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70天攻克考研英语词汇 DAY 45

2006-7-28 01:02  

  absorb

  The student was absorbed in his study that he forgot the time.

  猜一猜 A. 使专心B. 忘记 C. 研究 D. 苦恼

  翻译 学生专心研读以至忘记了时间。

  分析 ab+sorb off +to suck up 吸收,卷入即使专心于, 吸收, 吸引,使专心

  词义扩展 占用,吞进 This reading absorbs all of my spare time.阅读占用了我全部的业余时间。

  accomplish

  You should accomplish the job within the fixed time.

  猜一猜 A. 说明 B. 累积C. 完成 D. 成功

  翻译 你应该在规定的时间内完成任务。

  分析 ac + com + pl +ish to + together +ish(做) 一起做,完成

  continue v.

  The sea continues as far as the eye could see.

  猜一猜 A. 延伸 B. 消失 C. 流动 D. 发送

  翻译 海一直伸展到视线尽头。

  分析 con+ tin(ue)  with + hold→一直握住,继续保持

  近义词 persist

  continual adj.

  Continual rain delayed our original plan.

  猜一猜 A. 断断续续的   B. 推迟的   C. 不断的 D. 异样的

  翻译 一直下着的雨推迟了我们原有的计划。

  分析 continue连续+al形容词词尾→延伸的,不停的

  continuous adj.

  The human society is in continuous evolution.

  猜一猜 A. 连续的  B. 正常的   C. 有规律的   D. 协调的

  翻译 人类社会处于不断变化之中。

  分析 continu(e) +ous形容词词尾→连续的,持续的

  近义词 nonstop, unremitting, constant

  contend v.

  Several football teams were contending to win the champion.

  猜一猜 A. 竞争  B. 主张   C. 奋斗   D. 训练

  翻译 有几个足球队在争夺冠军。

  分析 con+tend

  词义扩展 坚决主张 I contend that social crime is the most serious problem we are confronting with now. 我认为社会犯罪是现在面临的最为严重的问题。

  近义词 compete, challenge

  disable v.

  He was disabled in a car accident and had to stay in a wheelchair for life long.

  猜一猜 A. 使残废B. 解除C. 转移D. 受害

  翻译 他在车祸中残废了,一生得呆在轮椅上。

  分析 dis+ able 否定前缀+ 使,能力→使(身体)失去能力,使残疾

  drown v.

  The soldier jumped into the river and saved the drowning man.

  猜一猜 A. 游泳 B. 下沉C. 淹死D. 洗澡

  翻译 那位战士跳进河里救起了那个快要淹死的人。

  大头巧记 down向下,下去 drown淹死

  大头例句 In old times, some rural parents were inhumane to drown their daughters.古时候,有的农村父母将自己的女儿残忍地溺死。

  近义词 submerge淹没

  fling  v.

  Hearing the news, the wrath masses began to fling stone at the window of embassy.

  猜一猜 A. 漂流  B. (用力地) 扔, 抛, 丢C. 逃, 偷偷地离开 D. 繁荣, 兴旺

  翻译 听到消息之后, 愤怒的人群开始向大使馆的窗户用力地扔石头。

  大头巧记 发音记忆→ fling(飞了)→要让它飞起来当然要用力地扔了→(用力地)扔,抛,丢

  近义词 throw,pitch

  furnace  n.

  As known as a furnace, Wuhan is one of the hottest cities in China.

  猜一猜 A. 冰窖 B. 皮料C. 火炉, 熔炉D. 锅炉

  翻译 武汉是全国最热的城市之一, 有火炉之称。

  induce v.

  Don't you try to induce him to do bad things!

  猜一猜 A. 引诱     B. 恫吓    C. 帮助   D. 阻止

  翻译 不许你引诱他做坏事!

  大头巧记 in(into进来)+duc(to lead引导) →引导进我的圈套;受我引诱

  词义扩展 引起,导致 Heavy raining for nearly a month has induced this flood.将近一个月的大雨导致了这场洪灾。

  induction n.

  Electromagnetic induction is considered to be a physical phenomenon.

  猜一猜 A. 道路    B. 试验 C. 技术    D. 感应

  翻译 电磁感应被认为是一种物理现象。

  male a.

  Male animals are often larger than female ones.

  猜一猜 A. 雄性的 B. 雌性的 C. 阴性的D. 阳性的

  翻译 雄性动物通常比雌性动物大。

  词义扩展 n. 男性,雄性Males are generally taller than females.男性通常比女性要高。

  mission n.

  It seemed to be her mission to care for her brothers mission.

  猜一猜 A. 使团B. 代表C. 任务D. 义务

  翻译 照看她哥哥的孩子好像是他的任务。

  大头巧记 miss送出+ion名词词尾→ 任务

  词义扩展 使团,代表团He was one of a mission sent by our government to France. 他是被政府派到法国去的代表团的一员。

  nourish v.

  You should nourish the baby on healthy mother's milk.

  猜一猜 A. 培养  B. 打击  C. 喂养   D. 奉行

  翻译 你应该用健康的母乳育婴。

  大头巧记 nouri + ish 营养+动词后缀→使有营养,提供养分,养育

  novel n.

  I have read all the required novels but one.

  猜一猜 A. 见面  B. 小说  C. 节目  D. 机密

  翻译 我只差一本就把所有要求要读的小说都读完了。

  大头巧记 nov + el  New,新+名词后缀,表事,物→新奇的事物→故事

  词义扩展 新奇的,新颖的 She is after whatever is novel. 她总是追求新奇的事物。

  onto prep.

  The pen slipped onto the floor.

  猜一猜 A. 至少   B. 暂时   C. 在…上  D. 在…下

  翻译 钢笔滑落到了地板上。

  onward a.

  He is making onward march.

  猜一猜 A. 向前的  B. 下去的  C. 排外的 D. 吸取的

  翻译 他正向前踏步。

  词义扩展 ad. 向前,在前面He continues drive onward. 他一直向前开。

  proportion n.

  According to authorized statistics, the ratio of men to women in the population has changed in the last ten years.

  猜一猜 A. 平衡    B. 比例   C. 部分     D. 人数

  翻译 根据权威数据统计,过去十年里男女人口比例发生了变化。

  分析 pro+portion按照+份→比例

  词义扩展 ① 部分,份儿 A large proportion of the people were against the President on this point.在这一点上,大部分人反对总统。 ② 均衡,相称 His expenditure is out of proportion to his income this month. 这个月他的开支超过了收入。

  in proportion to (与……)成比例的They are not paid in proportion to the number of hours they work. 他们所得的报酬同他们工作的时间不成正比例。

  近义词 ratio

  resignation n.

  With the news of resignation of the President came the economic crisis across the country.

  猜一猜 A. 逝世 B. 辞职 C. 调职 D. 弹劾

  大头巧记 ation是名词后缀

  sacred a.

  The owl is sacred for many Indian people.

  猜一猜 A. 恐惧的 B. 幸福的 C. 友善的 D. 神圣的

  词义扩展 ① 宗教的 The sacred rite is carefully preserved. 宗教仪式被很小心的保存下来。② 庄严的 She made a sacred promise. 她作出了一个郑重的诺言。

  近义词 holy, hallowed

  royal a.

  The royal family is composed of the king and the queen and their relatives.

  猜一猜 A. 国家的  B. 显赫的 C. 有名望的D. 皇室的

  词义扩展 第一流的,高贵的  They received a royal welcome in Roman.他们在罗马受到了第一流的接待。

  royalty n.

  The flag is only raised in the presence of royalty.

  猜一猜 A. 人民B. 嘉宾C. 贵客  D. 皇家

  大头巧记 royal "皇家的",ty 名词后缀

  rub v.

  She rubbed her hands to keep the cold away.

  猜一猜 A. 冲洗B. 取暖C. 摩擦D.拍打

  大头巧记 词根rub"擦"rub out 擦掉,拭去She rubbed out her tears.她擦掉自己的泪水。

  quench v.

  Workers have quenched the fire in the building.

  猜一猜 A. 燃烧B. 推延   C. 熄灭D. 控制

  翻译 工人们已经扑灭了楼里的大火。

  词义扩展 解(渴)How I wish to quench my thirst with a bottle of ice water! 我真想用一瓶冰水解渴。

  近义词 extinguish

  wife n.

  She is always trying her best to do what a wife should do.

  猜一猜 A. 丈夫B. 母亲C. 妻子D. 妹妹

  reconcile v.

  After the death of her parents, she found it difficult to reconcile herself to a life alone.

  猜一猜 A. 屈服  B. 折磨   C. 使和好,调解,使调和    D. 承认

  翻译 父母死后,她发现自己很难适应孤独的生活。

  分析 re+concile 加强语气+conciliate调和→使和好,调解

  词义扩展 (to, with)使一致You have to reconcile your statement with your conduct. 你必须言行一致。

  近义词 settle

  construct v.

  The local residents construct huts with branches.

  猜一猜 A. 建造   B. 烧毁   C. 装饰   D. 打扫

  翻译 当地居民用树枝搭建棚房。

  分析 con+struct Together+to build→建造, 构造

  词义扩展 v. 创立He constructed his theory after years of research.经过数年的研究他创立了自己的理论。

  earth n.

  词义 地球;泥土;陆地;地上

  on earth究竟,到底;在世界上No force on earth can hold back the progress of the society.没有任何力量能够阻止社会的进步。America is the only super country on earth. 美国是世界上惟一的超级大国。

  earthenware n.

  词义 土器,陶器

  大头巧记 earthen土制的,陶制的+ware器皿=土器,陶器。

  大头例句 Chinese earthenware is wellrenowned in the world.中国陶器举世闻名。

  近义词 crockery陶器,瓦器;keramics陶器;pottery陶器,陶器场;ware陶器,器皿

  do v.

  She does housework all day long and her house may be the cleanest one in the world.

  猜一猜 A. 分配B. 做C. 厌烦D. 创造

  翻译 她成天做家务,她的家可能是世界上最干净的。

  词义扩展 ① 制作,产生 Patience and perseverance will do wonders.耐心和毅力可创造奇迹。② 研究,算出Are you doing literal research on Shakespeare's works these days?这些天你在做莎士比亚作品的文学研究吗?③ 行,合适I told him that Saturday would do for picnic.我告诉他星期六适合出去野餐。

  词组 do away with   废除,去掉The government had to do away with the law that obviously discriminates the blacks. 政府不得不废除那条明显歧视黑人的法律。

  do without  没有…也行She can do without the care of her parents.没有父母的照顾她照样能行。

  have nothing to do with   和…毫无关系His death has nothing to do with you and you needn't to blame yourself too much.他的死和你毫无关系,你不要太过自责。

  has (something) to do with  和…有(点)关系Your destiny has something to do with your character.命运和性格有关。

  crane n.

  The crane saves human muscles greatly.

  猜一猜 A. 起重机   B. 拖拉机  C. 汽车  D. 吸尘器

  翻译 起重机大大节省了人力。

  词义扩展 n. 鹤 The crane has long neck. 鹤的脖子很长。

  determine v.

  We determined to fight against terrorist until the last moment.

  猜一猜 A. 希望B. 决心C. 守卫D. 保护

  翻译 我们决定和恐怖分子斗争到底。

  分析 de+ termine 加强意义+界定,限定→决心,决定

  词义扩展 确定,限定 The policeman wanted to determine all the facts.那位警察想查明全部事实真相。

  近义词 decide  决定,判决;fix 固定,确定

  linger v.

  He lingered after class, hoping to meet that beautiful girl.

  猜一猜 A. 徘徊  B. 停留 C. 放弃 D. 回去

  翻译 他放学后还在那徘徊,希望见到那个漂亮女孩。

  词义扩展 v. 拖延We can't linger any more, because we have so many works unfinished. 我们有这么作业还没完成,不能在拖延了。

  revolution n.

  The Chinese revolution next to Russian revolution is the most significant political event in history.

  猜一猜 A. 改革  B. 成立 C. 革命 D. 起义

  大头巧记 前缀re回,词根volu"旋转",tion名词后缀,本义"往回转"转为"把反革命的历史车轮倒转过来".

  词义扩展 n. 旋转,转数 The revolution of the earth causes day and night. 地球的自转引起了昼夜。

  revolutionary adj.

  There was never a comrade more devoted to the revolutionary cause than him.

  猜一猜 A. 反动的  B. 革命的 C. 救国的 D. 反帝的

  大头巧记 revolution "革命, -ary 形容词后缀

  词义扩展 n. 革命者 He is a strong minded revolutionary. 他是一个意志坚定的革命者。

  salt n.

  He often put too much salt in the soup.

  猜一猜 A. 胡椒  B. 辣椒C. 味精 D. 盐

  大头巧记 词根salt "盐"

  词义扩展 v. 腌,盐渍 He salted the beef so that it can be preserved for a long time.他把牛肉腌了,这样可以保存的久一些。

  seaside n.

  Every summer my family will go to the seaside for holiday.

  猜一猜 A. 岸边  B. 海滨,海边 C. 沙滩  D. 游乐场

  翻译 每年夏天我们全家会到海边度假。

  分析 sea+side 海+边→海边

  近义词 beach, seashore

  shade n.

  Stay in the shade of the trees to prevent the burning sun.

  猜一猜 A. 树阴B. 树下C. 树叶D. 树上

  翻译 呆在树阴下以防日晒。

  词义扩展 n. 遮光物,罩 Thanks to the new shade of the lamp, the room was brighter.都亏了新灯罩,房子明亮多了。

  v. 遮蔽,遮光Could you please shade you lamp. I couldn't sleep.你能不能遮一下你的台灯,我睡不着。

  shadow n.

  Shadows of objects are changing with the movement of the sun.

  猜一猜 A.影子   B. 温度   C. 位置    D. 大小

  词义扩展 n. 暗处,阴暗The man stood in the shadow for a while and then lighted a match.那个人在暗处站了一会,然后点了一根火柴。

  shady a.

  I prefer a shady garden with a lot of trees in the country to a luxury apartment in the city.

  猜一猜 A. 阴暗的    B. 可疑的    C. 简陋的    D. 多荫的

  词义扩展 a. 可疑的,靠不住的Don't waste your money and time on shady business.不要在靠不住的生意上浪费时间和金钱。

  ship n.

  We will go there by ship.

  猜一猜 A. 飞机B. 火车C. 汽车D. 船

  翻译 我们坐船去那里。

  词义扩展 v. 用船装运Are the goods of Mr. Robinson to be shipped or flown?罗宾逊先生的这些货物是海运还是空运?

  shipment n.

  The travel agency has promised the safe shipment of your baggage.

  猜一猜 A. 旅行B. 装运C. 照看D. 检查

  翻译 旅行社保证你们的行里的安全运送。

  分析 ship + ment 船+名词后缀=用船运送

  词义扩展 装载的货物a shipment of oil for Japan 一批运往日本的原油

  近义词 transportation

  shipwreck n.

  His parent died in a shipwreck of which reason is unknown now.

  猜一猜 A. 轮船运输B. 轮船装运C. 轮船失事D. 轮船损坏

  分析 ship为船,wreck是失事的意思;Ship+wreck=轮船失事,海难

  restore v.

  The fresh air and sounding sleep restored his health.

  猜一猜 A. 恢复  B. 增强 C. 摧毁 D. 调养

  大头巧记 前缀re再,词根store"贮藏,修建"

  词义扩展 v. ① 归还,交还 Several books stolen from the library had been restored.图书馆被偷的几本书还回来了。② 修建,重建 The old residence of Shakespare was restored several times.莎士比亚的故居重修了好几次。

  近义词 return

  section n.

  The first section of the essay is most wonderful section of the essay.

  猜一猜 A. 组织   B. 段落    C. 文章    D.章节,部分

  翻译 这篇文章的第一章节是全文中最精彩的部分。

  分析 sect+ ion 切割 + 名词词尾→切割后的成品是一章节,一部分

  词义扩展 ① 地区,部门,科 the promoting section 营销部门 ② 截面,刻面,剖面

  preservation n.

  The invention of fridge is the best preservation for food.

  猜一猜 A. 宝库   B. 和谈   C. 体验   D. 保存

  翻译 冰箱是保存食物最好的发明。

  preserve v.

  When studying,children should preserve their eyesight.

  猜一猜 A. 保护B. 延长C. 后退D. 调和

  翻译 孩子们学习时得保护好他们的视力。

  ① 保存,保藏 Many manuscripts were preserved through the war.大量的手稿在战争中被保存了下来。② 腌渍 You need salt and sugar to preserve meat.你需要盐和糖来腌肉。

  mount v.

  Look, there is the path that mounts to the peak of the mountain.

  猜一猜 A. 登上B. 游泳C. 滑冰D. 飞行

  翻译 快看,那有条登上山顶的路。

  词义扩展 安装,装配,固定,镶嵌 The craftsman is mounting the dazzling diamonds into the ring.那位工匠正在往戒指上镶嵌璀璨的钻石。②  n. ① 支架,底座,底版 I want to array this specimen mount in the display window.我想把这个标本架放到橱窗里。 ②  [M][用于山名前]山峰   the Mount of Elvis 艾尔维丝山脉

  mountain n.

  Do you which mountain is the highest in the world?

  猜一猜 A. 方向  B. 路  C. 支流  D. 山

  翻译 你知道世界上哪座山最高吗?

  大头巧记 moun + tain 登上高处+名词词尾→山

  mountainous n.

  Is Norway a mountainous country?

  猜一猜 A. 作用  B. 多山的  C. 重要的   D. 只要

  翻译 挪威是一个多山的国家吗?

  大头巧记 mountain + ous 山+形容词后缀→有山的,多山的,山一般的

  local a.

  The local newspaper always held some bias against the central government.

  猜一猜 A. 少数的 B. 小的C. 地方的D. 国外的

  翻译 地方当局总是对中央政府存有几丝偏见。

  词义扩展 a. 局部的Local areas of the country are still very poor. 这个国家的局部地区还是很穷。

  locality n.

  The locality of this building always escapes me.

  猜一猜 A. 地点 B. 名字C. 方向D. 朝向

  翻译 我老是不记得这座大厦的位置

  大头巧记 local地方性的+表性质的后缀"ity" →地点

  locate v.

  I tried in vain to locate her.

  猜一猜 A. 查找…的地点B. 放置C. 监视D. 观察

  翻译 我没能找到她。

  词义扩展 v. 使…坐落于,位于The UN headquarter is located in our country. 联合国总部位于我们国家。

  location n.

  The location of the new institution has not yet been decided.

  猜一猜 A. 方位 B. 位置C. 大小D. 规模

  翻译 这所新学校的位置还有待进一步商讨。

  大头巧记 locate找出…的位置+ tion表行为,状态过程的后缀→位置

  fond a.

  Young people are fond of pop music, while some old people prefer classic ones.

  猜一猜 A. 狂热的B. 喜爱的,爱好的C. 追随的D. 建立

  翻译 年轻人喜好流行音乐,而老年人则更偏爱古典音乐。

  harmful a.

  Smoking is harmful to your health.

  猜一猜 A. 有害    B. 导致   C. 侵犯    D. 腐化

  翻译 吸烟对身体健康有害。

  分析 harm(伤害)+ful (形容词尾)=有害的

  inn n.

  Having no other way, we put up at this small inn.

  猜一猜 A. 茶舍   B. 小旅馆   C.  茅屋    D.寺庙

  翻译 没有其他的办法,我们就投宿了这个小旅店。

  gross a.

  The gross weight of each bag of apple is 7 kilograms.

  猜一猜 A. 草地B. 总的C. 粗鲁的D. 肥胖的

  翻译 每袋苹果重七公斤。

  词义扩展 a. 粗鲁的,粗俗的His gross manner betrayed his pretence of blandness.他假装做出一副文雅的样子,可他粗鲁的举止暴露了他的本质。

  n. 总额  All the income of this month sum up to a gross of $5000.这个月的收入总计5000美元。

  近义词 total

  consolidate v.

  The time has come for the whole country to consolidate after several years of raid development.

  猜一猜 A. 重组  B. 建议  C. 巩固 D. 稳定

  翻译 经过几年的发展,国家该加强巩固一下了。

  分析 con+ solid+ ate together + solid + 动词词尾→使变为固体,使坚固,巩固

  近义词 reinforce, fortify, strengthen

  athlete n.

  Most first class footballers are natural athletes.

  猜一猜 A. 体操B. 运动员C. 竞争者D. 教练

  berry n.

  The girl went to the woods to collect berires, jumping and singing all the way.

  猜一猜 A. 木桶B. 浆果C. 栗树D. 果园

  bundle n.

  She threw a bundle of old newspapers into the dusting bin.

  猜一猜 A. 张   B. 片    C. 期   D.捆,束

  翻译 她把一捆旧报纸扔进了垃圾箱。

  carry v.

  The ship was carrying oil from China to Japan.

  猜一猜 A. 运送,传送  B. 倒卖    C.  携带     D.转载

  翻译 这艘油轮从中国运油到日本。

  词义扩展 v. 带,领I seldom carry much money with me when I go shopping. 出去购物时,我一般都只带少量的钱。

  carry off 夺取The enemies carried off their weapons and put them in prison.敌人夺取了他们的武器并把他们关进监狱。

  carry on  继续下去,坚持下去;从事,经营Negotiation was being carried on, in spite of the fighting.尽管冲突从未停止,谈判还在继续进行。

  carry out 贯彻,执行,实现A new policy is now carried out nationwide.一项新的政策正在全国范围内实行。

  inquire(enquire) v.

  I don't understand why didn't you inquire by telephone?

  猜一猜 A. 预约   B. 提问   C. 打听,询问   D.回答

  翻译 我不明白,你为什么没打电话打听一下呢?

  词义扩展 v. 调查,查问The police inquired into his background. 警方调查了他的背景。

  近义词 ask

  migrate v.

  Pioneers from New England migrated to all parts of the United States.

  猜一猜 A. 漂泊B. 迁移C. 搬家D. 离开

  翻译 从新英格兰来的拓荒者们迁移到美国各个地方。

  大头巧记 migr(to move移动)+ate(动词词尾) →迁移

  search v.

  They searched every room in the house for a secret letter.

  猜一猜 A. 调查   B. 找到    C. 搜索,寻找,探察    D. 研究

  翻译 他们为找一封密信搜索了每个房间。

  大头巧记 search可拟声记忆成"索去",去搜索,去寻找

  词义扩展 n. 搜索,搜寻,探察 a search for a missing ship 搜寻失踪的船

  近义词 seek

  foot ([pl.] feet)n.

  This pair seemed not suitable for my feet, I would like to have another.

  猜一猜 A. 腰部 B. 脚, 足C. 头, 头颅D. 手,手掌

  翻译 这一双好像不适合我的脚, 我想要另一双。

  词义扩展 n. ① 英尺The man over seemed five feet and nine inches.那里的那个男人好像有五英尺九英寸。② 底部The small village located at the foot of the mountain.小村子坐落在山脚下。

  on foot 步行 I prefer going there on foot. 我想步行去那儿。

  football n.

  We hope that Chinese football team can break into the finals of world cup this time.

  猜一猜 A. 足球B. 篮球C. 排球D. 网球

  翻译 我们希望中国足球队这次能够入围世界杯的决赛。

  大头巧记 foot (脚) ball (球)→用脚踢的球→足球

  footstep n.

  His footstep was heard before his voice.

  猜一猜 A. 脚印 B. 脚步声C. 楼梯口D. 足球

  翻译 我们先听到他的脚步声, 然后才听到他的声音。

  大头巧记 foot (脚) step (步, 一步)→ 一步一步地走就会有脚步声和脚印→脚步(声), 足迹

  scarce a.

  Food is scarce in wartime.

  猜一猜 A. 充足  B. 丰富 C. 缺乏,不足 D. 新鲜

  词义扩展 a. 稀少的,罕见的This kind of book is scarce now.这种书现在已经很少见了。

  近义词 rare, limited

  scarcely adv.

  She scarcely knows him.

  猜一猜 A. 非常  B. 几乎不C. 大约 D. 很

  近义词 barely, hardly

  set n.

  It's his first time to be a boarder, so there is a set of new rules to learn.

  猜一猜 A. (一)把   B. (一)套   C.(一)件  D. (一)个

  词义扩展 n.   机组,接受机Do not adjust the transistor set yourself. 不要擅自调收音机。v.  ① 树立,创造 Father relies on the eldest daughter to set a good example.  父亲指望大女儿给孩子们树立个好榜样。② 调整,教正 She set the camera on automatic.她把相机调到自动位置。③ 落山,下沉 With the set of the sun, the village succumbed to silence.太阳一下山,村子就陷入无声中。

  a. 不变的,固定的,规定的 Three prayers a day is a set procedure for the Muslim.一天三次祷告是穆斯林教徒不变的程序。

  set about 开始,着手North Korea must set about finding solutions to the nuclear crisis.朝鲜必须着手找出解决核危机问题的办法。set aside ① 挑出,拨出,留出The doctor suggests that the patient set aside a few minutes to do some running each day.医生建议病人每天留出几分钟跑跑步。② 拒绝The legal demands of the customers were set aside by board of directors.董事会拒绝了顾客的合法要求。

  set back 推迟,延缓,阻碍The celebration set back for the rain.庆典因雨推迟了。

  set down ① 卸下,放下The driver set the goods down and drove away in a flash.司机把货物卸下赶紧把车开走了。② 记下,记入 While in the Nazi camp, he would set his experience down in the diary.在纳粹集中营的时候,他把他的经历记在日记里。

  set forth 阐叙,陈叙President Bush set forth the antiterrorism determination of his government on the radio.布什总统在广播里阐述了他的政府反恐的决心。

  set out ① 陈列,显示Nan Jing Museum sets out a lot of historic objects, which proves the aggression against China.南京博物馆里陈列的历史遗物证明了侵华的事实。② 动身,启程Would it be possible to reach that place before dark assuming we set out at five?假定五点出发,我们能在黄昏前到达那里吗?③ 制定At Christmas, he set out a series of New Years resolutions.在圣诞节他制定了一系列新年计划决心。

  set out to 打算,着手The local government set out to build a monument to memorize the hero.当地政府打算建一个纪念碑来怀念这个英雄。

  set up ① 创立,建立,树立With the money donated by the Hope Project, we can set up a primary school.  有了希望工程的捐款我们就可以建立一个小学了。

  ② 资助,扶助His father set him up as a filmmaker他父亲资助他做了一个电影制片人。

  setting n.

  The air condition has several temperature settings with which you can choose the most favorable one.

  猜一猜 A. 测量计   B. 显示屏    C. 提示表      D. 安置器

  词义扩展 n. ① 落山The setting of the sun along the seaside is amazing.在海边看太阳落山令人叹为观止② (固定东西的)底座 The ring has a ruby in a silver setting.这枚戒指的银座底座上镶有一块红宝石。③ 环境,背景 The hotel locals in a picturesque setting surrounded by hills and lakes.着旅馆位于山水如画的环境中。

  shrewd a.

  Jack was so shrewd that he got a very high position soon after the beginning of his political career.

  猜一猜 A. 愚蠢B. 在行C. 精明D. 善于

  翻译 杰克是一个如此精明的政治家,他一入仕途便获得高位。

  词义扩展 a. 机灵的,敏锐的To be a good journalist,you have to be shrewd on some tiny things.作为一个好的记者,对小事都要很敏锐。

  近义词 sharp 聪明的;smart机灵的;perceptive敏锐的

  still ad.

  When I woke up in the mid night, he was still working.

  猜一猜 A. 当时    B. 已经     C. 还     D.早已

  翻译 我半夜醒来时,他还在埋头苦干。

  词义扩展 ad. ① 更,还Mary is short, Jack is shorter and Ann is still shorter. Mary 个子矮,Jack更矮, Ann还要矮。② 静,静止地 He lay still as if he had fallen asleep. 他静静地躺着,仿佛已经睡着了。

  a.  静止的,寂静的The sea was calm and still. 海上风平浪静。

  n.  寂静The scream broke the still of the night. 一声惨厉的尖叫划破了黑夜的寂静。

  近义词 motionless静止的;immobile不变的,静止的;tranquil平静的;安静的;unmoving静止的

  strong a.

  A strong country must have a large army.

  猜一猜 A. 稳定的    B. 弱小的     C. 强壮的      D.动荡的

  翻译 强国必须拥有一支庞大的军队。

  大头巧记 (谐音法)斯壮 —— (我)强壮

  词义扩展 强烈的,浓的I had a strong sense of guilty when I lied to her. 我对她撒谎时有一种强烈的负罪感。

  近义词 powerful有力的,强大的

  theater/ theatre  n.

  The theater can hold five hundred people.

  猜一猜 A. 戏剧   B. 戏院    C. 旅行    D.宾馆

  翻译 这剧场能容纳五百人。

  词义扩展 ① 戏剧They are rehearsing a modern play. 他们在彩排一场近代戏剧。② 阶梯教室They are having a meeting in the theater. 他们正在阶梯教室开会。

  thread n.

  It is very difficult for my grandma to pass a thread through the eye of a needle because of her bad eyesight.

  猜一猜 A. 绳子 B. 细线、细丝 C. 羊毛 D. 毛绒

  翻译  奶奶因为视力不好,很难将线穿到针眼里。

  词义扩展 n. ① 线索,思路What is the thread of the speech today?  今天讲话的主线是什么?② 螺纹 Make sure you will do no harm to the threads on the CD.一定要确保唱片上的螺纹完好无损。

  v. 穿线,穿过 thread beads onto a string 把珠子穿到线上

  threshold  n.

  She paused on the threshold.

  猜一猜 A. 门槛 B. 出口 C. 门框 D. 窗前

  翻译 她在门口站住了。

  词义扩展 n.  入门,开端 The boy was on the threshold of manhooD. 男孩即将成年。

  thumb n.

  She has got him under her thumb.

  猜一猜 A. 控制 B. 拇指 C. 影响 D. 统治

  翻译 她把他管住了。

  词组 under one's thumb 表示完全受某人影响或支配。

  subordinate a.

  The problem is subordinated to that one.

  猜一猜 A. 乐观的    B. 每天的    C. 强项的      D. 次要的

  翻译 这个问题从属于那一个。

  词义扩展 下级的She is always kind to subordinate clerks. 她总是对下属很好。

  大头巧记 sub —— 在…之下,低于…。ordinate :纵坐标。所以,subordinate 是在纵坐标之下的,在主线之下——次要的

  近义词 lower下级的,低级的;secondary副(的),从属的,附属的;subsidiary次要的,附属的

  pass v.

  Do put your heart in your stomach,the information will never pass my lips.

  猜一猜 A. 经过   B. 忘记    C. 原谅    D.恳求

  翻译 尽管放心,我决不会泄漏这个消息。

  词义扩展 v. ① 传,传递 Please pass the word to him. 请把这句话告诉他。② 通过(考试等)The committee has passed the report handed on Friday. 委员会已批准了星期五提交的报告。

  n. ① 通行证,护照Without a pass,people are not admitted to enter the building.没有许可证,不能进入这座大厦。  n. ② 关隘,关口Thousands of people were dispatched to guard the strategic pass. 数以千计的人被派去驻守这个战略要塞。

  pass away 去世,逝世At the news of the king's passing away, the whole country was in deep sorrow.听到国王逝世,整个国家陷入极度悲伤中。

  pass off 中止,停止Has the pain passed off yet?还痛吗?

  pas out 失去知觉,昏倒She passed out for lack of nutrition.她因营养不良昏倒了。

  passage n.

  The bridge is not strong enough to allow the passage of vehicles.

  猜一猜 A. 重量   B. 体积   C. 空间    D.通过

  翻译 这座桥不够坚固,车辆不能通行。

  大头巧记 pass + age → 通过+表示抽象的名词词尾 →经过许多年,就是通过

  词义扩展 n. ① 通路,走廊He forced a passage hard through a crowd. 他从人群中艰难地挤过去。②(一)段落,(一)节She copied down the excellent passage from this book. 她把这本书中精彩的一段复制下来了。

  passenger n.

  It is very strange that there are few passengers in the bus today.

  猜一猜 A. 学生   B. 乘客  C. 老人   D.小孩

  翻译 很奇怪,今天公共汽车里没有几个乘客。

  greedy a.

  The little girl looked at the candies with greedy eyes.

  猜一猜 A. 渴望的B. 伟大的C. 美丽的D. 忧伤的

  翻译 小女孩儿眼巴巴地看着那些糖果。

  近义词 eager,longing

  confuse v.

  I always confuse these twin brothers

  猜一猜 A. 认出B. 回忆C. 混淆D. 厌恶

  翻译 我总是分不清这对双胞胎兄弟。

  分析 con+ fuse wolly + to pour→ 四处泼洒,自然一团糟

  近义词 puzzle, perplex, bewilder

  confusion n.

  Her unexpected hysteria threw us into confusion.

  猜一猜 A. 愤怒   B. 混乱,混淆  C. 焦急   D. 厌烦

  翻译 她突如其来的歇斯底里让我们不知所措。

  分析 confuse混乱,混淆+ion名词词尾→混乱,混淆

  denial n.

  The denial of his promise to return my book quickly makes me rather angry.

  猜一猜 A. 欺骗B. 否认C. 回绝D. 表示

  翻译 他矢口否认曾许诺尽快归还我的书,这使我非常生气。

  词义扩展 拒绝,拒绝给予Your denial of her request hurts her deeply.你对她请求的拒绝深深的伤害了她。

  近义词 reject  拒绝,refuse  拒绝,回绝

  encyclopedia/encyclopaedia n.

  词义 百科全书

  dig v.

  The soldiers had to dig the freight trucks out of the snow.

  猜一猜 A. 推B. 掘,挖C. 拉D. 修

  翻译 士兵们不得不把运货卡车从雪里挖出来。

  exert v.

  He exerted all his strength to move the stone aside.

  猜一猜 A. 用尽B. 积蓄C. 损耗D. 增加

  翻译 他用尽全力把那块势头移开。

  大头巧记 前缀ex出来;词干sert放在一起,拿出来放在一起,引申为尽(力),施加(压力)

  大头例句 The strong countries often exerted some pressure upon the weak ones.强国经常向弱国施加压力。

  近义词 use使用,利用;utilize利用

  groan v.

  The patient groans in the ward painfully.

  猜一猜 A. 喊叫B. 大骂C. 怒吼D. 呻吟

  翻译 病人在病房里痛苦的呻吟。

  词义扩展 n. 呻吟 The groan of the dying monster scared all the poor villagers. 奄奄一息的怪物呻吟着,吓坏了所有的村民。

  近义词 moan

  mask n.

  We couldn't recognize our friends at the party, for everyone wore a mask over his face.

  猜一猜 A. 面具B. 口罩C. 帽子D. 眼镜

  翻译 我认不出晚会上的那些朋友,因为每一个人脸上都戴着面具。

  词义扩展 n. 假面具,伪装He hid his evil plans under a mask of friendship.他在友谊的面具下隐藏住了他邪恶的计划。

  mistress n.

  She is the mistress of the manor.

  猜一猜 A. 情妇B. 情人C. 女主人D. 小姐

  翻译 她是这个庄园的女主人。

  词义扩展 ① 主妇She found she was no longer mistress in her own house when her husband's mother came to stay.她发现她丈夫的母亲来了之后她就不再是家里的主妇了。② 情妇,情人The man had so many mistresses without consideration of his wife's feelings.这个男人在外面有很多情妇,他根本都不考虑他妻子的感受。

  nutrition n.

  We need rich nutrition get health.

  猜一猜 A. 感动  B. 海龟  C. 营养  D. 干饭

  翻译 我们需要丰富的营养来保持健康。

  大头巧记 nutri +tion To nourish,滋养,孕育+名词词尾→滋养的东西,营养

  patent a.

  According to the plan, we will produce two more thousand kilos of this patent medicine next moth.

  猜一猜 A. 耐心的 B. 专利的C. 所有的D. 署名的

  翻译 按照计划, 下个月我们要再多生产两千克这种专利药品。

  词义扩展 n. 专利, 专利品, 专利权I have patent for my invention, which is protected by law.我对自己的发明有专利权, 这是受到法律保护的。

  v. 批准专利, 获得专利 patent for the production 获得产品专利

  absorption n.

  Some poisonous gases can enter the body by absorption through the skin.

  猜一猜 A. 消化 B. 专心 C. 零点 D.吸收

  翻译 一些有毒的气体可通过皮肤的吸收进入体内。

  词义扩展 absorption of nourishment 吸收营养

  today ad./n.

  They will come here a week today.

  猜一猜 A. 迄今    B. 今天    C. 当代    D. 目前

  翻译 他们将于下个星期的今天来这里。

  词义扩展 n./ad. 现在,现今 Computer is in reach of the ordinary families today. 现在普通家庭也买得起电脑了。

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