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物业管理英语第五讲:Industrial and Hotels

2006-07-29 09:49

  A more specialized type of management is involved with industrial property-that is, buildings that are used primarily for manufacturing or warehousing,and that may also include a limited amount of office space. Much industrial property is either built or altered to meet the specific needs of a tenant who normally will sign a long-term lease (e. g., 10 to 20 years), enabling the landlord to recover the special costs involved. Such special-purpose buildings usually require only a minimal amount of management by the landlord since they are frequently leased on a net basis, with the tenant responsible for operating expenses, including real estate taxes and insurance.

  On the other hand, some types of warehouse space are let on relatively short terms to more than one tenant. In this type of situation, the landlord may be responsible for maintenance and repair and must also anticipate the need to market the space at frequent intervals. One of the most important cash flow items of the late 1980s was the increasing cost of tenant alterations necessitated by tenant rollovers. In the 1990s, a critical property management function will be to service existing tenants and find the right new tenants with an eye to keeping down the cost of tenant improvements. In the increasingly competitive space markets -apartments, office, retail, and industrial -new leases usually provide for significant tenant improvements. Even on industrial properties, traditionally the type requiring the lowest tenant improvement,tenant improvements on a rollover can equal one year's gross rent. Consequently,keeping down rollovers (and therefore the cost of tenant improvements)

  is a primary objective of the cash floworiented owner.

  In the hospitality industry, service is crucial. This and the frequent turn-over of guests (often daily) mean that hotels and motels require more constant management than any other category of space we have considered. In many cases, convention business is major source of revenue. As a result,hotel and motel management includes food service and entertainment as well as the typical property management functions. Marketing is first in importance. The lease period is so short-one night-that management must find tenants for space vacated daily. Management skill creates value as much as does the physical property.

  For the hospitality industry, maintaining security is an allencompassing endeavor, not limited to property managers. Matters relating to the physical plant, staff, and operation in general affect the protection of the property's assets and its guests and employees. Anything less than a property-wide view of security and the resolution and disposition of security problems leads to inefficiency, needless expense, and great potential for harm to employer and guests.

  Notes:

  1. A more specialized type of management is involved with industrial property-that is, buildings that are used primarily…, and that may also include…。

  破折号后是插入语,对industrial property作进一步解释,两个that引导的定语从句修饰先行词buildings, that is等于that is to say,意为“也就是,换句话说”。例如:

  Our foreign teacher will leave for New York next Monday, that is, July 7th.我们的外教下星期一,也就是七月七日启程去纽约。

  2. Much industrial property is either built or altered to meet the specific needs…, enabling the landlord to recover the special costs involved.

  此句中,either…or是连词,用来连接语法结构相同的单词与单词、短语与短语、从句与从句等。例如:

  You may stay either in a hotel or in a private house.你可住在旅馆里或者私人家里。

  enable+名词+动词不定式是一个固定句型。例如:

  His salary enabled him to support his family.他的薪水可供养家糊口。

  3. Such special-purpose buildings usually require… since they are frequently leased on a net basis…。

  since 作连词,引导状语从句, 意为“由于,因为”。例如:

  Since you are unable to answer, perhaps we should ask someone else.由于你不能够回答,我们可能应找其他人。

  on a net basis 此处指业主与租户关系单纯,可译为“以净租为基础”。

  4. On the other hand, some types of warehouse space are let on relatively short terms to more than one tenant.

  在此句中,are let to sb谓语用了被动语态形式,let 的句型为let +名词+to+名词,意为“出租给”。例如:

  The landlord wanted to let this apartment to a young couple.房东想把这套公寓租给一对年轻夫妇。

  5. …and must also anticipate the need to market the space at frequent intervals.

  动词不定式短语to market the space…作need的定语,market是动词,意为“出售,(把……)推出市场”。need的定语,如果是动词,一般用动词不定式。例如:

  Is there any need to explain further? 有没有必要作进一步的解释?

  at frequent intervals经常,常常

  at…interval其间可换一些形容词,如short, regular等。

  6. In the 1990s, a critical property, management function will be to service existing tenants and find…。

  此句中,两个动词不定式短语作该句的表语,其中find前省略了不定式符号to, service在此作动词,意为“提供……服务”。existing tenants 意为“现有的租户”。

  7. In the increasingly competitive space markets-apartments, office, retail,and industrial-new leases usually provide for significant tenant improvements.

  在此句中,increasingly修饰形容词competitive,破折号后的apartments, office等是插入语,作进一步的解释。

  8. Even on industrial properties, traditionally the type requiring the lowest tenant improvement, tenant improvements on a rollover can…。

  在此句中,type作properties的同位语,分词短语requiring the lowest tenant improvement作type的定语。

  9. Anything less than a property-wide view of security and the resolution and disposition of security problems leads to …。

  在此句中,less than与其后的知识构成定语,修饰anything,其中security, resolution, disposition作介词of的宾语。

  less than意为“低于,较少的”。

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