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物业管理英语第十二讲General Maintenance and Repair

2006-07-29 10:03

  When it becomes necessary to break through walls in order to make plumbing or electrical repairs, engineers make the subsequent repairs. The engineers also handle small welding jobs and maintain door hinges and locks. Engineering staff may also be involved in a wide rang of miscellaneous tasks such as window replacement, painting, carpet installation and so forth. An outside firm is usually contracted for the maintenance, repair, and inspection of major equipment such as elevators.

  Maintaining a plumbing system is no small job. Many American communities often have a large plumbing system. In addition to the circulating hot water system, properties have a separate and complete cold water system. A property owner without either hot or cold water wastes no time making this fact known, and engineers must remedy the situation immediately. Faucet are bound to wear out, and many hours are spent replacing them. Drains can become stopped in the course of everyday use, or property owners may discard objects that plug up sinks or bathtubs. On upper floors, plugged rains may cause flooding. Even minor flooding can cause extensive damage. The engineering division also frequently receives calls about toilets. Basic tools can generally be used to resolve problems, but, in serious cases, the toilet may have to be removed to let the plumber locate the source of difficulty. Water - closet valves must be frequently checked and kept in good working order to avoid noises.

  Some plumbing work can be rather messy. One example is cleaning the kitchen grease traps and the basement grease line. Chemicals can help keep these lines open, but, occasionally, cleaning must still be done manually. An additional problem for engineers is the fact that the original plumbing in most properties probably was not intended for all the use it now gets. Properties can  modernize systems gradually, but few proferties can undertake such a job in a short period of time.

  A Sample Informing Tenants of Electricity Supply Cut-off

  Dear tenants:

  Please note that owing to the carrying out of repair work to the electricity supply system, lift service and public lighting of Block Two and Four will be suspended from 9 to 20, Nov. 15th.

  However, emergency electricity supply will be provided to staircases and corridors. Should you have any queries, please contact the Manager Office on 87675274 (telephone number)。

  We apologize for any inconvenience that may be caused.

  Yours sincerely

  Useful Expression

  break through   冲破、突破、冲垮

  be involved in   卷入、涉及

  such as         比如

  so forth         等等

  in addition to    除了……之外(还有)

  be bound to     一定,注定

  wear out        用坏;耗损,磨损

  in the course of  在……期间

  plug up        堵塞

  owing to       由于,因为

  Notes

  1. When it becomes necessary to break through walls in order to make plumbing or electrical repairs…。

  此句中,动词不定式to break through walls 是真正主语,it 是形式主语。该句可译为:为了进行管道和电力的维修,必要时要穿墙破壁。

  2. Engineering staff may also be involved in a wide range of miscellaneous tasks such as window replacement…, and so forth.

  a wide range of 意为“大范围的”。例如:

  The student has a very wide range of interest.

  那个学生的兴趣非常广泛。

  such as 意为“比如,例如”,在as后接名词。例如:

  Sara has read many English novels such as Oliver Twist, Pride and Prejudice,and Jane Eyre.莎拉读过许多英语小说,例如:《雾都孤儿》、《傲慢与偏见》、《简·爱》。

  3. An outside firm is usually contracted for the maintenance, repair, and inspection of major equipment such as elevators.

  该句的谓语为被动语态,contract作动词,意为“与……订(……的)合同”。该句可译为:与外面的公司订立合同负责维护、修理和检查主要的设备,如电梯。

  4. A property owner without either hot or cold water wastes no time making this fact known.

  介词短语without either…or…作owner的定语,可译为:没有冷水或热水的业主。

  Waste no time意为“不要浪费一点时间,赶快”,making this fact known是一个复合结构,known作宾语fact的补足语,意为“告诉别人”。

  5. Drains can become stopped in the course of everyday use.

  下水道在每日的使用中有可能堵塞。

  6. On upper floors, plugged drains may cause flooding.

  楼上堵塞的下水道也许会引起淹水。

  7. Chemicals can help keep these lines open…。

  help keep 是help + (to) do句型,意为“有助于(某事)”。

  例如:

  The new policy helped (to) brake the inflation.

  那项新政策有助于掏通货膨胀。

  该句可译为:化学药品有助于保持管道线畅通。

  8. An additional problem for engineers is the fact that the original plumbing in most properties probably was not intended for all the use it now gets.

  此句中fact后紧跟一个同位语从句that the original plumbing…the use.定语从句it now gets修饰use. 9. electricity suppily cut-off 停电

  10.…owing to the carrying out of repair work to the electricity supply system…。由于 对供电系统进行维修……

  Owing to the shower, the football game was put off.

  由于阵雨,那场足球比赛推迟了。

  11. emergency electricity supply备用电

  12. Should you have any queries, please…。

  该句省略了if的条件状语从句,正常语句为:If you should have any queries, please…。这种句式的谓语动词用虚拟语气,表示对将来某种情况的假设。例如:

  Should I have enough money, I should sail around the world singlehanded.

  要是我将来有了足够的钱,我就会独自一人乘船周游世界。

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