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70天攻克考研英语阅读 DAY36

2006-7-28 01:04  

  Increasing reading speed

  Directions:Do the word recognition drills below.Note the word on the left,then underline it every time it appears in the same form to the right.No regression, no vocalization.Try to finish in 15 seconds or less.

  Starting Time:

  1. summitsummon commit summons summit summary

  2. explosionexplosive explode exploit explosion explore

  3. heavenheavenly heave heavily heighten heaven

  4. shattershattered shutter shuttle shatter shorter

  5. branchbreathe branchy breach broach branch

  6. damagedamages language damage baggage damaging

  7. trembletemple tremor tremolite tremble tremendous

  8. collapsecollar collate collect college collapse

  9. wonderwonder wanders wonders worker wondrous

  10. clusterclutter clutch clatter cluster collector

  Finishing Time: Total Reading Time:

  Errors: Check each line carefully for mistakes.

  PompeiiAt dawn on August 24,in the year A. D. 79,Pompeii's 25,000 people awakened to another hot day in that hot summer. There was going to be a contest in the arena that night and the whole town was looking forward to the bloody fights of the gladiators. The children headed toward school,carrying slates and followed by their dogs. In the forum the town's important men had gathered after breakfast to read the political signs that had been posted during the night. Elsewhere in the forum the wool merchants talked business. The banker was going over his account books. At the inn,late rising travelers from the East awakened and yawned and called for breakfast.

  The quiet morning moved slowly along. There was nothing very unusual about Pompeii. But tragedy was on its way. Beneath Vesuvius vine covered slopes a mighty force was about to break loose. At one o'clock in the afternoon the critical point was reached. The mountain blew up,raining death on thousands. Down in Pompeii,four miles from the summit,a tremendous explosion was heard.

  "What was that?" people cried from one end of town to another. They stared at each other,puzzled,troubled. Were the gods fighting in heaven ?

  "Look!"somebody shouted,"Look at Vesuvius!"

  Thousands of eyes turned upward. Thousands of arms pointed. A black cloud was rising from the shattered summit of the mountain. Higher and higher it rose. Like the trunk of a tree,it rose in the air,branching out as it climbed.

  Minutes passed. The sound of the explosion died away,but it still reverberated in everyone's ears. The cloud over Vesuvius continued to rise,black as night,higher and higher. A strange rain began to fall on Pompeii - a rain of stones. The stones were light. They were pumice stones,consisting mostly of air bubbles. These poured down as though there had been a sudden cloudburst. The pumice stones did little damage.

  "What is happening?"Pompeiians asked one another. They rushed to the temples - the Temple of Jupiter,the Temple of Apollo,the Temple of Isis. Priests tried to calm the citizens. The sky was dark. An hour by and darkness still shrouded everything. All was confusion. The people of Pompeii now knew that doom was at hand. Their fears were redoubled when a tremendous rain of hot ash began to fall. The wooden roofs of some of the houses began to catch fire as the heat of the ash reached them.

  In those first few hours,only the quick witted managed to escape. A wealthy wool merchant called his family together and crammed jewelry and money into a sack. Lighting a torch,he led his little band out into the nightmare of the streets. Many hundreds of Pompeians fled in those first few dark hours. Stumbling in the darkness,they made their way to the city gates,then out and down to the harbor. They boarded boats and got away,living to tell the tale of their city's destruction. Others preferred to remain within the city,huddling inside the temples,or in the public baths or in the cellars of their homes. They still hoped that the nightmare would end.

  It was evening now. And a new trouble was in store for Pompeii. The earth trembled and quaked Roofs went crashing in ruin,burying hundreds who had hoped to survive the eruption. In the forum the tall columns toppled. The entire city seemed to shake in the grip of a giant fist.

  Three feet of pumice stones now covered the ground. Ash floated in the air. Poisonous gas came drifting from the crater, though people could still breathe. Roofs were collapsing everywhere. The cries of the injured and dying filled the air. Rushing throngs,blinded by the darkness and the smoke,rushed up one street and down the next,trampling the fallen in a crazy fruitless dash toward safety. Dozens of people plunged into dead end streets and found themselves trapped by crashing buildings. They waited there,too frightened to run farther,expecting the end.

  The poison gas thickened as the terrible night advanced. It was possible to protect oneself from the pumice stones but not from the gas,and Pompeiians died by the hundreds. Carbon monoxide gas prevents the body from absorbing oxygen. Victims of carbon monoxide poisoning get sleepier and sleepier until they lose consciousness,never to regain it. All over Pompeii,people lay down on beds of pumice stones,overwhelmed by the gas,and death came quietly to them.

  All through the endless night,Pompeiians wandered about the streets or crouched in their ruined homes or clustered in the temples to pray. By morning few remained alive. Not once had Vesuvius stopped hurling pumice stones and ash into the air,and the streets of Pompeii were filling quickly. At midday on August 25,exactly twenty four hours after the beginning of the first eruption,a second eruption occurred. A second cloud of ash rose above Vesuvius's summit. The wind blew ash as far as Rome. But most of the new ash descended on Pompeii.

  The deadly shower of stones and ash went into its second day. But it no longer mattered to Pompeii whether the eruption continued another day or another year. For by midday on August 25,Pompeii was a city of the dead.

  —— from Adventures Ahead,2nd Ed.




  Select the answer which is most accurate according to the information given in the passage.

  1. As it can be learnt from the passage,Pompeii had been a  town before the day of its destruction.

  A. quietB. noisyC. densely populatedD. prosperous

  2. No one had escaped from Pompeii before the disaster fell because they

  A. had found no indication of the eruption

  B. had been too busy to notice the signs of the eruption

  C. knew it would have been futile

  D. had been overwhelmed with fear

  3. Having read from paragraphs 3 to 6,we can conclude that

  A. Pompeiians realized what had been going on an hour after the eruption

  B. Pompeiians found a lot of air bubbles in the pumice stone

  C. at least the living generations of Pompeiians had never experienced an eruption

  D. a deadly cloudburst swept Pompeii on August 21,79 A. D.

  4. The sentence,"An hour went by and darkness still shrouded everything"(paragraph 6)implies that

  A. sunlight failed to penetrate the heavy clouds of ash

  B. it was a rainy day

  C. it was late at night

  D. the ashes had covered everything in Pompeii

  5. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

  A. No one survived the eruption.

  B. Only those intelligent citizens escaped death.

  C. Priests were among those who fled in those first few dark hours.

  D. Only those who ran fast managed to escape.

  6. As it is used in the eighth paragraph of the passage,the phrase "in store for"means

  A. awaitingB. kept forC. supplied forD. prepared for

  7. Compared to , had done little damage to Pompeiians.

  A. the quake……the poison gasB. the pumice stones……the quake

  C. the poison gas……the pumice stonesD. the pumice stone…… the poison gas

  8. The author's attitude toward the destruction of Pompeii is

  A. matter of factB. sentimentalC. sympatheticD. objective


  Read the following article and figure out the meaning of each word in italics using the context given and wordbuilding skills.

  The word tephra comes from Greek,and means "ash." It is used by geologists to describe the assortment of material that a volcano produces when it erupts. These fragments range from lumps of material to particles of dust.

  Tephra falls on the area surrounding the volcano and forms a layer which geologists use as a record of the volcano's eruption. The study of tephra deposits and the dating of eruptions and other geological events are called tephrachronology.

  Tephra is usually created in the following way:molten rock,containing gas,rises from deep inside the earth. Inside the volcano,the gas expands and causes an explosion,which bursts the liquid into fragments. These fragments are hurled into the air,where they cool and solidify and fall to the ground. The lighter fragments,especially the dust,may be carried a long distance by the wind - sometimes thousands of kilometers. Most tephra,however,falls in the immediate vicinity of the volcano.

  Geologists recognize two main kinds of tephra eruption:pyroclastic flows and tephra falls. The former are moving streams of tephra and gas. They travel along the ground,often for considerable distances at speeds,up to 100 kilometers an hour. The deposits formed from pyroclastic flows are called ignimbrites. A recent example of a pyroclastic flow was the eruption of Mount Pelee in 1902:a great stream of tephra,gas,and hot mud completely destroyed the city of St. Pierre.

  A tephra fall,on the other hand,is a shower of fragments carried by the wind. This is usually called "volcanic ash." It forms widespread deposits over a wide area. Then,for example,Mount St. Helens erupted in May 1980 in the state of Washington in the northwest United States,the tephra fall was carried by the Wind into Central areas of the country and could be seen in the sky halfway across the country.

  ——from Exploring Academic Discourse


  Complete the following passage by filling in the blanks with appropriate words.

  He Said It Wouldn't Blow Up

  During the weeks after the first eruption a stubborn old man who had lived on mount Saint Helens for 53 years caught the imagination of millions of Americans. Harry Truman   1  he would 2     leave his home.

  Truman's home was a     3     lodge he owned     4     the shore of      5     10 kilometers (about six miles),beautiful Spirit Lake. It was    6     the top of the mountain.

  7     the first explosion     8     March 27, scientists warned     9     a bigger blast might   10   coming. But the 83yearold Truman   11   move, "that mountain doesnt    12   blow up  13   me," he said.

  The County sheriff (县的行政司法长官) said that Truman   14   probably not in any  15   at his home. But he said that the road leading   16   Spirit Lake could be cut    17   by mudslides.

  Truman and the sheriff were   18   wrong. Rescuers searching the mountain  19  the devastating blast on May 18 found the whole area     20     Trumans lodge buried under 200 feet of mud. Truman has not been seen since.