I accepted her offer， and was with her half a year， and should have been longer， but in that interval what she proposed to me happened to herself， and she married very much to her advantage. But whose fortune soever was upon the increase， mine seemed to be upon the wane， and I found nothing present， except two or three Boatswains， or such fellows， but as for the commanders， they were generally of two sorts： 1. Such as， having good business， that is to say， a good ship， resolved not to marry but with advantage， that is， with a good fortune； 2. Such as， being out of employ， wanted a wife to help them to a ship； I mean （1） a wife who， having some money， could enable them to hold， as they call it， a good part of a ship themselves， so to encourage owners to come in； or （2） a wife who， if she had not money， had friends who were concerned in shipping， and so could help to put the young man into a good ship， which to them is as good as a portion； and neither of these was my case， so I looked like one that was to lie on hand.
This knowledge I soon learned by experience， viz. that the state of things was altered as to matrimony， and that I was not to expect at London what I had found in the country： that marriages were here the consequences of politic schemes for forming interests， and carrying on business， and that Love had no share， or but very little， in the matter.
That as my sister-in-law at Colchester had said， beauty， wit， manners， sense， good humour， good behaviour， education， virtue， piety， or any other qualification， whether of body or mind， had no power to recommend； that money only made a woman agreeable； that men chose mistresses indeed by the gust of their affection， and it was requisite to a whore to be handsome， well-shaped， have a good mien and a graceful behaviour； but that for a wife， no deformity would shock the fancy， no ill qualities the judgment； the money was the thing； the portion was neither crooked nor monstrous， but the money was always agreeable， whatever the wife was.
On the other hand， as the market ran very unhappily on the men‘s side， I found the women had lost the privilege of saying No； that it was a favour now for a woman to have the Question asked， and if any young lady had so much arrogance as to counterfeit a negative， she never had the opportunity given her of denying twice， much less of recovering that false step， and accepting what she had but seemed to decline. The men had such choice everywhere， that the case of the women was very unhappy； for they seemed to ply at every door， and if the man was by great chance refused at one house， he was sure to be received at the next.
Besides this， I observed that the men made no scruple to set themselves out， and to go a fortune hunting， as they call it， when they had really no fortune themselves to demand it， or merit to deserve it； and that they carried it so high， that a woman was scarce allowed to inquire after the character or estate of the person that pretended to her. This I had an example of， in a young lady in the next house to me， and with whom I had contracted an intimacy； she was courted by a young captain， and though she had near 2000 l to her fortune， she did but inquire of some of his neighbours about his character， his morals， or substance， and he took occasion at the next visit to let her know， truly， that he took it very ill， and that he should not give her the trouble of his visits any more. I heard of it， and I had begun my acquaintance with her， I went to see her upon it. She entered into a close conversation with me about it， and unbosomed herself very freely. I perceived presently that though she thought herself very ill used， yet she had no power to resent it， and was exceedingly piqued that she had lost him， and particularly that another of less fortune had gained him.
I fortified her mind against such a meanness， as I called it； I told her， that as low as I was in the world， I would have despised a man that should think I ought to take him upon his own recommendation only， without having the liberty to inform myself of his fortune and of his character； also I told her， that as she had a good fortune， she had no need to stoop to the disaster of the time； that it was enough that the men could insult us that had but little money to recommend us， but if she suffered such an affront to pass upon her without resenting it， she would be rendered low-prized upon all occasions， and would be the contempt of all the women in that part of the town； that a woman can never want an opportunity to be revenged of a man that has used her ill， and that there were ways enough to humble such a fellow as that， or else certainly women were the most unhappy creatures in the world.
I found she was very well pleased with the discourse， and she told me seriously that she would be very glad to make him sensible of her just resentment， and either to bring him on again， or have the satisfaction of her revenge being as public as possible.
I told her， that if she would take my advice， I would tell her how she should obtain her wishes in both those things， and that I would engage I would bring the man to her door again， and make him beg to be let in. She smiled at that， and soon let me see， that if he came to her door， her resentment was not so great as to give her leave to let him stand long there.
However， she listened very willingly to my offer of advice； so I told her that the first thing she ought to do was a piece of justice to herself， namely， that whereas she had been told by several people that he had reported among the ladies that he had left her， and pretended to give the advantage of the negative to himself， she should take care to have it well spread among the women—which she could not fail of an opportunity to do in a neighbourhood so addicted to family news as that she live in was—that she had inquired into his circumstances， and found he was not the man as to estate he pretended to be. ‘Let them be told， madam，’ said I， ‘that you had been well informed that he was not the man that you expected， and that you thought it was not safe to meddle with him； that you heard he was of an ill temper， and that he boasted how he had used the women ill upon many occasions， and that particularly he was debauched in his morals’， etc. The last of which， indeed， had some truth in it； but at the same time I did not find that she seemed to like him much the worse for that part.
As I had put this into her head， she came most readily into it. Immediately she went to work to find instruments， and she had very little difficulty in the search， for telling her story in general to a couple of gossips in the neighbourhood， it was the chat of the tea-table all over that part of the town， and I met with it wherever I visited； also， as it was known that I was acquainted with the young lady herself， my opinion was asked very often， and I confirmed it with all the necessary aggravations， and set out his character in the blackest colours； but then as a piece of secret intelligence， I added， as what the other gossips knew nothing of， viz. that I had heard he was in very bad circumstances； that he was under a necessity of a fortune to support his interest with the owners of the ship he commanded； that his own part was not paid for， and if it was not paid quickly， his owners would put him out of the ship， and his chief mate was likely to command it， who offered to buy that part which the captain had promised to take.
I added， for I confess I was heartily piqued at the rogue， as I called him， that I had heard a rumour， too， that he had a wife alive at Plymouth， and another in the West Indies， a thing which they all knew was not very uncommon for such kind of gentlemen.
This worked as we both desire it， for presently the young lady next door， who had a father and mother that governed both her and her fortune， was shut up， and her father forbid him the house. Also in one place more where he went， the woman had the courage， however strange it was， to say No； and he could try nowhere but he was reproached with his pride， and that he pretended not to give the women leave to inquire into his character， and the like.
Well， by this time he began to be sensible of his mistake； and having alarmed all the women on that side of the water， he went over to Ratcliff， and got access to some of the ladies there； but though the young women there too were， according to the fate of the day， pretty willing to be asked， yet such was his ill-luck， that his character followed him over the water and his good name was much the same there as it was on our side； so that though he might have had wives enough， yet it did not happen among the women that had good fortunes， which was what he wanted.
But this was not all； she very ingeniously managed another thing herself， for she got a young gentleman， who as a relation， and was indeed a married man， to come and visit her two or three times a week in a very fine chariot and good liveries， and her two agents， and I also， presently spread a report all over， that this gentleman came to court her； that he was a gentleman of a 1000 l a year， and that he was fallen in love with her， and that she was going to her aunt‘s in the city， because it was inconvenient for the gentleman to come to her with his coach in Redriff， the streets being so narrow and difficult.
This took immediately. The captain was laughed at in all companies， and was ready to hang himself. He tried all the ways possible to come at her again， and wrote the most passionate letters to her in the world， excusing his former rashness； and in short， by great application， obtained leave to wait on her again， as he said， to clear his reputation.
At this meeting she had her full revenge of him； for she told him she wondered what he took her to be， that she should admit any man to a treaty of so much consequence as that to marriage， without inquiring very well into his circumstances； that if he thought she was to be huffed into wedlock， and that she was in the same circumstances which her neighbours might be in， viz. to take up with the first good Christian that came， he was mistaken； that， in a word， his character was really bad， or he was very ill beholden to his neighbours； and that unless he could clear up some points， in which she had justly been prejudiced， she had no more to say to him， but to do herself justice， and give him the satisfaction of knowing that she was not afraid to say No， either to him or any man else.
With that she told him what she had heard， or rather raised herself by my means， of his character； his not having paid for the part he pretended to own of the ship he commanded； of the resolution of his owners to put him out of the command， and to put his mate in his stead； and of the scandal raised on his morals； his having been reproached with such-and-such women， and having a wife at Plymouth and in the West Indies， and the like； and she asked him whether he could deny that she had good reason， if these things were not cleared up， to refuse him， and in the meantime to insist upon having satisfaction in points to significant as they were.
He was so confounded at her discourse that he could not answer a word， and she almost began to believe that all was true， by his disorder， though at the same time she knew that she had been the raiser of all those reports herself.
After some time he recovered himself a little， and from that time became the most humble， the most modest， and most importunate man alive in his courtship.
She carried her jest on a great way. She asked him， if he thought she was so at her last shift that she could or ought to bear such treatment， and if he did not see that she did not want those who thought it worth their while to come farther to her than he did； meaning the gentleman whom she had brought to visit her by way of sham.
She brought him by these tricks to submit to all possible measures to satisfy her， as well of his circumstances as of his behaviour. He brought her undeniable evidence of his having paid for his part of the ship； he brought her certificates from his owners， that the report of their intending to remove him from the command of the ship and put his chief mate in was false and groundless； in short， he was quite the reverse of what he was before.
Thus I convinced her， that if the men made their advantage of our sex in the affair of marriage， upon the supposition of there being such choice to be had， and of the women being so easy， it was only owing to this， that the women wanted courage to maintain their ground and to play their part； and that， according to my Lord Rochester，
A woman‘s ne’er so ruined but she can Revenge herself on her undoer， Man. After these things this young lady played her part so well， that though she resolved to have him， and that indeed having him was the main bent of her design， yet she made his obtaining her be to him the most difficult thing in the world； and this she did， not by a haughty reserved carriage， but by a just policy， turning the tables upon him， and playing back upon him his own game； for as he pretended， by a kind of lofty carriage， to place himself above the occasion of a character， and to make inquiring into his character a kind of an affront to him， she broke with him upon that subject， and at the same time that she make him submit to all possible inquiry after his affairs， she apparently shut the door against his looking into her own.
It was enough to him to obtain her for a wife. As to what she had， she told him plainly， that as he knew her circumstances， it was but just she should know his； and though at the same time he had only known her circumstances by common fame， yet he had made so many protestations of his passion for her， that he could ask no more but her hand to his grand request， and the like ramble according to the custom of lovers. In short， he left himself no room to ask any more questions about her estate， and she took the advantage of it like a prudent woman， for she placed part of her fortune so in trustees， without letting him know anything of it， that it was quite out of his reach， and made him be very well content with the rest.
It is true she was pretty well besides， that is to say， she had about 1400 l in money， which she gave him； and the other， after some time， she brought to light as a perquisite to herself， which he was to accept as a mighty favour， seeing though it was not to be his， it might ease him in the article of her particular expenses； and I must add， that by this conduct the gentleman himself became not only the more humble in his applications to her to obtain her， but also was much the more an obliging husband to her when he had her. I cannot but remind the ladies here how much they place themselves below the common station of a wife， which， if I may be allowed not to be partial， is low enough already； I say， they place themselves below their common station， and prepare their own mortifications， by their submitting so to be insulted by the men beforehand， which I confess I see no necessity of.
This relation may serve， therefore， to let the ladies see that the advantage is not so much on the other side as the men think it is； and though it may be true that the men have but too much choice among us， and that some women may be found who will dishonour themselves， be cheap， and easy to come at， and will scarce wait to be asked， yet if they will have women， as I may say， worth having， they may find them as uncomeatable as ever and that those that are otherwise are a sort of people that have such deficiencies， when had， as rather recommend the ladies that are difficult than encourage the men to go on with their easy courtship， and expect wives equally valuable that will come at first call.
Nothing is more certain than that the ladies always gain of the men by keeping their ground， and letting their pretended lovers see they can resent being slighted， and that they are not afraid of saying No. They， I observe， insult us mightily with telling us of the number of women； that the wars， and the sea， and trade， and other incidents have carried the men so much away， that there is no proportion between the numbers of the sexes， and therefore the women have the disadvantage； but I am far from granting that the number of women is so great， or the number of men so small； but if they will have me tell the truth， the disadvantage of the women is a terrible scandal upon the men， and it lies here， and here only； namely， that the age is so wicked， and the sex so debauched， that， in short， the number of such men as an honest woman ought to meddle with is small indeed， and it is but here and there that a man is to be found who is fit for a woman to venture upon.
But the consequence even of that too amounts to no more than this， that women ought to be the more nice； for how do we know the just character of the man that makes the offer？ To say that the woman should be the more easy on this occasion， is to say we should be the forwarder to venture because of the greatness of the danger， which， in my way of reasoning， is very absurd.
On the contrary， the women have ten thousand times the more reason to be wary and backward， by how much the hazard of being betrayed is the greater； and would the ladies consider this， and act the wary part， they would discover every cheat that offered； for， in short， the lives of very few men nowadays will bear a character； and if the ladies do but make a little inquiry， they will soon be able to distinguish the men and deliver themselves. As for women that do not think they own safety worth their though， that， impatient of their perfect state， resolve， as they call it， to take the first good Christian that comes， that run into matrimony as a horse rushes into the battle， I can say nothing to them but this， that they are a sort of ladies that are to be prayed for among the rest of distempered people， and to me they look like people that venture their whole estates in a lottery where there is a hundred thousand blanks to one prize.
No man of common-sense will value a woman the less for not giving up herself at the first attack， or for accepting his proposal without inquiring into his person or character； on the contrary， he must think her the weakest of all creatures in the world， as the rate of men now goes. In short， he must have a very contemptible opinion of her capacities， nay， every of her understanding， that， having but one case of her life， shall call that life away at once， and make matrimony， like death， be a leap in the dark.
I would fain have the conduct of my sex a little regulated in this particular， which is the thing in which， of all the parts of life， I think at this time we suffer most in； ‘tis nothing but lack of courage， the fear of not being married at all， and of that frightful state of life called an old maid， of which I have a story to tell by itself. This， I say， is the woman’s snare； but would the ladies once but get above that fear and manage rightly， they would more certainly avoid it by standing their ground， in a case so absolutely necessary to their felicity， that by exposing themselves as they do； and if they did not marry so soon as they may do otherwise， they would make themselves amends by marrying safer. She is always married too soon who gets a bad husband， and she is never married too late who gets a good one； in a word， there is no woman， deformity or lost reputation excepted， but if she manages well， may be married safely one time or other； but if she precipitates herself， it is ten thousand to one but she is undone.
But I come now to my own case， in which there was at this time no little nicety. The circumstances I was in made the offer of a good husband the most necessary thing in the world to me， but I found soon that to be made cheap and easy was not the way. It soon began to be found that the widow had no fortune， and to say this was to say all that was ill of me， for I began to be dropped in all the discourses of matrimony. Being well-bred， handsome， witty， modest， and agreeable； all which I had allowed to my character—whether justly or no is not the purpose—I say， all these would not do without the dross， which way now become more valuable than virtue itself. In short， the widow， they said， had no money.
I resolved， therefore， as to the state of my present circumstances， that it was absolutely necessary to change my station， and make a new appearance in some other place where I was not known， and even to pass by another name if I found occasion.
I communicated my thoughts to my intimate friend， the captain‘s lady， whom I had so faithfully served in her case with the captain， and who was as ready to serve me in the same kind as I could desire. I made no scruple to lay my circumstances open to her； my stock was but low， for I had made but about 540 l at the close of my last affair， and I had wasted some of that； however， I had about 460 l left， a great many very rich clothes， a gold watch， and some jewels， though of no extraordinary value， and about 30 l or 40 l left in linen not disposed of.
My dear and faithful friend， the captain‘s wife， was so sensible of the service I had done her in the affair above， that she was not only a steady friend to me， but， knowing my circumstances， she frequently made me presents as money came into her hands， such as fully amounted to a maintenance， so that I spent none of my own； and at last she made this unhappy proposal to me， viz. that as we had observed， as above， how the men made no scruple to set themselves out as persons meriting a woman of fortune， when they had really no fortune of their own， it was but just to deal with them in their own way and， if it was possible， to deceive the deceiver.
The captain‘s lady， in short， put this project into my head， and told me if I would be ruled by her I should certainly get a husband of fortune， without leaving him any room to reproach me with want of my own. I told her， as I had reason to do， that I would give up myself wholly to her directions， and that I would have neither tongue to speak nor feet to step in that affair but as she should direct me， depending that she would extricate me out of every difficulty she brought me into， which she said she would answer for.
The first step she put me upon was to call her cousin， and go to a relation‘s house of hers in the country， where she directed me， and where she brought her husband to visit me； and calling me cousin， she worked matters so about， that her husband and she together invited me most passionately to come to town and be with them， for they now live in a quite different place from where they were before. In the next place， she tells her husband that I had at least 1500 l fortune， and that after some of my relations I was like to have a great deal more.
It was enough to tell her husband this； there needed nothing on my side. I was but to sit still and wait the event， for it presently went all over the neighborhood that the young widow at Captain —‘s was a fortune， that she had at least 1500 l， and perhaps a great deal more， and that the captain said so； and if the captain was asked at any time about me， he made no scruple to affirm it， though he knew not one word of the matter， other than that his wife had told him so； and in this he thought no harm， for he really believed it to be so， because he had it from his wife： so slender a foundation will those fellows build upon， if they do but think there is a fortune in the game. With the reputation of this fortune， I presently found myself blessed with admirers enough， and that I had my choice of men， as scarce as they said they were， which， by the way， confirms what I was saying before. This being my case， I， who had a subtle game to play， had nothing now to do but to single out from them all the properest man that might be for my purpose； that is to say， the man who was most likely to depend upon the hearsay of a fortune， and not inquire too far into the particulars； and unless I did this I did nothing， for my case would not bear much inquiry.
I picked out my man without much difficulty， by the judgment I made of his way of courting me. I had let him run on with his protestations and oaths that he loved me above all the world； that if I would make him happy， that was enough； all which I knew was upon supposition， nay， it was upon a full satisfaction， that I was very rich， though I never told him a word of it myself.
This was my man； but I was to try him to the bottom， and indeed in that consisted my safety； for if he baulked， I knew I was undone， as surely as he was undone if he took me； and if I did not make some scruple about his fortune， it was the way to lead him to raise some about mine； and first， therefore， I pretended on all occasions to doubt his sincerity， and told him， perhaps he only courted me for my fortune. He stopped my mouth in that part with the thunder of his protestations， as above， but still I pretended to doubt.
One morning he pulls off his diamond ring， and writes upon the glass of the sash in my chamber this line—
‘You I love， and you alone.’
I read it， and asked him to lend me his ring， with which I wrote under it， thus—
‘And so in love says every one.’
He takes his ring again， and writes another line thus—
‘Virtue alone is an estate.’
I borrowed it again， and I wrote under it—
‘But money’s virtue， gold is fate.‘
He coloured as red as fire to see me turn so quick upon him， and in a kind of a rage told me he would conquer me， and writes again thus—
‘I scorn your gold， and yet I love.’
I ventured all upon the last cast of poetry， as you‘ll see， for I wrote boldly under his last—
‘I’m poor： let‘s see how kind you’ll prove.‘
This was a sad truth to me； whether he believed me or no， I could not tell； I supposed then that he did not. However， he flew to me， took me in his arms， and， kissing me very eagerly， and with the greatest passion imaginable， he held me fast till he called for a pen and ink， and then told me he could not wait the tedious writing on the glass， but， pulling out a piece of paper， he began and wrote again—
‘Be mine， with all your poverty.’
I took his pen， and followed him immediately， thus—
‘Yet secretly you hope I lie.’
He told me that was unkind， because it was not just， and that I put him upon contradicting me， which did not consist with good manners， any more than with his affection； and therefore， since I had insensibly drawn him into this poetical scribble， he begged I would not oblige him to break it off； so he writes again—
‘Let love alone be our debate.’
I wrote again—
‘She loves enough that does not hate.’
This he took for a favour， and so laid down the cudgels， that is to say， the pen； I say， he took if for a favour， and a mighty one it was， if he had known all. However， he took it as I meant it， that is， to let him think I was inclined to go on with him， as indeed I had all the reason in the world to do， for he was the best-humoured， merry sort of a fellow that I ever met with， and I often reflected on myself how doubly criminal it was to deceive such a man； but that necessity， which pressed me to a settlement suitable to my condition， was my authority for it； and certainly his affection to me， and the goodness of his temper， however they might argue against using him ill， yet they strongly argued to me that he would better take the disappointment than some fiery-tempered wretch， who might have nothing to recommend him but those passions which would serve only to make a woman miserable all her days.
Besides， though I jested with him （as he supposed it） so often about my poverty， yet， when he found it to be true， he had foreclosed all manner of objection， seeing， whether he was in jest or in earnest， he had declared he took me without any regard to my portion， and， whether I was in jest or in earnest， I had declared myself to be very poor； so that， in a word， I had him fast both ways； and though he might say afterwards he was cheated， yet he could never say that I had cheated him.
He pursued me close after this， and as I saw there was no need to fear losing him， I played the indifferent part with him longer than prudence might otherwise have dictated to me. But I considered how much this caution and indifference would give me the advantage over him， when I should come to be under the necessity of owning my own circumstances to him； and I managed it the more warily， because I found he inferred from thence， as indeed he ought to do， that I either had the more money or the more judgment， and would not venture at all.
I took the freedom one day， after we had talked pretty close to the subject， to tell him that it was true I had received the compliment of a lover from him， namely， that he would take me without inquiring into my fortune， and I would make him a suitable return in this， viz. that I would make as little inquiry into his as consisted with reason， but I hoped he would allow me to ask a few questions， which he would answer or not as he thought fit； and that I would not be offended if he did not answer me at all； one of these questions related to our manner of living， and the place where， because I had heard he had a great plantation in Virginia， and that he had talked of going to live there， and I told him I did not care to be transported.
He began from this discourse to let me voluntarily into all his affairs， and to tell me in a frank， open way all his circumstances， by which I found he was very well to pass in the world； but that great part of his estate consisted of three plantations， which he had in Virginia， which brought him in a very good income， generally speaking， to the tune of 300 l， a year， but that if he was to live upon them， would bring him in four times as much. ‘Very well，’ thought I； ‘you shall carry me thither as soon as you please， though I won’t tell you so beforehand.‘