外语教育网
  • 站内搜索:

American food habit

2006-07-15 11:40

  Almost any bookstore has a variety of information about the restaurants and food specialties in the area. In addition, local newspapers and magazines include advertisements and articles about where to eat.

  In general, American food is mild tasting; most Americans do not season their food to any great degree. Salads are very popular and are served all year, but especially in the summer. Waiters tend to assume that everyone drinks coffee, but simply tell them if you wish something else. If a waiter says “Now or later?” he means “Do your want coffee with your meal or after it?” Many, but certainly not all, Americans drink coffee or tea with their meals. Either way is perfectly acceptable. When dining out, you can ask for tea, milk, “coke”, wine or beer if you prefer. Restaurants can only serve beer, wine, or other alcoholic drinks if they have a license, that is, permission from the local government to serve alcoholic drinks. Normally, when eating in a private home, it is considered better manners to take whatever is being served and not to ask for something different, unless the hostess gives you a choice.

  The main course served in American meals is usually meat, fish, or poultry, but rarely is more than one of these served at the same meal. Seafood is sometimes served as a first course, however. Most Americans eat breakfast and lunch quickly unless it is a social, business, or family occasion. The evening meal, however, is usually longer and a time for the family to gather together. Rushing through daytime meals is part of the fast pace in America. Another reason for rushing through daytime meals is that many people eat breakfast and lunch in restaurants that are usually crowded with people waiting for a place so that they, too, can be served and return to work at the proper time. So each one hurries to make room for the next person. As with busy people everywhere there is a real difference between a meal that is eaten in a hurry and one that can be enjoyed with friends during one's leisure.

  Two of the most popular American foods are hot dogs and hamburgers. You will find these available at almost all “fast food” restaurants. Hot dogs are also called “franks”, a short form for frankfurters. A hot dog is usually made either from beef or pork, or a combination of the two, but a hamburger is beef. Both are served on a bread roll; hot dogs on a long roll and hamburgers on a round roll. You have your choice of adding a number of sauces and vegetables at no extra charge. A favorite sauce of many Americans is a tomato sauce called ketchup or catsup.

  When you are ordering your lunch at a “fast-food” place, do not be surprised if you do not understand the food orders —— either do many Americans. For example, “draw one”, means “pour a cup of coffee”; “BLT: means ”bacon, lettuce and tomato sandwich“。 No one expects you to know this special vocabulary. Order your meal in the usual way. Eating places use their own special words to place an order quickly.

  Eating custom and practice

  American eating is funny. They eat almost everything with a fork, and it appears that holding a knife in one's right hand longer than a few seconds is considered to be against good table manners.

  The system is that if it is absolutely necessary to use a knife, people take the fork in their left hand, and cut off a piece of meat or whatever it is in the normal manner. Then they put the knife down, transfer the fork to their right hand, and only then do they transport the food to their mouth. This is clearly ludicrous, but it is considered good manners.

  Some words and phrases about food

  1. meat and two veg: meat, potatoes and another vegetable

  2. vegans: people who eat no meat or animal products

  3. convenience/prepared foods: prepared meals that need only to be heated

  4. takeaways from Indian or Chinese restaurants are also popular

  5. order in: have a meal delivered to one's home by a restaurant

  6. burger bars, pizzerias, fast-food outlets

  7. healthy eating, health foods

  8. fry-up: fried bacon, sausage and egg with fried bread

  9. organic produce: cereals and vegetables grown without the use of chemicals

  10. scrambled egg, boiled egg, fried egg, "sunny-side-up" (煎一面), "over"(两面煎),"over-easy/easy-over"(两面煎,但蛋黄仍然呈流体状)。

  11.have your ice-cream in a " plain cone"(普通型锥形物)or in a "sugar cone"(甜脆型锥形物)

  Table Manners

  1. Don't put your own utensils into a serving bowl. Use the utensil in the bowl to put some of the food on your own plate, and then return the serving utensil to the bowl.

  2. Don't spit food anywhere. If you have bones in your mouth, take them out with your fingers and place them on the edge of your plate, never on the table or on the floor.

  3. Don't drink soup out of the bowl. Use a spoon.

  4. Don't reach across the table or in front of another person. Ask someone to pass whatever you want.

  5. Don't put net shells or fruit peeling on the floor. Put them in a plate or an ash  tray, or on a table.

  6. Don't belch out loud. If you do, you must say: "Excuse me" quietly and go on with the conversation.

  7. Don't sneeze or blow your nose anywhere  except into a handkerchief or a kleenex. If you cough, cover your mouth with your hand.

相关热词:美国
栏目相关课程表
科目名称 主讲老师 课时 免费试听 优惠价 购买课程
英语零起点 郭俊霞 30课时 试听 150元/门 购买
综艺乐园 ------ 13课时 试听 100元/门 购买
边玩边学 ------ 10课时 试听 60元/门 购买
情景喜剧 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
欢乐课堂 ------ 35课时 试听 150元/门 购买
基础英语辅导课程
郭俊霞 北京语言大学毕业,专业英语八级,国内某知名中学英语教研组组长,教学标兵……详情>>
郭俊霞:零基础英语网上辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371