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考研英语范文阅读(二十八)

2006-7-6 21:40  

  A great deal of attention is being paid today to the so-called digital divide—the division of the world into the info(information) rich and the info poor. And that divide does exist today. My wife and I lectured about this looming danger twenty years ago. What was less visible then, however, were the new, positive forces that work against the digital divide. There are reasons to be optimistic.

  There are technological reasons to hope the digital divide will narrow. As the Internet becomes more and more commercialized, it is in the interest of business to universalize access—after all, the more people online, the more potential customers there are. More and more governments, afraid their countries will be left behind, want to spread Internet access. Within the next decade or two, one to two billion people on the planet will be netted together. As a result, I now believe the digital divide will narrow rather than widen in the years ahead. And that is very good news because the Internet may well be the most powerful tool for combating world poverty that we've ever had.

  Of course, the use of the Internet isn't the only way to defeat poverty. And the Internet is not the only tool we have. But it has enormous potential.

  To take advantage of this tool, some impoverished countries will have to get over their outdated anti-colonial prejudices with respect to foreign investment. Countries that still think foreign investment is an invasion of their sovereignty might well study the history of infrastructure (the basic structural foundations of a society) in the United States. When the United States built its industrial infrastructure, it didn't have the capital to do so. And that is why America's Second Wave infrastructure—including roads, harbors, highways, ports and so on—were built with foreign investment. The English, the Germans, the Dutch and the French were investing in Britain's former colony. They financed them. Immigrant Americans built them. Guess who owns them now? The Americans. I believe the same thing would be true in places like Brazil or anywhere else for that matter. The more foreign capital you have helping you build your Third Wave infrastructure, which today is an electronic infrastructure, the better off you're going to be. That doesn't mean lying down and becoming fooled, or letting foreign corporations run uncontrolled. But it does mean recognizing how important they can be in building the energy and telecom infrastructures needed to take full advantage of the Internet.

  55. Digital divide is something ________.

  (A)getting worse because of the Internet

  (B)the rich countries are responsible for

  (C)the world must guard against

  (D)considered positive today

  56. Governments attach importance to the Internet because it ________.

  (A)offers economic potentials

  (B)can bring foreign funds

  (C)can soon wipe out world poverty

  (D)connects people all over the world

  57. The writer mentioned the case of the United States to justify the policy of ________.

  (A)providing financial support overseas

  (B)preventing foreign capital's control

  (C)building industrial infrastructure

  (D)accepting foreign investment

  58. It seems that now a country's economy depends much on ________.

  (A)how well-developed it is electronically

  (B)whether it is prejudiced against immigrants

  (C)whether it adopts America's industrial pattern

  (D)how much control it has over foreign corporations

  答案及试题解析

  CADA

  55.(C)意为:全世界应该警惕的。

  第一段第一句对“数字分化”下了一个定义。其后作者提到,他和妻子20年前就在讲演中谈到这种随时将至的危险,这里,this looming danger当指the digital divide,即在世界范围内产生信息富裕和信息贫乏的两类国家。当时,作者就认为前途是乐观的,因为早在20年前就已经出现了一些防止产生这种分化的积极因素,只是当时这些因索还不太明显。同时,在第二段,作者提到了网络的普及使这种分化正得到缩小。可见,在作者看来,这种分化是不好的现象,而网络的普及能帮助世界战胜贫困(combating world poverty, defear poverty)。

  有关选择项A和D,参阅本题对选择项C的解释。

  B不对。该选择项表达的内容本文没有提到。

  56.(A)

  第二段提到,随着国际互联网越来越趋于商业化,普及上网会对商家有利,因为上网的人越多,潜在的顾客人数就越多,因此,许多国家的政府惟恐落后于形势,想要扩大上网率。第二段最后一句指出,“数字分化”的缩小是一个好现象,因为,国际互联网很可能是我们迄今所拥有的战胜贫困的最强有力的工具。所谓“战胜贫困”即指使这些贫穷国家富裕起来。第三段第三句则直截了当地指出,国际互联网有巨大的(经济)发展潜力。

  B意为:可以带来海外投资。在第四段,作者建议贫穷国家在利用外资方面放弃一些过时的偏见——如殖民、侵犯主权等概念,积极利用外资建立自己的电子基础设施,以便充分利用国际互联网提供的机遇,走向富裕(better off)。这里的逻辑并不是互联网带来外资,而是利用外资发展网络工程。

  C意为:能很快消灭贫困。虽然作者提到了国际互联网的利用可能是战胜贫困的工具,但这仅仅是一种潜在的力量,把这种力量转化为现实则取决于不同国家的努力。

  D不对。正像上面所分析的,政府关注国际互联网是因为它为经济的发展带来的巨大潜力,而不仅仅是它将世界连成一片这个事实。

  57.(D)

  在第四段,美国和巴西的例子都用以说明抛弃过去的在利用外资上的错误观念,充分利用外资建立电子基础设施的重要性,因为,哪个国家在建设“第三次浪潮”(指目前正在进行的信息产业革命)的基础设施上利用外资多,哪个国家就将变得更富裕(见第四段倒数第三句)。

  A意为;向海外提供资金援助。

  B意为:防止外资的控制。第四段最后两句指出,利用外资并不意味着缴械或受愚弄,也不意味着放任外国公司肆意妄为,但是这的确意味着:对于利用外资建设能源和电信基础设施的重要性人们已有所认识,而这些设施是充分利用国际互联网的基础。

  C意为:建立工业基础设施。由以上的分析可以看出,本文提到的不是建立“工业”基础设施的问题。

  58.(A)意为:其电子工业发展的程度。

  参阅对以上三个题的题解。

  B意为:它是否反对外来移民。

  C意为:它是否采用美国的产业模式。美国的例子仅仅是利用外资建设基础设施的一个成功例子。

  D意为:它在多大程度上控制着外企。

  翻译句子

  1、As a result, I now believe the digital divide will narrow rather than widen in the years ahead. And that is very good news because the Internet may well be the most powerful tool for combating world poverty that we've ever had.

  [参考译文]因此,我认为在未来的数年中,信息差异将缩小而不会变大。那是好消息,因为互联网很可能成为我们消除所面临的贫困的最强有效的工具。

  2、The more foreign capital you have helping you build your Third Wave infrastructure, which today is an electronic infrastructure, the better off you're going to be.

  [参考译文]你拥有的能帮助建设第三次浪潮基础设施(即当今信息通讯设施)的外国投资越多,你将来就会越富有。

  补充难句翻译

  ①A great deal of attention is being paid today to the so-called digital divide—the division of the world into the info(information) rich and the info poor.[参考译文]现在越来越多的人开始关注所谓信息差异——即世界被划分为信息富裕阶层和信息贫困阶层。

  [结构剖析]本句的结构较简单,抓住attention is being paid to the digital divide就可以了,注意破折号后面的名词短语实际上是对digital divide一词的定义。

  [阅读重点]so-called所谓的,注意要学会利用如破折号、括号、逗号等标点符号来定位一个词的补充说明成分。

  ②As the Internet becomes more and more commercialized, it is in the interest of business to universalize access—after all, the more people online, the more potential customers there are.[参考译文]随着国际互联网变得越来越商业化,普遍化上网的途径是符合商业利益的——毕竟,上网的人越多,潜在的消费群体就越大。

  [结构剖析]注意主句是It is in the interest of business to do sth.,前面as引导的是伴随状语,而非原因状语,要理解为“随着”,而非“因为”。后面破折号的部分是进一步解释说明前面的主句。

  [阅读重点]注意几个词的含义:commercialized商业化;universalize access普及上网条件。

  ③To take advantage of this tool, some impoverished countries will have to get over their outdated anti-colonial prejudices with respect to foreign investment.[参考译文]为了能充分利用互联网这个工具,一些贫困国家在对待外国的投资时就不得不克服早已过时的反殖民主义偏见。

  [结构剖析]本句的主干是some impoverished countries will have to get over their outdated anti-colonial prejudices.前面的不定式可以被看成是一个目的状语。

  [阅读重点]tool指上文的internet;impoverished贫困的;get over克服,摒弃;with respect to在某个方面。

  ④The more foreign capital you have helping you build your Third Wave infrastructure, which today is an electronic infrastructure, the better off you're going to be.[参考译文]你拥有的能帮助建设第三次浪潮基础设施(即当今信息通讯设施)的外国投资越多,你将来就会越富有。

  [结构剖析]此处用了the more…… the more……的句型。逗号之间的which today is an electronic infrastructure是Third Wave infrastructure的非限定性定语从句。

  [阅读重点]capital资金;Third Wave第三次浪潮,指后工业时代,即“信息时代”;infrastructure基础设施;better off的原形是well off家境好,富裕。

  语言点详解

  1.digital divide信息分水岭,信息差异[大纲词汇]digital a.数字的,信息的[扩充词义]divide n.分水岭,差异

  2.lecture演讲[大纲词汇]lecture v./n.演讲,讲课[经典例句]He lectured on me about an hour although I asked him just a simple question.

  3.loom逼近[大纲词汇]loom v.隐约出现;阴森逼近[经典例句]People were worried about the looming energy shortage.

  4.visible可见的[大纲词汇]visible a.看得见的,可见的[经典例句]She spoke with visible impatience.

  5.commercialize商业化[大纲词汇]commercial a.商业的,商务的,贸易的[衍生词汇]commercialize v.使商业化;使商品化[经典例句]Sports are more and more commercialized nowadays.

  6.universalize普遍化[大纲词汇] universal a.普遍的,全体的,通用的;宇宙的,世界的[衍生词汇]universalize v.使普遍化;使通用化[经典例句]We should universalize rather than nationalize communities.

  7.leave behind落下[大纲词汇]leave behind留下,忘记带[经典例句]The great influenza epidemic left behind over 20 million dead.

  8.net联络在一起[大纲词汇] net n.网,网状物;v.用网捕,使落网; a.净的;纯净的[经典例句]Her cheeks were netted with little purple veins.

  9.combat搏斗,斗争[大纲词汇] combat v./n.搏斗,战斗,格斗[经典例句]It has become more and more urgent to combat AIDS.

  10.enormous庞大的[大纲词汇]enormous a.巨大的,庞大的[经典例句]He was overwhelmed by the enormous debt.

  11. impoverished贫困的[扩充词汇] impoverish v.使贫穷;耗尽…力气;使贫瘠impoverished a.贫困的;被耗尽的[经典例句]The family was impoverished by misfortune and sickness.

  12.get over克服[大纲词汇] get over克服,(从病中)恢复过来[经典例句]It took him a long time to get over his wife's death.

  13.autdated过时的[大纲词汇] outdated a.过时的,老式的[经典例句]It is amazing some people still have these outdated belief.

  14.anti-colonial反殖民主义的[大纲词汇]colonial a.殖民(地)的colonist n.殖民者,移民colony n.殖民地[构词方法]anti-前缀,表示“反”,“抗”[联想记忆]antislavery n.反奴隶制antiabortion n.反堕胎

  15.prejudice偏见[大纲词汇] prejudice n.偏见,成见;损害,侵害[经典例句]Many jokes are based on the prejudice toward lawyers.

  16.invasion侵略[大纲词汇]invasion n.侵入,侵略invade v.侵人,侵略,侵害[经典例句]He was annoyed at his colleague's invasion of his privacy.

  17.sovereignty主权[扩充词汇] sovereignty n.主权,自主权;君权,统治权[经典例句]The respect the sovereignty of other countries is one of the basic principles of diplomacy.

  18.infrastructure基础设施[扩充词汇]infrastructure n.基础;基础设施[经典例句]The local government has made great investment in infrastructure.

  19.capital资金[大纲词汇]capital n.首都,首府;大写字母;资本,资金a.首位的,最重要的,基本的[经典例句]Lack of capital is the most urgent problem the company faces.

  20.highway公路[大纲词汇]highway n.公路,大路[经典例句]A new highway was constructed between the two cities a few months ago.

  21.immigrant移民[大纲词汇]immigrant a.(从国外)移来的,移民的;件,移民,侨民[经典例句]A large number of immigrants flowed into Israel in 19705.

  22.better off更宽裕的[扩充词汇]well off富裕的,宽裕的,充裕的;境遇好的[经典例句]You are surely to be better off if you work harder.

  23.telecom电信[扩充词汇]telecom(=telecommunication) n.电信

  24.attach importance to重视[扩充词汇]attach importance to重视[经典例句]The company attached great importance to the project.

  25.wipe out消除[大纲词汇]wipe v./ n.擦,揩,抹wipe out擦去,除去;消灭,毁灭[经典例句]The earthquake almost wiped out the whole city.

  全文翻译

  今天,人们十分关注所谓的是信息差异问题——世界上信息资源丰富的地区和信息资源贫乏的地区之间的差异;这个差异确实存在,我和我妻子20年前就曾谈及这个临近的危险。然而,那时还不太明显的是一些抵制信息差异的、新的积极因素。实际上我们是完全有理由感到乐观的。

  一些技术上的因素使我们有理由期望差异会缩小。随着互联网的日趋商业化,上网普及对商家是有利的——毕竟,上网人数越多,潜在的客户就越多。越来越多的政府,惟恐自己的国家落后,纷纷推广互联网的普及。一二十年之内,全球将有一二十亿人互联。因此,我认为在未来的数年中,信息差异将缩小而不会变大。那是好消息,因为互联网很可能成为我们消除所面临的贫困的最强有效的工具。

  当然,使用互联网不是惟一消灭贫困的方法。互联网也不是我们所拥有的惟一工具,但它却有巨大的潜力。

  要想利用互联网,某些贫困国家必须克服对国外投资所持的过时了的反殖民的种种偏见。那些认为外国投资是对本国主权的侵犯的国家最好还是研究一下美国的基础设施(社会的基本结构基础)建设历史。当初美国建设自己的工业基础设施时,缺乏必要的资金,因此美国的第二次浪潮基础设施——包括公路、港口,高速公路、港口城市等等——都是用国外资金建造的。英国人、德国人、荷兰人和法国人都在前英国殖民地投资。他们提供资金,美洲移民建造。想想看,现在谁拥有这一切?美国人。我想,在这件事上,像巴西或其他任何地方同样也该这样。你拥有的去建造第三次浪潮基础设施(今天主要指电子基础设施)的外国资金越多,那么你的情况就越好。这并不是说卑躬屈膝,任人愚弄,也不是对外国公司不加控制。但这的确意味着你已认识到外国公司对本国能源及通信基础设施建设的重要性,这些基础设施是充分利用互联网所必要的。

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