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初级美语会话:Expressing Time 表示时间(2)

2007-02-28 11:49旺旺英语

  Conversation D

  MARTIN: What are you doing?

  PETE: I'm demonstrating.

  MARTIN: What's that?

  PETE: It's a story. It's a story about pollution. It's a story about the river.

  The river was clean.

  MARTIN: When was the river clean?

  PETE: Many years ago. Now the environment is polluted. Here, read the story.

  MARTIN: The river is polluted.

  PETE: Of course. Our environment is polluted.

  MARTIN: What are you going to do?

  PETE: We're going to clean it up.

  MARTIN: You're going to clean up the river?

  PETE: We're going to clean up everything.

  MARTIN: When are you going to clean up the river?

  PETE: This year.

  CARA: Hi, I'm Cara. Who are you?

  HEATHER: I'm Heather.

  ALISHA: I'm Alisha. Are you a student?

  CARA: No, I'm a reporter.

  HEATHER: Good. Where are you from?

  CARA: Washington.

  HEATHER: What newspaper are you from?

  CARA: I'm not from a newspaper. I'm from the Voice of America.

  ALISHA: What are you doing here?

  CARA: I want to talk to students. I want to write a story about the demonstration. What are you doing here?

  HEATHER: We're demonstrating! I don't like pollution!

  ALISHA: Look at the river. It's polluted. I want to clean up the river.

  CARA: What are you going to do?

  ALISHA: We're going to work. We're going to talk.

  HEATHER: And write. And speak.

  MARTIN: Hello, Cara. This is Vince. He's going to show me the river. Can you come?

  CARA: Yes. This is Heather. And this is Alisha.

  ALL: Hello. Hi. I'm happy to meet you.

  CARA: May I come with you?

  VINCE: Of course. Do you want to come?

  HEATHER: I can't. I'm going to meet someone.

  ALISHA: When are you going to meet them?

  HEATHER: Before lunch.

  VINCE: Come with us. We're going to come back.

  HEATHER: When are you going to come back?

  VINCE: In a few minutes.

  CARA: I want to see the river.

  ALISHA: We want to clean up the river.

  HEATHER: We want to clean up the city. We want to clean up everything.

  VINCE: We have to clean up the environment.

  Practice 5:用大致的时间来回答以 When 开头的问句。

  Examples:

  MARTIN: When was the river clean?

  PETE: Many years ago.

  MARTIN: When are you going to clean up the river?

  PETE: This year.

  ALISHA: When are you going to meet them?

  HEATHER: Before lunch.

  会话D

  马  丁:你在干什么?

  皮  特:我在示威。

  马  丁:那是什么?

  皮  特:是一篇报导,是一篇有关污染的报导,是一篇有关河流的报导。

  那条河从前是清澈见底的。

  马  丁:那条河什么时候是清澈的?

  皮  特:很多年以前,现在这儿的环境被污染了。这儿,读读这篇报导。

  马  丁:这条河被污染了。

  皮  特:当然。我们的环境被污染了。

  马  丁:你们打算做什么?

  皮  特:我们打算清理它?

  马  丁:你们打算清理这条河吗?

  皮  特:我们要清理一切。

  马  丁:你们打算什么时候清理这条河?

  皮  特:今年。

  卡  拉:嗨。我叫卡拉,你叫什么?

  希  瑟:我叫希瑟。

  艾丽莎:我叫艾丽莎。你是学生吗?

  卡  拉:不,我是记者。

  希  瑟:好。你从哪儿来?

  卡  拉:华盛顿。

  希  瑟:你是哪家报社的?

  卡  拉:我不是报社的,我来自美国之音,我为电台写稿。

  艾丽莎:你在这儿干什么?

  卡  拉:我想和学生谈谈,我想写篇有关示威的稿子。你们在这儿干什么?

  希  瑟:我们在示威!我可不喜欢污染!

  艾丽莎:看看那条河,污染了。我要清理那条河。

  卡  拉:你们打算干什么?

  艾丽莎:我们要行动起来,我们要谈论起来。

  希  瑟:还要写文章,还要发表演说。

  马  丁:喂,卡拉。这是文斯。他要带我去看那条河。

  卡  拉:噢。这是希瑟,还有这是艾丽莎。

  大  家:嗨,你们好。见到你们很高兴。你是这儿的学生吗?

  卡  拉:我能跟你们走吗?

  文  斯:当然。你想来吗?

  希  瑟:我不能。我要去见一个人。

  艾丽莎:你什么时候去见他们?

  希  瑟:午饭前。

  文  斯:跟我们来吧,我们还回来。

  希  瑟:你们什么时候回来?

  文  斯:几分钟后。

  希  瑟:我要看看那条河。

  艾丽莎:我们要清理那条河。

  希  瑟:我们要清理这个城市,我们要清理一切。

  文  斯:我们必须清理这儿的环境。

  New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

  education    n. 教育

  elementary    education  小学教育

  demonstrate    v. 示威;游行

  biology     n. 生物学

  environment     n. 环境

  pollute    v. 污染

  Language Points 语言要点  

  1. I'm studying history. 我学历史。在科学名词前不加冠词,例如:

  My major is biology (chemistry, maths). 我的专业是生物(化学,数学)

  2.I've been talking to some students. 我一直在跟一些学生谈话。

  have been doing(sth.) 是现在完成进行时,常用于口语中强调动作的延续性及某种感情色彩,例如:

  I've been waiting for you the whole morning. 我一早上都在等你。

  I've been looking for my pen everywhere. 我一直在到处找钢笔。

  3. We're going to come back. 我们还回来。

  We want to clean up the river. 我们要净化这条河。

  We have to clean up the environment. 我们必须净化环境。

  be going to+动词原形(短语)表示近期内将要干或发生的事,例如:

  I am going to take a tour around the country this vacation.

  我打算这个假期周游全国。

  There are going to be four speeches on campus.

  校园里将有4个演讲。

  want to+动词原形(短语)表示主观意愿,例如:

  I want to talk with you. 我想和你谈谈。

  I want to be a lawyer. 我想当律师。

  have to+动词原形(短语)表示主观不得不、被迫要做某事,例如:

  I have to go, or I'll be late. 我得走了,不然就晚了。

  You have to finish your job within this week. 你必须在本周内完成任务。

  Cultural Notes  文化注释

  美国是工业高度发达的国家,但工业的发展也造成了各种环境污染(environmental pollution),例如:空气污染(air pollution),水质污染(water pollution),噪声污染(noise pollution)等。美国人认识到环境污染的严重危害,因而也格外注意保护环境。

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