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中国日报单词表(3)

2006-08-09 20:18

    K/ (补贴协议)可诉补贴 actionable subsidy / 会计电算化 accounting computerization/ 跨世纪工程 a trans-century project / 跨越式发展 great-leap-forward development / 跨境交付(服务贸易) cross border supply / 可持续发展 sustainable development / 可持续发展战略 strategy of sustainable development / 可转换债券 convertible bond / 刻录机 CD writer; disc-carving machine / 快速立法 fast track/ 快速反应部队 rapid response force / 宽限期 grace period / 快讯 news flash; flash / 宽带网 broadband networks / 宽带接入 broadband access / 空头支票 "accommodation note, lip service " / 空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess / 扣帽子 put a label on / 口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease / 口头禅 pet phrase/ 科研攻关 scientific research and tackle the key research project / 科技是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force. / 科技成果转化为生产力 transfer of scientific and technological achievements / 科技含量 technology content / 科教兴国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation / 卡丁车 kart / 开门红      to begin well,to make a good start/ 开小灶 give special favor / 开题报告 opening speech; opening report / 开夜车 burn the midnight oil; work over night / 开标 bid opening / 开放式基金 open-ended fund / 开发一代,储存一代,预研一代 (产品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products / 开发公司 development company / 开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity / 开工典礼 commencement ceremony / 开后门 under-the-counter deals; offer advantages to one's friends or relatives by underhand means / 坎儿井 karez / 看守政府,看守内阁,过渡政府 caretaker cabinet / 看跌/看涨期权 put / call option / 康乃馨 carnation / 抗美援朝战争 War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea / 抗震棚 quake-proof shelter / 考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools / 考研热 the craze for graduate school / 烤烟型卷烟 Virginian-type cigarette / 控股公司 "holding company, controlling company" / 亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit

    L/ (行业中的)龙头老大 leading enterprise; flagship of the industry / 旅行结婚 have a honeymoon trip / 零配件 spare and accessory parts / 零和博奕 zero-sum game; zero game / 裸机 bare mobile phone / 旅客列车票价 price of passenger train tickets / 离退办 office for the affairs of the retired workers / 篱笆墙 barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading / 另类音乐,非正统音乐 alternative music / 理论联系实际 linking theory with practice/ 老少边穷地区 "former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas " / 老生常谈,陈词滥调 cut and dried, cliché / 绿色食品 green food / 绿色奥运,科技奥运,人文奥运 green, high-tech and people friendly Olympic Games/ 绿色急救通道 emergency green path / 领头羊 bellwether / 老油条 wily old bird; old slicker / 绿地覆盖率 forest coverage rate / 劳动合同制 labor contract system / 理货公司 tally company / 绿化 afforestation / 老字号 an old and famous shop or enterprise / 礼尚往来 Courtesy calls for reciprocity. / 礼仪小姐 ritual girl / 乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 "arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines" / 猎头公司 head-hunting company / 留学咨询 consulting on the study abroad / 留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary / 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧 "Where there is life, there is hope." / 劣等品 shoddy goods; substandard goods; lemon (informal) / 乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费 "unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises " / 临时主教练 caretaker coach / 论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense / 龙头产品 flagship product / 六艺:礼、乐、射、御、书、数 "six classical arts: rites, music, archery, riding, writing, arithmetic" / 利改税 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery / 利好因素 wrinkle / 利基 niche / 轮值主席 chairman on duty / 立体农业 three-dimensional agriculture / 联想集团 Legend Group / 联产承包责任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output / 联合联络小组 joint liaison group / 联合投标 syndicated tender / 联合国粮农组织 FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) / 联合国会费 the UN membership dues (fee) / 联合国环境署 UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) / 联合国开发计划署 UNDP (United Nations Development Program) / 联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises / 连续抽烟的人 chain smoker / 连带责任 joint liability / 垃圾融资 junk financing / 垃圾债券 junk bond / 拉拉队 cheering squad / 拉拉队长 "cheer-leader, rooter king" / 拉选票 seek a vote / 拉尼娜现象 La Nina phenomenon / 拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth / 拉关系 try to curry favor with / 廉政、勤政、务实、高效政府 "an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government " / 廉政公署 Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC)/ 廉政建设 construction of a clean and honest administration / 廉洁奉公,以正治国 " (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness " / 来料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing / 来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone / 蓝牙技术 bluetooth / 蓝筹股 blue chips / 蓝光光盘 Blu-ray Disc/ 练摊 to be a vendor / 路演 road show / 粮食收购部门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies / 粮油关系 grain and oil rationing registration / 良性循环 virtuous circle / 录取通知书 letter of admission/ 录取分数线 enrollment mark/ 两手抓两手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup. / 两手抓,两手都要硬 grasp both links at the same time and attach sufficient importance to both/ 两思(致富思源,富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence / 两院院士 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering / 两岸直航促进会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation / 两弹一艇 "A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine" / 两个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress / 两个对等的政治实体 two equal political entities / 流星雨 meteor shower/ 流动人口 transient population / 流动图书馆 travelling library; bookmobile / 《论语》 Analects of Confucius / 《聊斋志异》 Strange Tales of a Lonely Studio

    M/ 美声唱法 bel canto / 免税商品 tax-free commodities / 美食节 gourmet festival / 免验放行 pass without examination (P.W.E)/ 免费搭车者(享受其他国家最惠国待遇而不进行相应减让的国家) free-rider / 美国之音 Voice of America (VOA)/ 灭绝的物种 extinct species/ 玛雅文化 Mayan civilization / 码分多址 (一种扩频多址数字式通信技术) CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)/ 蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt / 蒙古大夫 quack / 马拉松式竞选活动 campaignathon / 马路菜场入室工程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors / 马太效应 "the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. ) " / 马到成功 achieve immediate victory; win instant success/ 马尔萨斯人口论 Malthusian Theory of Population; Malthusianism (Thomas Robert Malthus, 1766-1834, British economist)/ 孟子 Mencius / 民事诉讼 civil procedure/ 民以食为天 people regard food as their prime want; food the first necessity of man/ 民营企业 individually-run enterprises/ 民主党派、工商联与无党派人士 "non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation " / 民主监督 democratic supervision/ 民主集中制 democratic centralism/ 民办教师 citizen-managed teachers (teachers in rural citizen-managed or state-managed schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government) / 民法通则 general provisions of the civil law/ 民工 migrant laborer / 民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities / 民间资本 private capital/ 民进党 Democratic Progressive Party / 民族区域自治 regional autonomy of ethnic minorities/ 民族文化大省 a province with rich ethnic culture / 民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission / 民族意识 national consciousness/ 民族优越感 ethnocentrism/ 民族凝聚力 national cohesion / 买一送一 "two-for-one offer, buy one get one free" / 迷彩服 battle fatigues; camouflage coat / 买方市场 buyer's market/ 买壳上市 go public through buying a shell / 麦克马洪线 McMahon Line/ 买空卖空 bulls and bears; fictitious transaction/ 名利双收 gain in both fame and wealth/ 满意度 degree of satisfaction / 名优 famous actor; famous high quality brand/ 慢性萧条 chronic depression  / 门罗主义 Monroe Doctrine/ 门前三包 "be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building " / 门户网站 portals / 门户开放政策 open-door policy/ 面向21世纪的中美建设性伙伴关系 a constructive, strategic partnership between China and the United Stated aimed at the next century/ 盲流和倒流人员 transient from the countryside / 盲目投资 blindness in investment/ 茅塞顿开 be suddenly enlightened/ 矛盾的普遍性 universality of contradictions/ 冒充包装(销售)[指将劣质商品包装成外观像名优产品出售的做法] copycat packaging / 帽子戏法 hat trick / 贸易顺差 favorable balance; trade surplus / 贸易与发展委员会 Committee on Trade and Development / 贸易逆差 adverse balance of trade; trade deficit / 贸易壁垒 trade protectionism/ 贸易和投资自由化和便利化 TILF (Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation) / 贸易自由化 trade liberalization/ 没有规矩不成方圆 Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards./ 每逢佳节倍思亲 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away./ It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most. / 米袋子省长负责制 provincial governors assuming responsibility fofr the rice bag (grain supply)/ 明明白白消费(2000年保护消费者权益工作主题) transparent consumption / 朦胧诗 misty poetry / 睦邻友好关系(合作) good-neighborly and friendly relations (cooperation)/ 穆斯林 Muslim; Moslem/ 模拟测试 mock test; simulated exam / 模糊逻辑 fuzzy logic/ 模糊战略(美国在台湾问题上奉行的政策) indistinct strategy/ 磨洋工 dawdle along / 摩门教 Mormon Church (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)/ 末位淘汰 (under the new personnel system) the person graded last in the performance evaluation will be laid off from his position/ 莫失良机 make hay while the sun shines / 谋事在人,成事在天 "The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven. / Man proposes, God disposes. " / 母系氏族社会 matriarchal clan society/ 幕后操纵 pull strings behind the scenes; wire-pulling/ 目标管理 management by objectives / 目标管理 management by objectives; quota management

    N/ 扭转局面 "reverse the tide, turn the table" / 农林间作 agro-forestry/ 农药残留 pesticide residue/ 农药残留物 pesticide residue/ 农业生态学 agricultural ecology/ 农业增加值 added value of agriculture/ 农奴制 serfdom; serf system/ 农产品的统购派购 unified purchasing of farm produce by the state according to fixed quotes/ 农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labour (labourers) / 农工商联合企业 agro-industrial-commercial combines / 农垦 agricultural reclamation/ 农转非 rural residents become urban residents/ 弄巧成拙 be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself./ 女权运动 movement for women's rights/ 暖温带 warm temperate zone/ 诺亚方舟 Noah‘s Ark / 拿手好戏 masterpiece/ 泥石流 mud-rock flow/ 泥菩萨 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival / 尼姆达(病毒) Nimda / 男权主义思想 male chauvinism / 男高音演唱家 tenorist / 年利润 annual return/ 纳米 nanometer / 纳税人 tax payer; tax bearer/ 纳税申报制度 tax declaration system / 纳斯达克 National Association of Securities Deal Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) / 年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis / 年夜饭 family reunion dinner / 南水北调 South-to-North water diversion / 南水北调工程 divert water from the south to the north project / 耐用消费品 durable consumer items (goods) / 耐用消费品 durable consumer goods, consumer durables/ 南南合作 South-South cooperation/ 南北对话 North-South dialogue/ 难得糊涂 "Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise." / 囊括 complete a sweep / 内联网(计算机) Intranet/ 内联企业 enterprises with internal connections / 内退 early retirement/ 涅磐(佛) nirvana/ 内耗 in-fighting / 内环路 inner ring road / 能上网的手机 WAP phone / 能官能民 be ready to both serve as an offical and be one of the common people / 能进能出,能上能下 competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots / 能进能出,能上能下,方谓好汉 He who knows how to fight and how to retreat deserves to be called a brave man. / 闹情绪 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique

    O/ 欧亚大陆桥 Eurasia Land Bridge/ 欧元 Euro/ 欧元 Euro/ 欧洲委员会 European Commission / 欧洲共同体 European Communities (EC)/ 欧洲货币 Euro-currency/ 欧洲货币一体化 European monetary integration/ 欧洲自由贸易联盟 EFTA (European Free Trade Association) / 偶像 idol

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