Science means the exploration of truth. In the process of exploring truth， people will have to experience tremendous hardships and difficulties before they can come to understand the objective laws. It is often the case that the differences in the research perspectives， the materials mastered， and the ways of understanding would lead to totally different results—as we might say， “a mountain becomes a hill when viewed horizontally and a peak when viewed vertically， and it assumes totally different shapes when viewed from a short or a long distance， or from a high or a low position.” – and even lead to academic disputes.
Therefore， an accomplished scientist would regard opposing arguments as his most tremendous benefit and take others' criticism of him as the most precious friendship that he can ever obtain. In Gothe's words， “We take for granted what we are in favor of. However， only what we are opposed to can enrich our thoughts.” This is all because the approving opinions are not necessarily justified while the opposing arguments are not necessarily unfounded. To put it in the least way， even the opposing arguments that are mistaken will be immensely beneficial to one's own scientific research.