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中文新闻翻译英文词汇

2006-08-09 09:30

  汉字按拼音排序的文字顺序(A-N)

  矮子里拔将军 choose a general from among the

  艾滋病(获得性免疫缺陷综合征)

  爱尔兰共和军 Irish Republic Army (IRA)

  爱国民主人士 patriotic democratic personages

  爱国统一战线 patriotic united front

  爱丽舍宫 Elysée Palace

  爱鸟周 Bird-Loving Week

  爱屋及乌 Love me, love my dog.

  爱心工程 Loving Care Project

  安第斯集团峰会(拉美国家) Andean Summit

  安居工程 Comfortable Housing Project

  安乐死 euthanasia

  安理会 Security Council

  安全岛 safety strip

  安全第一,预防为主 Safety first, precaution crucial.

  按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost

  按揭贷款 mortgage loan

  按揭购房 to buy a house on mortgage; to mortgage a house

  按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance

  按照冷静观察、沉着应付的方针和相互尊重、求同存异的精神处理国际事务 in handling international affairs, we should observe and cope with the situation cool-headedly

  按照优势互补、互惠互利、共同发展的原则

  按资排辈 to assign priority according to seniority

  暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly

  暗箱操作 black case work

  奥林匹克精神 the Olympic ideals; the Olympic spirit

  奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult

  奥委会 Olympic Committee

  澳门大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul

  巴解 the Palestinian Liberation Organization

  巴勒斯坦民族解放运动,简称 FATEH

  巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse

  拔河(游戏) tug-of-war

  拔尖创新人才 Top-notch innovative personnel

  把关 guard a pass

  把握大局 grasp the overall situation

  霸权主义 hegemonism

  白金汉宫 Buckingham Palace

  白领犯罪 white-collar crime

  白领工人 white-collar worker

  白马王子 Prince Charming

  白皮书 white paper

  白色农业 white agriculture

  白色污染 white pollution

  白色行情表 white sheet

  百慕大三角 Burmuda Triangle

  百闻不如一见 Seeing is believing.

  摆花架子 a metaphor for presenting an attractive facade but in reality lacking substance

  摆架子 put on airs

  摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances

  摆脱贫困 shake off poverty; lift oneself from poverty

  拜把兄弟 sworn brothers

  拜金主义 money worship

  拜年 pay New Year call

  包二奶 have a concubine (originally a Cantonese expression)

  包干到户 work contracted to households

  包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash

  包工包料 contract for labor and materials

  包机 to charter a plane; a chartered plane

  包销人 underwriter

  保持党同人民群众的血肉联系,保持党的先进性、纯洁性和团结统一 The Party must keep its flesh-and-blood ties with the people as well as its progressiveness, purity, solidarity and unity.

  保持国民经济持续、快速、健康发展 Maintain a sustained, rapid and sound development of the national economy

  保持国有股 keep the State-held shares

  保护关税 protective duty/tariff

  保护价格 protective price

  保护伞 protective umbrella

  保护生态环境 preserve the ecological environment

  保护主义 protectionism

  保健按摩 therapeutic massage

  保龄球 bowling

  保释 on bail

  保税仓库 bonded warehouse

  保税区 tax-protected zone

  保障措施 supporting measures

  保证金帐户 margin account

  保值利率 index-linked interest rate; inflation-proof interest rate

  保质期 guarantee period

  报价单 quotation of prices

  报销 apply for reimbursement

  爆冷门 produce an unexpected winner;a dark horse bobbing up

  博士后流动站 Mobile post-doctoral stations

  补缺选举 by-election

  不打不成交 "No discord, no concord. "

  不到长城非好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.

  不断提高全民族的思想道德素质和科学文化素质 we should unceasingly upgrade the ideological and ethical standards as well as the scientific and cultural qualities of the entire people.

  不断推进理论创新 constantly bring forth theoretical innovation

  不断增强中华民族的凝聚力 increase the cohesion of the Chinese nation.

  不分上下的总统选举结果 the neck-and-neck presidential election result

  不感冒 have no interest

  不管部部长 minister without portfolio

  不怀恶意的谎言 white lie

  不记名投票 secret ballot

  不结盟运动 non-aligned movement

  不可抗力 force majeure

  不可再生资源 non-renewable resources

  不良贷款 non-performing loan

  不良资产 non-performing loans

  不买帐 not take it; not go for it

  不眠之夜 white night

  不明飞行物 unidentified flying object (UFO)

  不惹是非 Stay out of trouble.; Let sleeping dogs lie.

  不夜城 "sleepless city, ever-bright city"

  不遗余力 spare no effort; go all out; do one's best

  不以物喜,不以己悲 not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses

  不正当竞争 unfair competition

  不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency

  布达拉宫 Potala Palace

  布雷顿森林体系 Bretton Woods system

  步行街 pedestrian street

  步行天桥 pedestrian overpass

  部长级会议 ministerial meeting

  参加和支援西部大开发 Participating in and supporting the development of the western region.

  参加植树造林、防沙治沙、封山育林、退耕还林还草等工作 Take an active part in activities such as forestation, sand prevention and control, closing mountains to facilitate forestation, and returning reclaimed land and forests and grassland.

  藏学 Tibetology

  搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value)

  产品科技含量 technological element of a product

  产品生命周期分析 LCA (Life Cycle Analysis)

  产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 "clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management "

  产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order

  产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing

  产业的升级换代 upgrading of industries

  产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure

  长二捆 LM-2E

  长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta

  长江中下游 the middle and lower reaches of Changjiang River

  长跑 a long-distance running

  长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共 "long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe "

  长途电话 distant calls

  长线产品 product in excessive supply

  常规导弹部队 The conventional operational-tactical missile force

  常务理事 executive member of the council

  敞蓬轿车 open-topped limousine

  畅通工程 Smooth Traffic Project

  倡导新型安全观、新型区域合作模式和新型国家关系 has initiated a new security concept, a new pattern for regional cooperation, and state-to-state relations of a new type.

  唱高调 mouth high-sounding words

  超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer

  超前消费 "pre-mature consumption, overconsuming, excessive consumption "

  朝阳产业 sunrise industry

  炒作 speculation (stock); sensationalization (news)

  车船维修装备 vehicle and watercraft maintenance equipment

  彻头彻尾的反动政治势力 an out and out reactionary political force

  尘云 dust clouds

  沉没成本 sunk cost

  充分准备,严密防护 Ensure its readiness to provide effective protection

  出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports

  出口创汇型产业 export-oriented industry

  出口加工区 export processing zones

  出口卖方信贷 seller's credit on exports

  出口退税率 export rebate rate

  出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate

  出口押汇 bill purchased (B/P); outward documentary bill

  出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports

  出气筒 punching bag

  出入平安 Safe trip wherever you go

  处置突发事件 Deal with contingencies

  传销 pyramid sales; multi-level marketing

  船务公司 shipping service company

  船用伞型堵漏器等 Marine Umbrella Type Leak Stopper

  窗口行业 various service trades

  创建卫生城市 build a nationally advanced clean city

  创业工程 start-up projects

  创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park

  创业者 start-up

  吹风会 (advanced) briefing

  春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program

  春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival

  春运 passenger transport around the Chinese lunar new year

  辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new

  磁悬浮列车 "Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train "

  此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence.

  次新股 sub-new stock

  从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy

  粗放经营 extensive operation

  粗放式管理 extensive management

  促进了武器装备工作向科学化、正规化法制化方向发展 have promoted the development of the work along scientific, regularized and legal lines.

  促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy

  促进社会主义物质文明、政治文明和精神文明 promote a coordinated development of socialist material, political and ideological civilization and advance firmly toward the grand goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way

  存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits

  存款单 Certificates of Deposits

  存款准备金制度 reserve against deposit system

  达标活动 target hitting activities

  打白条 issue IOU

  打包贷款 packing credit (loan)

  打包儿 use doggy bags to take food home

  打得赢、不变质两个历史性课题 Focusing on the two historic tasks of being capable of winning and never degenerate

  打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering

  打假 crack down on counterfeit goods

  打假办 Office of Cracking down on Fake Products

  打卡机 punch machine

  打口碟 cracked CD

  打破僵局 break the deadlock

  打顺手 "find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove"

  大包干 all-round responsibility system

  大病统筹 comprehensive arrangement for serious disease

  大轰动 blockbuster

  大开眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener

  大款 tycoon

  大力扣杀 hammer

  大路货 1.cheap goods; 2. popular goods of fine quality

  大满贯 grand slam

  大排档 food stall

  大排档 sidewalk snack booth; large stall

  大胜 white wash

  大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all

  大腕 top notch, big shot

  大卫教 ranch Davidian

  单兵防暴服装 individual anti-riot suit

  单兵携行具 individual load carrier

  弹性工资 flexible pay

  弹性外交 elastic diplomacy

  倒浆糊 run wild; act restlessly

  倒票 speculative reselling of tickets

  倒爷 profiteer

  捣浆糊 give the runaround

  盗用公款 embezzlement

  德智体美劳"all around development of moral, intellectual,

  等外品 "off-grade goods, rejects"

  邓小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts

  低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach)

  抵抗全球经济衰退 combat the global economic slump

  抵免 offset

  地方保护主义 regional protectionism

  地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances

  地球村 global village

  地区差异 regional disparity

  地热资源 geothermal resources

  地市级城市 prefecture-level city

  地震 earthquak, quake

  第二产业 secondary industry

  第二炮兵 The Second Artillery

  第二上市 secondary listing

  第三产业 tertiary industry; service sector

  第三代移动电话(3G手机) third generation mobile; 3G mobile

  第一发球权 first inning

  第一发球员 first server

  第一双打 first pair

  点球 penalty kick

  点子公司 consultancy company

  电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number

  电话会议 teleconference

  电脑盲 computer illiterate

  电脑迷 mouse potato

  电视会议 video conference

  电视直销 TV home shopping

  电信运营商 telecom operators

  电子商务认证 e-business certification

  吊带衫 sun-top

  吊球 drop shot

  吊销执照 revoke license

  调酒师 bartender

  调侃 1.joke, tease; 2. chitchat, empty talk

  钉子户 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project

  定向培训 training for specific posts

  东盟地区论坛 The ASEAN Regional Forum

  东盟自由贸易区 ASEAN Free Trade Area

  东南亚国家联盟 ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations)

  动感 dynamic

  动迁户 households to be relocated

  独立董事 independent director

  独立核算工业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise)

  渡假外交 holiday-making diplomacy

  对外工作开创新局面 new prospects have been opened up in our external work

  对现役武器装备进行现代化改装,努力实现武器装备机械化、信息化双重历史使命,初步形成了种类齐全、结构比较合理的具有中国特色的武器装备基本体系 While upgrading and modernizing current weaponry and equipment selectively so as to accomplish the historical tasks of mechanization and IT-application of military equipment. A Chinese-style weaponry and equipment system, with a relatively complete variety and a good structure, has thus come into shape.

  厄尔尼诺现象 El Nino phenomenon

  恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation

  恶性循环 vicious circle

  鳄鱼的眼泪 crocodile tears

  二板市场; 创业板市场 growth enterprise board; second board; hi-tech board

  二次创业 start a new undertaking

  二级市场 secondary market

  二进宫to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution

  二流选手 "scrub, second-rater"

  二手房 second-hand house

  二元经济 dual economy

  发案率 incidence (of criminal cases)

  发烧友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan

  发展不平衡 disparate development

  发展具有中国特色的作战理论、增强联合作战、机动作战和执行多种任务的能力 Strengthen its capability for joint, mobile and multi-purpose operations.

  发展军民两用技术和高新技术产业 Develop dual-purpose technology and new-and high-tech industry

  发展是我党执政兴国的第一要务 Essential for the Party to give top priority to development in governing and rejuvenating the country

  发展是硬道理 Development is of overriding importance

  发展要有新思路,改革要有新突破,开放要有新局面,各项工作要有新举措 It is imperative to come up with new ideas in the new century, make new breakthroughs in reform, break new ground in opening up and take new moves in all fields of endeavor.

  法律硕士 juris master (jm)

  法人代表 legal representative

  法人股 corporate shares

  法制国家 a state with an adequate legal system

  法治国家 a country under the rule of law

  番号 Designation

  翻两番 quadruple

  反败为胜 "bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire"

  反补贴税 countervailing duty

  反不正当竞争法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against

  反弹道导弹条约 Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM)

  反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government

  反倾销措施 anti-dumping measures against …

  汎士通轮胎 Firestone tires

  防抱死系统 ABS (anti-lock braking system)

  防盗门 burglarproof door; antitheft door

  防寒鞋 cold weather shoes

  防洪工程 flood-prevention project

  防守反击(足球用语) counterattack

  防伪标志 anti-fake label

  防卫作战能力 to enhance defense capabilities.

  防蚊服 mosquito prevent suit

  防御性的国防政策 a national defense policy that is defensive in nature.

  房产估价师 real estate evaluator

  房产证 property ownership certificate

  房虫儿 real estate speculator

  房管 real estate management

  房权证 property right certificate

  访谈式竞选 (候选人在电视访谈节目中亮相进行的竞选)talk-show campaign

  放高球 lob

  放下架子 to relinguish haughty airs; to get off one's high horse;throw off one's airs

  放行单 release permi

  飞毛腿(导弹) Scud missile

  飞行药检 spot check

  非传统安全领域 in the field of non-traditional security issues.

  非对称数字用户环路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL)

  非配额产品 quota-free products

  非商标(非专利)产品 generic products

  非洲、加勒比和太平洋国家集团(洛美协定)

  废电池 used batteries

  费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes

  费改税改革 tax-for-fees reform

  分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation

  分流 reposition of redundant personnel

  分期付款 installment payment

  分税制 system of tax distribution

  分业经营 divided operation/ management

  粉领族 "pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)"

  风险基金 VC funds

  风险投资 venture capital; risk investment

  风险准备金 loan loss provision, provisions of risk

  封闭式基金 close-ended fund

  封杀出局 force out

  封圣 "canonization of ""Saints"""

  疯牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform enceohalopathy (BSE)

  锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash

  扶贫 poverty alleviation

  扶贫办公室 Poverty Relief Office

  浮动工资 floating wages; fluctuating wages

  福利彩票 welfare lotteries

  福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system

  附加意外险 supplemental accident insurance

  复合型人才 inter-disciplinary talent

  复式住宅duplex apartment compound apartment atype of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the storey building

  覆盖率 coverage rate

  改革要从实际出发,整体推进,重点突破,循序渐进,注重制度建设和创新 The reform must be promoted realistically, comprehensively and progressively with breakthroughs made in key areas and emphasis placed on institutional improvement and innovation.

  改制上市 An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market.

  干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业化 " make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent "

  干细胞 stem cell

  尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass

  感到不妙 I smell a rat.

  感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest)

  岗位培训 on-the-job training

  港澳台 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

  港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong

  港务局 port office; harbor authority

  高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue

  高产优质 high yield and high quality

  高等教育自学考试 self-study higher education examination

  高度自治 high degree of autonomy

  高分低能 high scores and low abilities

  高峰 peak time

  高峰论坛 summit (forum)

  高杠杆交易机构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI)

  高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM)

  高级商务师 Certified Business Executive

  高级设备 sophisticated equipment

  高技术条件下的局部战争 To win local wars under modern, especially high-tech conditions.

  高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road

  高举邓小平理论伟大旗帜,全面贯彻“三个代表”重要思想 Hold high the banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory and carry out the important "Three Represents" thoughts

  高考 (university) entrance examination

  高科技板块 high-tech sector

  高难度动作 stunner, stunt

  高清晰度 high definition

  高手 master hand, expert

  高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone

  高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness

  格列佛游记 Gulliver's Travels

  个股 individual share

  个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment

  个人所得税 personal income tax

  个人演唱会 solo concert

  个人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one's own potatoes

  个体工商户 privately or individually-owned business

  各大菜系 major styles of cooking

  各尽所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability

  各就位 " ""On your marks!"""

  各行各业 every walk of life

  根本政治制度 fundamental political system

  根据“规模化办校、现代化教学、正规化管理、社会化保障”的总体思路 in line with the general concept of “running schools in large scale, modernizing teaching, regularizing administration and outsourcing logistic support.”

  跟屁虫 1.one's shadow; to tag along; 2. flatterer , boot licker, ass-kisser, brown-noser

  跟踪审计 follow-up auditing

  更快、更高、更强 Citius, Altius, Fortius

  工笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting

  工程公司 engineering company

  工程验收 acceptance of work

  工商局 industrial and commercial bureau

  工薪阶层 salariat; state employee; salaried person

  工业控制一体化 integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration

  工业园区 industrial park

  工资税 payroll tax

  公费医疗 medical services at state expense

  公告板服务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS)

  公积金 "public accumulation funds, public reserve funds"

  公检法 public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's courts"

  公开喊价市场 open outcry markets

  公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds

  公司分立与解散 separation and dissolution of a company

  公务员 civil servants

  公益活动 public benefit activities

  公益林 public welfare forest

  公正、公平、公开 "just, fair and open"

  公证财产 notarize the properties

  功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits.

  恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity.

  共产党领导下的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party

  共同富裕 common prosperity

  狗仔队 "dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)"

  狗仔队 paparazzi

  构建现代后勤保障体系 construct a modern logistic support system and constantly enhance its logistic support capabilities.

  购买力 purchasing power

  股本 share capital

  股本回报率 return on equity

  股本金 equity capital

  股份合作制 shareholding cooperative system

  股份有限公司 limited liability company

  股份制 shareholding system; joint-stock system

  股票期权 the stock option

  股市行情 the ups and downs of the stock market

  骨干企业 key enterprise

  固定电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones

  固定资产投资 investment in the fixed assets

  挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to

  挂靠户 an adjunct organization

  挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit

  关联交易 connected transaction

  关贸总协定(世界贸易组织的前身) GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade)

  关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall

  关税配额 tariff quota

  关于加强和改进新形势下军队思想政治教育的意见 Some Issues Concerning the PLA IDEOLOGICAL-Political Work Under the Conditions of the Reform and Opening-up and the Development of a Ideological-Political Education of the Army in the New Situation

  关于推进军队后勤保障社会化有关问题的通知 Announcement Concerning Issues of Advancing the Reform of Military Logistic Support

  观念更新 the renewal of thinking

  光谷 optical valley

  光机电一体化 "optical, mechanical and electronic integration"

  光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine

  光通讯 photo-communication; optical communication

  广播电视大学 radio and television university

  广告电话直销 direct response advertising

  广告人 advertising man; adman

  广域网 wide area network (WAN)

  归国留学生 returned students

  归口管理put under centralized management by specialized departments

  规避 circumvention

  规模经济 scale economy, economies of scale

  皈依三宝 become a Buddhist

  滚装可调平台 Roll-on-roll-off Adjustable Platform

  国产化率import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components

  国防动员体制 defense mobilization system

  国防动员委员会 defense mobilization system

  国防费预算、结算 defense budget and final accounts

  国防科技工业 Science, technology and industry for national defense

  国防科技工业发展的方针、政策和法律、法规、规章 formulate principles and policies, as well as laws, rules and regulations in respect of the development of defense-related science

  国际奥委会 the International Olympic Committee (IOC)

  国际标准化组织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization)

  国际惯例 international common practice

  国际海域 international waters

  国际化战略 internationalization strategy

  国际货币基金组织 IMF (International Monetary Fund)

  国际技术发明奖 the State Technological Invention Award

  国际禁止化学武器组织 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW)

  国际局势风云变幻,我国改革开放和现代化建设的进程波澜壮阔 these 13 years have witnessed a highly volatile international situation and a magnificent upsurge of China's reform, opening up and modernization

  国际科学技术奖 the international Scientific and Technological Award

  国际劳工组织 ILO (International Labor Organization)

  国际清算 international settlement

  国际日期变更线 International Date Line (IDL)

  国际商业机器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM)

  国际商业卫星发射服务市场 International commercial satellite launching service market.

  国际收支不平衡 disequilibrium of balance of payment

  国际足球联盟 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)

  国家财政贴息贷款 discount government loan

  国家工程研究中心

  国家环保总局 State Environmental Protection Administration

  国家级重点学科 state-level key disciplines and specialties

  国家科技进步一等奖 five State Science and Technology Awards

  国家科学技术进步奖 The State Technological Invention Award

  国家重点实验室 key state laboratories

  国家卓越科学技术奖 the State Preeminent Science and Technology Award

  国家自然科学奖 the State Natural Science Award

  国家自然科学奖一等奖 the first prize in China's State Natual Science Award

  国土防空 Homeland air defense

  国务院学位委员会 the Academic Degree Commission under the State Council

  过度开垦 excess reclamation

  海军 The Navy

  海军航空兵 the Naval Aviation Department

  轰炸航空兵 bomber

  弘扬互信、互利、平等、协商、尊重多样化文明,谋求共同发展的上海精神 Features mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for diverse civilization and seeking common development.

  后勤保障社会化改革 the socialization of logistic support in non-combat units

  后勤保障社会化改革在饮食保障、商业服务、营房保障和职工管理制度改革等方面取得实质性进展 substantial progress has been achieved in this regard, including reform in food and commercial services, barracks, and the administration of civilian employees.

  呼啦圈 hu la hoop

  胡同串子 peddler; hawker

  胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded)

  虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg.

  户口簿 residence booklet

  户口管理制度 "domicile system, residence registration system "

  户主 head of a household

  护身法宝 amulet

  花旗银行 National City Bank of New York

  花样游泳 water ballet

  华表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele

  华盖 canopy

  滑板车 scooter

  坏球 Ball

  坏帐 bad account

  还俗 "resume secular life, unfrock"

  环保电池 environment-friendly battery

  环保型技术 EST(Environmentally-sound technology)

  环境保护 protect the environment

  环太平洋地区 Pacific Rim

  换届选举 election at expiration of office terms

  换手率 turnover rate

  黄、赌、毒 "pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking "

  黄金时段 prime time

  会计电算化 accounting computerization

  机场建设费 airport construction fee

  机电产品 mechanical and electrical products

  机构投资者 institutional investor

  机构臃肿 overstaffing in organizations (government)

  积极防御军事战略 Implement the military strategy of active defense

  积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories)

  基本国情 fundamental realities of the country

  基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come.

  基层监督 grass-roots supervision

  基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level

  基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level

  基础设施 infrastructure construction

  基础税率 base tariff level

  基地组织 al-Qaeda group

  基干民兵、普通民兵 Primary and ordinary militia

  基因工程 genetic engineering

  基因突变 genetic mutation

  基因图谱 genome; Gene chip (DNA microarray)

  绩优股 blue chip

  缉毒队 narcotics squad

  缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling

  激励约束制度 incentive and control mechanism

  激烈竞争 cut-throat competition

  吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness (Book of Records)

  吉祥如意 Everything goes well

  吉祥物 mascot

  极限运动 maximal exercise; X-game

  集束炸弹 cluster bomb

  集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony; group wedding

  集约经营 intensive operation

  集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development

  集资房 houses built on the funds collected by the buyers

  计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan

  计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning

  计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU)

  记帐式国债 book-entry T-bonds

  记者席 press box

  记者招待会 press conference

  技工贸结合的科技型企业 scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development

  技术产权交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange

  技术攻关 strive to make technological breakthrough

  技术交底 technical disclosure

  技术密集产品 technology-intensive product

  技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers

  既成事实 fait accompli (noun)

  既往不咎,忘掉旧嫌 let bygones be bygones

  加班 work extra shifts

  加快国防科研和武器装备的发展 Accelerate the research and development of defense weaponry and equipment

  加快市场步伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization

  加密 encrypt

  加强国防建设,实现国防和军队现代化 To accelerate national defense development

  加强国防科技建设,促进科技进步 Strengthen the development of defense-related science and technology, promote the progress of science and technology.

  加强教学的信息化、网络化建设 informationization and networking of teaching have been promoted.

  加强军事部署 Step up military deployment

  加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion

  加权平均值 weighted average

  加速上市 speed-to-market

  家庭承包经营 household contract management

  家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system

  家族企业 family firm

  嘉宾 "distinguished guest, honored guest"

  甲A足球队 Division A soccer team

  甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions

  价格浮动范围 price-float range

  价格听证会 public price hearings

  假唱 lip-synch

  假动作 "deception, feint"

  假冒伪劣产品 counterfeit and shoddy products

  假球;黑哨 soccer fraud; black whistle

  假日经济 holiday economy

  假释 parole

  假小子 tomboy

  尖端产品 highly sophisticated products

  坚持长期准备、重点建设、平战结合的方针 Adheres to the policy of long-term readiness, construction of key projects, and combination of peacetime footing with wartime footing.

  坚持党的优良传统和宏扬时代精神相统一 maintenance of the find tradition of the Party with promotion of the spirit of the times.

  坚持独立自主的和平外交政策,维护世界和平与促进共同发展 Pursue the independent foreign policy of peace, safeguard world peace and promote common development

  坚持和发展人民战争思想 Highlights and carries forward the concept of people's war.

  坚持平战结合、军民结合、寓兵于民的方针 upholds the principle of combining peacetime footing with wartime footing, uniting the army with the people, and having a reserve among the people

  坚持统一,反对分裂,增加了解,化解歧见 "persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences "

  坚持物质文明和精神文明两手抓,实行依法治国和以德治国相结合 attach equal importance to both material and spiritual civilization and run the country by combining the rule of law with the rule of virtue.

  坚持以信息化带动工业化 to persist in using IT to propel industrialization

  坚决反对和防止腐败是全党一项重大的政治任务 Combating and preventing corruption resolutely as a major political task of the whole Party

  歼击轰炸航空兵 fighter-bomber

  监督部门 watchdog

  减负 alleviate burdens on sb.

  减速玻璃(汽车) decelerating glass

  减员增效 downsizing for efficiency;

  剪彩 cut the ribbon

  剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of …… and ……

  建/平仓 open/close a position

  建立科学的体制编制 Establish a scientific organizational structure

  建立信任措施 Confidence-building measures

  建设高素质的领导干部队伍 to build a contingent of high-calibre leading cadres

  舰艇大队 Squadrons

  舰艇支队 Flotillas

  渐近尾声 draw to a close

  渐进式台独 gradual Taiwan independence

  江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River

  讲诚信,反欺诈: honor credit

  降落伞候选人,外来候选人(应召而来参加本人非所在地区竞选的政党候选人)

  降息 reduction of interest

  交叉报复 cross retaliation

  交钥匙工程 turn-key project

  焦土政策 “Scorched Earth” plan

  侥幸球 fluke

  矫情 use lame arguments

  脚踩两只船 sit on the fence

  脚踏实地 be down-to-earth

  叫板 challenge; pick a quarreL

  叫座 a box-office success; draw a large audience

  教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people

  教务处 dean's office

  教学法 pedagogy; teaching method

  教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education

  接口 interface

  街道企业 neighborhood enterprise

  解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces

  解放思想,实事求是,开拓创新,继往开来,与时俱进 emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, coming up with new ideas in respect of theory, carrying forward our cause into the future, keeping pace with the times

  解放思想、实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts

  解困基金 anti-poverty funds

  戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center

  戒急用忍 "overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient "

  进一步密切了军政、军民关系 Strengthen the relations between the armed forces and the local governments, and between the military and civilians.

  经济结构的战略性调整 Strategic adjustment of the economic structure

  经济适用房 affordable houses

  经营管理高度科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system

  精干后勤保障机构和提高国防费的使用效益 Streamline the logistic support organizations and improve the cost-effectiveness of defense expenditures

  精品 competitive products

  精神文明建设 promote cultural and ideological progress; develop socialist culture and ethics

  景泰蓝 cloisonné

  警备区(卫戍区) Garrison

  竞争上岗 take up a job through competition

  敬老院 home for the aged; seniors' home

  敬业精神 professional dedication; professional ethics

  境外消费 consumption abroad

  境外消费(服务贸易) consumption abroad

  纠风办 State Council Office for Rectifying

  九届全国人大四次会议 the Fourth Session of the Ninth National People's Congress

  九五攻关 State Key Task 95

  救生背心 life vest

  救援人员 rescue workers

  就业前培训  pre-job training

  居委会 neighborhood committee; residents' committee

  局域网 local area network (LAN)

  举办城市 host city

  举报电话 informants' hot-line telephone

  举杯 propose a toast

  拒载 refuse to take passengers

  具有国际竞争力的大型企业集团 Gradually forms a batch of internationally competitive conglomerates

  具有中国特色的 with Chinese characteristics

  决策性机构 policy-making body

  军备开支 expenditure on armaments/expenditure on military equipment

  军备控制 arms control

  军备透明

  军备限制办法 approaches to arms limitation

  军车定型试验设施 military vehicle type approval and test facility

  军地两用人才 armymen trained to be competent for both military and civilian jobs

  军队高层次应用型专门人才的培养迈上一个新的台阶 marking a new stage in the training of high-level professional for the armed forces.

  军队基层建设纲要 the Outline for Armed Forces Construction at the Grass Roots Level

  军队离退休人员生活费标准 Living expense standards for PLA retirees.

  军队退役医疗保险 Medical insurance for demobilized servicemen

  军队院校重点建设工程 Key Construction Project of Military Colleges and Schools

  军费开支 military expenditure

  军工联合企业 military industrial complex

  军工企业 military industrial enterprise/defense industries

  军火工业 armament industry

  军律严明 Military laws are peremptory.

  军民共建精神文明 build advanced units through the joint efforts of the army and the masses

  军民共建精神文明活动 joint army-civilian efforts to promote socialist ethics and culture in their respective units

  军民共建文明单位 model communities and units in the development of socialist ethics and culture established jointly by the army and civilians

  军民兼顾 give consideration to both the army and the people/take care of the needs of both the army and the people

  军民兼容 for dual military and civilian use

  军民结合 integrate military with civilian purposes

  军民联防 united army-and-civilian defense; army-civilian joint defense; join-defense by army and civilians

  军民联欢 an army-civilian get-together; Civilians and armymen had a merry get-together.

  军民团结 the unity between the army and the people; army-people unity

  军民一家 The Army and the people are one family. ; The army and the people-one family.; Soldiers and people are one family.

  军民一心 The soldiers and civilians are of one heart.

  军旗 Military banners

  军人伤亡保险制度 Injury and death insurance for servicemen

  军人住房补贴制度 System of housing subsidies for servicemen

  军嫂 soldier's wife

  军事拨款 military appropriations/military allocations /defense budget

  军事法规 Military statutes

  军事过硬 militarily competent

  军事机构 military establishments

  军事交通保障装备 military traffic support equipment

  军事素质 military qualities; fighting capability

  军事素质和政治素质 military capability and political consciousness

  军事学硕士专业学位设置方案 the plan of setting up specialities for master's degree of military science.

  军事训练与考核大纲 The outline of Military Training and Evaluation

  军事预算 military budget

  军事援助 military aid

  军事战略调整 Adjustments in their military strategies.

  军事支出 Military expenditure

  军需装备 quartermaster equipment exhibition area

  军用飞机 warplane, military aircraft

  军转民 Shift from military to civilian purpose/convert defense industry to civilian production

  军转民,内转外 Turn military production into civilian production, turn domestic sales to export

  军转民技术改造 Conversion of defense-related technologies for civil use

  君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green

  竣工式 completion ceremony

  卡丁车 kart

  开标 bid opening

  开创具有中国特色的社会主义建设新局面 create a new situation in building socialism with Chinese characteristics

  开发公司 development company

  开发式扶贫 development-oriented poverty relief

  开发一代,储存一代,预研一代 (产品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products

  开放式基金 open-ended fund

  开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity

  开工典礼 commencement ceremony

  开后门 under-the-counter deals; offer advantages to one's friends or relatives by underhand means

  开门红to begin well,to make a good start

  开题报告 opening speech; opening report

  开拓创新 work heard through innovations in a pioneering spirit

  开小灶 give special favor

  开夜车 burn the midnight oil; work over night

  开展扶贫帮困活动 carry out activities to help the poor and needy

  开展联合办学、短期培训、防病治病、转让科技成就 by way of jointly running schools, sponsoring short-term training courses, offering diseases prevention and treatment assistance, and transferring achievements of scientific and technological research

  坎儿井 karez

  侃价 bargain

  看跌/看涨期权 put / call option

  看守政府,看守内阁,过渡政府 caretaker cabinet

  康乃馨 carnation

  抗美援朝战争 War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea

  抗震棚 quake-proof shelter

  考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools

  考研热 the craze for graduate school

  烤烟型卷烟 Virginian-type cigarette

  科技成果 scientific research achievements

  科技成果产业化进程加快 translation of research results into productive forces was accelerated

  科技成果转让 transfer of scientific and technological achievements

  科技成果转让合同 contract for the transfer of scientific achievements

  科技创新能力 hi-tech innovation capacity

  科技扶贫 support the poor areas with technology

  科技攻关 tackle hard-nut problems in science and technology/tackle hard-nut problems on the strength of science and technology

  科技和人才的竞争 competition in science and technology and in recruiting talented people (or in tapping human resources)

  科技进步

  科技进步日新月异,综合国力竞争日趋激烈 Science and technology are advancing rapidly; competition in overall national strength is becoming increasingly fierce.

  科技练兵 military training featuring new technologies.

  科技强军 strengthen the army by relying on science and technology

  科技人员合理流动 rational flow of scientific and technical personnel

  科技是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force.

  科技体制 system of science and technology/science and technology system/structure of science and technology

  科技先导型企业 pace-setting technologically advanced enterprises

  科技信息网络化平台 an information network platform

  科技兴国 rejuvenate the country through science and technology

  科技咨询活动 scientific and technological consulting service

  科教兴国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation

  科教兴国战略 the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education

  科教兴国战略和可持续发展战略 strategies for revitalizing the nation through science and education and sustainable development

  科学技术是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force.

  科研攻关 scientific research and tackle the key research project

  可持续的发展 sustainable development

  可持续发展 sustainable development

  可持续发展战略 sustainable development strategy

  可转换债券 convertible bond

  刻录机 CD writer; disc-carving machine

  课件(教师多媒体教学演示片) courseware

  空防合一的体制 Adopt a system of combining aviation with ground-to-air defense forces

  空军 The Air Force

  空嫂 married stewardess

  空头支票 "accommodation note, lip service "

  空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess

  恐怖大亨 terrorist mastermind

  控股公司 "holding company, controlling company"

  口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease

  口头禅 pet phrase

  扣帽子 put a label on

  酷毙 extremely cool; the coolest

  跨境交付(服务贸易) cross border supply

  跨世纪工程 a trans-century project

  跨越式发展 great-leap-forward development

  快速反应部队 rapid response force

  快速立法 fast track

  快速突击力量 rapid assault force

  快速消费品 fast-moving consumer goods

  快讯 news flash; flash

  宽带接入 broadband access

  宽带网 broadband networks

  宽限期 grace period

  亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit

  困难职工 the needy

  扩编、改编和扩充其他武装组织

  扩大内需,刺激消费 expand domestic demand and consumption

  扩大内需的方针,适时采取积极的财政政策和稳健的货币政策 by pursuing the principle of stimulating domestic demand and adopting the proactive fiscal policy and the sound monetary policy. ensure a quick expansion and reorganization of the PLA, and expansion of the other forces.

  扩容 market expansion

  垃圾融资 junk financing

  垃圾债券 junk bond

  拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth

  拉关系 try to curry favor with

  拉拉队 cheering squad

  拉拉队长 "cheer-leader, rooter king"

  拉尼娜现象 La Nina phenomenon

  拉选票 seek a vote

  啦啦队 cheering squad

  来电 fall in love with someone

  来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone

  来料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing

  蓝筹股 blue chips

  蓝光光盘 Blue-ray Disc

  蓝牙技术 bluetooth

  劳动合同制 labor contract system

  劳动争议 labor dispute

  老少边穷地区 "former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas "

  老生常谈,陈词滥调 cut and dried, cliché

  老油条 wily old bird; old slicker

  老字号 an old and famous shop or enterprise

  离退办 office for the affairs of the retired workers

  离退休人员基本养老金 basic pensions for retirees

  篱笆墙 barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading

  礼尚往来 Courtesy calls for reciprocity.

  礼仪小姐 ritual girl

  理货公司 tally company

  理论联系实际 linking theory with practice

  立党之本、执政之基、力量之源 The foundation for building our Party, the cornerstone for its governance and the source of its strength.

  立体农业 three-dimensional agriculture

  利改税 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery

  利好因素 wrinkle

  利基 niche

  连带责任 joint liability

  连续抽烟的人 chain smoker

  联产承包责任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output

  联合国环境署 UNEP (United Nations Environment Program)

  联合国会费 the UN membership dues (fee)

  联合国开发计划署 UNDP (United Nations Development Program)

  联合国粮农组织 FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation)

  联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises

  联合联络小组 joint liaison group

  联合投标 syndicated tender

  联想集团 Legend Group

  廉洁奉公,以正治国 " (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness "

  廉政、勤政、务实、高效政府 "an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government "

  廉政公署 Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC)

  廉政建设 construction of a clean and honest administration

  廉政建设和反腐败斗争深入开展 the endeavor to build a clean and honest government and combat corruption

  练摊 to be a vendor

  良性循环 virtuous circle

  粮食收购部门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies

  粮油关系 grain and oil rationing registration

  两岸直航促进会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation

  两大历史性课题(提高党的执政能力和领导水平,提高拒腐防变和抵御风险的能力) The two major historic subjects of enhancing the abilities of administration and art of leadership and resisting corruption, guarding against degeneration and

  两弹一艇 "A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine"

  两个对等的政治实体 two equal political entities

  两个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress

  两栖作战 Amphibious operations

  两手抓,两手都要硬 grasp both links at the same time and attach sufficient importance to both

  两手抓两手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup.

  两思(致富思源,富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence

  两院院士 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering

  劣等品 shoddy goods; substandard goods; lemon (informal)

  猎头公司 head-hunting company

  临时主教练 caretaker coach

  零和博奕 zero-sum game; zero game

  零配件 spare and accessory parts

  领海 territorial waters

  领头羊 bellwether

  另类 a different, special, completely new or fashionabel type or trend

  另类音乐,非正统音乐 alternative music

  流动人口 transient population

  流动图书馆 travelling library; bookmobile

  流通股 circulation stock

  流星雨 meteor shower

  留得青山在,不怕没柴烧 "Where there is life, there is hope."

  留学咨询 consulting on the study abroad

  留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary

  六艺:礼、乐、射、御、书、数 "six classical arts: rites, music, archery, riding, writing, arithmetic"

  龙头产品 flagship product

  陆军 The Army

  录取分数线 enrollment mark

  录取通知书 letter of admission

  路演 road show

  旅客列车票价 price of passenger train tickets

  旅行结婚 have a honeymoon trip

  绿地覆盖率 forest coverage rate

  绿化 afforestation

  绿色奥运,科技奥运,人文奥运 green, high-tech and people friendly Olympic Games

  绿色急救通道 emergency green path

  绿色食品 green food

  绿色通道(办证快捷通道) green channel

  乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费 "unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises "

  乱码 messy code

  乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 "arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines"

  轮值主席 chairman on duty

  论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense

  论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense

  裸机 bare mobile phone

  马到成功 achieve immediate victory; win instant success

  马尔萨斯人口论 Malthusian Theory of Population; Malthusianism (Thomas Robert Malthus, 1766-1834, British economist)

  马拉松式竞选活动 campaignathon

  马路菜场入室工程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors

  马太效应 "the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. ) "

  玛雅文化 Mayan civilization

  码分多址 (一种扩频多址数字式通信技术) CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)

  买方市场 buyer's market

  买壳上市 go public through buying a shell

  买空卖空 bulls and bears; fictitious transaction

  买一送一 "two-for-one offer, buy one get one free"

  麦克马洪线 McMahon Line

  满意度 degree of satisfaction

  慢性萧条 chronic depression

  盲流 blind influx (labourers aimlessly flowing from rural areas into large cities)

  盲流和倒流人员 transient from the countryside

  盲目投资 blindness in investment

  猫腻儿 illegal deal; underhanded activity

  矛盾的普遍性 universality of contradictions

  茅塞顿开 be suddenly enlightened

  冒充包装(销售)[指将劣质商品包装成外观像名优产品出售的做法] copycat packaging

  贸易壁垒 trade protectionism

  贸易和投资自由化和便利化 TILF (Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation)

  贸易逆差 adverse balance of trade; trade deficit

  贸易顺差 favorable balance; trade surplus

  贸易与发展委员会 Committee on Trade and Development

  贸易制裁 trade sanction

  贸易自由化 trade liberalization

  帽子戏法 hat trick

  没有规矩不成方圆 Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards.

  每逢佳节倍思亲 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away./ It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most.

  美国之音 Voice of America (VOA)

  美声唱法 bel canto

  美食节 gourmet festival

  门户开放政策 open-door policy

  门户网站 portals

  门罗主义 Monroe Doctrine

  门前三包 "be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building "

  朦胧诗 misty poetry

  蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt

  蒙古大夫 quack

  孟子 Mencius

  迷彩服 battle fatigues; camouflage coat

  迷彩系列服装 camouflage suits

  迷信与伪科学 Superstition and pseudo-science

  米袋子省长负责制 provincial governors assuming responsibility fofr the rice bag (grain supply)

  免费搭车者(享受其他国家最惠国待遇而不进行相应减让的国家) free-rider

  免税商品 tax-free commodities

  免验放行 pass without examination (P.W.E)

  面向21世纪的中美建设性伙伴关系 a constructive, strategic partnership between China and the United Stated aimed at the next century

  灭绝的物种 extinct species

  民办教师 citizen-managed teachers (teachers in rural citizen-managed or state-managed schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government)

  民兵战备制度 Militia combat readiness system

  民法通则 general provisions of the civil law

  民工 migrant laborer

  民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities

  民间外交 people-to -people diplomacy

  民间资本 private capital

  民进党 Democratic Progressive Party

  民事诉讼 civil procedure

  民以食为天 people regard food as their prime want; food the first necessity of man

  民营企业 individually-run enterprises

  民用核电向产业化方向发展 Nuclear power for civil use should be industrialized

  民主党派、工商联与无党派人士 "non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation "

  民主集中制 democratic centralism

  民主监督 democratic supervision

  民族凝聚力 national cohesion

  民族区域自治 regional autonomy of ethnic minorities

  民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission

  民族文化大省 a province with rich ethnic culture

  民族意识 national consciousness

  民族优越感 ethnocentrism

  名利双收 gain in both fame and wealth

  名优 famous actor; famous high quality brand

  明明白白消费(2000年保护消费者权益工作主题) transparent consumption

  模仿秀 imitation show

  模糊逻辑 fuzzy logic

  模糊战略(美国在台湾问题上奉行的政策) indistinct strategy

  模拟测试 mock test; simulated exam

  摩门教 Mormon Church (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

  磨洋工 dawdle along

  末位淘汰 (under the new personnel system) the person graded last in the performance evaluation will be laid off from his position

  莫失良机 make hay while the sun shines

  谋事在人,成事在天 "The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven. / Man proposes, God disposes. "

  母系氏族社会 matriarchal clan society

  目标管理 management by objectives, quto management

  幕后操纵 pull strings behind the scenes; wire-pulling

  睦邻友好关系(合作) good-neighborly and friendly relations (cooperation)

  穆斯林 Muslim; Moslem

  拿手好戏 masterpiece

  内耗 in-fighting

  内环路 inner ring road

  内联企业 enterprises with internal connections

  内联网(计算机) Intranet

  内退 early retirement

  纳米 nanometer

  纳税人 tax payer; tax bearer

  纳税申报制度 tax declaration system

  纳斯达克 National Association of Securities Deal Automated Quotations (NASDAQ)

  耐用消费品 durable consumer items (goods)

  耐用消费品durable consumer goods,consumer durables

  男高音演唱家 tenorist

  男权主义思想 male chauvinism

  南北对话 North-South dialogue

  南南合作 South-South cooperation

  南水北调 South-to-North water diversion

  南水北调工程 divert water from the south to the north project

  难得糊涂 "Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise."

  囊括 complete a sweep

  闹情绪 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique

  能官能民 be ready to both serve as an official and be one of the common people

  能进能出,能上能下 competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots

  能进能出,能上能下,方谓好汉 He who knows how to fight and how to retreat deserves to be called a brave man.

  能上网的手机 WAP phone

  尼姆达(病毒) Nimda

  泥菩萨 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival

  泥石流 mud-rock flow

  年利润 annual return

  年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis

  年夜饭 family reunion dinner

  涅磐(佛) nirvana

  扭转局面 "reverse the tide, turn the table"

  农产品的统购派购 unified purchasing of farm produce by the state according to fixed quotes

  农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labour (labourers)

  农工商联合企业 agro-industrial-commercial combines

  农垦 agricultural reclamation

  农林间作 agro-forestry

  农奴制 serfdom; serf system

  农药残留 pesticide residue

  农药残留物 pesticide residue

  农业生态学 agricultural ecology

  农业增加值 added value of agriculture

  农转非 rural residents become urban residents

  弄巧成拙 be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself.

  弄虚作假、铺张浪费行为相当严重 falsification, extravagance and waste are still serious problems among some leading cadres in our Party.

  努力建成一支革命化、现代化、正规化的人民军队 form a revolutionary, modernized and regularized people's army

  努力实现技术发展的跨越 strive to achieve leapfrog technological progress.

  女权运动 movement for women's rights

  暖温带 warm temperate zone

  诺亚方舟 Noah's Ark

  欧亚大陆桥 Eurasia Land Bridge

  欧元 Euro

  欧洲共同体 European Communities (EC)

  欧洲货币 Euro-currency

  欧洲货币一体化 European monetary integration

  欧洲委员会 European Commission

  欧洲自由贸易联盟 EFTA (European Free Trade Association)

  偶像 idol

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