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汉英口译分类词汇--教育文化词汇(1)

2006-09-21 17:51

    (大学)代理校长 Acting President

    (大学)副校长 Vice President

    (大学)校长 President/Chancellor

    (大学)专科 Major Types of Education in China short 2- to 3- year higher education programs

    (大学的)研究小组;讨论会 seminar

    (国家)助学金 (state)stipend/subsidy

    (戏剧学院)表演系Acting Department

    (系)主任 chairman; chairperson

    (小学)校长 Head /Master

    (职工)子弟学校 school for children of workers & staff members

    (中学)校长 Principal

    爱国人士 patriotic personage

    爱国主义教育 education in patriotism

    百分制 100-mark system

    班主任Class Discipline Adviser/Head Teacher

    办学效益 efficiency in school management

    半工半读学校 part-work and part-study school

    半文盲 semiliterate; functional illiterate

    包分配 guarantee job assignments

    被授权 be authorized to do

    必修课 required/compulsory course

    毕业典礼 graduation ceremony; commencement

    毕业鉴定 graduation appraisal

    毕业论文 thesis; dissertation

    毕业设计 graduation ceremony

    毕业生graduate

    毕业实习 graduation field work

    毕业证书 diploma; graduation certificate

    博士 doctor (Ph.D)

    博士后 post doctorate

    博士后科研流动站 center for post-doctoral studies

    补考 make-up examination

    补习学校 continuation school

    不及格fail

    材料工程系 Department of Materials Engineering

    材料科学系 Department of Materials Science

    财贸学校 finance and trade school

    财政拨款 financial allocation

    测量系 Department of Survey

    成绩单 school report; report card; transcript

    成人教育 adult education

    成人学校 adult school

    成人夜校 night school for adults

    成为有理想,有道德,有文化,守纪律的劳动者 to become working people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, education and a sense of discipline

    初等教育 elementary education

    初中 junior middle school

    辍/失学青少年 school dropout/leaver

    大学肆业生 undergraduate

    德才兼备 to combine ability with character; equal stress on integrity and ability

    低年级学生 lower grade pupil/student; pupil/student in junior grades

    地理系 Department of Geography

    地球物理系 Department of Geophysics

    地质系 Department of Geology

    电机工程系 Department of Electrical Engineering

    电机制造学校 electrical machinery school

    电力学校 electric power school

    电视大学 T.V. university

    电子系 Department of Electronics

    雕塑系 Department of Sculpture

    定向招生 students are admitted to be trained for pre-determined employers

    东方语言学系 Department of Oriental Languages & Literature

    动物学系 Department of Zoology

    动员 mobilize

    短训班 short-term training course

    多学科的 multi-disciplinary

    俄语系 Department of Russian

    发挥学生主动性、创造性 to give scope to the students' initiative and creativeness

    法律系 Department of Law

    法语系 French Language Department

    反复灌输 inculcate

    纺织工程系 Department of Textile Engineering

    纺织航海学校 textile machinery school

    分数 mark; grade

    分校 branch school

    服务性行业 service trade

    辅导员 assistant for political and ideological work

    附中 attached middle school

    附属中学 attached middle school

    副教授 associate professor

    副修minor

    副主任 vice-chairman

    岗位培训 undergo job-specific training

    高等教育 higher/tertiary education

    高等学校 institution of higher education

    高年级学生 upper/higher grade pupil/student; pupil/student in senior grades

    高中 senior middle school

    工程物理系 Department of Engineering Physics

    工业大学 polytechnic university

    工业工程系 Department of Industrial Engineering

    工业管理系 Department of Industrial Management

    工业设计系 Department of Industrial Design

    工业学院 engineering institute

    公费生 government-supported student

    公开课 open class

    共产主义道德品质 communist ethics

    共产主义教育 education in communism

    管理科学系 Department of Management Science

    广播电视大学 television and radio broadcasting university

    国画系 Department of Tradition Chinese Painting

    国际关系系 Department of International Relations

    国际经济系 Department of International Economics

    国际劳工组织 International Labor Organization

    国际贸易系 Department of International Trade

    国际文化交流 intercultural communication

    国际政治系 Department of International Politics

    国际主义教育 education in internationalism

    国家发明奖 National Invention Prize

    国家教育经费 national expenditure on education

    国家科技进步奖 National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology

    国家统计局 the State Statistical Bureau

    国家自然科学奖 National Prize for Natural Sciences

    海洋学系 Department of Oceanography

    函授大学 correspondence college

    航海系 Department of Navigation

    河流港湾工程系 Department of River & Harbor Engineering

    护理系 Department of Nursing

    护士学校 nurses' school

    化工学校 chemical engineering school

    化学系 Department of Chemistry

    环境工程学系 Department of Environmental Engineering

    会计系 Department of Accounting

    会计学校 accountant school

    伙食补助 food allowance

    伙食费 board expenses

    机械工程系 Department of Mechanical Engineering

    基本框架 basic framework

    基础科学 the fundamentals

    基础课 basic course

    基金会 foundation

    及格pass

    集体主义教育 education in collectivism

    计算机学系 Department of Computer Science

    记者招待会 press conference

    技工学校 school of technology

    寄宿生boarder

    家业经济系 Department of Agricultural Economics

    假期工作vacation jobs

    坚持社会主义方向 to keep to the socialist orientation

    兼职教授 Part-time Professor

    建筑工程系 Department of Architectural Engineering

    建筑工程学校 building engineering school

    建筑学 Department of Architecture

    讲师 Lecturer/Instructor

    奖励 rewards

    奖学金scholarship

    奖学金生 prize fellow

    教材编写组 Teaching Materials Writing Group

    教导主任 Director of Teaching and

    教师进修学校 teachers' college for vocational studies

    教授 professor

    教书育人 to educate the person as well as impart book knowledge

    教务长 Dean/Director of Teaching Affairs, dean of studies

    教学、科研、生产的"三结合" "3-in-1 combination" involving teaching, research, and production

    教学大纲 teaching program; syllabus

    教学内容 content of courses

    教学人员 the faculty; teaching staff

    教学组 teaching group

    教研室/组 teaching and research section/group

    教研室主任 Head of the Teaching and Research Section

    教育必须为社会主义现代化服务,必须同生产劳动相结合,培养德智体全面发展的建设者和接班人。 Education must serve the needs of socialist modernization, be integrated with productive labor, and train builders and successors who are well developed morally, intellectually and physically.

    教育部 Ministry of Education

    教育程度educational background

    教育方针 guideline(s)/guiding principle(s) for education

    教育投入 input in education

    教育系 Department of Education

    教育要面向现代化,面向世界,面向未来 Gear education to the needs of modernization, the world and the future

    教员休息室 staff room; common room

    教职员 teaching and administrative staff

    结合、使加入 incorporate

    解剖学 Department of Anatomy

    进修班 class for advanced studies

    进修课程refresher course

    经济(学)系 Department of Economics

    经济管理系 Department of Economic Management

    考古学系 Department of Archaeology

    考试examination

    客座教授 visiting professor; guest professor

    课程 course; curriculum

    课程包括curriculum included

    课程表 school timetable

    课程重点部分educational highlights

    课堂讨论 class discussion

    课外辅导 instruction after class

    课外活动extracurricular activities

    课外阅读 outside reading

    矿冶系 Department of Mining and Metallurgy

    昆虫学系 Department of Entomology

    理工科大学 college/university of science and engineering

    理科大学 university of science

    历史系 Department of History

    燎原计划 the Prairie Fire Program

    林学系 Department of Forestry

    领取助学金的学生 a grant-aided student

    留级 to repeat the year's work; to stay down

    留学生 international student

    聋哑学校 school of deaf-mutes

    旅游管理系 Department of Tourist Management

    论文导师 supervisor

    盲人学校 school for the blind/ blind men‘s school

    美术学院 academy of fine arts

    民办学校 private school

    名誉教授 Honorary Professor

    母校 Alma Mater

    年龄段(层)age bracket

    农学系 Department of Agriculture

    农学院 agricultural college

    农业大学 agricultural university

    农业中学 agricultural middle school

    旁听生(美)auditor

    旁听生(英)guest student

    培养独立分析问题和解决问题的能力 to cultivate the ability to analyze and solve concrete problems independently

    培养学生自学能力 to foster the students' ability to study on their own

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