PARTⅠStructure and Vocabulary （20%）
Directions：There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are
four choices marked A，B，C， and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.
Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a pencil.
1.The bad weather meant ___________ the football match for several days.
A. to delay B. delaying
C. delay D. having delayed
2.“Let's start our meeting immediately _______________ everyone has arrived.”the
A. although B. until
C. after D. now that
3._____________ your role is， knowing who you are and what you're good at is critical
A. Whatever B. Whichever
C. Whoever D. Whomever
4.It is often more difficult to find trained men than ____________ for a research project.
A. get financial support B. to get financial support
C. getting financial support D. to getting financial support
5.If you had taken your umbrella with you when you went to work this morning， you
___________________ wet now.
A. will not be B. will not have been
C. would not be D. would not have been
6.___________， we decided to leave at once， as we didn't want to risk missing the last
A. It was pretty late B. It being pretty late
C. As it being pretty late D. It was being pretty late
7. Give it a second thought，_____________ you'll find it wise to accept the post.
A. to B. and
C. or D. then
8. _____________ he was an old customer， the boss allowed ten per cent discount off the
prices of the goods.
A. Give that B. Giving that
C.To give that D. Given that
9. _________ forceful were his arguments that even those who came to sneer becanme his firm
A. Very B. Too
C. Such D. So
10. It was the training that he had as a young man ______________ made him such a good
A. has B. later
C.which D. that
11.I remember seeing him years ago，but I cannot ____________ where it was.
A. remind B. recognize
C. recall D. memorize
12.China has been following the foreign policy to develop re1ations with other countries
on the ____________ of the five principles of peaceful co-existence.
A. basis B. bases
C. ground D. foundation
13. The first， second， and third prizes went to Jack， Tom， and Harry ___________.
A. equally B. differently
C. similarly D. respectively
14. He is in some ways ______________ and in some ways rather childish.
A. fashionable B. silly
C. emotional D. mature
15. They have got everything ready to make a ________________ across the Atlantic.
A. trip B. travel
C. voyage D. journey
16. From here， we can see the bridge ___________ construction.
A. under B. on
C. in D. during
17. You could always ___________ him to settle an argument， no matter what was being
A. believe in B. call on
C. trust in D. count on
18. Very few experts could __________ completely new solutions to the world's economic
A. come to B. come up with
C. come round D. come through
19. There was something wrong with the traffic signal. Our bus was ___________ for nearly
half an hour.
A. held on B. held back
C. held out D. held up
20. Since the situation is changing， let's take some ___________ measures to deal with it.
A. available B. changeable
C. flexible D. considerable
PART Ⅱ Reading Comprehension （50％）
Directions ： There are 5 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some
questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A，B，
C，and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the
Answer Sheet with a pencil.
Questions 21 to 24 are based on the following passage：
Around the world more and more people are taking part in dangerous sports and activities.
Of course， there have always been people who have looked for adventure - those who have
climbed the highest mountains， explored unknown parts of the world or sailed in small
boats across the greatest oceans. Now， however， there are people who seek an immediate
excitement from a risky activity which may only last a few minutes or even seconds.
I would consider bungee jumping to be a good example of such an activity. You jump from
ahigh place （perhaps a bridge or a hot-air balloon） 200 meters above the ground with an
elastic rope tied to your ankles. You fall at up to l50 kilometers an hour until the rope
stops you from hitting the ground. It is estimated that two million people around the
world have now tried bungee jumping. Other activities which most people would say are as
risky as bungee jumping involve jumping from tall buildings and diving into the sea from
the top of high cliffs.
Why do people take part in such activities as these？ Some psychologists suggest that it
is because life in modern societies has become safe and boring. Not very long ago，
people's lives were constantly under threat. They had to go out and hunt for food，
diseases could not easily be cured，and life was a continuous battle for survival.
Nowadays， according to many people， life offers little excitement. They live and work
in comparatively safe environment；they buy food in shops； and there are doctors and
hospitals to look after them if they become ill. The answer for some of these people is
to seek danger in activities such as bungee jumping.
21. A suitable title for the passage is ______________.
A. Dangerous Sports： What and Why？
B. The Boredom of Modern Life
C. Bungee Jumping：Is It Really Dangerous？
D. The Need for Excitement
22.More and more people today ___________.
A. are trying activities such as bungee jumping
B. are climbing the highest mountains
C. are close to death in sports
D. are looking for adventures such as exploring unknown places
23. People probably take part in dangerous sports nowadays because
A. they have a lot of free time
B. they can go to hospital if they are injured
C. their lives lack excitement
D. hey no longer need to hunt for food
24. The writer of the passage has a（n） _______ attitude towards dangerous sports.
A. positive B. negative
C. objective D. subjective
Questions 25 to 28 are based on the following passage：
When they advise your kids to“get an education”if you want to raise your income， they
tell you only half the truth.What they really mean is to get just enough education to
provide man power for your society， but not too much that you prove an embarrassment to
Get a high school diploma，at least.Without that，you are occupationally dead， unless
your name happens to be George Bernard Shaw or Thomas Alva Edison and you can successfully
drop out in grade school.
Get a college degree， if possible. With a B. A.， you are on the launching pad（发射台）。
But now you have to start to put on the brakes. If you go for a master's degree， make
sure it is an M. B. A.， and only from a first-rate university. Beyond this， the famous
law of diminishing returns（报酬递减率）begins to take effect.
Do you know， for instance， that long-haul truck drivers earn more a year than full
professors？Yes， the average l977 salary for those truckers was $24，000， while the full
professors managed to average just $23，930.
A Ph.D. is the highest degree you can get， but except in a few specialized fields such
as physics or chemistry， where the degree can quickly be turned to industrial or commercial
purposes， you are facing a dim future. There are more Ph.D.s unemployed or underemployed
in this country than in any other part of the world by far.
If you become a doctor of philosophy in English or history or anthropology or political
science Or languages or-worst of all-in philosophy， you run the risk of becoming
overeducated for our national demands. Not for our needs， mind you， but for our demands.
Thousands of Ph.D.s are selling shoes， driving cabs， waiting on tables and filling out
fruitless applications month after month.And then maybe taking a job in some high school
or backwater college that pays much less than the janitor（看门人）earns.
You can equate the level of income with the level of education on1y so far. Far enough，
that is，to make you useful to the gross national product， but not so far that nobody can
turn much of a profit on you.
25. According to the writer， what the society expects of education it to turn out
people who ___________.
A. will not be a shame to the society
B. will become loyal citizens
C. can take care of themselves
D. can meet the demands as a source of manpower
26. Many Ph.D. s are out of job because ___________.
A. they are wrongly educated
B. they are of little commercial value to the society
C. there are fewer jobs in high schools
D. they prefer easy jobs with more money
27. The nation is only interested in people ____________ .
A. with diplomas
B. specialized in physics and chemistry
C. valuable to the gross national product
D. both A and C
28.Which of the following is NOT true？
A. Bernard Shaw didn't finish high school， nor did Edison.
B. One must think carefully before going for a master's degree.
C. The higher your educational level， the more money you wil1 earn.
D. If you are too well educated， you'll make things difficult for the society.