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定语从句中关系代词that的特殊用法

2006-07-04 20:44

  引导定语从句的关系代词who,which有时可与that互换使用。但在下面情况,一般只用that.

  一、当先行词为不定代词

  anything, everything, nothing, any, little, one, few, much, all, none等时。如:

  a.There isn't much that I can do. b.He is one of the few that can work it out in five minutes.

  二、当先行词是形容词最高级或被形容词最高级修饰时。如:

  a.The book is the best that I have read. b.This is the biggest laboratory that we have ever built in our university.

  三、当先行词是序数词或其被序数词修饰时。如:

  a.It is the third one that I've bought. b.This is the first place that I‘ve ever visited.

  四、当先行词被the very, the only等词修饰时。如:

  a.Is this the very museum that you visited the other day? b.This is the only book that I need at present.

  五、当先行词包含了人和事物两方面的含义时。如:

  They talked of things and persons that they remembered in the school.

  六、当先行词被same修饰,且指“同一物品”时。如:

  She is wearing the same dress that she wore yesterday.

  七、关系代词在定语从句中作表语时。如:

  a.This is no longer the place that it used to be. b.He is not the man that he was.

  八、当主句是以who,which开头的特殊疑问句或先行词是who时。如:

  a.Which is the book that he bought yesterday? b.Who that you have ever seen can beat him in the game?

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