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GRE最新练习题第6部分

2006-07-06 22:29

  24.Which of the following statements would best serve

  as an introduction to the passage?

  (A) The assumption that the knowledge incorpor-

  ated in technological developments must be

  derived from science ignores the many non-

  scientific decisions made by technologists.

  (B) Analytical thought is no longer a vital com-

  ponent in the success of technological

  development.

  (C) As knowledge of technology has increased, the

  tendency has been to lose sight of the impor-

  tant role played by scientific thought in

  making decisions about form, arrangement,

  and texture.

  (D) A movement in engineering colleges toward

  a technician's degree reflects a demand for

  graduates who have the nonverbal reasoning

  ability that was once common among engineers.

  (E) A technologist thinking about a machine,

  reasoning through the successive steps in a

  dynamic process, can actually turn the

  machine over mentally.

  25.The author calls the predicament faced by the

  Historic American Engineering Record “para-

  doxical“ (lines 36-37) most probably because

  (A) the publication needed drawings that its own

  staff could not make

  (B) architectural schools offered but did not require

  engineering design courses for their students

  (C) college students were qualified to make the

  drawings while practicing engineers were not

  (D) the drawings needed were so complicated that

  even students in architectural schools had

  difficulty making them.

  (E) engineering students were not trained to make

  the type of drawings needed to record the

  development of their own discipline

  26.According to the passage, random failures in

  automatic control systems are “not merely trivial

  aberrations“ (lines53) because

  (A) automatic control systems are designed by

  engineers who have little practical experience

  in the field

  (B) the failures are characteristic of systems

  designed by engineers relying too heavily on

  concepts in mathematics

  (C) the failures occur too often to be taken lightly

  (D) designers of automatic control systems have too

  little training in the analysis of mechanical

  difficulties

  (E) designers of automatic control systems need

  more help from scientists who have a better

  understanding of the analytical problems to be

  solved before such systems can work efficiently

  27.The author uses the example of the early models of

  high-speed railroad cars primarily to

  (A) weaken the argument that modern engineering

  systems have major defects because of an

  absence of design courses in engineering

  curricula

  (B) support the thesis that the number of errors in

  modern engineering systems is likely to

  increase

  (C) illustrate the idea that courses in design are the

  most effective means for reducing the cost of

  designing engineering systems

  (D) support the contention that a lack of attention to

  the nonscientific aspects of design results in

  poor conceptualization by engineers

  (E) weaken the proposition that mathematics is a

  necessary part of the study of design

  28.IGNITE:

  (A) amplify

  (B) douse

  (C) obscure

  (D) blemish

  (E) replicate

  29.MUTATE:

  (A) recede

  (B) grow larger

  (C) link together

  (D) remain the same

  (E) decrease in speed

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