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考研阅读高分十二大策略之类比原则

2006-7-14 22:49  

  八、类比原则

  议论文和说明文在论证说明事理的时候均很抽象,为了让读者更形象地理解一些抽象的内容,文章常会采用类比的手法。形象的类比不仅有助于将抽象的道理阐释清楚,更可以让读者加深印象。类比在文中有两种体现方式,一是明喻,即A像B一样;二是暗喻,说A是B,由于暗喻更加隐蔽,近年来命题专家也越来越趋向于在暗喻内容上设问。

  例

  The mechanic should sit down among levers, screws, wedges, wheels, etc., like a poet among the letters of the alphabet, considering them as an exhibition of his thoughts, in which a new arrangement transmits a new idea.

  A technologist can be compared to an artist because .(明喻)

  [A] they are both winners of awards

  [B] they are both experts in spatial thinking

  [C] they both abandon verbal description

  [D] they both use various instruments[1996年65题]

  B[正确答案]

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