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98年5月上海高级口译考试真题(B卷)

2006-07-05 19:55

  一、口语

  Directions: Talk on the following topic for at least 5 minutes. Be sure to make your points clear and supporting details adequate. You should also be ready to answer any questions raised by the examiners during your talk. You need to have your name and registration number recorded. Start your talk with “My name is……”“My registration number is……”

  1、Topic:  There is the opinion that college entrance examinations in China should be abolished. What are your views on this issue?

  2、Question for Reference:

  1. What are the advantages and / or disadvantages of college entrance examinations?

  2. Should all the senior high school graduates be admitted into colleges? Why or why not?

  3. What is your suggestion for the reform of college entrance examinations?

  二、口译题

  1、Part A (英译中)

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in English. After you have heard each passage, interpret it into Chinese. Start interpreting at the signal… and stop it at the signal… You may take notes while you are listening. Remember you will hear the passages only once. Now let's begin Part A with the first passage.

  Passage 1:

  Good health is the most precious thing in the world. When you have got it, you never think about it. When you have lost it, you think about it all the time. The biggest enemies to good health are not terrible diseases, but ourselves. //

  Most human beings need one kind of stimulation or another. Some of us eat too much, drink too much and smoke too much. As a result, we sometimes systematically destroy our own good health.

  Passage 2:

  For years and years people have been saying that the railway system is dead. People say, “We can do without railways”, as if motor-cars and planes have made the railways unnecessary. We all keep hearing that trains are slow, that they lose money, that they're dying. //

  But this is far from the truth. In these days of expensive oil, the railways have become highly competitive with other forms of transport. If you want to carry people or goods from place to place, railways are definitely cheaper than planes.

  2、Part B(中译英)

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in Chinese. After you have heard each passage, interpret it into English. Start interpreting at the signal… and stop it at the signal… You may take notes while you're listening. Remember you will hear the passages only once. Now, let's begin Part B with the first passage.

  Passage1:

  上海香港是购物天堂,对各国游客产生了巨大的诱惑力。近几年来形成的世界性的香港购物旅游热,使香港成为世界上旅游业发展最快的城市之一。//

  五星级酒店遍布港岛,九龙,周围的岛屿被开发成美丽的度假胜地和游乐场所。至今,抵港游客已达近1200万人次。

  Passage 2:

  我非常高兴能在此会见这么多的加拿大商业界的朋友。中国政府十分重视双边经贸关系的发展,并且非常赞赏加拿大贸易代表团为加强两国商业界的关系而作出的努力和起到的桥梁的作用。//

  加拿大是一个工业发达、资源丰富的国家,中国则是一个劳动力充足、市场巨大的国家。我们希望看到加拿大的企业能够充分利用自己在技术和财力上的优势,打入中国市场。

  三、参考答案:

  1、口语题答案略

  2、口译题

  Part A (英译中)

  Passage 1:

  健康是世界上最宝贵的东西。拥有时,你不会想它;失去时,你老是思念它。健康的头号敌人不是可怕的疾病而是我们自己。//

  大多数人都需要这种或那种刺激。我们有些人吃得太多,喝得太多,烟抽得太多。结果是,我们时常不断地在损害自己的健康。

  Passage 2:

  很多很多年以来,人们一直在说铁路瘫痪了。人们都说“没有铁路,我们照样能行”。好车、飞机已使火车没有存在的必要了。我们一直听说火车慢,还赔钱,而且正在消失。//

  但这与事实相差甚远。如今油价昂贵,火车在交通运输工具中具有相当强的竞争力。如果想要运送乘客或货物从一地到另一地,火车无疑比飞机便宜。

  Part B(中译英)

  Passage 1:

  Hong Kong is an ideal shopping center that attracts tourists from all over the world. In the past few years, the craze for shopping and touring in Hong Kong has turned the city into one of the world's fastest developing areas in terms of tourism. //

  Many five-star hotels have been established on Hong Kong Island and Kowloon. The adjacent islands have been developed into beautiful resorts and recreational facilities. Up to now the number of tourists visiting Hong Kong has reached close to 12 million.

  Passage 2:

  I am very pleased to meet with so many Canadian friends of the business community. The Chinese government attaches great importance to the development of bilateral economic and trade relations and appreciates the efforts of the Canadian Trade Delegation serving as a bridge linking the business communities between the two countries. //

  Canada is a country with well-developed industries and abundant resources, while China possesses plentiful labor-force and a huge market. We hope to see Canadian enterprises make full use of their technical and financial advantages and compete well in the Chinese market.

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