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汉译英句式举例 (三)

2006-07-05 00:26

  1998年城镇居民的收入和消费水平发生了很大的变化,人年均收入达到5160元,比上一年上升了3.4%.

  In 1998, great changes took place in the income and consumption levels of urban residents. The yearly average income amounted to 5,160 yuan, increased by 3.4% than that of the previous year.

  工人和职员在国营和集体企业里的收入仍是家庭的主要收入。从事科技工作的收入在全国12个主要行业中居第二位。他们的教育水平越高,收入也相应增加。

  Incomes of workers and staff members in the state-owned enterprises and collective work-units are still the mainstay of families' income. The income of scientific and technology researchers stood second in 12 main trades in the country. Their incomes increase according to their education level.

  最近几年,城镇居民消费结构由温饱型向小康型转变。1998年在服装上支出降低了4.4%,食品的质量有了提高,粮食消费相应降低。生活节奏的加快促使了餐饮的社会化,98年居民外出用餐的比例上升了10.4%.

  In recent years, the consumption pattern of urban residents has transformed from subsistence to a comfortable life. For instance, in 1998, the money spent on clothing was 4.4 percent less and the quality of food was improved while the consumption of grain relatively reduced. The accelerating rhythm of life has encouraged more socialization in food consumption. In 1998, the rate of people dining out increased by 10.4%.

  浦东新区的崛起使这块黄金宝地成为海外投资的热点,如今投资金额已达530亿美金。

  The rising of Pudong New District has turned the valuable place into a hot destination of overseas investment. Nowadays the investment volume has reached 53 billion US dollars.

  2000年,政府批准了1800多家外资企业,在沪投资企业已达11000家,据官方数据统计,已有90多个国家和地区来沪投资。

  In 2000, government approved more than 1,800 foreign-funded enterprises and the number of them has amounted to 11,000 in Shanghai. Official statistics showed that more than 90 countries and regions had come to invest in Shanghai.

  独资企业 solely-funded enterprise;

  合资企业 joint venture enterprise;

  中国要从发展中国家成为发达国家就必须大力发展第三产业。

  China must boost its tertiary industry to accomplish its transition from a developing country to a developed country.

  虎丘山顶有一座7层塔,由于明朝的地面沉降使塔身倾斜了15度。如今,这座塔成为苏州的著名景观。

  There is a 7 stories pagoda at the top of Tiger Hill. The subsidence during Ming Dynasty caused it to slant to an angle of 15 degrees. Today, the pagoda has become a famous scenic spot in Suzhou.

  在上海, 超过50000的妇女从事纺织,建材,食品加工,化妆品和药品行业。

  In Shanghai, more than 50,000 women are engaged in fields of textile, building material, food procession, cosmetic and chemicals.

  建立于1953年的上海外国语学校是一所全日制寄宿学校,它附属于上海外国语大学。

  Founded in 1953, Shanghai foreign language school is a full-time boarding school, which is affiliated to Shanghai International Studies University.

  中国是一个具有悠久历史的多民族国家。因此有很多节日,譬如春节,元宵节,中秋节,清明节,龙舟节等等。

  China is a multi-ethnic group country with a long history. Thus there are a lot of festivals, such as Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, Mid-autumn Day, Pure-brightness Day, Dragon-boating Festival and so on.

  中美两国在新世纪面临历史机遇,两国之间的合作范围广泛,其实1999年双边贸易金额已达650万美金。

  China and US are facing historical opportunity in the new century. There is much these two countries can cope with. Actually in 1999, the sum of bilateral trades had reached 6.5 million US dollars.

  外国人钟情于吃尽可能少加工过的天然食物。

  Foreigners have shown particular interest in the natural food that requires the least possible amount of procession.

  Phrases and Expressions:

  苏绣 embroidery

  纺织工业 textile industry

  1700年历史 the tradition of 1700 years

  山清 水秀 怪石 beautiful mountain and lake, exotic rocks

  “统得太死” channel sb. too much

  美籍华人 Chinese-Americans

  出租车站 taxi stand

  家用电器 household appliance

  这家新建的四星级宾馆是一家中美合资企业。由于它的先进管理和周到服务,每年它要招待许多来自海内外的游客。

  The newly established four-star hotel is a Sino-US joint venture. Because of its advanced administration and good service, it hosts many quests and tourists of home and abroad every year.

  自中国改革开放以来,我的家乡已经成为海内外投资的热点。

  Since China's reform and opening up to outside world, our hometown has become the hot destination of both domestic and overseas investment.

  2000年我家的人均收入达到12500,比1999年上升了4.8%,在教育与旅游上的消费分

  别上升了8.7%和5.9%.

  In 2000, the yearly average income of each person in our family has reached 12,500 yuan, 4.8 percent higher than that of the previous year. Meanwhile the money spent on education and tourism increased by 8.7 percent and 5.9 percent respectively.

  在我们公司,职员的收入取决于他的教育程度和对公司的贡献大小。

  In our company, the salaries of staff members are decided on the basis of their education levels and their contributions to the company.

  以前,国营企业职工的收入取决于职位,学历和工龄。

  In previous years, the salaries of staff members in state-owned enterprises are decided on the basis of title, education level and working-age.

  自1997年以来,居住区领导努力发展服务行业,为280个下岗工人提供工作。去年该地区人均收入9860元,比前一年上升了6.7%.

  Since 1997, leaders of this residential area have made great efforts to develop the service-sector, providing 280 jobs for the laid-off workers. Last year, the yearly average of each person of this area amounted to 9,860 yuan, 6.7 percent more than that of the previous year.

  自改革开放以来,该地区的领导很重视办学与教育。同时引进了不少刚从大学毕业的年轻人。

  Since China's reform and opening up to outside world policy, leaders of this area have attached great importance to schooling and education. Meanwhile, they have absorbed quite a few young people who have just graduated from colleges.

  我们的居住地已经成为一所老年大学。据统计,大约75%的退休教师,医生,工程师发挥余热,做出很大的贡献。这不仅促进了社区工作的发展,而且使居民间关系得益。

  A community college for the elderly has been established in our residential area. According to calculations, about 75 percent of the retired teachers, doctors and engineers teach here and have contributed a lot, which has not only promoted the development of our community work but also benefited the relationship among the residents.

  中国的知识分子特别是年轻的知识分子从改革开放政策中受益非浅。从1998年至今,许多人公费或自费出国深造。近年来,他们中的许多人学成回国并在各自的领域走上了领导岗位。

  Chinese intellectuals especially young intellectuals have benefited a lot from the China's reform and opening up to outside world policy. Started from 1978, many of them went abroad for further study at the public expense or at their own. In recent years, many of them have come back at the completion of their study and become leaders in their own fields.

  大华大学是一所成立于90年代初的民办大学。 10年来,培养了2000多名毕业生正活跃在上海地区各自的领域。

  Dahua University is a non-government college, which was established in the early 1990s'. In the recent ten years, it has cultivated more than 2,000 graduates who are working hard at their own fields in Shanghai.

  并非所有的精神病医院的护士都是女性,通常的男女比例是2比1.

  All nurses in the mental hospitals are not female and in some cases the ratio of man to female is 2 to 1.

  器官的移植不仅需要精确的外科手术而且要有稳定的器官来源。

  The transplantation of organs not only involves delicate surgery but also needs regular supply of human organs.

  Phrases and Expressions:

  公务员 civil servant

  贫困落后 backward

  没有余地做某事…… There's no ground for…

  自力更生 self-reliance

  交通量 volume of traffic

  经济特区 special economic zone

  市政建设 public project

  赢利 win a profit of

  立场和观点 stands of points

  知青 educated young people

  在浦东香格里拉饭店有一个冷餐招待会。108位来自美国,加拿大,澳大利亚等国的客人参加了这个招待会。

  108 foreign guests from US, Canada, Australia and so on attended the buffet reception held in Pudong Shangri-La Hotel.

  旅游业是现代发展最快的行业之一。它的发展速度已经超过世界经济发展的水平。

  Tourist industry is one of the fastest growing industries in modern times. Its growing rate has exceeded that of worldwide economy.

  旅游业不仅让服务行业受益,而且对旅游商品的制造业有利。它不是一个单一的行业而是包容了交通业,住宿业,餐饮业,导游服务,银行业,制造业,教育等多种行业。

  Tourism benefits not only the service sector, but also manufacture of tourist commodities. It is not a single trade, but a comprehensive one consisting of many enterprises such as transportation, accommodation, guiding service, banking, manufacturing, education and so on.

  自1989年以来,这个地区的教育发展迅速。至今已有1所大学,3所大专,5所职业学校,9所成人学校, 4所函授学校和20所中小学。

  Since 1989, education has developed greatly in this area. So far there have been 1 university, 3 junior colleges, 5 vocational schools, 9 adult schools, 4 correspondence schools and 20 middle schools and primary schools.

  上海美美公司是成立于1997年5月的集体单位,有员工40名去年赢利650万。

  Established in May 1997, Shanghai Meimei Company was a collective work unit with 40 staff members. Last year it made a profit of 6.5 million yuan.

  官方统计表明该地区年龄在18岁到48岁的人群中68%做了保险。

  Official statistics showed 68 percent of the people between the age of 18 and 48 are ensured in that area.

  这个公司现已赢利50000美元。据估计,下季度可赢利75000美元。

  This company has made a profit of 50,000 US dollars and it is estimated to make a profit of 75,000 US dollars in the next quarter of the year.

  为在国际市场上竞争,该公司决定投巨资更新设备改善产品质量。

  To compete in the world market, the company decided to spend large sum of money updating the existing machinery and improving the quality of product ions.

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