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1999工商管理硕士入学考试英语试题(下)

2006-7-6 21:40  

  Questions 29 to 32 are based on the following passage:

  I wonder if you realize just how many others share your problem. It is so common for people to distort the truth about themselves. Sometimes it's just an invented excuse when you're late for something or a pretence that you like someone you don't. These white lies don't usually harm anyone and indeed often help smooth over difficult social situations.

  They ceratinly are embarrassing if exposed but, on the whole, they're easily forgiven.

  What you describe is a habit of lying that is more serious than this. I suspect that the lies you tell are ways of defending an idea you have of your own worth. People who have doubts about their own self-esteen often worry that others will judge them as harshly as they feel they deserve because of a secret idea that they are pretty worthless. In other words, they create a false picture of themselves,a picture of someone who meets all the expectations they think others have of them,And as you say, that causes problems-since they have to keep living up to that image. At the same time, they have to tell further liee to cover the stories they have already told. According to some authorities, this is particularly among women especially those who have few opportunities to develop an adequate sense of self-worth.

  I suggest you give yourself one day during which you stick solidly to the truth about yourself. Give yourself a small treat at the end of the day if you have managed to keep it up. Wait a week and then try it again. Once you have achieved three separate lie-free days,see if you can cope with three days running, then extend it to a whole week. Don't make a promise to yourself that you will never lie again because almost certainly you will-it's too much to take on at once. Try to change things little by little, by setting yourself manageable targets. After a while, you'll wonder why you ever had the problem at all.

  29. This passage is a reply to someone who _____________ .

  A. keeps a habit of lying for vain reasons

  B. works hard to meet others' expectations

  C. does not know the truth about himself and is too sure of himself

  D. does not know how to make a realistic plan for himself

  30. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

  A. White lies often cause embarrassment in social situations.

  B. It is important for women to have an adequate sense of self-worth.

  C. It takes a little time to get rid of your habit.

  D. Take exercise like running if you are free and keep it up.

  31. The expression “living up to” in the second paragraph can best be replaced by

  __________.

  A. growing up with     B. living with

  C. seeking             D. sticking to

  32. In the last paragraph the writer implies that _____________ .

  A. you will solve the problem with patience and a strong will

  B. you must be hard on  yourself  to  accomplish  something

  C.  your  problem  lies  in  the  fact  that  you  hasten  to  make  promises

  D.  you  must  set  different  targets  at  different  stages  of your life

  Questions 33 to 36 are based on the following passage:

  The London Stock Exchange has been famous as a place for men only, and women used to be strict1y forbidden to enter. But the world is changing day by day, and even the Stock Exchange,which seemed to be a men's castle, is gradually opening its doors to the other sex. On l6th November l971, a great decision was taken. The Stock Exchange Council (the body of men that administers the Stock Exchange) decided that women should be allowed onto the new trading floor when it opened in l973. But the “castle” had not been completely conquered. The first girls to work in “The House” were not brokers or jobbers. They were n either allowed to become partners in stockbroking  firms, nor to be authorized dealers in stocks and shares. They were simply junior clerks and telephone operators.

  Women have been trying to get into the Stock Exchange for many years. Several votes have been taken in “The House” to see whether the members would be willing to allow women to become members, but the answer has always been “No”。 There have been three refusa1s of this kind since l967. Now women are admitted, although in a very junior capacity. Two forms of jobbers made an application to the Stock Exchange Council to be allowed to employ girl clerks. Permission was finally given. A member of the Stock Exchange explained, after this news had been given,“The new floor is going to be different from the old one. All the jobbers will have their own stands, with space for a telephone and typewriters,Therefore there will have to be typists and telephone operators. So women must be allowed in.” This decision did not mean a very great victory in the war for equal rights for women

  However, it was a step in the right direction. The Chairman of the new building will eventually lead to women being allowed to have full membership of the Stock Exchange. It is only a matter of time; it must happen.

  33.The London Stock Exchange is famous _____________.

  A. for its favorable location

  B. for its policy of opening its doors to women

  C. because it has been a place for men only

  D. because women are now beginning to enter its doors to work

  34. Several votes have been taken in “The House” _____________.

  A. to see if women were willing to become members

  B. to decide when women would be allowed into “The House”

  C. to find out whether the members were willing to allow women to become members

  D. to decide when to allow women onto the new trading floor

  35. Which of the following is true?

  A. Since l973 women have been allowed to work with the London Stock Exchange.

  B. Women have always been refused participation in stock trading.

  C. Women were never officially allowed to enter the Stock Exchange.

  D. Men have been trying to get into the Stock Exchange.

  36.What is this article about?

  A. Women's place in society.

  B. How the London Stock Exchange functioned in 1971.

  C. How women have been struggling for full membership of the Stock Exchange.

  D. How women were gradually allowed to work in the Stock Exchange.

  Questions 37 to 40 are based on the following passage:

  When we talk about intelligence, we do not mean the ability to get a good score on a certain kind of test, or even the ability to do well in school. By intelligence we mean a style of life, a life, a  way of behaving in various situations. The true test of intelligence is not how much we know how to do,but how we behave when we don't know what to do.

  The intelligent person, young or old, meeting a new situation or problem, opens himself up to it. He tries to take in with mind and senses everything he can about it. He thinks about it, instead of about himself or what it might cause to happen to him. He grapples with it boldly, imaginatively, resourcefully, and if not confidently, at least hopefully; if he fails to master it, he looks without fear or shame at his mistakes and learns what he can from them. This is intelligence. Clearly its roots lie in a certain feeling about life, and one's self with respect to life. Just as clearly, unintelligence is not what most psychologists seem to suppose, the same thing as intelligence,only less of it. It is an entirely different style of behavior, arising out of entirely different set of attitudes.

  Years of watching and comparing bright children with the not-bright, or less bright,have shown that they are very different kinds of people. The bright child is curious about life and reality, eager to get in touch with it, embrace it, unite himself with it. There is no wall, no barrier,between himself and life. On the other hand, the dull child is far less curious, far less interested in what goes on and what is real, more inclined to live in a world of fantasy. The bright child likes to experiment, to try things out. He lives by the maxim(格言)that there is more than one way to skin a cat. If he can't do something one way, he'll try another. The dull child is usually afraid to try at all. It takes a great deal of urging to get him to try even once; if that try fails, he is through.

  Nobody starts off stupid. Hardly an adult in a thousand, or ten thousand could in any three years of his life learn as much, grow as much in his understanding of the world around him,as every infant learns and grows in his first three years. But what happens,as we grow older, to this extraordinary capacity for learning and intellectual growth?

  What happens is that it is destroyed,and more than by any other one thing, it is destroyed by the process that we misname education-a process that goes on in most homes and schools.

  37.The writer believes that intelligence is _____________.

  A. doing well in school

  B. doing well on some examinations

  C. a certain type of behavior

  D. good scores on tests

  38. The writer believes that “unintelligence” is ___________.

  A. similar to intelligence

  B. less than intelligence

  C.  the common belief of most psychologists

  D.  a particular way of looking at the world

  39. Why does the writer say that education is misnamed?

  A.  Because it takes place more in homes than in school.

  B.  Because it discourages intellectual growth.

  C.  Because it helps dull children with their problems.

  D.  Because it helps children understand the world around them.

  40.  In the paragraphs which follow the above passage, the writer probably discusses ______.

  A.  how education destroys the development of intelligence

  B.  how bright children differ from dull children

  C.  how intelligence is inherited

  D.  how the child's intellectual capacity grows at home and school

  Section B

  Directions: Read the following passage and then give short answers to the five questions.

  Write your answers on the Answer Sheet.

  The British Museum in London is probably the classic example of an institution which is too rich by more than half. There, no doubt, because they have so much, they are unable to assess exactly what they have and what proportion they are able to show.

  One measure of how important are the treasures they have was given in Parliament last month when Jennie Lee, the Arts Minister said:“The museum authorities consider that the total cost of displaying everything in the museum might be more than $50,000,000.”

  The Fitzwilliam has one of the best collections of coins in the world, but lack of space means that less than one percent of the collection can be shown. Paintings and drawings are rotated,partly to give the public a chance to see them all, partly to avoid too much exposure to light. But even under this policy some painters still don't get shown. Mr.

  David Piper, the director, said that some impressionist paintings by Boudin were not on show and that most of the big pottery collection had to be kept in a reserve gallery to which members of the public are admitted if they are particularly interested. It is a different story at Bradford's City Art Gallery. There they can show all the works of art they have, and would be glad to show more and finer works if they were available.

  The Arts Council owns one of the finest collections of modern British paintings and sculpture in existence, and is fortunate in that it does not have a permanent site for its works. The collection is split into a series of traveling exhibitions which are put on show at art galleries, museums,colleges and even libraries throughout the country,giving taxpayers a chance to see what they have brought.

  41. What is the main ides of this article?

  42.“Paintings and drawings are rotated.” What does the sentence mean?

  43.In the Fitzwilliam museum, one can never see those objects that are kept hidden, can he?

  44. Why does the writer say that the Arts Council is fortunate ?

  45. How many museums are mentioned in this article?

  PART Ⅲ English-Chinese Translation(15%)

  Directions : Read the following passage carefully. Then translate it into Chinese.

  Write your translation on the Answer Sheet.

  Banks are closely concerned with the flow of money into and out of the economy. They often co-operate with governments in efforts to stabilize economies and to prevent inflation.

  They are specialists in the business of providing capital, and in allocating funds on credit. Banks originated  as places to which people took their valuables for safe-keeping,but today the great banks of the world have many functions in addition to acting as guardians of valuable private possessions.

  We can say that the primary function of a bank today is to act as an intermediary between depositors who wish to make interest on their savings, and borrowers who wish to obtain capital. The bank is a reservoir of loanable money, with streams of money flowing in and out.

  For this reason, economists and financiers often talk of money being“liquid”, or of the“liquidity” of money. PART Ⅳ Writing(15%)

  Directions : Write a letter according to the information given in the following outline in

  Chinese. Your composition should be about l20 words. Remember to write clearly. You should write this composition on the Answer Sheet.

  你们公司准备向美国IBM公司订购一批新一代的计算机,请你写一封订购信,其内容应包括以下几点:

  1.你们获得IBM公司新产品信息的来源。

  2.向IBM公司订购计算机的原因(公司信誉、产品质量等等)及订购数量。

  3.要求对方详细介绍新产品的性能及售后服务。

  4.询问价格及付款方式。

  5.提出交货的时间和地点。

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