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How to keep you PC stable

2006-07-23 17:11

  Getting a new PC is one thing. Keeping it running smoothly is quite another. While a personal computer should continue to perform predictably1 for years, veteran Windows users know all too well that system instability is a fact of life. Yet you can minimize the glitches2 that you experience with your computer by heeding3 the tips below.

  First, install as little software as possible. You'll have fewer software-related conflicts and a system that is easier to manage. What's more, you'll have more disk space available for " virtual memory" , a part of your hard drive that Windows sets aside4 to help manage your system.

  Second, you should ensure that you have as much memory (RAM) in your PC as you need. If you run Windows 98 or Windows Millennium, your computer should have at least 128 megabytes5 (MB) of RAM——and more if you find that your hard drive is churning6 a lot as you work with your applications7. You can also get by with 128 MB of RAM if you use Windows NT or Windows 2000, but these operating systems will run much more smoothly if you have 256 MB of RAM or more.

  Third, try not to run any more programs simultaneously than you absolutely need. You'll find that your computer runs more reliably if you limit the number of open applications.

  Fourth, avoid installing beta8 software. Beta software, by its very nature, is pre release software——meaning that it still has significant known bugs (or defects)。 The same goes, unfortunately, for many shareware programs. The authors of shareware programs, typically, have much less time and fewer resources available for testing their programs. Consequently, it's far more common to find shareware software that is buggy.

  Fifth, make sure you buy good hardware. No-name products may be cheaper and sometimes just as good as name-brand products, but name-brand products usually became well-known because of their reliability. It's also wise to buy products from reputable companies because Windows will more often support the hardware that you purchase. If you are starting out with computers, it's also a good idea to buy ready made systems from major manufacturers. These are likely to have been tested thoroughly with your operating system, and you will generally experience fewer problems.

  Sixth, avoid the temptation to try to fix something that isn't broken. If your system is running well, there's no need to install a utility program that claims to make it run better or more reliably.

  Seventh, do prepare for disaster. No matter how well your system runs when you get it, the day will come when it will need to be replaced. Hopefully, you will replace it because the technology has become outdated, but you may need to replace it also because the hard drive crashes or you begin experiencing problems that no one can figure out. That's why it's important to back up your important files regularly. Whether you use a tape backup device or a CD-RW drive, it's important to map out9 a regular backup schedule and to stick to it.

  获得一台新电脑是一码事,让它流畅地运行是另一码事。虽然,一台个人电脑肯定应该连续使用多年,但资深的电脑使用者们很清楚,系统不稳定是生活中不争的事实。但如果能够注意到以下提示,你使用电脑时,遇到的系统小故障数量就会减到最少。

  第一,安装尽可能少的软件,你就会遇到尽可能少的与软件有关的冲突,系统也会更易于操作;而且,也会有更多的硬盘空间用来做"虚拟内存".Windows就会将节省下来的部分硬盘用来辅助操作系统。

  第二,应该保证在你的电脑中有足够的内存来满足你的需要。如果运行Windows98或Windows Millennium操作系统,电脑中至少要有128兆内存,或者当你使用应用软件时,如果发现系统颠簸许久的话,需要的内存就更多。如果使用 Windows NT或Windows2000操作系统,你也可以用128兆内存,但是如果你有256兆或者更多的内存,那么这两套操作系统就会运行更加流畅。

  第三,如果不是必需的话,尽可能不要同时运行多个程序。你会发现,如果限制打开的应用程序的数量,你的电脑会运行得更加稳定。

  第四,避免安装试用版软件。试用版软件,就其本质来说,就是预先发行试用的软件,这就意味着它还有重大的、已知的错误(或缺陷)。同样遗憾的是,许多共享式软件也是如此。共享式软件的设计者们通常没有足够的时间和资源来测试他们的程序,因此发现共享式软件有缺陷是相当普遍的事实。

  第五,一定要保证你买的硬件的质量。没名的杂牌硬件产品可能比较便宜而且有时与品牌硬件质量一样好,但是品牌产品之所以出名就是因为他们的稳定性。另外一个明智的作法就是买信誉较好的公司的产品,因为Windows更有可能支持你所购买的它们的硬件。如果你正准备攒一台新电脑,从主要生产商那购买现成的系统软件这也是个好主意。这些系统软件很可能已经全面地在你的操作系统下测试过,通常情况下,你不会遇到什么问题。

  第六,避免试图修补本没有损坏的软件。如果电脑系统运行良好,你就没有必要安装据称能使你的系统运行得更好或更稳定的功能性软件程序。

  第七,一定要防患于未然。无论最初你的操作系统运行得多么好,终究会有一天你需要重新安装你的计算机,但愿你重新安装仅是因为技术过时了,但也可能是因为硬件崩溃或是开始遇到没有人能够解决的问题,这就是经常给重要文件做备份之所以重要的原因。不管你是用软盘备份还是用光盘刻录机备份,重要的是要制订一份经常备份的时间表,并坚持执行它。

  注释:

  1.predictably adv.可预计地,可预料地

  2.glitch n.[俚]失灵,小故障

  3.heed vt.留心,注意,听从

  4.set aside留出,省出

  5.megabyte n.[计]兆字节(=100万字节)

  6.churn vi.剧烈搅动,颠簸

  7.application n.应用,实施

  8.beta adj.希腊语的第2个字母β,计算机英语中取其"测试版的"之意

  9.map out详细安排,筹划

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