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70天攻克考研英语阅读 DAY25

2006-7-28 01:04  

  Increasing reading speed

  Directions: Do the phrase recognition drill below. Quickly underline or mark the key phrase every time it appears in the columns. Try to finish in 10 seconds or less by reading down the column, not left to right.

  Starting Time:

  Key phrase: an elephant manan elephant manan educated man

  a leading man                 a repair person

  an elderly man                an elephant man

  a strong woman                an engine woman

  an elephant man               an English man

  an honest woman               an elephant man

  a business man                a eligible man

  a handsome man                an elephant man

  an elephant man               a healthy woman

  a powerful man                an elephant man

  a research man                a service woman

  an elephant man               an ordinary man

  a strong person               an elephant man

  an elephant man               an electron gun

  Finishing Time:  Total Reading Time

  The key phrase appears 10 times. How many did you mark?

  Elephant Man: A Life in the ShadowsThe year is 1884 in London, England. Tacked to the outside of a dingy tent on a piece of dirty canvas is a sign. It says "See the Elephant Man".

  Inside the tent a small crowd waits to see if such a freak of nature actually exists. Suddenly the showman barks, "Stand up !"

  The crowd gasps as the dim light plays on one of the most revolting sights they have ever seen. Standing before them is a creature like nothing they have ever seen before. His head has a large cauliflowerlike growth on one side. A heavy, bony growth juts out over his eyes. His face looks like a shapeless mass of putty with an oval mouth strangely twisted to one side. His right arm is puffy and bent. Only the mans left arm seems to be free of any deformity.

  The scene just described is from the popular movie "The Elephant Man", which is based on the life of an actual persoo.

  His name was John Merrick. He had the misfortune of being born with a disease called neurofibromatosis. This disease causes abnormal growths by affecting different tissues in the body,  and presently about 100,000 people in the United States have the same disorder. But none are affected as severely as John Merrick was.

  Neurofibromatosis affects nerve tissue and tissue that connects other tissues. Especially hard hit is the connective tissue in the skin.

  For some reason these tissues sometimes grow uncontrollably. Cells divide into abnormal clusters. Large tumors begin to form. Normally bone cells are not affected. However, in John Merricks case they were. This made him look even worse.

  Merrick said his disorder was the result of his mother being seared by a circus elephant before he was born. This, of course, is superstition.

  Generally neurofibromatosis is inherited. The disease affects some people more seriously than others.

  Unfortunately, people who have the disease are still often treated as objects of curiosity. People ignore the fact that behind the grotesque appearance is a real human being. To avoid being seen, John Merrick wore a disguise. But the disguise only drew attention to him, and he was chased unmercifully by curiosity seekers.

  After several bad experiences Merrick was rescued by Dr. Frederick Treves, a surgeon in a London hospital. Merrick was taken to a hospital where he was given a home. The people who knew Merrick found him to be a warm and sensitive person in spite of the way he had been treated.

  By the age of 27 Merricks head had become so big he had to sleep with it on his knees. One night, as he slept, his head fell back. Its heavy weight stretched and closed Johns trachea (windpipe) and cut off his air supply. A person beautiful in many ways other than looks died.

  ——from Current Science, Dec. 17, 1980

  Time:  475 words=wpm

  Minutes

  EXERCISESⅠ。 READING COMPREHENSION

  Select the answer which is most accurate according to the information in the passage.

  1. The spectators who waited to see the elephant man inside the tent were mostly .

  A. doctorsB. foreignersC. touristsD. curiosity seekers

  2. From the passage we can learn that the elephant man .

  A. was a talented actor in a circus

  B. was exhibited by the showman for making money

  C. voluntarily showed himself to the public

  D. was on display in a big theatre in London

  3. The "creature" depicted in paragraph 3 was .

  A. a horrible role played by an actor in the movie "The Elephant Man"

  B. an actual person whose name was John Merrick

  C. a species of animal newly found in England

  D. none of the above

  4. Neurofibromatosis is a strange disease which affects .

  A. part of a persons skin                     B. a persons bones

  C. various tissues in a human body              D. only a persons limbs

  5. At present approximately 100,000 people in  are suffering from neurofibromatosis.

  A. the United States          B. Britain              C. North America        D. Europe

  6. Which of the following statements is closest in meaning to the sentence, "especially hard hit is the connective tissue in the skin"(paragraph 6)?

  A. After having been affected by the disease, the connective tissue in the skin becomes stiff and tough.

  B. The connective tissue in the skin is affected most by the disease.

  C. It is hard to affect the connective tissue in the skin.

  D. After having been affected by the disease, the connective tissue in the skin can stand a hard blow.

  7. Which of the following sentences is true according to the passage?

  A. In any case, bone cells will never be affected by neurofibromatosis.

  B. Merricks mother was frightened by an elephant when she was expecting a baby.

  C. Normally speaking, neurofibromatosis is an inherited disease rather than an infectious one.

  D. People who have the disease are always treated as real human beings.

  8. The tone of the passage is .

  A. humorous             B. ironic               C. unfriendly       D. sympathetic

  Ⅱ。 CONTEXTUAL REFERENCE

  Read the following article and figure out the meaning of the words in italics using the context given and wordbuilding skills.

  The primary purpose of the human circulatory system is the transporting of digested food to the bodys cells and the carrying away of wastes from the cells through the bloodstream. Blood is pumped by the heart and is circulated through a closed system of vessels. The heart is a thick, muscular organ that is divided into four chambers. The two upper chambers, called atria or auricles, receive the blood after it has circulated through the body or after it returns from the lungs. The two lower chambers, or ventricles, pump the blood to the lungs and to all the other parts of the body. In healthy persons, the ventricles contract about seventy times per minute. During each contraction (heartbeat) the blood is pushed out of the heart. When the heart muscles relax, blood is allowed to flow into the heart.

  In the human body, the largest artery, the aorta, carries blood away from the heart to arteries in other parts of the body with the exception of the lungs. The high supply of oxygen causes the blood in the arteries to be bright red. The blood in the veins, the vessels that carry blood back to the heart, is more purple in color because it contains much less oxygen.

  From the aorta and other large arteries, the blood travels into smaller arteries and finally into the very small capillaries. The walls of the capillaries allow digested food and oxygen to pass from the blood into the body cells by osmosis. The cells return wastes to the blood, which then passes from the capillaries into small veins, then into larger veins, and finally back to the heart.

  After the blood returns to the heart, it is sent to the lungs through thepulmonary artery. The oxygenated blood returns to the left atrium of the heart. The flow of blood from the right ventricle to the lungs and back to the left atrium is called pulmonary circulation. The flow of blood from the left ventricle to all parts of the body and back to the right atrium is called systemic circulation.

  Ⅲ。 CLOZE

  Complete the following passage by filling in the blanks with appropriate words.

  Doctors in the United States recently operated on a young woman whose face was horribly misshapen from the disease neurofibromatosis. The doctors     1  hundreds of noncancerous     2     from the womans face and head. They     3     removed her left eye     4     had been destroyed by the disease. And they     5     most of her face     6     bones and muscles from     7     parts of her body.

  The doctors said the     8     was successful. They said the woman never will     9     normal, but that her appearance will be     10     improved.

  Neurofibromatosis is a disease that      11     tissue in the nervous system. It appears that the disease is     12     to a child through the parents     13. It also might be     14     by sudden changes     15     a persons genetic material.

  The first signs of neurofibromatosis     16     smooth, light brown marks     17     the skin. In the most serious form, the skin     18     from  the bones in a mass as     19     it had melted. This form of the disease is     20     elephantiasis after John Merrick, the elephant man. Merrick lived in England about one hundred years ago. The disease affected almost every part of his body.

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