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2007年考研英语参考答案和争议题解析(1)

2007-3-16 05:08 点点英语论坛 

  2007年考研英语参考答案和争议题解析

  Section I   Use of English

  1.B) inhabitants

  2.D) hopefully

  3.A) shared

  4.C) open

  5.C) right

  6.D) Generally

  7.B) common

  8.A) freedom

  9.B) however

  10.C) among

  11.C) granted

  12.D) While

  13.A) as

  14.C) exclusion

  15.B) cry

  16.D) promised

  17.C) remaining

  18.A) slower

  19.C) contributed

  20.D) unprepared for

  完形7、18原来工作人员录入有误,现更改,向广大学生致歉!

  Section II Reading

  Part A

  21. [C] introduce the topic of what makes expert performance

  22. [B] craze

  23. [A] depends on meaningful processing of information

  24. [D] high achievers owe their success mostly to nurture

  25. [C] Practice makes perfect

  26. [D] Choosing words or graphs similar to the given ones

  27. [C] The test contents and formats for adults and children may be different

  28. [A] the scores are obtained through different computational procedures

  29. [A] test scores may not be reliable indicators of one's ability

  30. [B] Skeptical

  31. [C] they are more vulnerable to changes in family economics

  32 .[B] less secured payments

  33. [D] increase the families' investment risk

  34. [C] financial problems may bring about political problems

  35. [B] The Middle Class on the Cliff

  36. [D] the severity of data leakage

  37. [A] whether there is any weak point

  38. [B] information protection should given due attention

  39. [A] see the link between trust and data protection

  40. [D] legal penalty is a major solution to data leakage

  Part B

  F. Help your kids figure out who they are.

  D. Talk about the future on a regular basis.

  B. Build your kids' work skills.

  C. Place time limits on leisure activities.

  E. Help kids develop coping strategies.

  标注红色的为争议题,8道完形,3道阅读,共10分。

  完形八道争议题解析:

  By 1830 the former Spanish and Portuguese colonies had become independent nations. The roughly 20 million __1__ of these nations loved __2__ to the future. Born in the crisis of the old regime and Iberian Colonialism, many of the leaders of independence __3__ the ideals of representative government, careers __4__ to talent, freedom of commerce and trade, the __5__ to private property, and a belief in the individual as the basis of society. __6__ there was a belief that the new nations should be sovereign and independent states, large enough to be economically viable and integrated by a __7__ set of laws.

  3.[A] shared   [B] forgot   [C] attained   [D] rejected

  4.[A] related   [B] close   [C] open   [D] devoted

  7.[A] unique   [B] common   [C] particular   [D] typical

  3、我选shared, 其它答案选attained.

  attained the ideals 是有这样的搭配的,但文章并没有线索说明这些领导人已经达到(完成)了他们的理想,而是讲他们分享了或者说共同具有某些理想。另外,文章第二段讲到:On the issue of freedom of religion and the position of the church,  however,  there was less agreement among the leadership.(在关于宗教自由和教会的地位问题上,在领导层当中达成了较少的共识)这也暗示了答案。shared 和agreement 语义照应。

  4、

  我选open,其它答案选 related.文章说独立运动的领导人在很多方面达成了共识,比如说代议制的政府、面向有才能的人的职业、商业和贸易上的自由、私有财产权等等。

  careers open to talent面向有才能的人的职业。related与to 搭配表示“与………有关的”,语义上说不通。

  7、我选common, 其它答案选particular.A/B/C 几个答案都可以和a set of laws 搭配,但integrated整合,使……成整体,暗示了后面的答案。integrated by a common set of laws.(这些新国家被一系列共同的法律所整合为一个整体。)

  On the issue of __8__ of religion and the position of the church, __9__, there was less agreement __10__ the leadership Roman Catholicism had been the state religion and the only one __11__ by the Spanish crown. __12__ most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism __13__ the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the __14__ of other faiths. The defense of the Church became a rallying __15__ for the conservative forces.

  8.[A] freedom   [B] origin   [C] impact   [D] reform

  14.[A] spread   [B] interference   [C] exclusion   [D] influence

  15.[A] support   [B] cry   [C] plea   [D] wish

  8、我选 freedom,其它答案选 impact.关键还是要联系上下文。如果只看到position of the church 就可能会选择impact.但首先第一段提到了自由问题。而且第二段主要内容也主要是讲有的人想维持,有的人想结束罗马天主教的国教地位和唯一的呗西班牙皇室所认可的宗教的地位。所以明显应该选freedom.

  14、我选 exclusion,其它答案选influence.While 为暗示词,表明前后两个分句反义。既然大部分领导人想维持天主教的官方地位,那么另外一些人肯定是想结束对其它信仰的排斥。

  15、我选 cry,其它答案选plea恳求。

  a rallying cry是一个外刊中常用的搭配,意思为战斗的口号。本句意思为:保卫教会成为了保守力量的战斗口号。

  By 1854 slavery had been abolished everywhere except Spain's __17__ colonies. Early premise to end Indian tribute and taxes on people of mixed origin came much __18__ because the new nations still needed the revenue such policies __19__

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