Time -30 minutes
1. Soft Drink Manufacturer：Our new children's soft
drink， RipeCal， is fortified with calcium.
Since calcium is essential for developing
healthy bones， drinking RipeCal regularly
will help make children healthy.
Consumer Advocate：But RipeCal also contains large
amounts of sugar， and regularly consuming
large amounts of sugar is unhealthful， especially
In responding to the soft drink manufacturer， the
consumer advocate does which of the following？
（A）Challenges the manufacturer's claim about the
nutritional value of calcium in children's diets
（B）Argues that the evidence cited by the manufac-
turer， when properly considered， leads to a
conclusion opposite to that reached by the
（C）Implies that the manufacturer of a product is
typically unconcerned with the nutritional value
of that product.
（D）Questions whether a substance that is healthful
when eaten in moderation can be unhealthful
when eaten in excessive amounts.
（E）Presents additional facts that call into question
the conclusion drawn by the manufacturer.
2.Over a period of several months， researchers attached
small lights to the backs of wetas-flightless insects
native to New Zealand-enabling researchers for the
first time to make comprehensive observations of the
insects' nighttime activities.Thus， since wetas forage
only at night， the researchers' observations will
significantly improve knowledge of the normal
foraging habits of wetas.
Which of the following is an assumption on which
the argument depends？
（A） Researchers were interested only in observing
the wetas' foraging habits and so did not keep
track of other types of behavior.
（B） No pattern of behavior that is exhibited by wetas
during the nighttime is also exhibited by wetas
during the daytime.
（C）Attaching the small lights to the wetas' backs
did not greatly alter the wetas' normal night-
time foraging habits.
（D）Wetas typically forage more frequently during
the months in which the researchers studied
them than they do at other times.
（E）The researchers did not use other observational
techniques to supplement their method of using
small lights to track the nighttime behavior of