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十句有关“经济发展”的汉译英练习

2006-07-04 20:34

  1. 随着世界人口的迅猛增长,食物问题出现短缺;另外,环境污染问题更加激化。

  In addition to food shortages, rapid population growth will increase the pollution of the environment.

  2.有经济学家认为,不少公司将工作餐、广告和数据处理等内部事物外包(contract out)给服务公司,促使服务行业不断兴旺。

  Some economists argue that the boom in services is caused mainly by firms contracting out jobs they used to do for themselves, such as catering, advertising and data-processing.

  3. 服务行业,占全世界贸易总额的20%,美国出口总额的30%,称为国际贸易中发展最为迅猛的行业。

  Services are the fastest-growing part of international trade,accounting for 20% of total world trade and 30% of American exports.

  4. 美国工业生产的技术含量高,且拥有大量一流的工业设备,因此美国工人的劳动效率非常高,时薪也不菲。

  Labor in the United States possesses a high skill level and works with large amounts of capital equipment. These factors contribute to the high productivity and the high hourly wages of American workers.

  5. 人们身边都备有一些现钱,因为钞票的购买力随时可兑现,是应付不时之需的上策。

  Most people hold some of their wealth in the form of money because it provides readily available purchasing power for dealing with an uncertain future

  6.通货膨胀致使货币的购买力下降,那些用货币储值的人们便惨遭经济损失。

  During a time of inflation, the purchasing power of money will decline, imposing a cost on those who are holding wealth in the form of money.

  7.把一个行业的市场局限在国家内部,只会导致该行业生产效率降低,成本增加。

  To limit the market of an industry to one country would often mean reduced efficiency and higher costs.

  8. 国际贸易能为各国提供国内无法生产、或者能够生产但供不应求的产品。

  International trade enables a country to obtain products that cannot be produced at home at all or that cannot be produced in adequate quantities and at acceptable costs.

  9.工业革命的特点是个体劳动者劳动内容的细化。

  The Industrial Revolution was characterized by specialization of individuals in their work tasks.

  10.上海人口中7.06%拥有学士学位,其城市整体受教育水平远远超出全国1.59%的平均水平。

  7.06% of the total population of Shanghai have a bachelor‘s degree, making the educational level of the city well ahead of the national average of graduates per head of population which currently stands at 1.59%.

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