Pearl Sydenstricker Buck， 1892 - 1973
Pearl S. Buck was born in 1892 in Hillsboro， Virginia， to Absalom and Carie Syndenstricker， two Christian missionaries. When Buck was three months old， her parents took her with them on a mission to China. Buck would spend most of the next 40 years in China； Chinese was her first language. Buck grew up playing with Chinese children （who referred to her as a “foreign devil”）。 Buck never developed the sense of superiority toward the Chinese common among the families of Western Christian missionaries. Rather， Buck， having grown up in China， was better equipped to recognize some of the absurdities of her parents' profession， as is evident in her portrayal of Western missionaries in The Good Earth.
Superiority： n.优越， 高傲
Buck returned to the United States to attend Randolph-Macon Women's College where she did well academically and even achieved some measure of popularity. However， the country of her birth was largely unfamiliar to her， so she felt like a foreigner. After her graduation， she returned to China to take care of her ailing mother. In 1917， she married John Lossing Buck， an agricultural economist and graduate of Cornell. Her first and only biological child， Carol， was born in 1921. Due to a uterine tumor， Buck had to undergo a hysterectomy（子宫切除手术）。 Soon after， Buck discovered that her daughter was severely retarded. Almost at the same time， Buck's mother died after her long illness. These misfortunes placed a great deal of strain on her marriage. She divorced her husband in 1935 and married Richard J. Walsh later the same year.
ailing： adj.生病的， 境况不佳的 retarded：adj.智力迟钝的， 发展迟缓的
In 1931， Buck published The Good Earth， her second and best-known book. The novel quickly gained an international reputation and won the Pulitzer Prize of 1932. In the next few years， she wrote two sequels， Sons and A House Divided， but neither was as popular as The Good Earth. To her rapidly growing body of work， she added biographies of her parents. Mainly for these biographies and The Good Earth， Buck was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938.
Throughout her life， Buck devoted herself to humanitarian causes. She fought constantly on behalf of the rights of women. With her husband， Richard Walsh， she founded an adoption agency for children of mixed Asian and American parentage. These children were often outcasts in Asian countries because of their mixed blood and because they were often the illegitimate offspring of American servicemen. Buck also took an active interest in issues as diverse as the lives of immigrants in New York City and the Indian independence movement. In addition to these various causes， she was a staunch supporter of free speech and civil liberties. Buck died in 1976 after a long and active life as an activist， humanitarian， and writer.
Parentage n. 出身 outcast： adj. 被逐的， 被排斥的， 被遗弃的
illegitimate adj.违法的， 非嫡出的， 私生的， 不合理的的n.非嫡出子， 庶子
Quotations by Pearl S. Buck
The basic discovery about any people is the discovery of the relationship between its men and its women.
Self-expression must pass into communication for its fulfillment.
I feel no need for any other faith than my faith in human beings.
I love people. I love my family， my children . . . but inside myself is a place where I live all alone and that's where you renew your springs that never dry up.
The person who tries to live alone will not succeed as a human being.
List of major works of Pearl S. Buck Novels
East Wind， West Wind （1930）
The Good Earth （1931）
The Mother （1933）
A House Divided （1935）
House of Earth （1938） [trilogy： The Good Earth； Sons； A House Divided]
China Sky （1941）
China Flight （1942）
Dragon Seed （1942）
Come， My Beloved （1953）
Voices in the House （1953 [John Sedges]）
Imperial Woman （1956）
Letter from Peking （1957）
The Three Daughters of Madame Liang （1969）
All Under Heaven （1973）
The Rainbow （1974）
First Wife and Other Stories （1933）
Today and Forever （1941）
Far and Near （1947）
Fourteen Stories （1961）
The Good Deed and Other Stories （1969）
Once Upon a Christmas （1972）
East and West （1975）
Secrets of the Heart （1976）
All Men Are Brothers [Shuihuzhuan] （1933）
Worlds of Love （1974）
The Young Revolutionist （1932）
The Chinese Children Next Door （1942）
The Water-Buffalo Children （1943）
The Dragon Fish （1944）
Yu Lan： Flying Boy of China （1945）
The Big Wave （1947）
One Bright Day （1950）
The Man Who Changed China： The Story of Sun Yat-sen （1953）
Johnny Jack and His Beginnings （1954）
The Christmas Miniature （1957）
The Christmas Ghost （1960）
Welcome Child （1963）
The Big Fight （1964）
Matthew， Mark， Luke and John （1966）
The Chinese Storyteller （1971）
Mrs. Starling's Problem （1973）