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江泽民:APEC-2002第十次领导人非正式会议上的讲话

2006-07-07 21:23

  Chinese President Jiang Zemin on Sunday called for efforts to strengthen counter-terrorism cooperation so as to create an environment of peace and security for development and prosperity.

  In an address to the second-day session of the 10th annual Economic Leaders' Meeting of the 21-member Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, Jiang emphasized that as a victim of terrorism, China strongly condemns and opposes all forms of terrorism and reaffirms its support for international efforts against terrorism.

  He said that peace is an important prerequisite for global and regional economic growth, whereas terrorism is posing a serious threat to world peace.

  Jiang recalled that it was at the 9th APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting held in Shanghai last year that “we took the lead in making a firm and resounding declaration to fight terrorism collectively, which played a constructive role in getting the UN and other mechanisms to work cooperatively against terrorism.”

  What transpired in the past year shows that, as long as the international community cooperates closely and acts concertedly, it will be difficult for terrorism to strike again, he said.

  “In the struggle against terrorism, we should focus on both remedies to cure the symptoms of terrorism and solutions to address its root causes. World peace and security will be safeguarded if the new security concept with the principles of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and cooperation at its core is followed,” Jiang said, adding that APEC should continue to play an active role in combating terrorism.

  “Building on the APEC Economic Leaders' Statement on Counter-Terrorism adopted at the Shanghai Meeting, we should give greater expression to our resolve to fight international terrorism by enhancing our security cooperation in such areas as finance, customs, transportation and telecommunication,” he noted.

  “APEC Approach” serves as example for cooperation

  The Chinese President said that the “APEC Approach” adopted by the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum remains relevant to today's changing world and can serve as a valuable example for international cooperation.

  “With steadily richer cooperation contents and bigger membership over the past decade and more, APEC has become the region's most influential multilateral economic forum playing an active role in promoting global and regional economic development,” Jiang said.

  Whether in defining the long-term goals for cooperation in Bogor or promoting the perfection of the multilateral trading system, whether in removing the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis or coping with the “9.11” terrorist attacks, APEC has invariably played a crucial role, Jiang added.

  He pointed out that the key to our success lies in our ability to respect diversity in light of the varied interests and concerns of the members, seeking common grounds while shelving differences, he noted.

  “Our world is a diverse and colorful place. Even more so in the Asia-Pacific region. Respecting the historical and cultural diversity in the members and their different paths or models of development is the important foundation for us to achieve common development and prosperity,” the Chinese leader noted.

  The mingling and mutual influencing of different cultures throughout history have provided the engine for the development of human civilization, he said. Countries in the world should follow the law of history, conduct inter-cultural exchanges more vigorously and draw upon each other's strength more consciously soas to ensure common progress of all human societies, he added.

  It is precisely out of such an understanding that countries in the Asia-Pacific region have gradually come to enhance the “APEC Approach,” which features mutual respect, equality, mutual benefit, consensus and voluntarity, Jiang said.

  This approach tallies with the Asia-Pacific's basic characteristic of historical and cultural diversity and offers an inevitable choice for intra-regional cooperation, the president said, adding that the approach can serve as a “valuable example” for international cooperation of broader scale.

  Jiang stressed that APEC should stick to a development path suited to its own characteristics, always regard closer economic cooperation and greater common development in the region its bounden duty, advance with the times with enterprise and innovation, and instill still greater vitality into our cooperation.

  Expressing great confidence in the future of Asia-Pacific cooperation, Jiang said he was convinced that through concerted efforts, all APEC members will enjoy much broader prospects of development and their people an even better life.

  APEC should respond trend of times Jiang said that the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) community should respond to the trend of the times by giving full play to its advantages and going in for extensive cooperation.

  “With economic globalization surging forward and science and technology making dazzling progress with each passing day, countries have been presented with new opportunities of development in the past year,” he said……

  “At the same time, however, the increased uncertainties in world economic development have posed new challenges to the economies of many countries and regions, APEC members included,” Jiang added.

  According to the Chinese president, trade protectionism is on the rise, making it still harder to achieve free, fair and equitable trade. Non-traditional security threats have increased, as the fight against terrorism remains both arduous and complicated.

  “The world we live in is hardly a tranquil place,” Jiang noted.

  Despite a host of problems facing the international community and more that will still crop up unexpectedly in the future, he said, the tide of history in favor of peace and development cannot be reversed, nor will the people of all lands change their yearning for a better life.

  Wherever they live, people want lasting peace and stability in the world, a world that enjoys universal prosperity and sustainable development, Jiang continued.

  If world peace and common development are to be secured, he said, it is necessary for statesmen of all countries to display vision and courage needed to move history forward in response to the will of the people, and for the family of nations to step up coordination and cooperation.

  “The APEC community should, as always, conform to the trend of the times, give full play to its advantages and go in for extensive cooperation,” the Chinese president stated.

  Under the theme of “Expanding the Benefits of Cooperation for Growth and Economic Development —— Implementing the Vision,” the 2002 APEC Economic Leaders Meeting was intended to discuss growth policies for the new economy; ways to benefit from development, particularly for small, medium and micro enterprises; and ways to promote greater participation in APEC by women and young people.

  But in the wake of the deadly bombing on the Indonesian island of Bali, a series of terrorist attacks in the Philippines and the hostage-taking by Chechen separatists in Moscow, global security issues have dominated the 10th annual APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting.

  In the first-day session Saturday, APEC leaders focused their discussions on terrorism and its impact on the economy. A declaration is expected from the second-day session Sunday, the final day of the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting this year held at this seaside resort in northern Mexico.

  APEC, set up in 1989 in response to the growing interdependence among Asia-Pacific economies and to the need to advance Asia-Pacific economic dynamism and sense of community, now groups Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Chinese Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, the United States and Vietnam.


  江主席:

  福克斯总统阁下,各位同事:

  一年前,亚太经合组织第九次领导人非正式会议在上海黄浦江畔举行,当时的情景至今仍历历在目。今天,我们相聚在太平洋彼岸风景秀丽的洛斯卡沃斯,共商亚太经济合作大计。老朋友见面,感到十分高兴。借此机会,我对福克斯总统的盛情邀请和墨西哥政府的精心安排,表示衷心的感谢。

  一年来,经济全球化趋势继续发展,科技进步日新月异,给各国带来了新的发展机遇。同时,全球经济发展中的不确定因素增加,包括有关亚太经合组织成员在内的一些国家和地区,在经济发展过程中面临新的挑战。贸易保护主义又有抬头,实现自由、公平和公正的贸易仍任重道远。反对恐怖主义的斗争艰巨复杂,非传统安全因素有所增加。我们这个世界还很不安宁。

  尽管国际社会还面临这样那样的问题,将来也还可能出现这样那样意想不到的问题,但和平与发展的时代潮流不可逆转,各国人民追求美好生活的愿望没有改变。各国人民都盼望世界能保持长期的和平与稳定,都向往实现普遍繁荣和可持续发展。保持世界和平,促进共同发展,需要各国政治家顺应人民的意愿拿出推动历史前进的胆识与勇气,需要国际大家庭加强协调与合作。亚太经合组织应一如既往,顺应时代潮流,发挥自身优势,开展广泛合作。

  第一,实现全球和地区经济的稳定和增长是摆在我们面前的重要任务。当今世界,没有一个国家可以关起门来实现发展。面对全球和地区经济中的风险和困难,更应加强相互协调与合作。大家都应采取切实的财政和货币措施,规范和稳定市场,以恢复投资者和消费者的信心,促进经济增长。发达国家在全球和地区经济中举足轻重,应率先行动,承担更多责任。

  亚太经合组织应发挥自身的独特作用,加快贸易投资自由化和便利化以及经济技术合作的前进步伐,能为恢复市场信心和促进均衡发展作出贡献。在全面落实上海会议达成的共识,继续推动市场开放、向“茂物目标”迈进的同时,加强能力建设、人力资源开发、金融等领域的合作,有助于发展中成员提高参与全球竞争的能力。

  为此,中国提出了亚太经合组织金融和发展项目、人才能力建设促进项目等倡议。在各成员的积极参与和支持下,这些项目取得了实质性进展。我们成立了中国亚太经合组织研究院,专门从事与亚太区域合作有关的研究,对企业家进行培训。中国愿继续与各成员在这些领域加强交流与合作。

  第二,要坚定地支持建设开放的全球多边贸易体制,积极推进世界贸易组织新一轮谈判。健全的多边贸易体制和公平的贸易条件,是世界贸易持续稳定发展的重要保障,也是保证各国从经济全球化中获益的重要前提。新一轮多边贸易谈判已经启动,但进展缓慢。各方应进一步采取务实的态度,着眼共同利益,推动多边贸易体制的健康发展。要优先考虑发展中国家的需求,使新一轮谈判成为真正的 “发展回合”。

  为实现这一目标,亚太经合组织就新一轮谈判的重大问题深入交换意见是非常必要的。我们还应共同反对贸易保护主义,为各国经济的增长和多边贸易体制的健康发展创造条件。

  近来,各种区域性贸易安排不断出现,与多边贸易体制并行发展,这既是挑战,也是机遇。只要符合世界贸易组织的基本原则和亚太经合组织确定的“茂物目标”,这些区域性安排就会有助于亚太地区贸易投资自由化的进程,有助于多边贸易体制的健康发展。

  第三,要加强反恐合作,为本地区的发展和繁荣创造和平与安全的环境。和平是全球和地区经济增长的重要前提。恐怖主义是对世界和平的严重威胁。在上海会议上,我们率先就共同打击恐怖主义发出了坚定而明确的声明,对推动联合国等不同机制下的国际反恐合作起到了建设性的作用。

  一年来的反恐实践表明,只要国际社会加强合作,共同行动,恐怖主义就难以兴风作浪。反对恐怖主义,既要治标,又要治本,只要遵循互信、互利、平等、协作为核心的新安全观,就能共同维护世界的和平与安全。

  亚太经合组织应继续在打击恐怖主义方面发挥积极作用,在上海会议达成的《反恐声明》的基础上,进一步表明我们打击国际恐怖主义的决心,深化在金融、海关、交通运输和通信安全等领域的合作。

  中国也深受恐怖主义之害。我们坚决谴责和反对一切形式的恐怖主义,将继续支持国际社会反对恐怖主义的努力和行动。

  各位同事!

  经过十多年的发展,亚太经合组织的合作内容不断丰富,成员不断扩大,已成为本地区最有影响的多边经济论坛,对推动全球和地区的经济发展发挥了积极作用。无论是在茂物确定合作的长远目标,还是推进多边贸易体制的建设,无论是消除亚洲金融危机的影响,还是应对“9·11”恐怖袭击事件,亚太经合组织都发挥了重要作用。

  总结我们成功的经验,关键是要根据各成员的不同关切,尊重多样性,存小异以求大同。世界是丰富多彩的,亚太地区尤其如此。对各成员历史文化多样性的尊重,对各成员不同发展道路和模式的尊重,是我们实现共同发展和繁荣的重要基础。在历史发展的长河中,各种文化相互交融和相互影响,构成了人类文明发展的动力。我们应遵循历史前进的规律,更加积极主动地开展各种文化的相互交流,更加自觉地汲取不同文化的精华,以推动人类社会的共同进步。

  正是根据这样的认识,我们在实践中逐步形成了以相互尊重、平等互利、自主自愿、协商一致为主要内容的“亚太经合组织方式”。这一方式,符合亚太地区历史文化多样性的基本特征,也是亚太地区开展合作的必然选择。更重要的是,这一方式还为开展更广泛的国际合作提供了十分有价值的借鉴。

  环顾世界,面对未来,亚太经合组织应坚持走适合自身特点的发展道路,始终以加强区域经济合作和推动共同发展为己任,与时俱进,开拓进取,不断为我们的合作注入新的活力。

  经过二十多年的发展,中国的现代化建设取得了显著的成就,中国各族人民安居乐业,正满怀信心地迈向更加美好的未来。中国加入世界贸易组织,标志着中国的对外开放进入了新的发展阶段。中国将恪守承诺,进一步发展多层次、全方位、宽领域的对外开放,在更大范围内参与国际经济合作。事实已经并将继续证明,中国的发展将为亚太地区乃至全球经济的发展带来更多的机遇。中国将坚定不移地走适合自己国情的发展道路,坚持改革开放,把社会主义现代化建设不断推向前进。一个发展繁荣的中国,必将为世界和地区的和平与发展发挥积极的建设性作用。

  亚太经合组织的发展给各成员促进经济发展带来了实际的好处,也给我们提供了十分宝贵的启示。其中最重要的启示是:在机遇和困难面前,我们必须加强合作,善于利用机遇,勇敢迎接挑战,推动各成员不断向着发展繁荣的目标迈进。

  我对亚太区域合作的未来充满信心。我相信,通过大家的共同努力,各成员的发展前景一定会更加广阔,人民的生活一定会更加美好。

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