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70天攻克考研英语阅读 DAY41

2006-7-28 01:04  

  Reading comprehension:

  Direction: In this part, there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer.

  Passage 1“Yes, but what did we use to do before there was television?” How often we hear statements like this! Television hasnt been with us all that long, but we are already beginning to forget what the world was like without it. Before we admitted the oneeyed monster into our homes, we never found it difficult to occupy our spare time. We used to enjoy civilized pleasures. For instance, we used to have hobbies, we used to entertain our friends and be entertained by them, we used to do outside for our amusements to theatres, cinemas, restaurants and sporting events. We even used to read books and listen to music and broadcast talk occasionally. All that belongs to the past. Now all our free time is regulated by the 'goggle box'. We rush home or gulp down our meals to be in time for this or that programme. We have even given up sitting at table and having a leisurely evening meal, exchanging the news of the day. A sandwich and a glass of beer will do — anything, providing it doesnt interfere with the programme. The monster demands and obtains absolute silence and attention. If any member of the family dares to open his mouth during a programme, he is quickly silenced.

  Whole generations are growing up addicted to the telly. Food is left uneaten, homework undone and sleep is lost. The telly is universal pacifier. It is now standard practice for mother to keep the children quiet by putting them in the livingroom and turning on the set. It doesnt matter that the children will watch rubbishy commercials or spectacles of sadism and violence — so long as they are quiet.

  There is a limit to the amount of creative talent available in the world. Every day, television consumes vast quantities of creative work. That is why most of programmes are bad: it is impossible to keep pace with the demand and maintain high standards as well. When millions watch the same programmes, the whole world becomes a village, and society is reduced to the conditions which obtain in preliterate communities. We become utterly dependent on the two most primitive media of communication: pictures and the spoken word.

  Television encourages passive enjoyment. We become content with secondhand experiences. It is so easy to sit in our armchairs watching others working. Little by little, television cuts us off from the real world. We got so lazy, we choose to spend a fine day in semidarkness, glued to our sets, rather than go out into the world itself. Television may be a splendid medium of communication, but it prevents us from communicating with each other. We only become aware how totally irrelevant television is to real living when we spend a holiday by the sea or in the mountain, far away from civilization. In quiet, natural surroundings, we quickly discover how little we miss the hypnotic tyranny of King Telly.

  1. According to the passage, which of the following statement is NOT true?

  A. We used to have hobbies and go to theatres and sporting events.

  B. We have a leisurely evening meal and exchange the news when watching the TV.

  C. We quickly finish our meals to be in time for TV programmes.

  D. We are usually silent and attentive in front of TV.

  2. The main idea of the second paragraph is to reveal that

  A. children are very noisy.

  B. television is full of rubbishy commercials or spectacles of sadism and violence.

  C. television disturbs our sleep.

  D. whole generations are fascinated with TV.

  3. According to the passage, the television brings in a lot of harms except

  A. TV makes us lazy.

  B. TV prevents us from communicating with each other.

  C. TV may be a splendid medium of communication.

  D. the same TV programmes bring the society into the preliterate conditions.

  4. The best title for this passage is

  A. television encourages passive enjoyment.B. television is doing irreparable harm.

  C. television is a universal pacifier.D. we cant live without television.

  5. The passage is

  A. narrationB. description

  C. criticismD. argumentation

  Passage 2There is a section of the Western Atlantic, off the southeast coast of the US, forming what has been termed a triangle, extending from Bermuda in the north to southern Florida, and then east to a point through the Bahamas past Puerto Rico to about 40 degree west longitude, and then back again to Bermuda. This area occupies a disturbing and almost unbelievable place in the worlds catalogue of unexplained mysteries. This usually referred to as the Bermuda Triangle, where more than a hundred planes and ships have literally vanished into the air, most of them since 1945, and more than a thousand lives have been lost in the past 33 years, without a single body or even a piece wreckage from the vanishing planes or ships having been found. Disappearances continue to occur with apparently increasing frequency, in spite of the fact that searches are more thorough, and records are more carefully kept.

  Many of the planes concerned have vanished while in normal radio contact with their base or terminal destination until the very moment of their disappearance, while others have radioed the most extraordinary messages, implying that they could not get their instruments to function, that their compasses were spinning, that the sky had turned yellow and hazy(on a clear day), and the ocean(which was calm nearby) “didnt I look right” without further clarification of what was wrong.

  One group of five planes, a flight of Navy TBM Avengers, on a mission from the Fort Lauderdale Naval Air Station, on December 5, 1945, were the object, along with the Martin Mariner sent to rescue them, and which also disappeared, of one of the most intensive groundsea rescue operations ever conducted, although no life rafts, oil slicks, or wreckage was ever located. Other aircraft including passenger planes, have vanished while receiving landing instructions, almost as if, as has been mentioned in Naval Board of Inquiry procedures, they had flown through a hole in the sky. Large and small boats have disappeared without leaving wreckage, as if they and their crews had been snatched into another dimension.

  Unexplained disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle have continued to the present day and no plane or ship is reported overdue and finally classed as “search discontinued” by the Seventh Coast Guard without the expressed or unexpressed comment or feeling among the public or the searchers that there is some connection with the past and present phenomenon of the Bermuda Triangle. There seems to be growing public awareness that something is very wrong with this area. Recent numerous reports from planes and boats which have had incredible experiences within the Triangle and survived are contributing toward a new folklore of the sea, although the cause of the unexplained menace to planes and ships within this area is as mysterious as ever.

  1. What is the main idea of the passage?

  A. the mysterious disappearances of ships and planes

  B. explanation for the cause of the those disappearance of ships and planes

  C. an general introduction to Bermuda Triangle

  D. describing the difficulty in searching and explaining the mysterious disappearances

  2. Which of the following statement of the Triangle is true?

  A. Bermuda is not the same thing with Bermuda Triangle.

  B. The unexplained mysteries in the world lie in this area.

  C. People began to know about this area since disappearances happening here in 1945.

  D. Bermuda Triangle lasts for 40 degrees in longitude.

  3. What does it mean by saying “literally” in “literally vanished” (paragraph 1, line 6)?

  A. without exaggeration B. strangely

  C. suddenly and unexpectedly D. tragically

  4. What is not true according to the description of the situation at the very moment of the disappearance?

  A. Their instruments could not function normally.

  B. Most of the missing planes could contact with their base or terminal destination by their own special means until the very moment of disappearing.

  C. The sky turned darker in spite of the good weather.

  D. The surrounding ocean sent out warning by appearing uneasy and anxious.

  5. According to the passage, which of the following statement is true?

  A. The seaways and airways will be less traveled because of the menace from the Bermuda Triangle.

  B. Searches can not go deeper because the ships and planes sent to rescue will also disappear.

  C. The frequency of disappearance is still increasing.

  D. The author is pessimistic about the future of the search on this issue.

  Passage 3In a bleak economic prognosis for Asia, U.S. economist Paul K. predicted “catastrophe” in Japan and warned of a potential economic reversal for China, the regions main engine of growth.

  Despite widespread upbeat assessments about China, Mr. K said he feels “ill at ease” about the countrys economic outlook. If China fails to continue the pace of reforms and provide greater corporate transparency, he said, the country risks having capital pulled from it.

  China, which is forecast to enjoy around 7.5% growth in gross domestic product this year, has been opening its domestic economy wider, including selling shares in stateowned firms to foreigners and lowering trade barriers to smooth its entry into the WTO.

  Mr. K, speaking Friday at an economic forum hosted in Hong Kong by Swiss Reinsurance Co., said the market opening is the right step in the long run. But in the interim, the country could become vulnerable to capital flight, which could be triggered by simmering investor concerns about corruption, nepotism(裙带关系) and a lack of transparency. To support his argument, he cited the case of Indonesia, one of the worst hit in the financial crisis.

  “One scenario is, as everyone hopes, WTO will lead to continuing reforms and good things will continue to happen. Two, is China becomes a bad member of the WTO,” because it fails to continue reforms and doesnt further open its markets, Mr. K said. “Three is China opens up more but fails to reform and becomes vulnerable to an Indonesian — style crisis,” he said.

  Regarding Japan, Mr. Ks pessimistic economic assessment is more in line with mainstream thinking, but his perspectives are more outspoken.

  The Japanese economy has stagnated for more than a decade, and a Japanese central bank report last week predicted that GDP would contract between 0.9% and 1.2% in the year ending March 31. Many privatesector economists, believing that the actual downturn could be worse, blame policy failures such as reluctance to deal with bad debts in the banking industry.

  While Mr. K shares their gloom, he argues that weak consumer spending, owing to the countrys aging population, is more to blame. As Japans army of retirees grows and its work force shrinks, the ranks of freespending consumers have been thinning. Among those still employed, workers approaching retirement are more likely to save than to spend.

  “The driver is in large part demography. It has to do with a shrinking working population. It also has to do the countrys historical high savings,” Mr. K said.

  Opening the countrys doors to immigrants to replenish the work force is one possible solution, but one that Japan isnt likely to accept. That could leave the economy on a downward spiral for years, he said.

  1. Which is the possible cause if the economic crisis breaks out in China?

  A. keeping pace of reforms B. providing greater corporate transparency

  C. continuing reforms D. failing to further opening its market

  2. Which is not the point Mr. K. trying to make by citing the example of Indonesia?

  A. It is dangerous for China fails to further open its market or continue its reform.

  B. Market opening has its special significance in the long run.

  C. Chinas economy situation is also dependent on the capital invested by foreign countries.

  D. The surrounding area should provide a sound environment for China to develop its economy.

  3. What is the most important factor that prevents Japans economic development according to Mr. K?

  A. The Japanese government fails to make suitable policy to guide and protect its domestic economy.

  B. Reluctance to deal with bad debts in the banking industry causes economic chaos.

  C. The countrys aging population plays a weak role in consumer spending.

  D. Japan opens its door to immigrants replenish the work force.

  4. According to the passage, which of the following statement is true?

  A. Chinas economic development is not important to stimulate the growth of the economy in Asia.

  B. Entry into WTO is a good opportunity for China to sell its shares in state owned firms and lower the trade barriers.

  C. Corruption, nepotism, and a lack of transparence make the investors pull their capital from China.

  D. Keeping balance between saving and consuming is crucial to a countrys economy.

  5. What does it mean by saying “ill at ease”? (paragraph 2, line 1)

  A. uncomfortable B. easily

  C. supposed D. harsh

  Passage 4Up to now, the main impact of technological change has been on longdistance calls. In the United States, where four nationwide fiber networks have been built in a decade, longdistance revenue per minute has halved during that period. Now other technologies are cutting the cost of the “local loop”—— the connection between the nearest exchange and the subscribers home. The connection is usually made with a twisted pair of copper wires, a technology unchanged for almost 120 years. As a rule of thumb, local distribution accounts for 80% of a network cost. Peter Huber, a telecoms specialist based in Washington D.C. reckons that it costs around $ 1,200 to $ 2,000 to connect a new customer with copper.

  Two less expensive and more flexible alternatives to copper have now become available. One is to run telephone services over the same system as cable television. A breakthrough in laser design in the late 1980s made it possible to send analogue television pictures along optical fibers. Since then cable systems, like telephone systems, have increasingly acquired backbones of optical fiber. Adding telephony to an existing cable system usually costs much less than extending the copperwire network.

  The trouble is that a cabletelevision system, like a telephone network, involves high fixed costs and passes homes that do not want it, as well as homes that do; so building one from scratch(as in Britain) is expensive. These problems are avoided by the other technological breakthrough: the use of wireless transmission. Its extraordinary flexibility and low cost will allow the development of a new kind of network — or networks — competing directly with fixed wires. “Wireless is the answer to the local monopoly,” says Robert Pepper, head of the Office of Plans and Policy at the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the United States.

  “If local telecoms were to rebuild from scratch today, they would do so mostly with radio, at a cost of about $800 per subscriber,” says Peter Huber, Michael Kellogg and John Thorne in “The Geodesic Network”, a 1993 review of competition in the industry in the United States. Mobile telephones will increasingly complete headon with fixed systems. But the most important innovation is likely to be a digital wireless linked to a small fixed radio antenna in the home, which can make extraordinarily efficient use of the radio spectrum; unlike a mobile phone, the antenna is always tuned precisely to the correct base station.

  Such systems of wireless local access are now being developed by several companies including Hughes in the United States and Ionica in Britain, but are not yet in commercial use in OECD(经济合作与发展组织) countries. Nevertheless, calculations by analysts, a British consultancy, bear out the enthusiasm of Mr. Huber and his colleagues for fixed wireless access as potentially the least expensive way to make the final link to the home.

  1. What is the main idea of the passage?

  A. the development of the new technology

  B. the impact of the new technology on telecommunication

  C. the competition between the local monopoly and wireless network system

  D. the advantage of the wireless network system

  2. What does the phrase “as a rule of thumb” probably mean? (paragraph 1, line 6)

  A. generally speakingB. as a matter of fact

  C. to be sure about D. rough measuring based on the past experience

  3. According to the passage, which of the following statement is true?

  A. The impact of the development of technology is on improving the condition of telecom.

  B. It costs much less to connect a new customer with an existing copper wire network.

  C. The great prospect of the wireless telecommunication is only an assumption of the analysts.

  D. Wireless transmission is a breakthrough in telecommunication as well as the cabletelevision system.

  4. The authors attitude towards the new trend seems to be:

  A. supportiveB. doubtful C. neutral D. indifferent

  5. What does it mean by “building one from scratch”? (paragraph 3, line 2)

  A. building a cabletelevision system step by step

  B. building a cabletelevision system from the very beginning

  C. building a cabletelevision system based on the former foundation

  D. building a cabletelevision system in spite of the failures in the past

  Keys and notes for the passage reading:Passage 1

  自从电视的存在,我们所有的余暇时间都被电视机这个“突屏匣子”主宰。一代又一代的人成了电视迷,家庭成员之间缺乏交流。质量糟糕的电视使人类社会退回到蒙昧的状态,揭示电视带来的种种危害。

  1. It doesnt matter that the children will watch rubbishy commercials or spectacles of sadism and violence — so long as they are quiet. 孩子们也许会看无聊的商业广告或是暴力和性虐待等场面,但是这些都无关紧要——只要他们规规矩矩呆着就行。

  2. When millions watch the same programmes, the whole world becomes a village, and society is reduced to the conditions which obtain in preliterate communities. 当千千万万的人观看同一个节目时,整个世界变成了一个村落,而人类社会也就退回到自己的愚昧的状态了。

  1. 「B」第一段提到我们已经放弃了在餐桌前一边悠闲地用餐,一边交换着日间的所见所闻。所以B 是错的。

  2. 「D」第二段讲人们在对电视的迷恋中长大,长成了电视迷,使他们饭不吃、家庭作业不做、觉不睡、甚至对孩子起到抚慰的作用。所以应选D.

  3. 「C」C项说电视是一种了不起的传播媒介,这是它好的一面,不是它带来的危害。

  4. 「B」可参考主旨。

  5. 「C」A是叙事,B是描写,C是批评,D是议论。显然这篇文章是在批评电视造成的损害。

  Passage 2

  文章大致介绍了充满神秘色彩的百慕大三角洲的地理位置,并介绍了轮船、飞机在此失事及搜救过程。

  1. Recent numerous reports from planes and boats which have had incredible experiences within the Triangle and survived are contributing toward a new folklore of the sea, although the cause of the unexplained menace to planes and ships within this area is as mysterious as ever. 虽然对飞机,轮船所面临的威胁无法解释清楚原因,可近来许多关于飞机和轮船在三角洲内有不可思议的经历并且还能幸免于难的报道,又为这片海洋的传说增添了新的谈资。

  2. Many of the planes concerned have vanished while in normal radio contact with their base or terminal destination until the very moment of their disappearance, while others have radioed the most extraordinary messages, implying that they could not get their instruments to function, that their compasses were spinning, that the sky had turned yellow and hazy (on a clear day), and the ocean (which was calm nearby) “didnt I look right” without further clarification of what was wrong. 许多有关飞机与基地或总站一直保持着正常的通讯联系,直到失踪的那一刻。一些飞机还发出异乎寻常的信息,暗示他们不能操作仪器,指南针不停地旋转,天空变成黄色,雾蒙蒙的(在晴朗的日子),海洋(附近平静)“看起来反常”,来不及进一步弄清楚出了什么事情。

  3. One group of five planes, a flight of Navy TBM Avengers, on a mission from the Fort Lauderdale Naval Air Station, on December 5, 1945, were the object, along with the Martin Mariner sent to rescue them, and which also disappeared, of one of the most intensive groundsea rescue operations ever conducted, although no life rafts, oil slicks, or wreckage was ever located. 一组五架飞机,叫复仇者的一对海洋战术弹道导弹轰炸机,于1945年12月5日执行劳德代尔堡海军空军基地发出的救援任务时失踪。同时参加救助工作的马丁号也消失得无影无踪。虽然没有发现橡皮艇,水面的油污,残骸等,但可以肯定地说这是一项庞大的海陆配合的救援行动。

  1. 「C」由前面文章大意讲解可知,答案A,B,D都是对文章部分的概括。

  2. 「A」百慕大三角洲只是世界上很多的神秘的地区之一,B不对;第一段第一,二句也可以知道C,D不对,失踪并不是从1945年才开始,西经40度也只是一个边界,不是总的极度跨度。

  3. 「A」第二题是对词义理解的考查。答案为A.

  4. 「B」第二段的第一句话说明了飞机与基地和目的地的联系都是通过普通的无线电进行的,因此并不是什么特殊的手段。所以选B.

  5. 「C」由难句解析1知A,B两项都不正确。通读全文,也不能发现作者的悲观情绪,作者只是在作客观的陈述,所以D项也不对。

  Passage 3

  文章介绍了一位专家对中国和日本两个国家经济发展的预测,提出了问题和隐患,也指出了解决问题的建议。

  1. But in the interim, the country could become vulnerable to capital flight, which could be triggered by simmering investor concerns about corruption, nepotism and a lack of transparency. 但在过渡期间,国家有可能因为抽资而受到伤害,这种抽资可能因投资者对腐败,裙带关系和缺少透明度越来越关心而被引发。

  2. Regarding Japan, Mr. Ks pessimistic economic assessment is more in line with mainstream thinking, but his perspectives are more outspoken. 至于日本,克鲁格曼先生对其经济的悲观评价更多的与主流见解相一致,不过说得更直言不讳。

  3. Many privatesector economists, believing that the actual downturn could be worse, blame policy failures such as reluctance to deal with bad debts in the banking industry. 很多私营企业的经济学家认为,实际的衰退可能更为严重,他们将此归于政策失误。例如,不积极处理银行坏账。

  1. 「D」文中涉及中国经济的部分讲到了中国经济发展必须注意的问题,这道题可在第二段和第五段陈述中找到。

  2. 「D」第四段用印尼的例子是为了说明如果不注意处理好本国内部的各项经济因素,就会导致印尼那样的危机,并不是为了说明经济发展与周边地区的关系。

  3. 「C」第八段开头一句指出他认为是老龄人口导致的消费疲软严重影响了日本经济的发展。

  4. 「D」A与第一段最后一句话意思恰好相反。B与第三段最后一句话也是相反的。C也可以在文中找到相应的句子发现问题。D是由日本的例子中得出的经验教训。

  5. 「A」ill at ease是一个固定词组,意为uncomfortable, embarrassed.

  Passage 4

  文章介绍了新技术的发展对电信事业的积极影响,作者肯定了它给电信带来的新希望和给普通人带来的便捷。

  1. In the United States, where four nationwide fiber networks have been built in a decade, longdistance revenue per minute has halved during that period. 在美国,十年间建起了4个全国范围的光纤网络,而在此期间长途电话与通信每分钟的收入已经减半了。

  2. The trouble is that a cabletelevision system, like a telephone network, involves high fixed costs and passes homes that do not want it, as well as homes that do; so building one from scratch(as in Britain) is expensive. 问题是,有线电视网络就像电话网络一样,需要大量的装配费用,并且要经过很多家庭,不管他们是不是要装有线电视,所以从零开始建起像英国那样的一个有线电视网是很昂贵的。

  1. 「B」由文章大意解析可知,后面几段则是对第一段的补充。

  2. 「D」“as a rule of thumb”是一个固定的词组,答案为D.

  3. 「D」第一句说明了新技术的影响主要是在电信方面,但不否定在其他方面的影响,A过于绝对。文中也有明显数据表明铜线接电话费用要高出许多,所以B不正确。而对无线通信的发展前景由文章最后两段可以知道并不是处于猜想,C不对。

  4. 「A」从全文的内容和语气来看,作者对新技术的发展以及它给电信带来的新希望持肯定态度。

  5. 「B」只要了解from scratch的含义就容易理解这句话了,这个词组指的是“从零开始,从没有任何基础开始”。

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