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视频:《越狱》精讲八(2)

2007-02-28 14:54中国日报网

3. On board

这个短语通常的意思是“在车/船或其它交通工具上”,在这里的意思是“成为某一组织/队伍的成员”,例如:If we want to win the game, we must get Jack on board.

4. Boy Scout

Boy Scout 有两种意思,一是指 Boy Scouts 这个组织的成员,另一个意思是“天真、幼稚的人”,这是它的俚语用法。

5. M.I.A.

“Missing in action”的首字母缩略写法。

文化面面观

世界上规模最大的青少年运动--童子军(the Scouts)

童子军的形成最早源于1907年在英格兰棕海岛(Brownsea Island)上举行的一次实验性营区活动。该活动的组织者贝登堡把自己童年的一些户外活动经验和在军队时训练士兵的一套经验方法用于训练20名十几岁的男孩,结果深得受训者的喜爱。这次活动产生了巨大的影响,青少年开始纷纷效仿并自发组织起来进行类似的活动,由此便发展形成了今天世界上规模最大的青少年运动。童子军运动的目标是:帮助青少年增长知识,掌握技能,完善自我、家庭以及所在的社区,使青少年成为有责任感、能自立的公民与未来的领导人。

童子军作为一个国际性的运动,其组织按活动的范围可分为国际性、地区性、国家性与地方性等各个不同级别。世界童子军会议是童子军的最高立法机构,同时也是其世界组织的管理部门,其成员是由得到童子军世界组织承认的各国童子军组织构成,每个国家只能作为一个成员加入。目前已有150多个国家和地区的童子军组织得到了世界童子军组织的承认。

Boy Scouts 男童军

Boy Scouts, organization of boys 11 to 17 years old, founded (1907) in Great Britain by Sir Robert (later Lord) Baden-Powell. It was incorporated in 1910 in the United States, where its appearance was connected with earlier organizations-the Sons of Daniel Boone, organized by Daniel Carter Beard, and the Woodcraft Indians, organized by Ernest Thompson Seton. In the United States, James E. West was chief scout during the organization's early years (1911-43). The movement spread throughout most of the world, with the organization and program basically the same in every country. Worldwide membership is estimated at 25 million. The first international gathering of Boy Scouts, called a jamboree, was held in London in 1920. The Scouts are intended to be nonmilitary and without racial, religious, political, or class distinctions. The Supreme Court affirmed the organization's right to limit membership to those who believe in God in 1993 and its right to exclude homosexuals in 2000, a policy that has been controversial in some areas. Activities of the Boy Scouts aim at mental, moral, and physical development, stressing outdoor skills and training in citizenship and lifesaving. The basic scout unit is a troop of about 15 boys, under the leadership of an adult scoutmaster. Adjunct programs of the Boy Scouts include boys and young men 7 to 20 years old.

Girl Scout 女童军

Girl Scouts, recreational and service organization founded (1912) in Savannah, Ga., by Mrs. Juliette Gordon Low (1860-1927). It was originally modeled after the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides, organizations created in Great Britain by Sir Robert Baden-Powell during the early 20th cent. The membership is divided into five age groups-Daisies (5 to 6), Brownies (6 to 8), Junior Girl Scouts (8 to 11), Cadette Girl Scouts (11 to 14), and Senior Girl Scouts (14 to 17). Girls of every race, creed, color, national origin, and economic group are eligible. Good citizenship and service are stressed in their activities, which focus on such fields as science, math, technology, physical fitness, the arts, and the outdoors. There are some 3.5 million scouts and adult volunteers in the United States. The World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (founded 1928) serves as the international federation for the organizations of 136 countries.

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