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中国日报单词表(2)

2006-08-09 20:15

    F/ 汎士通轮胎 Firestone tires / 《浮士德》 Faust / (产品)分销 "subunderwriting, distribution" / 封圣 "canonization of ""Saints""" / 封杀出局 force out / 防伪标志 anti-fake label / 访谈式竞选 (候选人在电视访谈节目中亮相进行的竞选) talk-show campaign / 封闭式基金 close-ended fund / 防抱死系统 ABS (anti-lock braking system) / 防盗门 burglarproof door; antitheft door / 防洪工程 flood-prevention project / 非商标(非专利)产品 generic products / 风险投资 venture capital; risk investment / 风险基金 VC funds / 风险准备金 loan loss provision, provisions of risk / 非配额产品 quota-free products / 非洲、加勒比和太平洋国家集团(洛美协定) ACP(African, Caribbean and Pacific Group) / 非对称数字用户环路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL) / 飞毛腿(导弹) Scud missile / 飞行药检 spot check / 疯牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform enceohalopathy (BSE) / 费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes / 粉领族 "pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)" / 放行单 release permit / 放下架子 to relinguish haughty airs; to get off one's high horse; throw off one's airs / 放高球 lob / 锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash / 分流 reposition of redundant personnel / 分税制 system of tax distribution / 分业经营 divided operation/ management / 分期付款 installment payment / 扶贫 poverty alleviation / 扶贫办公室 Poverty Relief Office/ 分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation is listed on the stock market. / 发烧友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan / 发展是硬道理 Development is of overriding importance. / Development is the absolute need. / 发展不平衡 disparate development / 发案率 incidence (of criminal cases) / 法律硕士 juris master (jm)/ 法人股 corporate shares / 法治国家 a country under the rule of law / 法制国家 a state with an adequate legal system / 翻两番 quadruple / 反倾销措施 anti-dumping measures against … / 反败为胜 "bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire" / 反不正当竞争法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against Competition by Inappropriate Means / 反弹道导弹条约 Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM) / 反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government / 房权证 property right certificate / 房产证 property ownership certificate / 房产估价师 real estate evaluator / 房管 real estate management / 浮动工资 floating wages; fluctuating wages / 福利彩票 welfare lotteries / 福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system / 覆盖率 coverage rate / 复式住宅 duplex apartment; compound apartment (a type of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the storey building) / 复合型人才 inter-disciplinary talent / 附加意外险 supplemental accident insurance / 个人演唱会 solo concert/ (公路)隔离带 median / (精通电脑和网络的)高手 geek/ 皈依三宝 become a Buddhist

    G/ 《国际先驱论坛报》 International Herald Tribune / 感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest) / 感到不妙 I smell a rat. / 干细胞 stem cell / 干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业化 " make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent " / 格列佛游记 Gulliver's Travels / 港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong / 港务局 port office; harbor authority / 岗位培训 on-the-job training  / 港澳台 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan / 根本政治制度 fundamental political system / 跟踪审计 follow-up auditing / 更快、更高、更强 Citius, Altius, Fortius/ 改制上市 An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market. / 个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment / 个人所得税 personal income tax/ 个人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one's own potatoes / 个体工商户 privately or individually-owned business/ 高清晰度 high definition / 高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone / 高手 master hand, expert/ 高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness / 高难度动作 stunner, stunt / 高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue / 高产优质 high yield and high quality / 高等教育自学考试 self-study higher education examination/ 高度自治 high degree of autonomy / 高峰 peak time / 高峰论坛 summit (forum) / 高杠杆交易机构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI) / 高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) / 高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road / 高级商务师 Certified Business Executive / 高科技板块 high-tech sector / 高考 (university) entrance examination / 各大菜系 major styles of cooking / 各就位 " ""On your marks!""" / 各尽所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability / 光通讯 photo-communication; optical communication / 广域网 wide area network (WAN) / 光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine / 广播电视大学 radio and television university/ 广告电话直销 direct response advertising / 光谷 optical valley / 光机电一体化 "optical, mechanical and electronic integration" / 骨干企业 key enterprise / 股市行情 the ups and downs of the stock market/ 股票期权 the stock option / 股本 share capital / 股本回报率 return on equity / 股本金 equity capital / 股份有限公司 limited liability company / 股份制 shareholding system; joint-stock system / 归国留学生 returned students / 归口管理 put under centralized management by specialized departments / 固定电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones / 固定资产投资 investment in the fixed assets / 挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit / 挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to / 挂靠户 an adjunct organization/ 国民生产总值 gross national product (GNP) / 国民党 Kuomintang / 国民经济支柱产业 pillar industries in national economy / 国土局 Land and Resources Bureau / 国泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace/ 国有股 state-owned shares / 国有股减持 reduce state's stake in listed companies/ 国有资产流失 loss of state assets/ 国债投资 treasury bond investment / 国债专项资金 special fund for treasury bond / 国内生产总值 gross domestic product (GDP) / 国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components / 国防动员体制 the mobilization for national defense / 国际劳工组织 ILO (International Labor Organization) / 国际商业机器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM) / 国际日期变更线 International Date Line (IDL) / 国际收支不平衡 disequilibrium of balance of payment / 国际标准化组织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization) / 国际惯例 international common practice / 国际货币基金组织 IMF (International Monetary Fund) / 国际化战略 internationalization strategy / 国际禁止化学武器组织 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW)/ 国际足球联盟 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)/ 国家体育总局 State Physical Culture Administration / 国家一级保护 first-grade State protection / 国家普通话水平考试 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua / 国家质量技术监督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision / 国家重点科技攻关项目 national key scientific and technological project / 国家环保总局 State Environmental Protection Administration / 国家级卫生城市 state-level hygiene city/ 国家经济体制改革委员会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems / 国家控股公司 state-controlling company / 国脚 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team / 国库券 treasury bonds / 过失责任 liability of fault / 过失赔偿责任;无过失赔偿责任 liability with fault;liability without fault / 过山车 roller coaster/ 过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little / 过度开垦 excess reclamation / 规模经济 scale economy, economies of scale / 规避 circumvention / 工薪阶层 salariat; state employee; salaried person / 工商局 industrial and commercial bureau / 工业园区 industrial park / 工业控制一体化 integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration / 工笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting/ 工程验收 acceptance of work/ 工程公司 engineering company / 工资税 payroll tax/ 功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits. / 恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity./ 公司分立与解散 separation and dissolution of a company / 公务员 civil servants / 公正、公平、公开 "just, fair and open" / 公益林 public welfare forest / 公证财产 notarize the properties / 公费医疗 medical services at state expense / 公告板服务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS) / 公积金 "public accumulation funds, public reserve funds" / 公检法 " public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's courts" / 公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds / 公开喊价市场 open outcry markets / 共同富裕 common prosperity / 共产党领导下的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party / 狗仔队 "dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)" / 关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall / 尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass

    H/ (吃)皇粮 "public grainfunds, goods, etc provided by the government; salary paid by the state " / 《红楼梦》 A Dream in Red Mansions (The Story of the Stone) / (农产品国内支持)"黄箱"措施 Amber Box measures / (北爱尔兰)皇家警察部队 Royal Ulster Constabulary/ 好了伤疤忘了疼 once on shore, one prays no more/ 好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster / 好球 " ""Strike""" / 好事不出门,恶事传千里 "Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide. " / 好出风头的运动员 "exhibitionist, grandstander " / 豪赌 unrestrained gambling / 鸿门宴 Hongmen banquet——a feast or meeting set up as a trap for the invited / 核销 cancel after verification / 核武器数量 Nuclear Arsenal Size / 宏观调控 macro-control / 核军火库 nuclear arsenal / 合理引导消费 guide rational consumption / 红帽子企业 red cap enterprise (refers to the reputation a private enterprise enjoys by becoming attached to a government department and doing business in the name of a state-run or collective-run enterprise) / 红细胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO) / 合议庭 collegiate bench / 合业经营 combined operation/ management / 和平演变 peaceful evolution / 和平共处五项原则: 互相尊重领土完整和主权、互不侵犯、互不干涉内政、平等互利、和平共处 Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence: mutual respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other‘s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence/ 和气生财 Harmony brings wealth/ 红包 "(neutral)red paper containing money as a gift, (derogative) bribe, kickback " / 红白喜事 wedding and funeral/ 红筹股 red chips / 和服 Kimono / 红股 bonus share / 呼啦圈 hu la hoop / 后台管理 back-stage management / 河道整治 dredging waterway / 后防空虚 leave the defense exposed / 黑社会 Mafia-style organizations; gangland / 黑店 gangster inn / 黑客 hacker / 胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded) / 海量存储 mass memory / 海协会 (ARATS) Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Strait / 海市蜃楼,镜花水月,无稽之谈 a mare’s nest / 海湾战争综合症 the complexities of the Gulf War / 海峡交流基金会(海基会) Strait Exchange Foundation of (Taiwan, China)(SEF)/ 海关完税价值 customs value / 寒带 frigid zone/ 函授大学 correspondence university / 旱地滑雪场 mock skiing park / 汉字处理软件 Chinese character processing software / 航向错误,奉行错误方向 on the wrong tack / 航母 aircraft carrier / 汇丰银行 Hong Kong and Shang Hai Banking Corporation / 火炬计划 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology) / 婚外恋 extramarital love / 婚介所 matrimonial agency / 混业经营 mixed operation/ management / 活到老,学到老 One is never too old to learn. / 混合型卷烟 blended type cigarette / 灰色区域措施 Grey area measures / 灰色收入 gray income / 挥棒 swing / 挥棒不中 fan / 货币留成制度 currency retention scheme / 货币化 monetization / 货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation / 货到付款 cash on delivery / 黄、赌、毒 "pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking " / 黄金时段 prime time / 虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg. / 护身法宝 amulet / 互动广告 interactive advertisement / 户主 head of a household / 户口簿 residence booklet / 户口管理制度 "domicile system, residence registration system " / 花样游泳 water ballet / 花旗银行 National City Bank of New York / 华表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele / 华盖 canopy / 滑板车 scooter / 坏球 Ball / 坏帐 bad account/ 环太平洋地区 Pacific Rim / 环保型技术 EST(Environmentally-sound technology) / 还俗 "resume secular life, unfrock" / 换手率 turnover rate / 换届选举 election at expiration of office terms

    J/ (日本银行主持的)季度短观调查报告 Tankan survey/ 基因突变 genetic mutation / 基因工程 genetic engineering / 基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come. / 基本国情 fundamental realities of the country / 基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level / 基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level / 机场建设费 airport construction fee / 基础设施 infrastructure construction / 基础税率 base tariff level / 机电产品 mechanical and electrical products / 基地组织 al-Qaeda group/ 机构投资者 institutional investor / 机构臃肿 overstaffing in organizations (government) / 积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories) / 坚持统一,反对分裂,增加了解,化解歧见 "persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences " / 尖端产品 highly sophisticated products / 监督部门 watchdog / 记者席 press box / 记者招待会 press conference / 既往不咎,忘掉旧嫌 let bygones be bygones / 既成事实 fait accompli (noun) / 嘉宾 "distinguished guest, honored guest" / 加密 encrypt / 加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion / 减速玻璃(汽车) decelerating glass / 加权平均值 weighted average / 家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system / 减员增效 downsizing for efficiency; cut payroll to improve efficiency / 加班 work extra shifts / 剪彩 cut the ribbon / 剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of …… and …… / 减负 alleviate burdens on sb. / 加快市场步伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization / 家族企业 family firm / 假冒伪劣产品 counterfeit and shoddy products / 假小子 tomboy/ 假释 parole/ 假日经济 holiday economy / 假唱 lip-synch / 假动作 "deception, feint" / 价格听证会 public price hearings / 价格浮动范围 price-float range / 计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU) / 计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning / 计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan / 激烈竞争 cut-throat competition / 绩优股 blue chip / 缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling / 缉毒队 narcotics squad / 吉祥如意 Everything goes well/ 吉祥物 mascot / 吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness (Book of Records) / 极限运动 maximal exercise; X-game/ 集束炸弹 cluster bomb/ 集束炸弹 cluster bomb/ 集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony; group wedding / 集约经营 intensive operation / 集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development / 集资房 houses built on the funds collected by the buyers / 技术密集产品 technology-intensive product / 技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers / 技术产权交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange / 技术攻关 strive to make technological breakthrough/ 技术交底 technical disclosure/ 技工贸结合的科技型企业 scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development / 甲A足球队 Division A soccer team/ 甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions/ 解困基金 anti-poverty funds / 结售汇制度 "the system of exchange, settlement and sales " / 解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces / 解放思想、实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts / 金融危机 financial crisis / 金融电子化 computerize financial services / 金融工具 financial instruments / 金融自由化 financial liberalization/ 金税工程 Golden Tax Project / 金无足赤,人无完人 Gold can't be pure and man can't be perfect. / 金玉满堂 Treasures fill the home/ 金本位 gold standard / 金边债券 gilt-edged bonds / 金刚经 Vajracchedika-sutra / 金降落伞 golden parachute / 教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people / 教务处 dean's office/ 教学法 pedagogy; teaching method / 教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education / 紧密型企业集团 tightly-knit groups of enterprises / 紧箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase / 接口 interface / 紧追 "cling to, shadow, thunder on one's trail" / 禁渔期 closed fishing seasons / 禁止在任何地方、任何环境进行一切方式的释放核能的核武器试验保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment / 节奏布鲁斯音乐(RMB音乐) rhythm blues / 近水楼台先得月 "First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first——the advantage of being in a favored position." / 近海渔业 offshore fishery / 脚踏实地 be down-to-earth / 脚踩两只船 sit on the fence / 侥幸球 fluke / 戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center / 戒急用忍 "overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient " / 街心花园 park at an intersection; garden in the city center / 街道企业 neighborhood enterprise / 渐近尾声 draw to a close/ 建/平仓 open/close a position / 江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River / 讲诚信,反欺诈: honor credibility and oppose cheating / 降落伞候选人,外来候选人(应召而来参加本人非所在地区竞选的政党候选人) parachute candidate / 降息 reduction of interest / 焦土政策 “Scorched Earth” plan/ 交钥匙工程 turn-key project / 交叉报复 cross retaliation / 阶梯教室 lecture theatre; terrace classroom / 进修班 class for further studies / 进项税 input tax/ 进出口商会 chamber of import and export trade / 进口渗透 import penetration / 进口差价税 import variable duties / 进口附加税 import surcharge / 纠风办 State Council Office for Rectifying / 就业前培训  pre-job training  / 居委会 neighborhood committee; residents' committee / 举办城市 host city/ 举报电话 informants' hot-line telephone / 举杯 propose a toast / 拒载 refuse to take passengers / 君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green / 九五攻关 State Key Task 95 / 局域网 local area network (LAN) / 决策性机构 policy-making body / 劲射 power shot / 京剧人物脸谱 types of facial make-up in Beijing opera / 京剧票友 Peking Opera fan / 精神文明建设 promote cultural and ideological progress; develop socialist culture and ethics / 精品 competitive products / 精简机构 streamline government organs / 经营管理高度科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system / 经常性支出 running expenses / 经常性贷款 commercial lending / 经常项目顺差 "favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account" / 经济林 cash tree / 经济师 economic engineer; economic manager; economist / 经济失调指数 misery index / 经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration / 经济头脑 commercially minded people; people with business sense / 经济担保书 financial guarantee/ 经济复苏 economic resurgence/ 经济和技术合作 ECOTECH cooperation (Economic and technology cooperation) / 经济总量 economic aggregate / 景泰蓝 cloisonné / 境外消费(服务贸易) consumption abroad / 敬老院 home for the aged; seniors' home/ 敬业精神 professional dedication; professional ethics / 靖国神社 Yasukuni Shrine/ 具有中国特色的 with Chinese characteristics / 竣工式 completion ceremony / 困难职工 the needy

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