移动课堂
您的位置:外语教育网 > 英语四六级 > 备考指导 > 四级备考指导 > 正文

大学英语精读:第二册 UNIT 6

2007-03-01 16:25   来源:旺旺英语       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  A famous surgeon tells about the importance of self-confidence from his own experience.

The Making of a Surgeon

  How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a "surgeon"? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion.

  The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, "There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon" - then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.

  Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I'd have trouble getting back to sleep. I'd review all the facts of the case and, not infrequently, wonder if I hadn't made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I'd get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.

  Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn't be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved - and I could live with it. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn't going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I'd made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

  In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I'd ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever l found. I'd sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn't need to sweat any more.

  Nor was I afraid of making mistakes. I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn't need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier - even one year earlier - I wouldn't have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors - would do my best to avoid them —— but I knew they were part of a surgeon's life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn't able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

  This all sounds conceited and I guess it is - but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he's bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he's as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit - call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.

  NEW WORDS

  surgeon

  n.  doctor who performs operations 外科医生

  self-confidence

  n.  自信心

  making

  n.  means of gaining success 成功之道

  resident

  n.  住院医生

  conclude

  vt. arrive at a belief or opinion by reasoning 得出结论

  surgical

  a.  of, by, or for surgery  外科的;手术的

  competently

  ad. with the necessary skill  称职地;胜任地

  competent

  a.

  near

  vt. approach; come closer to

  emergency

  n.  sudden and dangerous happening needing immediate action 紧急情况;急症

  encounter

  vt. be faced with (difficulties, danger, etc.); meet unexpectedly 遭到;意外地遇见

  dread

  vt. fear greatly 畏惧

  critical

  a.  important at a time of danger and difficulty 紧要的;关键性的

  particular

  a.  belonging to some one person, thing, or occasion 特定的

  case

  n.  instance of disease or injury 病例

  infrequently

  ad. seldom; not often

  relax

  vi. become less tense 放松

  relaxation

  n.

  residency

  n.  the last stage of a doctor's training at a hospital 高级专科住院实习(期)

  constant

  a.  happening all the time; unchanging  不断的;始终如一的

  resolve

  vt. solve 解决

  resolution

  n.

  considered

  a.  carefully thought out  经过深思熟虑的

  dwell

  vi. live (in a place) 居住

  bound

  a.  very likely; certain 一定的,必然的

  sound

  a.  correct; based on good judgment 正确的,合理的

  confident

  a.  sure of oneself and one's abilities 自然的

  confidence

  n.

  handle

  vt. manage, deal with 处理

  butterfly

  n.  蝴蝶

  abdomen

  n.  belly 腹(部)

  anticipate

  vt. see beforehand 预期

  anticipation

  n.

  sweat

  n.  汗

  vi. 流汗

  stab

  n.  thrust made with a pointed weapon 刺;戳

  belly

  n.  肚,腹部

  puncture

  vt. make a small hole in (sth.) with sth. pointed 刺穿

  compound

  a.  having more than one part 复合的

  fracture

  n.  break in a bone 骨折

  compound

  n.  复合性骨折

  inevitably

  ad. unavoidably 不可避免地

  inevitable

  a.

  err

  vi. make mistakes; do wrong

  operate

  vi. perform a surgical operation 动手术

  surgery

  n.  外科;外科手术

  sole

  a.  unshared; one and only 唯一的

  responsibility

  n.  责任;责任心

  avoid

  vt. escape; keep or get away from 避免

  conceited

  a.  having too high an opinion of oneself 自负的

  conceit

  n.  too high an opinion of oneself

  trying

  a.  hard to endure or bear; very difficult  难受的;恼人的

  bother

  vt. annoy, trouble  烦扰,麻烦

  uncertainty

  n.  uncertain condition; doubt

  PHRASES & EXPRESSIONS

  draw to a close

  come to an end 结束

  live with

  learn to accept (sth. unpleasant); tolerate 学会;适应;容忍

  dwell on

  think, write, or speak a lot about 老是想着;详述;强调

  (be) bound to (do)

  (be) certain to (do) 一定……, 必然……

  in practice

  (医师,律师等) 在开业中;在实践中

  butterflies in the stomach

  feelings of nervousness 忐忑不安

  open up

  cut open 切开,给……开刀

  in advance

  ahead of time 预先,事前

  at one time or another

  sometime or other 早晚

  sit on

  delay taking action on; do nothing about 拖延;搁置

  PROPER NAMES

  Nolen

  诺兰(姓氏)

  Walt

  沃尔特(男子名 Walter 的昵称)

  Larry

  拉里(男子 Lawrence 的昵称)

相关资讯:
网站导航:
 学位英语 指南 动态 经验 试题 资料  托福 指南 动态 考情 留学 复习
 雅思 指南 动态 机经 经验 辅导  公共英语 指南 动态 备考 试题 辅导
 日语 指南 资讯 辅导 留学 考试  法语 发音 词汇 语法 听说 阅读
 韩语 入门 口语 阅读 留学 文化  西语 口语 词汇 阅读 留学 风采

学位英语免费试听

更多>>
  • 四级辅导
  • 六级辅导
全科套餐
280元/门
超值优惠套餐=写作+词汇+听力+阅读+翻译+真题精讲班 70课时
词汇串讲 精讲大纲词汇,轻松记忆单词
课时数:10课时
阅读串讲 紧扣大纲要求,直达阅读高分
课时数:10课时
听力串讲 剖析解题秘笈,提升听力水平
课时数:10课时
写作串讲 解读命题规律,揭秘高分技巧
课时数:10课时
翻译串讲 梳理重要考点,提高应试能力
课时数:约6课时
真题精讲 讲授历年真题,直击命题精髓
课时数:24课时

学员心声

更多>>
学员 kxiwo:
自己估了六级分数,500分左右。外语教育网的老师讲得很好,我自己也很努力,一直坚持按照老师的方法复习。马年即将到来,希望能给我带来好运,顺利通过考试。
学员 doeiia:
虽然今年四级改革,大家都说翻译变难了,但是我依然很有信心。参加了外语教育网的四级课程,翻译题丝毫无压力,老师讲得和考题差不多。感谢老师一路的指引,祝大家新年快乐!
学员 ouemnx:
我报的是外语教育网的四级课程,总体感觉老师讲得还行,课程练习和讲解是按照改革后新题型设置的。开学就出成绩了,祝愿自己闯关成功!
学员 mlbafjlkafmb:
英语四级考试结束了,现在的心情真是复杂。通过短短一个月的学习,我的英语竟然可以提高得这么快。衷心地感谢外语教育网,感谢于兴武、王悦和冉老师,是你们让我燃起了英语学习的信心,英语六级考试我也会在网校学习。老师,祝福我吧,我一定会一次通关!
学员 ahogj:
外语教育网真的值得信赖,师资力量强,而且价格实惠。还有20多天就要四级考试啦,老师给我力量!
学员 ahigahe32:
外语教育网于兴武老师讲的英语六级课程生动透彻,深入浅出,让我的英语水平有了很大提高。还有不到一个月英语六级就要考试了,相信在老师的帮助下,加上我的努力,一定可以顺利通过考试。衷心感谢老师,祝您万事顺利!
学员 loiwu:
因为四六级改革了,心里没有底。所以,我跟同学一起报了外语教育网的六级课程,有老师的讲解和答疑,感觉比自学效果好很多,希望成绩出来后我会很happy!
学员 yopdm:
今年学习了外语教育网四级真题精讲课程,于兴武老师讲得很好。个人认为真题对于考试还是有很大帮助的,虽然翻译的题型改变了,但是总体的难度不是很大,感觉考得不错。顺便说一句,今天下午的火车,晚上我就能到家了,在这儿提前祝大家春节快乐!

精彩推荐

版权声明
   1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
电话:010-82319999-2371