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70天攻克考研英语阅读 DAY29

2006-7-28 01:04  

  Increasing reading speed

  Directions:Do the phrase recognition drill below.Quickly underline or mark the key phrase every time it appears in the columns.Try to finish in 10 seconds or less by reading down the column,not left to right.

  Starting Time:

  key phrase:popular opinionpopular opinionpopular science

  popular singer                popular opinion

  popular prices                popular concert

  popular opinion               popular edition

  political opinion             popular opinion

  popular actress               popular writer

  popular opinion               popular music

  personal opinion              popular opinion

  private opinion               popular lecturer

  popular opinion               popular election

  popular lecture               popular opinion

  popular fallacies             popular voice

  popular education             popular opinion

  popular opinion               opposite opinion

  Finishing Time: Total Reading Time:

  Check each line very carefully.Key phrase appears 10 times.

  Gorillas Are Not as Mean as They LookJohn Aspinall spends his Sunday afternoons in a strange way. He plays with his gorillas. John risks possible harm because his playmates weigh over three times as much as he does and are four times stronger. One accidental blow could easily injure him.

  However,John is willing to take the risk because he knows that contrary to popular opinion,a gorilla is not as mean as it looks. "I look forward to the encounters,and it stimulates the animals," says Mr. Aspinall,"I never feel threatened. "

  John and his gorillas are some of the stars appearing in a new National Geographic Special called "Gorilla." The program will focus on what researchers are finding out about gorillas and whether these gentle giants may become extinct in the wild. The program will be shown on public TV April 8 at 8 p.m. EST.

  Among the places you will visit in the TV special will be John Aspinall's 22hectare (55acre) private zoo near Canterbury,England,where he keeps his 20 gorillas. The zoo,a former estate,houses many different kinds of large animals.

  Ever since John was a young boy,he has loved animals. He vowed that when he grew up,he would befriend large animals in trouble.

  When John became older,he was able to fulfill his dreams. He now has two zoos in which he keeps black rhinos; African and Indian elephants;a dozen or more different kinds of wild cats and,of course,gorillas.

  The gorillas are John's favorites. He feels a special kinship toward these animals. Perhaps it's because he knows they are in danger of becoming extinct. The highland gorillas that live in central Africa are especially threatened. Only about 230 of these animals are left. At one time there were thousands.

  Why are the gorillas a threatened and endangered species?One reason is that their habitat is being destroyed. Each year more and more of their habitat is changed into farmland. Another cause is poaching. Poachers kill many gorillas to sell the animals skulls as souvenirs. Other parts of the animals are sold for use in religious rites in some African cults.

  Scientist Lived With GorillasGorillas are probably one of the most misunderstood animals in the animal kingdom. No one really knew the true facts about gorillas until one scientist decided to live with them. That scientist was the American zoologist Dr. Dian Fossey.

  Dr. Fossey spent over 3000 hours living with troops of highland gorillas in the Verunga Garno Preserve in central Africa. She sought out wandering gorilla bands and sat near them. To be accepted,she pretended to be one of them.

  She scratched herself the way they did. She munched on tough celery stalks and other plant parts and burped loudly between snacks. She even tried to imitate their language. However,at times the gorillas looked at Dr. Fossey as though she didn't know what she was talking about.

  Gradually the scientist came to be accepted by several troops of gorillas. Dr. Fossey came to know many of them well and gave them names. There was Koko,an old female who often had to be helped by Rafiki,the male leader of the troop. There were others like young Digit,who Dr. Fossey saw pass from adolescence into young adulthood. Two other troop leaders she knew well were Uncle Bert and Beethoven.

  Troops Stick TogetherThe scientist found that members of a troop stick together because they know and like one another. The leader of each troop is a silverback male. Silverbacks are given this name because of the gray white hair that is visible on their backs. In addition to the dominant male,a typical troop generally consists of three or four adult females and about a dozen offspring.

  As leaders,silverbacks,such as Uncle Bert,get just about anything they want. For example,one evening Dr. Fossey watched a female gorilla named Flossie make her nest for the night. Flossie carefully piled small branches and leaves on the ground into a kind of mattress .When the mattress was finished and Flossie was about to lie down,Uncle Bert nudged her over and took the mattress for himself.

  Dr. Fossey has found that gorillas are not the ferocious creatures people think they are. If two roving troops happen to meet and there is a confrontation between silverbacks,the leaders will not fight. Instead the two giants will yell and scream at one another and beat their chests. They will pick up branches and smash them against trees.

  Each gorilla is trying to scare the other one away. When the encounter is over, the area may look like it had been struck by a small tornado.

  Generally,the animals do not touch each other. Dr. Fossey said that in all her hours of gorilla watching,she has never seen an actual fight.

  Intelligent AnimalsAt birth a gorilla weighs only about 2 kilograms (4 pounds)。 It stays close to its mother for the first three and a half months. A male gorilla matures and develops its silver color in 10 to 12 years.

  Gorillas are extremely intelligent animals.  Probably the best known experiments involving gorilla intelligence were conducted by Francine Patterson at Stanford University in California. Ms. Patterson worked with a lowland gorilla named Koko (no relation to Dr. Fosseys Koko)。 An IQ test placed Koko's intelligence just below that of an average human child. Koko learned more than 375 words in sign language. She also demonstrated that she can reason and form simple sentences from the words she learned.

  Although humans are the gorilla's greatest admirers,they are also the animal's worst enemies. Dr. Fossey has seen many of her gorilla friends die at the hands of poachers,among them Uncle Bert and Digit.

  Will the gorilla manage to survive?Tune in April 8 for the answer to this question.

  ——from Current Science,April 1,1981

  Time: 990 words=wpm

  Minutes

  EXERCISESⅠ。READING COMPREHENSION

  Select the answer which is most accurate according to the information given in the passage.

  1. Many people take it for granted that gorillas are  animals.

  A. gentleB. viciousC. stupidD. the heaviest land

  2. In his private zoo near Canterbury,John keeps .

  A. many kinds of animals,such as gorillas,black rhinos and ducks

  B. solely 20 gorillas

  C. all kinds of land animals

  D. many different kinds of large animals

  3. Why does John favor the gorillas? It's probably because they .

  A. are intelligent B. are not as ferocious as they look

  C. are vanishing D. can use sign language

  4. According to the passage,only 230  gorillas are left in .

  A. highland. central Africa                     B. lowland…… East Africa

  C. endangered…… Africa                   D. giant…… the zoos in Europe

  5. As it is used in the passage, the word,"game"(paragraph 10) means .

  A. an amusement or pastime

  B. a single match between two opposing players or teams

  C. wild animals, hunted for sport, food, or profit

  D. a joke

  6. All of the following are what gorillas habitually do EXCEPT .

  A. chewing plant parts noisily            B. belching loudly between snacks

  C. beating their chests                   D. planting celeries in their habitats

  7. Which of the following gorillas is not a silverback?

  A. Uncle BertB. FlossieC. BeethovenD. Rafiki

  8. According to the passage, the leaders from two different troops of gorillas  one another by yelling and screaming.

  A. greetB. threatenC. talk toD. search for

  9. The sentence,"Generally the animals do not touch each other" (paragraph 17) means that .

  A. usually gorillas do not hug each other

  B. usually gorillas do not tap each other on the shoulder

  C. usually gorillas do not fight each other

  D. none of the above

  10. The silver hair on the back of a male gorilla symbolizes .

  A. maturityB. ferocityC. strengthD. courage

  Ⅱ。 CONTEXTUAL REFERENCE

  Read the following article and figure out the meaning of each word in italics using the context given and wordbuilding skills.

  Biotypology means fitting the right type of sport to the people with the right body build for it. It has now become a very exact science. In broad terms,human beings can be classified into three basic shapes,which in the animal kingdom correspond to a giraffe,a hippo and a lion. These inherited shapes determine,to a very large extent,your eventual ability at any particular sport. A hippo type,being very sturdy,muscular,and inclined to fat,would make an excellent shot putter or weight lifter. But you would not imagine this type ever being able to run a fourminute mile. That is for the giraffe type to achieve. Most women fall into the lion shape,which is a combination of muscularity and a certain amount of speed.

  Ⅲ。CLOZE

  Complete the following passage by filling in the blanks with appropriate words.

  How Can Parrots Talk?

  People are amazed and delighted to hear parrots talk. But it seems that no one can yet explain how these birds are able to imitate human speech so well!

  Some people think parrots can talk because of the   1  of their tongue,    2     is large and thick. It may be that this kind of tongue     3     help it to talk,but it certainly isn't necessary in order     4     a bird to be able to talk. Other "talking"     5    ,such as mynas (八哥),crows,and ravens(渡鸦),don't have large, thick     6. Hawks (鹰)and eagles do have     7     tongues - and cant talk!

  Is it because parrots are     8     intelligent than other birds? This doesn't seem to be the reason     9. As a matter of fact,most biologists think that   10   and other talking birds do not realize the meaning of their own words. They do,   11, seem to form definite associations     12 certain expressions and actions.

  It may be that parrots can "talk"   13   their voice mechanism and hearing work more slowly than   14   of other birds. And probably the sounds    15   by human beings resemble the sounds naturally made by parrots,so it is   16   for them to imitate them.

  Parrots are rather remarkable birds   17   other ways, too. They can adapt themselves    18 practically any kind of living conditions.

  This is why,for example,sailors have long   19   parrots along on their trips. And even 20   a parrot is a tropical bird, when it is in captivity it can manage     21     comfortably in temperate and      22     in cold climates.

  Parrots are very brave birds and loyal to their kind. If a common danger threatens a group of them,the whole flock will stand by. When searching for food,they swing from one limb of a tree to another like monkeys,using their bills as well as their feet. In fact, they can use their feet at times almost like hands,especially when eating.

  ——from Lots More:Tell Me Why

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