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2006-7-6 21:39 印建坤 

Unit 16

  Amy High is decked out in the traditional pink dress and golden stole of ancient Rome. She bursts into a third-grade classroom and greets her students: “Salvete, omnes!” (Hello, everyone!) The kids respond in kind, and soon they are studying derivatives. “How many people are in a duet?” High asks. All the kids know the answer, and when she asks how they know, a boy responds, “Because duo is 'two' in Latin.” High replies, “Plaudite!” and the 14 kids erupt in applause. They learn the Latin root later, or side, and construct such English words as bilateral and quadrilateral. “Latin's going to open up so many doors for you,” High says. “You're going to be able to figure out the meaning of words you've never seen before.”

  High teaches at Providence Elementary School in Fairfax City, Va., which has a lot riding on the success of her efforts. As part of Virginia's high-stakes testing program, schools that don't boost their scores by the year 2007 could lose state funding. So Fairfax City, just 18 miles southwest of the White House, has upgraded its two crumbling elementary schools with new high-tech television studios, computer labs and one very old feature——mandatory Latin.

  Here lies one of the more counterintuitive developments of the standardized-testing movement: Though some critics complain that teachers are forced to dumb down their lessons and “teach to the test,” some schools are offering more challenging course work as a way of engaging students. In the past three years, scores of elementary schools in high-stakes testing states such as Texas, Virginia and Massachusetts have added Latin programs. Says Allen Griffith, a member of the Fairfax City school board: “If we're trying to improve English skills, teaching Latin is an awfully effective, proved method.”

  This is not your father's Latin, which was taught to elite college-bound high schoolers and drilled into them through memorization. Its tedium and perceived irrelevance almost drove Latin from public schools. Today's growth in elementary school Latin has been spurred by new, interactive oral curriculums, enlivened by lessons in Roman mythology and culture. “One thing that makes it engaging for kids is the goofy fun of investigating these guys in togas,” says Marion Polsky, author of First Latin: A Language Discovery Program, the textbook used in Fairfax City.

  Latin enthusiasts believe that if young students learn word roots, they will be able to decipher unfamiliar words. (By some estimates, 65% of all English words have Latin roots.) Latin is an almost purely phonetic language. There are no silent letters, and each letter represents a single sound. That makes it useful in teaching reading. And once kids master the grammatical structure of Latin——which is simple, logical and consistent——they will more easily grasp the many grammatical exceptions in English.

  注(1):本文选自Time;12/11/2000, p61;

  注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象2002年真题text 4;

  1.From the first Paragraph we learn that _____.

  [A] the students show little interest in learning Latin

  [B] the students say hello to their teacher in Latin

  [C] Amy High teaches the students to read Bible in Latin

  [D] learning English is unnecessary if you have perfectly mastered Latin

  2.Which of the following statements is not true according to the text?

  [A] The testing program is crucial to the schools.

  [B] Latin is compulsory to the elementary schools students in Fairfax City.

  [C] Providence Elementary School will not get state funding this year.

  [D] Fairfax City government had done a lot to equip its elementary schools.

  3.According to Allen Griffith, Latin _______.

  [A] has little to do with English

  [B] is very helpful to one's learning English

  [C] will replace English in the near future

  [D] should be taught to kids even when they are in elementary school

  4.Which of the following best defines the word “plaudite”?

  [A] Great.

  [B] Sorry.

  [C] Class is over.

  [D] Sad.

  5.One reason for Latin enthusiasts to support young students' learning Latin is _______.

  [A] Latin has a longer history than English

  [B] Latin has less word roots

  [C] every letter in English word represent a single sound

  [D] it is easier to grasp Latin grammar





  deck: [dek] v. 装饰,点缀

  stole: [stEul] n. 披肩

  high-stake adj. 高风险的

  mandatory: [5mAndEtEri] adj. 强制的,命令的

  dumb down 简单化

  goofy: [5^u:fi] adj. 好玩的

  toga: [5tEu^E] n. (古罗马男子穿的)宽松长袍

  decipher: [di5saifE] v. 解释


  So Fairfax City, just 18 miles southwest of the White house, has upgraded its two crumbling elementary schools with new high-tech television studios, computer labs and one very old feature—— mandatory Latin.

  主体句式:Fairfax City has upgraded its elementary schools…

  结构分析:这是一个包含同位语的简单句。句子主干是“Fairfax City… has upgraded its …schools with…。”



  1.答案是B, 属事实细节题。从第一段可看出学生对拉丁语很感兴趣。“in kind” 的意思是“同样的”。

  2.答案是C,属事实细节题。细读第二段可发现所有细节。“high-stake” 指“高风险的”,有可能失去很多,也有可能得到很多; “mandatory”指“强制的,命令的”。

  3.答案是B,属推理判断题。从“If we're trying to improve English skills, teaching Latin is an awfully effective, proved method.” 可以清楚知道他的看法。

  4.答案是A,属猜测意义题。从“…the 14 kids erupt in applause” 可以看出他答对了,老师应该是表扬他。



  艾米。海身着古罗马传统的粉色外套,金色披肩,冲进三年级教室和学生打招呼: “Salvete, omnes!” (大家好!)学生们也用同样的语言向她问好,然后他们开始学习派生词。“Duet指几个人?”海问道。孩子们都知道答案, 海问他们怎么知道。一个男孩答到:“因为拉丁语duo意思是'两个'”。“真棒!”海说道。14个孩子使劲鼓掌。他们又学了拉丁词根later(意思是“边”),并且组成了英语单词bilateral(双边的)和 quadrilateral(四边的)。“拉丁语会为你们打开许多扇门”, 海说,“即使你碰到从未见过的词,你也能猜出它的意思。”