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06年12月新四级英语真题阅读

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    Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth ) ( 25 minutes)

    Section A

    Direction : In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

    Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

    The flood of women into the job market boosted economic growth and changed U.S. society in many ways. Many in-home jobs that used to be done 47 by women——ranging from family shopping to preparing meals to doing 48 work——still need to be done by someone .Husbands and children now do some of these jobs, a 49 that has changed the target market for many products. Or a working woman may face a crushing "poverty of time " and look for help elsewhere, creating opportunities for producers of frozen meals, child care centers, dry cleaners, financial services, and the like.

    Although there is still a big wage 50 between men and women, the income working women 51 gives them new independence and buying power. For example, women now 52 about half of all cars. Not long ago, many cars dealers 53 women shoppers by ignoring them or suggesting that they come back with their husbands. Now car companies have realized that women are 54 customers. It's interesting that some leading Japanese car dealers were the first to 55 pay attention to women customers. In Japan, fewer women have jobs or buy cars —— the Japanese society is still very much male-oriented. Perhaps it was the 56 contrast with Japanese society that prompted American firms to pay more attention to   women buyers.

  A)scale
  B)retailed
  C)generate
  D)extreme
  E)technically
  F)affordable
  G)situation
  H)really
  I)potential
  J)gap
  K)voluntary
  L)excessive
  M)insulted
  N)purchase
  O)primarily

  47.答案:(O)
  48.答案:(K)
  49.答案:(G)
  50.答案:(J)
  51.答案:(C)
  52.答案:(N)
  53.答案:(M)
  54.答案:(I)
  55.答案:(H)
  56.答案:(D)

    Section B

    Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

    Passage One

    Question 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

    Reading new peaks of popularity in North America is Iceberg Water which is harvested from icebergs off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada.

    Arthur von Wiesenberger, who carries the title Water Master, is one of the few water critics in North America. As a boy, he spent time in the larger cities of Italy, France and Switzerland, Where bottled water is consumed daily. Even then, he kept a water journal, noting the brands he liked best. " My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water ," He says.

    But is plain tap water all that bad? Not at all. In fact, New York's municipal water for more than a century was called the champagne of tap water and until recently considered among the best in the world in terms of both taste and purity. Similarly, a magazine in England found that tap water from the Thames River tasted better than several leading brands of bottled water that were 400 times more expensive.

    Nevertheless, soft-drink companies view bottled water as the next battle-ground for market share-this despite the fact that over 25 percent of bottled water comes from tap water: PepsiCo's Aquafina and Coca-Cola's Dasani are both purified tap water rather than spring water.

    As diners thirst for leading brands, bottlers and restaurateurs salivate(垂涎) over the profits. A restaurant's typical mark-up on wine is 100 to 150 percent, whereas on bottled water it's often 300 to 500 percent. But since water is much cheaper than wine, and many of the fancier brands aren't available in stores, most dines don't notice or care.

    As a result, some restaurants are turning up the pressure to sell bottled water. According to an article in The Wall Street Journal, some of the more shameless tactics include placing attractive bottles on the table for a visual sell, listing brands on the menu without prices, and pouring bottled water without even asking the dinners if they want it.

    Regardless of how it's sold, the popularity of bottled water taps into our desire for better health, our wish to appear cultivated, and even a longing for lost purity.

    57. What do we know about Iceberg Water from the passage?

    A,  It is a kind of iced water.

    B,  It is just plain tap water.

    C,  It is a kind of bottled water.

    D,  It is a kind of mineral water.

    58. By saying " My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water" (Para. 2), von Wiesenberger wants to convey the message that______.

    A,  plain tap water is certainly unfit for drinking

    B,  bottled water is clearly superior to tap water

    C,  bottled water often appeals more to dogs' taste

    D,  dogs can usually detect a fine difference in taste

    59. The "fancier brands" (Para. 5) refers to ____

    A,  tap water from the Thames River

    B,  famous wines not sold in ordinary stores

    C,  PepsiCo's Aquafina and Coca-Cola's Dasani

    D,  expensive bottled water with impressive names

    60.Why are some restaurants turning up the pressure to sell bottled water?

    A,  Bottled water brings in huge profits.

    B,  Competition from the wine industry is intense.

    C,  Most diners find bottled water affordable.

    D,  Bottled water satisfied diners' desire to fashionable.

    61. According to passage ,why is bottled water so popular?

    A,  It is much cheaper than wine.

    B,  It is considered healthier.

    C,  It appeals to more cultivated people.

    D,  It is more widely promoted in the market.

    答案:CBDAB

    Passage Two

    Question 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.

    As we have seen, the focus of medical care in our society has been shifting from curing disease to preventing disease - especially in terms of changing our many unhealthy behaviors, such as poor eating habits, smoking, and failure to exercise. The line of thought involved in this shift can be pursued further. Imagine a person who is about the right weight, but does not eat very nutritious(有营养的) foods, who feels OK but exercises only occasionally, who goes to work every day, but is not an outstanding worker, who drinks a few beers at home most nights but does not drive while drunk, and who has no chest pains or abnormal blood counts, but sleeps a lot and often feels tired. This person is not ill. He may not even be at risk for any particular disease. But we can imagine that this person could be a lot healthier.

    The field of medicine has not traditionally distinguished between someone who is merely " not ill" and someone who is in excellent health and pays attention to the body's special needs. Both types have simply been called "well". In recent years, however, some health specialists have begun to apply the terms "well" and "wellness" only to those who are actively striving to maintain and improve their health. People who are well are concerned with nutrition and exercise and they make a point of monitoring their body's condition. Most important, perhaps, people who are well take active responsibility for all matters related to their health. Even people who have a physical disease or handicap (缺陷) may be "well," in this new sense, if they make an effort to maintain the best possible health they can in the face of their physical limitations. "Wellness" may perhaps best be viewed not as a state that people can achieve, but as an ideal that people can strive for. People who are well are likely to be better able

    62.Today medical care is placing more stress on______.

    A,  keeping people in a healthy physical condition

    B,  monitoring patients' body functions

    C,  removing people's bad living habits

    D,  ensuring people's psychological well-being

    63.In the first paragraph, people are reminded that_____.

    A,  good health is more than not being ill

    B,  drinking, even if not to excess, could be harmful

    C,  regular health checks are essential to keeping fit

    D,  prevention is more difficult than cure

    64.Traditionally, a person is considered "well" if he ______.

    A,  does not have any unhealthy living habits

    B,  does not have any physical handicaps

    C,  is able to handle his daily routines

    D,  is free from any kind of disease

    65.According to the author, the true meaning of "wellness" is for people _____.

    A,  to best satisfy their body's special needs

    B,  to strive to maintain the best possible health

    C,  to meet the strictest standards of bodily health

    D,  to keep a proper balance between work and leisure

    66.According to what the author advocates, which of the following groups of people would be considered healthy?

    A,  People who have strong muscles as well as slim figures.

    B,  People who are not presently experiencing any symptoms of disease

    C,  People who try to be as possible, regardless of their limitations.

    D,  People who can recover from illness even without seeking medical care.

    答案:CADBC

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