• 站内搜索:

考研英语核心词汇速成胜经 Unit 6

2006-7-14 22:47  

  真题文章(1999年完型)

  Industrial safety does not just happen. Companies with low accident rates plan their safety programs, work hard to organize them, and continue working to keep them alive and active. When the work is well done, a climate of accident-free operations is established where time lost due to injuries is kept at a minimum.

  Successful safety programs may differ greatly in the emphasis placed on certain aspects of the program. Some place great emphasis on mechanical guarding. Others stress safe work practices by observing rules or regulations. Still others depend on an emotional appeal to the worker. But, there are certain basic ideas that must be used in every program if maximum results are to be obtained.

  There can be no question about the value of a safety program. From a financial stand-point alone, safety pays off. The fewer the injury claims, the better the workman's insurance rate. This may mean the difference between operating at a profit or at a loss.

  考研核心词汇

  establish  vt . 建立, 设立, 安置, 使定居, 使人民接受, 确定

  v.  建立

  [例] The club has established a new rule allowing women to join.

  "俱乐部制定了一条新规章,允许妇女入会。"

  [同义] demonstrate , fix , found , organize,  prove, set, settle, show

  [反义] demolish  vt. 毁坏, 破坏, 推翻, 粉碎

  [派生] establishment  n. 确立, 制定, 设施, 公司, 军事组织

  due  n.  应得物、权力, [复]应付款  adj.  应得的, 应付的, 正当的, 预期的, (车、船预定)应到的

  [例] Our thanks are due to him.  我们要感谢他。

  [同义] equitable, fair, fitting ,just ,proper, rightful ,square

  [反义] undue  adj. 不适当的

  [固定搭配] due to 因为;由…引起;由于;

  differ  vi.  不一致, 不同

  [例] Chinese differs greatly from Japanese in pronunciation.

  汉语发音跟日语大不相同。

  [反义] coincide  vi. 一致, 符合

  [派生] difference  n.  差异, 差别, 分歧, 争论, [数]差额, 差分adj. [数]微分的, [机]差动的

  [固定搭配] agree to differ 求同存异, 彼此保留不同意见;beg to differ

  恕不苟同; differ from 不同于; 和……不同; 和……意见不一致;differ in

  在……方面不同; differ with sb. 与某人意见不同;

  stress  n.  重压, 逼迫, 压力, 重点, 着重, 强调, 重音 vt. 着重, 强调, 重读

  [例] I must stress that we haven't much time. 我必须强调我们没有多少时间了。

  [同义] accent, emphasis, force, importance ,insistence, pressure, strain, tension

  [固定搭配] stress out Slang 极度受压经历如来自于工作的极端压力;

  appeal  n. 请求, 呼吁, 上诉, 吸引力, 要求vi. 求助, 诉请, 要求vt.控诉

  [例] The government is appealing to everyone to save water.

  政府呼吁每个人节约用水。

  [同义] beg, entreat ,implore, plead

  [派生] appealing  adj.  吸引人的, 哀诉似的, 恳求似的

  [固定搭配] appeal to 向……呼吁[请求];

  obtain  vt.  获得, 得到

  [例] I haven't been able to obtain that book. 我还没能得到那本书。

  [同义] acquire ,earn ,gain, get ,procure, receive ,secure

  [反义] lose  vt. 遗失, 浪费, 错过, 输去, 使失去, 使迷路, 使沉溺于

  vi.  受损失, 失败

  [派生] obtainable  adj.  能得到的, 可到手的

  insurance  n.  保险, 保险单, 保险业, 保险费

  [例] A balanced diet is an insurance against malnutrition.

  均衡的食谱是防止营养不良的保证。

  [派生] insure  vt.  给……保险 v.  确保

栏目相关课程表