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中国日报单词表(1)

2006-08-09 20:14

    A/ "爱国者"导弹 Patriot missile/ AA制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch / A股市场 A share market / 《阿Q正传》 The True Story of Ah Q / 奥委会 Olympic Committee/ 奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult / 澳门大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul / 矮子里拔将军 choose a general from among the dwarfs——pick the best out of a mediocre bunch/ 艾滋病(获得性免疫缺陷综合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) / 爱丽舍宫 Elysée Palace/ 爱心工程` Loving Care Project/ 爱屋及乌 Love me, love my dog./ 爱鸟周 Bird-Loving Week/ 爱尔兰共和军 Irish Republic Army (IRA)/ 爱国民主人士 patriotic democratic personages/ 爱国统一战线 patriotic united front/ 安理会 Security Council/ 安乐死 euthanasia/ 安全第一,预防为主 Safety first, precaution crucial./ 安全岛 safety strip/ 安第斯集团峰会(拉美国家) Andean Summit/ 安居工程 Comfortable Housing Project / 按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance / 按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost / 按揭贷款 mortgage loan / 按揭购房 to buy a house on mortgage; to mortgage a house / 按资排辈 to assign priority according to seniority/ 暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly / 暗箱操作 black case work

    B/ B to B (B2B) business to business / B to C (B2C) business to consumer / BP 机 beeper, pager/ B超 type-B ultrasonic/ 《北美自由贸易协定》 NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) / 《本草纲目》 Compendium of Materia Medica / 《伯尔尼公约》(有关保护文学和艺术作品版权的公约) Berne Convention / 《不见不散》 Be there or be square. / 搬迁户 a relocated unit or household/ 半拉子工程 uncompleted project / 半脱产 a partial sabbatical from work/ 半边天 half the sky/ 半成品 semi-manufactured goods; semi-finished products/ 半决赛 semifinals/ 巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse / 巴勒斯坦民族解放运动,简称 FATEH/ 帮倒忙 trying to help but causing more trouble in the process/ 拔河(游戏) tug-of-war / 巴解 the Palestinian Liberation Organization/ 把握大局 grasp the overall situation / 把关 guard a pass/ 棒球运动记者 scribe / 霸权主义 hegemonism/ 摆脱贫困 shake off poverty; lift oneself from poverty/ 百闻不如一见 Seeing is believing./ 百慕大三角 Burmuda Triangle/ 摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances / 摆花架子 a metaphor for presenting an attractive facade but in reality lacking substance/ 摆架子 put on airs / 包销人 underwriter/ 拜年 pay New Year call / 拜把兄弟 sworn brothers / 包车 to charter a vehicle (bus, train car, etc.); a chartered vehicle/ 包二奶 have a concubine (originally a Cantonese expression) / 包房 to reserve rooms in a hotel or guest house for exclusive use/ 包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash / 包干到户 work contracted to households / 包工包料 contract for labor and materials / 包购包销 exclusive right to purchase and sell/ 包机 to charter a plane; a chartered plane/ 拜金主义 money worship/ 版权法 copyright law/ 版税率 royalty rate/ 白马王子 Prince Charming / 白领犯罪 white-collar crime/ 白领工人 white-collar worker/ 白手起家 starting from scratch / 白色行情表 white sheet / 白色污染 white pollution/ 白色农业 "white agriculture (also called ""white engineering agriculture""; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)" / 白色农业 white agriculture/ 白雪公主 Snow White / 白金汉宫 Buckingham Palace/ 傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags / 剥离不良资产 strip bad assets off/ 剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody / 斑马线 zebra stripes/ 便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer / 贬值 devalue, devaluate, depreciate (of a currency)/ 便当 fast food / 标书 bidding documents / 比上不足,比下有余 "worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst" / 比基尼 bikini/ 比较经济学 comparative economics/ 表面文章 lip service; surface formality/ 表演赛 demonstration match / 毕业生分配制度 assignment of graduates/ 表见代理 agency by estoppel/ 闭门羹 given cold-shoulder / 闭关政策 closed-door policy/ 闭卷 closed-book exam/ 冰雕 ice sculpture/ 冰毒 "ice, popular name for methamphetamine hydrochloride, a deadly addictive stimulant drug" / 避税 evade tax/ 逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives / 变相涨价 disguised inflation / 变相涨价 disguised inflation/ 蹦迪 disco dancing/ 蹦极 bungee, bungee jumping / 薄利多销 small profits but quick returns; small profits and good sales / 薄利多销 small profit, large sale volume/ 保理业务 factoring business / 保龄球 bowling/ 保释 on bail/ 保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area/ 保税区 tax-protected zone/ 保税仓库 bonded warehouse/ 保质期 guarantee period/ 保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas / 保证金 margins, collateral / 保证金帐户 margin account/ 保值利率 index-linked interest rate; inflation-proof interest rate/ 保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings / 保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy / 保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy/ 保持国有股 keep the State-held shares / 保兑银行 confirming bank/ 保护生态环境 preserve the ecological environment/ 保护伞 protective umbrella/ 保护主义 protectionism/ 保护关税 protective duty/tariff/ 保护价格 protective price/ 保健食品 health-care food / 保健按摩 therapeutic massage/ 报销 apply for reimbursement/ 报复性关税 retaliatory duty/ 报国计划的实施 implementation of Dedicator's Project / 报关员 declarant / 暴发户 new rich; upstart (persons or households who suddenly became rich through unscrupulous means or unexpected opportunities)/ 爆冷门 produce an unexpected winner; a dark horse bobbing up/ 北约 NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization)/ 北欧投资银行 Nordic Investment Bank / 背投屏幕 rear projection screen / 背黑锅 to become a scapegoat/ 备件 spare parts / 被动吸烟 passive smoking; second-hand smoking/ 奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life / 本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches / 本垒打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip / 本票 cashier's cheque/ 本本主义 bookishness / 笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start. / 兵马俑 terra-cotta figures; soldier and horse figures/ 边缘知识人 Marginal intellectuals/ 边缘科学 boundary science / 边缘科学 borderline science/ 边远贫困地区 outlying poverty-stricken areas/ 边际效益 marginal benefit/ 边际薪酬 marginal salaries/ 边际报酬 marginal return / 并网发电 combined to the grid/ 博士生 Ph.D candidate / 博士后 post-doctoral/ 博彩(业) lottery industry / 博导 tutor of a Ph.D. student/ 伯乐 a good judge of talent (a name of a legendary person in the state of Qin during the Spring and Autumn Period who excelled in evaluating horses)/ 补缺选举 by-election / 补偿贸易 compensatory trade/ 不买帐 not take it; not go for it/ 不良贷款 non-performing loan / 不眠之夜 white night / 不明飞行物 unidentified flying object (UFO)/ 不惹是非 Stay out of trouble.; Let sleeping dogs lie. / 不以物喜,不以己悲 not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses/ 不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency / 不正当竞争 unfair competition/ 不遗余力 spare no effort; go all out; do one's best/ 不夜城 "sleepless city, ever-bright city" / 不败记录 clean record, spotless record / 不承诺放弃使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force / 不打不成交 "No discord, no concord. " / 不到长城非好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. / 不分上下的总统选举结果 the neck-and-neck presidential election result / 不管部部长 minister without portfolio/ 不怀恶意的谎言 white lie      / 不记名投票 secret ballot/ 不结盟运动 non-aligned movement/ 不可再生资源 non-renewable resources / 不可抗力 force majeure / 布雷顿森林体系 Bretton Woods system / 布达拉宫 Potala Palace / 步行天桥 pedestrian overpass/ 步行街 pedestrian street / 步步高升 Promoting to a higher position/ 部长级会议 ministerial meeting

    C/ 禅 dhyana / 重复建设 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects / 《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals / 擦网球 net ball / 擦边球 "edge ball, touch ball" / 层层转包和违法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting / 拆迁户 households or units relocated due to building demolition / 拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul / 菜篮子工程 shopping basket program / 采取措施前 ex ante / 采取措施后 ex post / 采取高姿态 show magnanimity / 菜鸟,新手 green hand / 茶道 sado / 查房 make/go the rounds of the wards / 参政、议政 participate in the management of State affairs / 参拜靖国神社 visit to the Yasukuni war shrine/ 差额投票 differentail voting / 差额选举 competitive election / 差额拨款 balance allocation / 参股者 equity participant / 参股公司 joint stock company / 搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value) / 产粮大省 granary province / 产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 "clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management " / 产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order / 产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing / 产业的升级换代 upgrading of industies / 产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure / 产品生命周期分析 LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) / 产品结构 product mix / 产品科技含量 technological element of a product / 草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass) / 财政收入 fiscal revenue / 仓储式超市 stockroom-style supermarket / 沉没成本 sunk cost/ 城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年专业人士,附庸风雅,矫揉造作cutesification,崇尚竟品至上boutiqueification,攀比银行存款bankification等摆阔作风,由middle-aged urban yuppie缩合而成) / 城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning / 城乡信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas / 承销商 underwriter / 承包 contract with / 成人中等专科学校 secondary specialized /technical school for adults / 抽杀成功 hit through / 成本分摊 sharing costs/ 成份指数 component index / 成吉思汗 Genghis Khan / 成组技术 group technology / 筹备委员会 preparatory committee / 筹划指导委员会 steering committee / 筹资 raised capital/proceeds / 痴迷者 addict/ 吃大锅饭 "egalitarian practice of ""everybody eating from the same big pot"" " / 吃皇粮 "receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government" / 充值卡 rechargeable card / 出入平安 Safe trip wherever you go/ 出气筒 punching bag / 出风头 show off;in the limelight / 出家 pravrajana; cloister / 出口卖方信贷 seller's credit on exports / 出口退税率 export rebate rate/ 出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate / 出口押汇 bill purchased (B/P); outward documentary bill / 出口创汇型产业 export-oriented industry / 出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports / 出口加工区 export processing zones / 出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports / 常务理事 executive member of the council/ 长途电话 distant calls/ 长线产品 product in excessive supply / 长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共 "long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe " / 长二捆 LM-2E / 长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta / 长江中下游 the middle and lower reaches of Changjiang River/ 敞蓬轿车 open-topped limousine / 畅通工程 Smooth Traffic Project / 唱高调 mouth high-sounding words / 超前消费 "pre-mature consumption, overconsuming, excessive consumption " / 超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer / 炒作 speculation (stock); sensationalization (news) / 彻头彻尾的反动政治势力 an out and out reactionary political force / 尘云 dust clouds / 辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new / 此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence. / 次新股 sub-new stock / 从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy / 促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy / 磁悬浮列车 "Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train " / 存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits / 存款单 Certificates of Deposits / 存款准备金制度 reserve against deposit system / 粗放式管理 extensive management / 粗放经营 extensive operation / 传销 pyramid sales; multi-level marketing / 船务公司 shipping service company/ 窗口行业 various service trades / 创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park / 创建卫生城市 build a nationally advanced clean city / 吹风会 (advanced) briefing / 春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program / 春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival / 春运 passenger transport around the Chinese lunar new year

    D/ "东突"恐怖分子 East Turkistan terrorist/ "豆腐渣"工程 jerry-built project / (解决争端)调查结果 findings / 答谢宴会 return banquet/ 达标活动 target hitting activities / 大满贯 grand slam / 大力扣杀 hammer / 大路货 staple goods / 大型电视系列片,长篇电视连续剧 maxi-series / 大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all / 大胜 white wash / 打顺手 "find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove" / 大卫教 ranch Davidian / 大腕 top notch / 大学生创业 university students' innovative undertaking / 呆帐 dead account/ 大昭寺 Jokhang Temple. / 大要案 major and serious criminal cases / 大排档 sidewalk snack booth; large stall / 打破僵局 break the deadlock / 打包贷款 packing credit (loan) / 打包儿 use doggy bags to take food home/ 大包干 all-round responsibility system / 打白条 issue IOU / 大病统筹 comprehensive arrangement for serious disease / 大藏经 Tripitaka / 打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering / 大轰动 blockbuster / 打假 crack down on counterfeit goods / 打假办 Office of Cracking down on Fake Products / 大款 tycoon / 打口碟 cracked CD/ 大开眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener / 大专生 junior college student / 大专文凭 associate degree / 代职 function in an acting capacity / 待业 job-waiting / 待岗 "await job assignment, post-waiting" / 带薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits / 带薪假期 paid holiday/ 点球 penalty kick / 盗用公款 embezzlement / 德智体美劳 "all around development of moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetics and labour education " / 盗版VCD pirated VCD / 盗打 (电话) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means / 点子公司 consultancy company / 电信运营商 telecom operators / 电视直销 TV home shopping / 电视会议 video conference / 电脑迷 mouse potato / 电脑盲 computer illiterate/ 电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number / 电话会议 teleconference / 电子商务认证 e-business certification / 邓小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts / 等外品 "off-grade goods, rejects" / 低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach) / 吊球 drop shot / 吊销执照 revoke license / 吊带衫 sun-top/ 第三产业 tertiary industry; service sector / 第三代移动电话(3G手机) third generation mobile; 3G mobile / 第一双打 first pair / 第一发球权 first inning / 第一发球员 first server / 第二上市 secondary listing / 第二产业 secondary industry / 垫付 "advancement, payment on account" / 抵免 offset / 单循环制 single round-robin system / 单边主义 unilateralism / 单刀赴会 start a solo run / 党群关系 Party-masses relationship / 党政机关 Party and government organizations / 捣浆糊 give the runaround / 倒爷 profiteer / 倒票 speculative reselling of tickets / 倒春寒 unusually cold spell in an otherwise warm early spring / 倒计时 countdown / 地球村 global village / 地区差异 regional disparity / 地市级城市 prefecture-level city / 地热资源 geothermal resources / 地方保护主义 regional protectionism / 地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances / 独立董事 independent director/ 独立核算工业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise) / 多媒体 multimedia / 多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS) / 独生子女 the only child in one's family / 多头账户 long account/ 多种经营 diversified economy/ 多党合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power / 夺冠 take the crown / 多功能性(农业) multifunctionality / 端午节 the Dragon Boat Festival / 渡假外交 holiday-making diplomacy / 短期债务 floating debt / 短期放款 money at call and short notice / 断交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man) / 对……毫无顾忌 make no bones about …… / 对外招商 attract foreign investment / 对冲基金 hedge fund / 队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband / 对讲机 talkie and walkie / 杜鲁门主义 Truman Doctrine/ 钉子户 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project / 定向培训 training for specific posts / 东盟自由贸易区 ASEAN Free Trade Area / 东南亚国家联盟 ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) / 动迁户 households to be relocated / 动感 dynamic/ 毒枭 drug trafficker

    E/ (把…当成)耳旁风 Like water off (on) a duck's back / 鳄鱼的眼泪 crocodile tears / 恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation / 恶性循环 vicious circle / 厄尔尼诺现象 El Nino phenomenon / 二流选手 "scrub, second-rater" / 二手房 second-hand house / 二元经济 dual economy / 二板市场; 创业板市场 growth enterprise board; second board; hi-tech board / 二次创业 start a new undertaking / 二级市场 secondary market / 二进宫 "to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution)"

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