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克莱门特·理查德·艾德礼 大西洋宪章

2006-07-07 16:46

Clement Richard Attlee THE ATLANTIC CHARTER October 29 , 1941

Clement Richard Attlee

THE ATLANTIC CHARTER

October 29,1941

  We do not envisage an end to this war savevictory.We are determined not only to win the war but to win the peace.Plans must be preparedin advance.Action must be taken now if the end ofthe war is not to find us unprepared.But the problems of the peace cannot be solved by one nation inisolation.The plans of a post-war Britain must befitted into the plans of a postwar world,for this fight is not just a fight between nations.It is a fight for the future of civilization.Its result will affect the lives of all men and women—not only those now engaged in the struggle.

  It is certain that until the crushing burden of armaments throughout the world is lifted from the backs of the people,they cannot enjoy the maximum social well-being which is possible.We can't build the city of our desire under the constantmenace of aggression.Freedom from fear and freedom from want must be sought together.

  The joint expression of aims common to the United States and the British Commonwealth of Nations known as the Atlantic Charter includes not only purposes covering war but outlines of moredistant objectives.

  It binds us to endeavor with due respect to our existing obligations to further the enjoyment by all States,great and small,victors and vanquished,of access on equal terms to trade and raw materials which are needed for their economic prosperity.Inaddition it records our desire to bring about the fullest collaboration between all nations in the economic field with the object of securing for all labor standards,economic advancement and social security.But it is not enough to applaud these objectives.They must be attained.And if mistakes areto be avoided,there must be the closest interna-tional collaboration in which we in the United Kingdom will gladly play our part.

  We are determined that economic questionsand questions of the universal improvement of standards of living and nutrition shall not be neglected as they were after the last war owing to the preoccupation with political problems.The fact is that wars do not enrich but impoverish the world and bold statesmanship will be needed if we are torepair the ravages of war and to insure to all the highest possible measure of labor standards,economic advancement and social security to which the Atlantic Charter looks forward.

大西洋宪章

1941年10月29日

  除了胜利,我们不认为这场战争会有别的什么结局。我们不仅决心赢得战争,而且还要赢得和平。我们必须早作打算。我们现在就必须采取行动,以免在战争结束时毫无准备。但是有关和平的问题不可能由一个国家单独解决。战后英国的规划必须符合战后世界的规划,因为这场战斗不仅仅是国与国之间的战斗。这是一场为了文明的前途的战斗。其结局将影响所有男人和女人的生活,而不只是影响那些正在进行斗争的人们。

  当然,只有从人民的肩上解除全世界沉重的军备负担,人民才能享受到有可能实现的最大限度的社会福利。我们不可能在持续不断的侵略威胁之中建设我们所向往的城市。我们必须设法同时摆脱恐惧和贫困。

  通称大西洋宪章的联合宣言表达了美国和英联邦的共同目标,它不仅包括了关于战争的目的,也包括了更长远目标的要点。

  宪章使我们有责任在对我们现有义务给予应有的尊重的同时,努力促进一切国家,不论其大小胜败,在贸易和为其经济繁荣所必需的原料方面享受平等的权利。另外,它还记载了我们促成一切国家在经济领域里全面合作,从而保证一切国家的劳动水平、经济进步和社会安全的愿望。但是光赞扬这些目标是不够的。还必须达到这些目标。如果要避免错误,就必须要有最密切的国际合作,我们联合王国很乐于尽自己的一份力。

  我们决心不让经济问题和普遍改善生活水平与营养水平的问题像上次世界大战后那样由于人们专注于政治问题而遭到忽视。事实上战争不会使世界富裕而只会使它贫穷,如果我们要医治战争创伤,保证达到大西洋宪章所展望的劳动水平、经济进步和社会安全的最高标准,政治家的胆识是不可缺少的。

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