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  Text 3

  Too often young people get themselves employed quite by accident, not knowing what lies in the way of opportunity for promotion, happiness and security. As a result, they are employed doing jobs that afford them little or no satisfaction.  Our school leavers face so much competition that they seldom care what they do as long as they can earn a living . Some stay long at a job and learn to like it ;others quite from one to another looking for something to suit them, the young graduates who leave the university look for jobs that offer a salary up to their expectation. Very few go out into the world knowing exactly what they want and realizing their own abilities. The reason behind all this confusion is that there never has been a proper vocational guidance in our educational institution. Nearly all grope(摸索) in the dark and their chief concern when they look for a job is to ask what salary is like. They never bother to think whether they are suited for the job or, even more important, whether the job suits them, Having a job is more than merely providing yourself and your dependants with daily bread and some money for leisure and entertainment, It sets a pattern of life and, in many ways, determines social status in life, selection of friends, leisure and interest.

  In choosing a career you should first consider the type of work which will suit your interest .Noting is more pathetic than taking on a job in which you have no interest, for it will not only discourage your desire to succeed in life but also ruin your talents and ultimately make you an emotional wreck (受到严重伤害的人)and a bitter person.

  56. The reason why some people are unlikely to succeed in life is that they _____ .

  A. have ruined their talents

  B. have taken on an unsuitable job

  C. think of nothing but their salary

  D. are not aware of their own potential

  57. The difficulty in choosing a suitable job lies mainly in that_____ .

  A. much competition has to be faced

  B. many employees have no working experience

  C. the young people only care about how much they can earn

  D. schools fail to offer students appropriate vocational guidance

  58. Which of the following statements is most important according to the passage?

  A. Your job must suit your interest.

  B. Your job must set a pattern of life.

  C. Your job must offer you a high salary.

  D. Your job must not ruin your talents.

  59.The best title for this passage would be ____.

  A. What Can A Good Job Offer

  B. Earning A Living

  C. Correct Attitude On Job-hunting

  D. How To Choose A Job

  60. The word “pathetic”in paragraph 2 most probably means ____ .

  A. splendid      B. miserable

  C. disgusted     D. touching

  Part B


  The 12,000 members of the Electricity Workers' Union on strike last week and since then there has been no electricity. For question 61-65, match the names with the statements below. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Mr. Mike Smith:

  It wasn't an easy decision, but we've been asking for a decent wage for years. Now at last people are beginning to listen to us. We're only asking for a 25 percent increase in our wages. 250 dollars a week. That's all. It's pity so many people have to be inconvenienced by out strike. But please don't blame us. Blame the government for refusing our claim.

  Mr. Tom Brown:

  It's totally unreasonable to demand so much money when we are trying desperately to control inflation. If wages go up, so do prices. If we gave in to the electricity workers, all the other unions would want more, with the inevitable result that the crisis would become uncontrollable. What we're trying to impress upon everybody is that inflation hurts everybody, especially the poor people. We offer the electricity workers a 10 percent increase. And that's already too much. My stand at this meeting will be to persuade the Union to see reason.

  Mr. Bob Davis:

  Everybody will be hurt by this strike, including the electricity workers themselves. The economy will be destroyed and many people will lose their jobs. Already people are saying that the big unions have too much power and shouldn't be allowed to strike. O course the electricity want to get more money. Don't we all?

  Mr. Baker:

  My opinion is “Get the Army in”. All the power stations should be managed by the army. The strikers should be thrown into prison. That's what this country needs. Why must we all suffer just because a few men are greedy? If they don't like their jobs, nobody 's forcing them to work. They should try and live on 50 dollars a week like I have to. Perhaps they'd keep their mouths shut then.

  Miss Slater:

  Let's face it. It's neither here nor there. The electricity workers are in a strong position. Perhaps we can't do anything bout it. What I say is: let them have their 250 dollars so we can return to work. I mean, the government wastes the taxpayers' money all the time on trivial things. How can anyone say 250 dollars is “too much”? Pop singers get more. Nurses get less. It's just one of those things.

  Now match each of the persons (61 to 65) to the appropriate statement.

  Note: there are two extra statements.


  61. Mr. Mike Smith

  62. Mr. Tom Brown

  63.Mr. Bob David

  64.Mrs. baker

  65. Miss Slater

  [A] A % increase is already too much, and I'm here to persuade the Union to see reason.

  [B] I hope that strikes should be banned in all sectors relating to the nation's security and stability.

  [C] We will never go back to work until our goals are achieved.

  [D] I think that the government should give in to the electricity worker's demands.

  [E] I strongly suggest that all the power stations should be run by the army and that the strikers should be put into prison.

  [F] I must take you clear that strikes will destroy the economy and that many people will lose their jobs.

  [G] We are forced to call a strike because the government rejected our wage claim.

  Section Ⅳ Writing (40 minutes)

  You should write your responses to both Part A and Part B of this section on ANSWER SHEET 2

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