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奥利弗·克伦威尔 论解散议会

2006-07-07 17:23

Oliver Cromwell

ON THE DISSOLUTION OF PARLIAMENT

January 22,1655

  Now to speak a word or two to you.Of that,I must profess in the name of the same Lord,and wish there had been no cause that I should have thus spoken to you!I told you that I came with joy the first time;with some regret the second;yet now I speak with most regret of all!I look upon you as having among you many persons that I could lay down my life individually for.I could,through the grace of God,desire to lay down my life for you.So far am I from having an unkind or unchristian heart towards you in your particular capacities!I have this indeed as a work most incumbent upon me;this of speaking these things to you.I consulted what might be my duty in such a day as this;casting up all considerations.I must confess,as I told you,that I did think occasionally,this nation had suffered extremely in the respects mentioned;as also in the disappointment of their expectations of that justice which was due to them by your sitting thus long.“Sitting thus long;”and what have you brought forth?I did not nor cannot comprehend what it is.I would be loath to call it a fate;that were too paganism a word.But there hath been something in it that we had not in our expectations.I did think also,for myself,that I am like to meet with difficulties;and that this nation will not,as it is fit it should not,be deluded with pre-texts of necessity in that great business of raising of money.And were it not that I can make some dilemmas upon which to resolve some things of my conscience,judgment and actions,I should shrink at the very prospect of my encounters.Some of them are general,some are more special.Supposing this cause or this business must be carried on,it is either of God or of man.If it be of man,I would I had never touched it with a finger.If I had not had a hope fixed in me that this cause and this business was of God,I would many years ago have run from it.If it be of God,He will bear it up.If it be of man,it will tumble;as everything that hath been of man since the world began hath done.And what are all our histories,and other traditions of actions in former times,but God manifesting Himself,that He hath shaken,and tumbled down and trampled upon,everything that He had not planted?And as this is,so let the All-wise God deal with it.If this be of human structure and invention,and if it be an old plotting and contriving to bring things to this issue,and that they are not the births of Providence-then they will tumble.

  But if the Lord take pleasure in England,and if He will do us good-He is very able to bear us up!Lethe difficulties be whatsoever they will,we shall in his strength be able to encounter with them.And I bless God I have been inured to difficulties;and I never found God failing when I trusted in Him.I can laugh and sing,in my heart,when I speak of these things to you or elsewhere.And though some may think it is a hard thing to raise money without Parliamentary authority upon this nation;yet I have another argument to the good people of this nation,if they would be safe,and yet have no better principle:Whether they prefer the having of their will though it be their destruction,rather than comply with things of necessity?That will excuse me.But I should wrong my native country to suppose this.

奥利弗·克伦威尔

论解散议会

1655年1月22日

  且听我再讲一两句话。我必须以同一个上帝的名义坦陈己见,但愿我不必再向你们罗嗦!我曾告诉你们,我第一次来时感到高兴;第二次来时则感到有点懊悔;而现在竟感到懊悔之至!我把你们中的好多人视为可为之献身的人。感谢上帝的恩惠,我愿为你们献身。对待你们这些有着特殊身份的人,从我内心说,决无恶意或不符合基督教义的想法!我确实把告诉你们这些事情视为义不容辞的工作。我反复通盘考虑过在像目前这样的时候我所应负的责任。直率地讲,诚如我告诉过你们的,有时我确实想过,我国在上述各方面受到极大的损害,包括由于你们长期占有议会席位,使人们因所期望的正义落空而感到失望。“长期占有议会席位”,可是你们带来了什么结果?我没有也不可能了解那种结果是什么。我不愿意说这是命运;那太像是异教徒的口吻。但是那种结果中有些东西不是我们所期望的。

  我还确实这样想过:我很可能会遇到困难;在筹款这件重要工作中,国家不会、恰当地说也不应该被人以需要为借口而加以欺骗。如果我不能依靠我的良心判断和行动来解决这种困境中的一些问题,那末在想到这些遭遇的发展前景时就会畏缩不前。有些是一般的困难;有些是较特殊的困难。假定这一事业或这一工作必须进行下去,那可能是出于上帝的意志,也可能是由于人的愿望。如果是由于人的愿望,我但愿从未插手干预。如果我不认为这一事业和这一工作是出于上帝的意志并寄以希望的话,那末许多年前我就该避开了。如果出于上帝的意志,那上帝就会容许它进行下去。如果由于人的愿望,它必定失败;自有世界以来一切由于人的意志而进行的事都已失败。我们全部的历史和昔日其他各种行动的传统都表明,上帝摧毁了一切不是他所安排的事物,这说明了什么?既然如此,那就让万能的上帝来处理吧!如果一件事出于人的构想发明,如果那是为这一问题密谋策划出来的,那就不是出于天意——它必定要失败。但是,如果上帝恩宠英格兰,愿意赐福于我们——他是完全能支持我们的!不论前途如何险阻,仰仗上帝的力量我们就会无往而不胜。感谢上帝,我已习惯于困难。每当我乞灵于上帝时,上帝从未使我失望。在我给你们或在其他地方讲这些事情的时候,我感到心花怒放。虽然也许有人认为如果没有议会在国家中的权威,筹款是件难事;然而我要向我国善良的人们再次说明,若要安全,别无良策:他们难道宁愿坚持他们那种可能招致自身毁灭的愿望,也不愿适应必定出现的形势?那倒为我免除了责任,可是我若那样想就会损害我的祖国。

  王德华 译

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