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古诗:殷武 中英对照

2006-07-12 15:30

Rapid was the warlike energy of [our king of] Yin ,

And vigorously did he attack Jing-Chu .

Boldly he entered its dangerous passes ,

And brought the multitudes of King together ,

Till the country was reduced under complete restraint : ——

Such was the fitting achievement of the descendant of Tang .

Ye people , [he said] ,  of Jing-chu ,

Dwell in the southern part of my kingdom .

Formerly , in the time of Tang the Successful ,

Even from the Jiang of Di ,

They dared not but come with their offerings ;

[Their chiefs] dared not but come to seek acknowledgment : —— Such is the regular rule of Shang . '

Heaven has given their appointments [to the princes] ,

But where their capitals had been assigned within the sphere of the labours of Y u ,

For the business of every year , they appeared before our king ,

[Saying] , ' Do not punish nor reprove us ;

We have not been remiss in our husbandry . '

When Heaven by its will is inspecting [the kingdom] ,

The lower people are to be feared .

[Our king] showed no partiality [in rewarding] , no excess [in punishing] ;

He dared not to allow himself in indolence : ——

So was his appointment [established] over the States ,

And he made his happiness grandly secure .

The capital of Shang was full of order ,

The model for all parts of the kingdom ,

Glorious was his fame ;

Brilliant , his energy .

Long lived he and enjoyed tranquillity ,

And so he preserves us , his descendants .

We ascended the hill of King ,

Where the pines and cypresses grew symmetrical .

We cut them down , and conveyed them here ;

We reverently hewed them square .

Long are the projecting beams of pine ;

Large are the many pillars .

The temple was completed , —— the tranquil abode [of his tablet] .


挞彼殷武、奋伐荆楚。

深入其阻、裒荆之旅。

有截有所、汤孙之绪。

维女荆楚、居国南乡。

昔有成汤、自彼氐羌、莫干不来享、莫干不来王、曰商是常。

天命多辟、设都于禹之绩。

岁事来辟、勿予祸适、稼穑匪解。

天命降监、下民有严。

不僭不滥、不敢怠遑。

命于下国、封建厥福。

商邑翼翼、四方之极。

赫赫厥声、濯濯厥灵。

寿考且宁、以保我后生。

陟彼景山、松柏丸丸。

是断是迁、方斫是虔。

松桷有梴、旅楹有闲、寝成孔安。

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