Identification (略)

  Part IV Close (10%)

  In China it is relatively usual to ask people their age, but in the west this question is generally regarded as impolite.This is particularly true 71 women, and even more 72 if the inquirer (问者) is a man. However, it is very 73 to ask children their age, and some adults may not mind being asked 74. In fact,some elderly people are quite happy to 75 the age, especially if they feel they look young 76 their age.

  Nevertheless, it is not very wise to ask a 77 question like “How old are you?”。 If elderly people want to talk about their age, and perhaps receive a compliment(恭维话)on how young they look, they may easily bring 78 the topic themselves and ask the other to 79 how old they  are. 80 such a situation, it is quite acceptable to discuss age 81.

  They normally expect to be complimented on their youthfulness, rather than 82 that they look very old. 83 Westerners do not usually ask people directly how old they are, this does not 84 that they are not interested to know how old other people ate. They may ask 85 for the information, 86 they may try to 87 the topic indirectly, sometimes discussions about educational 88 and the number of years of working experience may provide some 89, but this is not always the 90. Of course, individuals also vary in what they are interested or willing to talk about.

  71. [A]with              [B]for              [C]of                [D]to

  72. [A]that              [B]than             [C]such              [D]so

  73. [A]average           [B]normal           [C]expected          [D]unusual

  74. [A]too               [B]also             [C]neither           [D]either

  75. [A]reveal            [B]reflect          [C] release          [D] remark

  76. [A] to               [B]with             [C]for               [D]at

  77. [A]open              [B]strange          [C]impolite          [D]direct

  78. [A]about             [B]up               [C]along             [D]to

  79. [A]guess             [B]know             [C]learn             [D]predict

  80. [A]For               [B]With             [C]In                [D]On

  81. [A]free              [B]with freedom     [C]freely            [D]in a free way

  82. [A]being told        [B]told             [C]to tell           [D]to be told

  83. [A]Even              [B]Though even      [C]Even that         [D]Even though

  84. [A]include           [B]intend           [C]mean              [D]conclude

  85. [A]no one else       [B]anyone else      [C]someone else      [D]everyone else

  86. [A]still else        [B]or else          [C]so else           [D]rath else

  87. [A]approach          [B]solve            [C]address           [D]discuss

  88. [A]background        [B]level            [C]knowledge         [D]systems

  89. [A]topics            [B]clues            [C]evidences         [D]suggestions

  90. [A]case              [B]truth            [C]reality           [D]fact

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