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考研英语词汇辨析(连载25)

2006-7-6 21:40  

  contrast vt.使与……对比, 使与……对照vi.和……形成对照n.对比,对照, (对照中的)差异

  解析:作名词 contrast后面可以跟 between,with或 to:

  There is a sharp contrast between his earlier and later works.他的早期作品和晚期作品截然不同。

  当 contrast被用作及物动词时,后面可跟 with和 to,但 with更为普遍:

  He contrasts the naturalistic early plays with (or to) the brittle later comedies.

  他早期的自然主义风格戏剧与(或者可用 to) 敏感的晚期喜剧形成鲜明的对比。

  be a contrast to和……成对比

  by contrast with和……成对照;和……比起来

  gain by contrast对比之下显出优点

  in contrast with和……形成对比[对照]

  in contrast to和……形成对比[对照]

  present a striking contrast to和……成显著的对比

  form a striking contrast to和……成显著的对比

  contrast finely with和……对比起来更加鲜

  cycle n.周期, 循环, 自行车, 一段时间, 整套 vi.循环, 轮转, 骑自行车vt.使循环, 使轮转

  解析:business (trade) cycle商业盛衰的循环

  a vicious cycle恶性循环

  the cycle of events一系列事件

  a song cycle by Schubert舒伯特联篇歌曲

  debate v.争论, 辩论n.争论, 辩论

  解析:beyond debate无疑义,无可争辩,unanimous

  debate upon 讨论(问题)

  debate upon on讨论(问题)

  debate upon a question讨论(问题)

  debate on a question讨论(问题)

  open the debate在辩论时首先发言

  despite prep.不管, 尽管, 不论

  解析:Despite the bad weather we enjoyed our holiday.

  尽管天气不好,我们的假期仍过得很愉快。

  die of despite抱恨而死,冤死

  despite all that尽管如此 (in)

  despite of ……不顾,尽管,任凭

  dimension n.尺寸, 尺度, 维(数), 度(数), 元

  domestic adj.家庭的, 国内的, 与人共处的, 驯服的

  解析:来自dome 屋顶

  domestic concerns (affairs)家务; 内政

  domestic troubles家庭纠纷

  domestic markets国内市场

  domestic and foreign news国内外新闻

  domestic goods (products)国产, 国货

  domestic animals家畜

  She is a very domestic sort of woman.她是个十足的家庭妇女。

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