There were other papers rolled up， and I asked him what they were. ‘Why， ay，’ says he， ‘that’s the question I wanted to have you ask me‘； so he unrolls them and takes out a little Chagreen Case， and gives me out of it a very fine diamond ring. I could not refuse it， if I had a mind to do so， for he put it upon my finger； so I made him a curtsy and accepted it. Then he takes out another ring： ’And this，‘ says he， ’is for another occasion，‘ so he puts that in his pocket. ’Well， but let me see it， though，‘ says I， and smiled； ’I guess what it is； I think you are mad.‘ ’I should have been mad if I had done less，‘ says he， and still he did not show me， and I had a great mind to see it； so I says， ’Well， but let me see it.‘ ’Hold，‘ says he， ’first look here‘； then he took up the roll again and read it， and behold！ it was a License for us to be married. ’Why，‘ says I， ’are you distracted？ Why， you were fully satisfied that I would comply and yield at first word， or resolved to take no denial.‘ ’The last is certainly the case，‘ said he. ’But you may be mistaken，‘ said I. ’No， no，‘ says he， ’how can you think so？ I must not be denied， I can‘t be denied’； and with that he fell to kissing me so violently， I could not get rid of him.
There was a bed in the room， and we were walking to and again， eager in the discourse； at last he takes me by surprise in his arms， and threw me on the bed and himself with me， and holding me fast in his arms， but without the least offer of any indecency， courted me to consent with such repeated entreaties and arguments， protesting his affection， and vowing he would not let me go till I had promised him， that at last I said， ‘Why， you resolve not to be denied， indeed， I can’t be denied.‘ ’Well， well，‘ said I， and giving him a slight kiss， ’then you shan‘t be denied，’ said I； ‘let me get up.’
He was so transported with my consent， and the kind manner of it， that I began to think once he took it for a marriage， and would not stay for the form； but I wronged him， for he gave over kissing me， and then giving me two or three kisses again， thanked me for my kind yielding to him； and was so overcome with the satisfaction and joy of it， that I saw tears stand in his eyes.
I turned from him， for it filled my eyes with tears too， and I asked him leave to retire a little to my chamber. If ever I had a grain of true repentance for a vicious and abominable life for twenty-four years past， it was then. On， what a felicity is it to mankind， said I to myself， that they cannot see into the hearts of one another！ How happy had it been for me if I had been wife to a man of so much honesty， and so much affection from the beginning！
Then it occurred to me， ‘What an abominable creature am I！ and how is this innocent gentleman going to be abused by me！ How little does he think， that having divorced a whore， he is throwing himself into the arms of another！ that he is going to marry one that has lain with two brothers， and has had three children by her own brother！ one that was born in Newgate， whose mother was a whore， and is now a transported thief！ one that has lain with thirteen men， and has had a child since he saw me！ Poor gentleman！’ said I， ‘what is he going to do？’ After this reproaching myself was over， it following thus： ‘Well， if I must be his wife， if it please God to give me grace， I’ll be a true wife to him， and love him suitably to the strange excess of his passion for me； I will make him amends if possible， by what he shall see， for the cheats and abuses I put upon him， which he does not see.‘
He was impatient for my coming out of my chamber， but finding me long， he went downstairs and talked with my landlord about the parson.
My landlord， an officious though well-meaning fellow， had sent away for the Neighbouring clergyman； and when my gentleman began to speak of it to him， and talk of sending for him， ‘Sir，’ says he to him， ‘my friend is in the house’； so without any more words he brought them together. When he came to the minister， he asked him if he would venture to marry a couple of strangers that were both willing. The parson said that Mr.— had said something to him of it； that he hoped it was no clandestine business； that he seemed to be a grave gentleman， and he supposed madam was not a girl， so that the consent of friends should be wanted. ‘To put you out of doubt of that，’ says my gentleman， ‘read this paper’； and out he pulls the license. ‘I am satisfied，’ says the minister； ‘where is the lady？’ ‘You shall see her presently，’ says my gentleman.
When he had said thus he comes upstairs， and I was by that time come out of my room； so he tells me the minister was below， and that he had talked with him， and that upon showing him the license， he was free to marry us with all his heart， ‘but he asks to see you’； so he asked if I would let him come up.
‘’Tis time enough，‘ said I， ’in the morning， is it not？‘ ’Why，‘ said he， ’my dear， he seemed to scruple whether it was not some young girl stolen from her parents， and I assured him we were both of age to command our own consent； and that made him ask to see you.‘ ’Well，‘ said I， ’do as you please‘； so up they brings the parson， and a merry， good sort of gentleman he was. He had been told， it seems， that we had met there by accident， that I came in the Chester coach， and my gentleman in his own coach to meet me； that we were to have met last night at Stony-Stratford， but that he could not reach so far. ’Well， sir，‘ says the parson， ’every ill turn has some good in it. The disappointment， sir，‘ says he to my gentleman， ’was yours， and the good turn is mine， for if you had met at Stony-Stratford I had not had the Honour to marry you. Landlord， have you a Common Prayer Book？‘
I started as if I had been frightened. ‘Lord， sir，’ says I， ‘what do you mean？ What， to marry in an inn， and at night too？’ ‘Madam，’ says the minister， ‘if you will have it be in the church， you shall； but I assure you your marriage will be as firm here as in the church； we are not tied by the canons to marry nowhere but in the church； and if you will have it in the church， it will be a public as a county fair； and as for the time of day， it does not at all weigh in this case； our princes are married in their chambers， and at eight or ten o’clock at night.‘
I was a great while before I could be persuaded， and pretended not to be willing at all to be married but in the church. But it was all grimace； so I seemed at last to be prevailed on， and my landlord and his wife and daughter were called up. My landlord was father and clerk and all together， and we were married， and very merry we were； though I confess the self-reproaches which I had upon me before lay close to me， and extorted every now and then a deep sigh from me， which my bridegroom took notice of， and endeavour‘d to encourage me， thinking， poor man， that I had some little hesitations at the step I had taken so hastily.
We enjoyed ourselves that evening completely， and yet all was kept so private in the inn that not a servant in the house knew of it， for my landlady and her daughter waited on me， and would not let any of the maids come upstairs， except while we were at supper. My landlady‘s daughter I called my bridesmaid； and sending for a shopkeeper the next morning， I gave the young woman a good suit of knots， as good as the town would afford， and finding it was a lace-making town， I gave her mother a piece of bone-lace for a head.
One reason that my landlord was so close was， that he was unwilling the minister of the parish should hear of it； but for all that somebody heard of it， so at that we had the bells set a-ringing the next morning early， and the music， such as the town would afford， under our window； but my landlord brazen‘d it out， that we were married before we came thither， only that， being his former guests， we would have our wedding-supper at his house.
We could not find in our hearts to stir the next day； for， in short， having been disturbed by the bells in the morning， and having perhaps not slept overmuch before， we were so sleepy afterwards that we lay in bed till almost twelve o‘clock.
I begged my landlady that we might not have any more music in the town， nor ringing of bells， and she managed it so well that we were very quiet； but an odd passage interrupted all my mirth for a good while. The great room of the house looked into the street， and my new spouse being below Stairs， I had walked to the end of the room； and it being a pleasant， warm day， I had opened the window， and was standing at it for some air， when I saw three gentlemen come by on horseback and go into an inn just against us.
It was not to be concealed， nor was it so doubtful as to leave me any room to question it， but the second of the three was my Lancashire husband. I was frightened to death； I never was in such a consternation in my life； I though I should have sunk into the ground； my blood ran chill in my veins， and I trembled as if I had been in a cold fit of ague. I say， there was no room to question the truth of it； I knew his clothes， I knew his horse， and I knew his face.
The first sensible reflect I made was， that my husband was not by to see my disorder， and that I was very glad of it. The gentlemen had not been long in the house but they came to the window of their room， as is usual； but my window was shut， you may be sure. However， I could not keep from peeping at them， and there I saw him again， heard him call out to one of the servants of the house for something he wanted， and received all the terrifying confirmations of its being the same person that were possible to be had.
My next concern was to know， if possible， what was his business there； but that was impossible. Sometimes my imagination formed an idea of one frightful thing， sometimes of another； sometime I thought he had discovered me， and was come to upbraid me with ingratitude and Breach of Honour； and every moment I fancied he was coming up the stairs to insult me； and innumerable fancies came into my head of what was never in his head， nor ever could be， unless the devil had revealed it to him.
I remained in this fright nearly two hours， and scarce ever kept my eye from the window or door of the inn where they were. At last， hearing a great clatter in the passage of their inn， I ran to the window， and， to my great satisfaction， saw them all three go out again and travel on westward. Had they gone towards London， I should have been still in a fright， lest I should meet him on the road again， and that he should know me； but he went the contrary way， and so I was eased of that disorder.
We resolved to be going the next day， but about six o‘clock at night we were alarmed with a great uproar in the street， and people riding as if they had been out of their wits； and what was it but a hue-and-cry after three highwaymen that had robbed two coaches and some other travellers near Dunstable Hill， and notice had， it seems， been given that they had been seen at Brickill at such a house， meaning the house where those gentlemen had been.
The house was immediately beset and searched， but there were witnesses enough that the gentlemen had been gone over three hours. The crowd having gathered about， we had the news presently； and I was heartily concerned now another way. I presently told the people of the house， that I durst to say those were not the persons， for that I knew one of the gentlemen to be a very honest person， and of a good estate in Lancashire.
The constable who came with the hue-and-cry was immediately informed of this， and came over to me to be satisfied from my own mouth， and I assured him that I saw the three gentlemen as I was at the window； that I saw them afterwards at the windows of the room they dined in； that I saw them afterwards take horse， and I could assure him I knew one of them to be such a man， that he was a gentleman of a very good estate， and an undoubted character in Lancashire， from whence I was just now upon my journey.
The assurance with which I delivered this gave the mob gentry a check， and gave the constable such satisfaction， that he immediately sounded a retreat， told his people these were not the men， but that he had an account they were very honest gentlemen； and so they went all back again. What the truth of the matter was I knew not， but certain it was that the coaches were robbed at Dunstable Hill， and 560 l in money taken； besides， some of the lace merchants that always travel that way had been visited too. As to the three gentlemen， that remains to be explained hereafter.
Well， this alarm stopped us another day， though my spouse was for travelling， and told me that it was always safest travelling after a robbery， for that the thieves were sure to be gone far enough off when they had alarmed the country； but I was afraid and uneasy， and indeed principally lest my old acquaintance should be upon the road still， and should chance to see me.
I never lived four pleasanter days together in my life. I was a mere bride all this while， and my new spouse strove to make me entirely easy in everything. Oh could this state of life have continued， how had all my past troubles been forgot， and my future sorrows avoided！ But I had a past life of a most wretched kind to account for， some if it in this world as well as in another.
We came away the fifth day； and my landlord， because he saw me uneasy， mounted himself， his son， and three honest country fellows with good firearms， and， without telling us of it， followed the coach， and would see us safe into Dunstable； we could do no less than treat them very handsomely at Dunstable， which cost my spouse about ten or twelve shillings， and something he gave the men for their time too， but my landlord would take nothing for himself.
This was the most happy contrivance for me that could have fallen out； for had I come to London unmarried， I must either have come to him for the first night‘s entertainment， or have discovered to him that I had not one acquaintance in the whole city of London that could receive a poor bridge for the first night’s lodging with her spouse. But now， being an old married woman， I made no scruple of going directly home with him， and there I took possession at once of a house well furnished， and a husband in very good circumstances， so that I had a prospect of a very happy life， if I knew how to manage it； and I had leisure to consider of the real value of the life I was likely to live. How different it was to be from the loose ungoverned part I had acted before， and how much happier a life of virtue and sobriety is， than that which we call a life of pleasure.
Oh had this particular scene of life lasted， or had I learned from that time I enjoyed it， to have tasted the true sweetness of it， and had I not fallen into that poverty which is the sure bane of virtue， how happy had I been， not only here， but perhaps for ever！ for while I lived thus， I was really a penitent for all my life past. I looked back on it with abhorrence， and might truly be said to hate myself for it. I often reflected how my lover at the Bath， struck at the hand of God， repented and abandoned me， and refused to see me any more， though he loved me to an extreme； but I， prompted by that worst of devils， poverty， returned to the vile practice， and made the advantage of what they call a handsome face to be the relief to my necessities， and beauty be a pimp to vice.
Now I seemed landed in a safe Harbour， after the stormy voyage of life past was at an end， and I began to be thankful for my deliverance. I sat many an hour by myself， and wept over the remembrance of past follies， and the dreadful extravagances of a wicked life， and sometimes I flattered myself that I had sincerely repented.
But there are temptations which it is not in the power of human nature to resist， and few know what would be their case if driven to the same exigencies. As covetousness is the root of all evil， so poverty is， I believe， the worst of all snares. But I waive that discourse till I come to an experiment.
I live with this husband with the utmost tranquillity； he was a quiet， sensible， sober man； virtuous， modest， sincere， and in his business diligent and just. His business was in a narrow compass， and his income sufficient to a plentiful way of living in the ordinary way. I do not say to keep an equipage， and make a figure， as the world calls it， nor did I expect it， or desire it； for as I abhorred the levity and extravagance of my former life， so I chose now to live retired， frugal， and within ourselves. I kept no company， made no visits； minded my family， and obliged my husband； and this kind of life became a pleasure to me.
We lived in an uninterrupted course of ease and content for five years， when a sudden blow from an almost invisible hand blasted all my happiness， and turned me out into the world in a condition the reverse of all that had been before it.
My husband having trusted one of his fellow-clerks with a sum of money， too much for our fortunes to bear the loss of， the clerk failed， and the loss fell very heavy on my husband， yet it was not so great neither but that， if he had had spirit and courage to have looked his misfortunes in the face， his credit was so good that， as I told him， he would easily recover it； for to sink under trouble is to double the weight， and he that will die in it， shall die in it.
It was in vain to speak comfortably to him； the wound had sunk too deep； it was a stab that touched the vitals； he grew melancholy and disconsolate， and from thence lethargic， and died. I foresaw the blow， and was extremely oppressed in my mind， for I saw evidently that if he died I was undone.
I had had two children by him and no more， for， to tell the truth， it began to be time for me to leave bearing children， for I was now eight-and-forty， and I suppose if he had lived I should have had no more.
I was now left in a dismal and disconsolate case indeed， and in several things worse than ever. First， it was past the flourishing time with me when I might expect to be courted for a mistress； that agreeable part had declined some time， and the ruins only appeared of what had been； and that which was worse than all this， that I was the most dejected， disconsolate creature alive. I that had encouraged my husband， and endeavour‘d to support his spirits under his trouble， could not support my own； I wanted that spirit in trouble which I told him was so necessary to him for bearing the burthen.
But my case was indeed deplorable， for I was left perfectly friendless and helpless， and the loss my husband had sustained had reduced his circumstances so low， that though indeed I was not in debt， yet I could easily foresee that what was left would not support me long； that while it wasted daily for subsistence， I had not way to increase it one shilling， so that it would be soon all spent， and then I saw nothing before me but the utmost distress； and this represented itself so lively to my thoughts， that it seemed as if it was come， before it was really very near； also my very apprehensions doubled the misery， for I fancied every sixpence that I paid for a loaf of bread was the last that I had in the world， and that to-morrow I was to fast， and be starved to death.
In this distress I had no assistant， no friend to comfort or advise me； I sat and cried and tormented myself night and day， wringing my hands， and sometimes raving like a distracted woman； and indeed I have often wondered it had not affected my reason， for I had the Vapours to such a degree， that my understanding was sometimes quite lost in fancies and imaginations.
I lived two years in this dismal condition， wasting that little I had， weeping continually over my dismal circumstances， and， as it were， only bleeding to death， without the least hope or prospect of help from God or man； and now I had cried too long， and so often， that tears were， as I might say， exhausted， and I began to be desperate， for I grew poor apace.
For a little relief I had put off my house and took lodgings； and as I was reducing my living， so I sold off most of my goods， which put a little money in my pocket， and I lived near a year upon that， spending very sparingly， an eking things out to the utmost； but still when I looked before me， my very heart would sink within me at the inevitable approach of misery and want. Oh let none read this part without seriously reflecting on the circumstances of a desolate state， and how they would grapple with mere want of friends and want of bread； it will certainly make them think not of sparing what they have only， but of looking up to heaven for support， and of the wise man‘s prayer， ’Give me not poverty， lest I steal.‘
Let them remember that a time of distress is a time of dreadful temptation， and all the strength to resist is taken away； poverty presses， the soul is made desperate by distress， and what can be done？ It was one evening， when being brought， as I may say， to the last gasp， I think I may truly say I was distracted and raving， when prompted by I know not what spirit， and， as it were， doing I did not know what or why， I dressed me （for I had still pretty good clothes） and went out. I am very sure I had no manner of design in my head when I went out； I neither knew nor considered where to go， or on what business； but as the devil carried me out and laid his bait for me， so he brought me， to be sure， to the place， for I knew not whither I was going or what I did.
Wandering thus about， I knew not whither， I passed by an apothecary‘s shop in Leadenhall-street， when I saw lie on a stool just before the counter a little bundle wrapped in a white cloth； beyond it stood a maid-servant with her back to it， looking towards the top of the shop， where the apothecary’s apprentice， as I suppose， was standing upon the counter， with his back also to the door， and a candle in his hand， looking and reaching up to the upper shelf for something he wanted， so that both were engaged mighty earnestly， and nobody else in the shop.
This was the bait； and the devil， who I said laid the snare， as readily prompted me as if he had spoke， for I remember， and shall never forget it， ‘twas like a voice spoken to me over my shoulder， ’Take the bundle； be quick； do it this moment.‘ It was no sooner said but I stepped into the shop， and with my back to the wench， as if I had stood up for a cart that was going by， I put my hand behind me and took the bundle， and went off with it， the maid or the fellow not perceiving me， or any one else.
It is impossible to express the horror of my soul al the while I did it. When I went away I had no heart to run， or scarce to mend my pace. I crossed the street indeed， and went down the first turning I came to， and I think it was a street that went through into Fenchurch-street. From thence I crossed and turned through so many ways an turnings， that I could never tell which way it was， not where I went； for I felt not the ground I stepped on， and the farther I was out of danger， the faster I went， till， tired and out of breath， I was forced to sit down on a little bench at a door， and then I began to recover， and found I was got into Thames Street， near Billinsgate. I rested me a little and went on； my blood was all in a fire； my heart beat as if I was in a sudden fright. In short， I was under such a surprise that I still knew not wither I was going， or what to do.
After I had tired myself thus with walking a long way about， and so eagerly， I began to consider and make home to my lodging， where I came about nine o‘clock at night.
When the bundle was made up for， or on what occasion laid where I found it， I knew not， but when I came to open it I found there was a suit of Child-bed Linnen in it， very good and almost new， the lace very fine； there was a silver porringer of a pint， a small silver mug and six spoons， with some other linen， a good smock， and three silk handkerchiefs， and in the mug， wrapped up in a paper， 18s. 6d. in money.
All the while I was opening these things I was under such dreadful impressions of fear， and I such terror of mind， though I was perfectly safe， that I cannot express the manner of it. I sat me down， and cried most vehemently. ‘Lord，’ said I， ‘what am I now？ a thief！ Why， I shall be take next time， and be carried to Newgate and be tried for my life！’ And with that I cried again a long time， and I am sure， as poor as I was， if I had durst for fear， I would certainly have carried the things back again； but that went off after a while. Well， I went to bed for that night， but slept little； the horror of the fact was upon my mind， and I knew not what I said or did all night， and all the next day. Then I was impatient to hear some news of the loss； and would fain know how it was， whether they were a poor body‘s goods， or a rich. ’Perhaps，‘ said I， ’it may be some poor widow like me， that had packed up these goods to go and sell them for a little bread for herself and a poor child， and are now starving and breaking their hearts for want of that little they would have fetched.‘ And this thought tormented me worse than all the rest， for three or four days’ time.
But my own distresses silenced all these reflections， and the prospect of my own starving， which grew every day more frightful to me， hardened my heart by degrees. It was then particularly heavy upon my mind， that I had been reformed， and had， as I hoped， repented of all my past wickedness； that I had lived a sober， grave， retired life for several years， but now I should be driven by the dreadful necessity of my circumstances to the gates of destruction， soul and body； and two or three times I fell upon my knees， praying to God， as well as I could， for deliverance； but I cannot but say， my prayers had no hope in them. I knew not what to do； it was all fear without， and dark within； and I reflected on my past life as not sincerely repented of， that Heaven was now beginning to punish me on this side the grave， and would make me as miserable as I had been wicked.
Had I gone on here I had perhaps been a true penitent； but I had an evil Counsellor within， and he was continually prompting me to relieve myself by the worst means； so one evening he tempted me again， by the same wicked impulse that had said ‘Take that bundle，’ to go out again and seek for what might happen.
I went out now by daylight， and wandered about I knew not whither， and in search of I knew not what， when the devil put a snare in my way of a dreadful nature indeed， and such a one as I have never had before or since. Going through Aldersgate-street， there was a pretty little child who had been at a dancing- school， and was going home， all alone； and my prompter， like a true devil， set me upon this innocent creature. I talked to it， and it prattled to me again， and I took it by the hand and led it along till I came to a paved alley that goes into Bartholomew Close， and I led it in there. The child said that was not its way home. I said， ‘Yes， my dear， it is； I’ll show you the way home.‘ The child had a little necklace on of gold beads， and I had my eye upon that， and in the dark of the alley I stooped， pretending to mend the child’s clog that was loose， and took off her necklace， and the child never felt it， and so led the child on again. Here， I say， the devil put me upon killing the child in the dark alley， that it might not cry， but the very thought frighted me so that I was ready to drop down； but I turned the child about and bade it go back again， for that was not its way home. The child said， so she would， and I went through into Bartholomew Close， and then turned round to another passage that goes into St. John Street； then， crossing into Smithfield， went down Chick Lane and into Field Lane to Holbourn-bridge， when， mixing with the crowd of people usually passing there， it was not possible to have been found out； and thus I enterpriz‘d my second sally into the world.
The thoughts of this booty put out all the thoughts of the first， and the reflections I had made wore quickly off； poverty， as I have said， hardened my heart， and my own necessities made me regardless of anything. The last affair left no great concern upon me， for as I did the poor child no harm， I only said to myself， I had given the parents a just reproof for their negligence in leaving the poor little lamb to come home by itself， and it would teach them to take more care of it another time.
This string of beads was worth about twelve or fourteen pounds. I suppose it might have been formerly the mother‘s， for it was too big for the child’s wear， but that perhaps the vanity of the mother， to have her child look fine at the dancing-school， had made her let the child wear it； and no doubt the child had a maid sent to take care of it， but she， careless jade， was taken up perhaps with some fellow that had met her by the way， and so the poor baby wandered till it fell into my hands.
However， I did the child no harm； I did not so much as fright it， for I had a great many tender thoughts about me yet， and did nothing but what， as I may say， mere necessity drove me to.
I had a great many adventures after this， but I was young in the business， and did not know how to manage， otherwise than as the devil put things into my head； and indeed he was seldom backward to me. One adventure I had which was very lucky to me. I was going through Lombard Street in the duck of the evening， just by the end of Three King court， when on a sudden comes a fellow running by me as swift as lightning， and throws a bundle that was in his hand， just behind me， as I stood up against the corner of the house at the turning into the alley. Just as he threw it in he said， ‘God bless you， mistress， let it lie there a little，’ and away he runs swift as the wind. After him comes two more， and immediately a young fellow without his hat， crying ‘Stop thief！’ and after him two or three more. They pursued the two last fellows so close， that they were forced to drop what they had got， and one of them was taken into the bargain， and other got off free.
I stood stock-still all this while， till they came back， dragging the poor fellow they had taken， and lugging the things they had found， extremely well satisfied that they had recovered the booty and taken the thief； and thus they passed by me， for I looked only like one who stood up while the crowd was gone.