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2000年5月上海市高级口译真题(A卷)

2006-07-05 19:57

  一、口语

  Directions: Talk on the following topic for at least 5 minutes. Be sure to make your points clear and supporting details adequate. You should also be ready to answer any questions raised by the examiners during your talk. You need to have your name and registration number recorded. Start your talk with “My name is……”“My registration number is……”

  1、Topic:  Humans Clone Themselves

  2、Question for Reference:

  1. What do you know about cloning technology?

  2. What do you know about Dolly, the worlds first cloned mammal, and the significance or the consequence of such cloning?

  3. What are the possible advantages and disadvantages of the cloning technology?

  4. Should humans be cloned? To what extent should the cloning technology be applied to humans?

  二、口译题

  1、Part A (英译中)

  Passage 1:

  Since the early 1990's, information technologies have fundamentally changed and will continue to change the world in which we live, work, study and communicate. Today, on the threshold of the 21st century, the global information revolution an has become a reality. The accelerated development of information technologies is having an increasing impact on the global economic activity and social structures.∥

  More significantly, the nature of information technologies is undergoing a profound revolution. The multimedia information exchange has become digital, wireless , mobile, and interactive. Advanced eletronic networks, particularly in the field of electronic commerce, are now allowing people to make the best use of business opportunities that are never imagined.

  Passage 2:

  In a recent television interview the Malaysian prime Minister expressed his deep concern about economic situation in his country. Malaysia has undergone financial difficulties from the combined impact of the world financial crisis, decline in world oil prices and its own prolonged recession. The direct reason for those difficulties was that investors lacked confidence in the Malaysian economy.∥

  Due to reform of the currency system, high inflation and major financial frauds, most people had little confidence in domestic commercial banks and even doubted the financial policies for the Central Bank and the government. The government and the rubber industrial companies are in severe dispute over settlement of the latter's tax bill. As a result, many foreign companies intended to stay away from further involvement in the country's development of economy.

  2、Part B(中译英)

  Passage1:

  澳门实现平稳过渡,又一次标志着邓小平“一国两制”构想的巨大成功,对实现祖国完全统一将起到积极的推动作用。香港和澳门自回归以来,保持了原有的社会、经济制度不变,生活方式不变和法律基本不变。∥

  我们高兴地看到,“一国两制”、“高度自治”的方针和港澳特别行政区基本法得到全面贯彻执行。中央政府全力支持这两个特别行政区政府的工作。我们坚信,进入21世纪的香港和澳门同祖国大陆一样会有更加美好的未来。

  Passage 2:

  预计我国政府今年将采取进一步措施扩大内需,以保持持续、快速、健康的经济发展。由于中央政府的政策投资、消费和出口明显增加,今年的经济增长率目前定为7%或以上。∥

  为了解决消费需求不足的问题,我国将进一步做好对固定资产投资的准备。我国政府将集中资金投入基础设施、技术革新、环境保护、研究与开发、教育以及居民住房建设。同时,我国政府将进一步使用财政货币杠杆来支持经济发展,为私人投资提供更好的政策环境。

  2000年5月上海高级口译考试真题(A卷)参考答案:

  1、口语题答案略

  2、口译题

  Part A (英译中)

  Passage 1:

  自从90年代初以来,信息技术已经从根本上改变了并且继续改变着人们所居住、工作、学习和交际的世界。今天,在进入21世纪之际,全球信息革命已成为一种现实。信息技术的加速发展正在对全球的经济活动和社会结构产生越来越大的影响。∥

  更有意义的是,信息技术的本质正在发生深刻的变化。多媒体的信息交汉已成为数字、无线、移动以及交互式的交流方式。现在,先进的电子网络系统尤其是电子商务使人们可以充分利用以往不可想象的商机。

  Passage 2:

  在最近一次电视采访中,马来西亚总理对其国家的经济形势表忧虑。马来西亚受世界金融危机、世界石油价格下跌以及本国长时间经济萧条的共同影响,经历了一段金融困难时期。这次困境的直接原因是投资者对马来西亚经济缺乏信心。∥

  由于货币膨胀及重大金融失误,绝大多数老百姓对国内商业银行很少有信心,甚至怀疑央行和政府的金融政策。政府和橡胶工业公司就解决后者的税收问题激烈争论。因此,众多外国公司不愿再进一步介入国家的经济发展。

  Part B(中译英)

  Passage 1:

  The smoothes transition of power in Macao is another great success attributable to Deng Xiaoping' s concept of “one country, two systems” and will play an active role in facilitating the complete reunification of the motherland. Since their return, Hong Kong and Macao's previous social and economic system and way of life have remained unchanged and their laws have been kept basically unchanged.∥

  We are very pleased to see that the policies of “one, country, two systems” and “high degree of autonomy” and the Basic Laws of the Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions have been implemented in an all-round way. The central government has given full support to the Special Administrative Region governments of Hong Kong and Macao in their work. We are very positive that Hong Kong and Macao in the 21st century will have an even brighter future with the Mainland of the country.

  Passage 2:

  The Chinese government is expected to take further measures to expand domestic demand for consumer goods this year to maintain sutained, rapid and healthy economic growth. As investment, consumption and exports have been effectively increased as a result of the central authorities-policies, economic growth is now established at 7 percent or more this year. ∥

  To tackle the problem of insufficient consumer demand, china will further its efforts in preparing for investment in fixed assets. The government will concentrate its investment on infrastructure facilities, technological renovation, environmental protection, research and development, education and the construction of residential buildings. Meanwhile, the government will further make use of fiscal and monetary levers to support economic growth and provide a better policy environment for private investment.

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