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自测试题二(1)

2006-07-07 00:38

  Time -30 minutes

  25 Questions

  1. Soft Drink Manufacturer:Our new children's soft

  drink, RipeCal, is fortified with calcium.

  Since calcium is essential for developing

  healthy bones, drinking RipeCal regularly

  will help make children healthy.

  Consumer Advocate:But RipeCal also contains large

  amounts of sugar, and regularly consuming

  large amounts of sugar is unhealthful, especially

  for children.

  In responding to the soft drink manufacturer, the

  consumer advocate does which of the following?

  (A)Challenges the manufacturer's claim about the

  nutritional value of calcium in children's diets

  (B)Argues that the evidence cited by the manufac-

  turer, when properly considered, leads to a

  conclusion opposite to that reached by the

  manufacturer.

  (C)Implies that the manufacturer of a product is

  typically unconcerned with the nutritional value

  of that product.

  (D)Questions whether a substance that is healthful

  when eaten in moderation can be unhealthful

  when eaten in excessive amounts.

  (E)Presents additional facts that call into question

  the conclusion drawn by the manufacturer.

  2.Over a period of several months, researchers attached

  small lights to the backs of wetas-flightless insects

  native to New Zealand-enabling researchers for the

  first time to make comprehensive observations of the

  insects' nighttime activities.Thus, since wetas forage

  only at night, the researchers' observations will

  significantly improve knowledge of the normal

  foraging habits of wetas.

  Which of the following is an assumption on which

  the argument depends?

  (A) Researchers were interested only in observing

  the wetas' foraging habits and so did not keep

  track of other types of behavior.

  (B) No pattern of behavior that is exhibited by wetas

  during the nighttime is also exhibited by wetas

  during the daytime.

  (C)Attaching the small lights to the wetas' backs

  did not greatly alter the wetas' normal night-

  time foraging habits.

  (D)Wetas typically forage more frequently during

  the months in which the researchers studied

  them than they do at other times.

  (E)The researchers did not use other observational

  techniques to supplement their method of using

  small lights to track the nighttime behavior of

  wetas.

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