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汉英口译分类词汇--热门话题词汇(8)

2006-09-21 17:49

    息事宁人 pour oil on troubled waters

    洗钱 money laundering

    喜忧参半 mingled hope and fear

    下放权力给 delegating the management of …… (to ……)

    下岗职工 laid-off workers

    下海 plunge into the commercial sea

    下网 off line

    下游行业 downstream industry

    险胜 cliff-hanging win, narrow victory, nose out

    县改市county upgraded to city

    县级市county-level city

    现代企业制度 modern enterprise system; modern corporate system

    线下商贸运作 offline business operation

    香格里拉 Shangri-la

    向钱看 mammonism, put money above all

    项目立项 approve and initiate a project

    项目申报 project application

    项目预算 project budget

    项目支持 project support

    削减战略核武器会谈 strategic arms reduction talks (START)

    消费信贷 consumer credit services

    消费者权益日/International Day for Consumers' Rights and Interests

    消费者协会 consumers' association

    小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity

    小康之家 well-off family

    小农经济 small-scale peasant economy; autarkical small-scale farming

    效益工资achievements-related wages; wages based on benefits

    效益农业 profitable agriculture

    写真集 special album of photos for kids, women or weddings

    心理素质 psychological quality

    新宠 new favorite

    新干线 the Shinkansen, bullet train

    新官上任三把火 a new broom sweeps clean

    新新人类 New Human Being;X Generation

    新秀 up-and-coming star, rising star

    信、达、雅(严复:翻译标准) faithfulness, expressiveness and elegance

    信贷支持 credit aid

    信息港 infoport; cyber port

    信息化 information-based; informationization

    信用紧缩 credit crunch

    信用危机credit crisis

    星期日泰晤士报 the Sunday Times

    形式主义 formalism

    形象小姐/先生 image representative of a product or a brand

    虚拟网 virtual net

    虚拟现实 virtual reality

    选举权和被选举权 the right to vote and the right to be elected

    选举人票 electoral vote

    选举人制 electoral system

    学而优则仕 (a Confucian slogan for education) a good scholar can become an official; he who excels in study can follow an official career

    学生处 students‘ affairs division

    学生减负 to reduce study load, alleviate the burden on students

    寻呼小姐 operators who work with paging centers

    巡回招聘 milk round

    徇私枉法 bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends

    压水花技术 rip entry

    压线(口令) Line!

    压轴戏 grand finale; last and best item on a theatrical program

    亚健康 subhealthy

    严打斗争Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities

    言情小说 romantic fiction; sentimental novel

    研究成果 research results

    研究生毕业证/学位证 graduate diploma/graduate degree's diploma

    羊肉串小摊 barbecue stall

    阳春(最经济方式) no-frills

    养老金 pension

    养路费 road toll

    摇钱树 cash cow

    摇头丸 dancing outreach

    药物检查 dope control, drug testing

    野生动物园 wildlife park; safari park

    业内人士 insider

    液晶显示屏 liquid crystal display (LCD)

    一次性解决问题 solve the problem once and for all

    一次性筷子 throwaway chopsticks

    一大二公 (concerning the people's commune) large in size and collective in nature

    一刀切 cut it even at one stroke——make it rigidly uniform; impose uniformity in all cases; allow no flexibility

    一国两制,One country, two systems

    一级市场 primary market

    一揽子(计划) one-package (plan)

    一式两联 (receipt or invoice) in duplicate

    一手抓物质文明,一手抓精神文明;一手抓经济建设,一手抓民主法制;一手抓改革开放,一手抓打击犯罪惩治腐败 We must always work for material progress and at the same time for cultural and ethical progress; We should develop the economy and at the same time strengthen democracy and the legal system; We should promote reform and opening to the outside world and at the same time fight crime and punish corruption.

    一线员工 worker at the production line

    一言既出,驷马难追 A real man never goes back on his words.

    医疗保险 medical insurance

    移动电话双(单)向收费 two/one-way charges for mobile/ cellular phones

    以公有制为主体,多种经济成分共同发展 the pattern with the public sector remaining dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side

    以经济建设为中心 focusing on the central task of economic construction

    以谋略制胜 outmaneuver

    以权谋私 abuse of power for personal gains

    以人为本 people oriented; people foremost

    以市场为导向 market-oriented

    以质量求发展 strategy of development through quality; win the market with quality products

    以质量求生存、求发展、求效益 strive for survival, development and efficiency on the basis of equality

    义和团运动 Boxer Uprising

    义务兵役制 compulsory military service, conscription

    义务教育 compulsory education

    义演收入 proceeds from benefit performance

    易拉罐 pop can

    溢价premium

    因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude

    银行网点 bank outlets

    隐性就业 unregistered employment

    应届毕业生 this year's graduates

    应试教育 exam-oriented education, examination-oriented education system

    营业税 turnover tax; business tax

    硬道理 absolute principle, top priority

    永久正常贸易关系 permanent normal trading relations (PNTR)

    优化结构 optimize structure

    优化组合 optimization grouping; optional regrouping

    优胜劣汰 survival of the fittest

    优势互补 (of two countries or companies) have complementary advantages

    邮递协议 Post Office Protocol (POP)

    有法可依,有法必依,执法必严,违法必究 There must be laws to go by, the laws must be observed and strictly enforced, and law-breakers must be prosecuted.

    有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律 with lofty ideals, integrity, knowledge and a strong sense of discipline

    有情人终成眷属 Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well.

    有望夺金者 a gold medal hopeful

    有勇无谋 use brawn rather than brain

    舆论导向 direction of public opinion

    舆论监督 supervision by public opinion

    与国际市场接轨 integrate with the world market; become integrated into the global market

    与民众的直接对话 town hall conference/meeting

    欲穷千里目,更上一层楼 to ascend another story to see a thousand miles further; Ascend further, were you to look farther; Would eye embrace a thousand miles? Go up, one flight.

    欲速则不达 Haste does not bring success.

    冤假错案 cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases

    元宵节 Lantern Festival

    缘分  (as if by) predestination, be preordained to come together

    远程教育 distance learning

    远景计划 long-term development targets

    运球 dribble

    宰(客) to swindle money out of our customers

    再贷款 re-lending; subloan

    再就业服务中心 re-employment service center

    在孵(孵化器)企业 incubated enterprises (incubator)

    在职博士生 on-job Ph.D candidate

    糟粕 dross

    早恋 puppy love

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