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考研英语词汇辨析(连载24)

2006-7-6 21:40  

  code n.代码, 代号, 密码, 编码 v.编码

  解析:break a code识破密码

  penal code「律」刑法,刑事法典

  commitment n.委托事项, 许诺, 承担义务

  解析:prior commitment事先参与

  purchase commitments购买佣金

  enter into commitment承担义务;(商业上的)约定

  注意commit的用法 vt.犯(错误),干(坏事),把…交托给,提交,答应负责

  commit oneself (on)表达个人的意见

  Chairman refused to commit himself on the controversial

  subject before making due investigations.

  主席拒绝在做必要的调查研究之前对这个有争论的问题表态。

  commit to memory记住;牢记

  commit an error做错事

  commit a crime犯罪

  commit suicide自杀

  commit ones soul to God将自己的灵魂托与上帝

  commit him to jail将他监禁

  commit one million dollars worth of iron and steel in

  capital construction调拨价值一百万美元的钢铁用于基本建设

  He would not commit himself in any way.他不愿作任何承诺。

  Our brigade will be committed at dawn.我们旅黎明就要投入战斗。

  commit oneself on对……表态

  commit oneself to委身于,专心致志于

  communication n.传达, 信息, 交通, 通讯

  解析:be in communication with与…通讯,与…保持联系

  mass communication面向广大群众而有广泛影响的宣传工具

  privileged communication受到法律保护的私下交谈

  confidential communication受到法律保护的私下交谈

  concentration n.集中, 集合, 专心, 浓缩, 浓度

  解析:company concentration垄断化(水平)

  with deep concentration专心

  conference n.会议, 讨论会, 协商会

  解析:a fact-finding conference调查会

  a press (news) conference记者招待会

  be in conference正在开会讨论

  call (convene, convoke) a conference召集会议

  have a conference with和……协商[谈判]

  「同」meeting, congregation, congress, council, assembly

  「辨析」meeting最为一般,最不正式,可以是偶然的,也可以是安排好的;

  conference比较正式,可指两人或多人聚会;

  assembly是多人的有计划的集会;

  congress常指立法机构,国家机关;

  council可指多国参加的会议,也可指特定目标的非法定团体;

  congregation指某一宗教的会众,大写指以色列人。

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