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2007年商务英语考试二级模拟试题五(5)

2007-03-06 11:21

  Part Two. Questions 13-22.

  Section One. Questions 13-17.

  Question Thirteen

  It is said in the newspaper that the temperature will be in the mid-eighties Fahrenheit in the east today. No rain is expected ,and the forecast says the temperature won't go below seventy-five for the next week or so.

  Question Fourteen

  It uses lighter material in the body and frame. It adopts a new kind of carburetor which cuts down on petrol consumption. That will save your money. The steering and brakes are powerful. You can take a test drive and see how it runs.

  Question Fifteen

  This looks funny, but I don't know if it has the same sense of humour as me. This

  second one is pretty ,but it doesn't have any of my personality or taste in it. Oh ,I like this one. The design is attractive and the message is warm and friendly.

  Question Sixteen

  I started with some game shows this morning. I answered almost all the questions

  correctly. At 11 : 30 1 switched to the cable channel and the film was so boring that I changed to Channel 5. That's Animal World. But I was so tired that I fell asleep.

  Question Seventeen

  There was a big box like piece of furniture with lots of long drawers that had cards inside. Each card represents a different book. These cards are all arranged in alphabetical order. If you know the name of the book, the name of the author, or the subject ,you'll be able to find the book you need.

  Section Two. Questions 18-22.

  Question Eighteen

  I've been driving for about six years now. It's a good job. I meet different, interesting people. Most months the business is good. My office is the wheels instead of in high buildings. I like my job very much.

  Question Nineteen

  Have you any identification which shows your address. I need to see something that verifies that you are a resident of our country. And please fill out this card. In a week, you'll receive a new library card.

  Question Twenty

  If you put your money in long-term bonds or securities ,you know what the interest is going to be. It's usually a safe way to invest. If you invest in the stock market ,you may make a big profit when the price goes up. But none of us really knows what's going to. happen in the market.

  Question Twenty-one

  Welcome to Flight 721. We'll depart for Paris and will arrive at 2:32 pm. local time. We'll be flying at an altitude of thirty-five thousand feet, so please fasten your seat belts. Our stewardesses will come around to help you.

  Question Twenty-two

  After four days of talks in Tokyo ,American and Japanese negotiators have agreed on a proposal for balanced trade in modern technology products. Only after the approvals of the Japanese and American governments will the proposal take effect.

  Part Three. Questions 23-30.

  As German broad money supply(M3)now seems set to exceed its target for the third year in a row, pressure on the Bundesbank is growing to ignore what Bundesbank president, Mr.Hans Tieteyer, calls an "important intermediate indicator". The Bundesbank itself has been strengthening the hand of critics of monetary targeting by lowering interest rates sharply despite very strong money supply growth in the past six months.

  Abandoning M3 now as a signpost for monetary policy would be a grave mistake for at least two reasons. First, there is on convincing evidence so far that the long-run relationship between money supply growth and inflation has ceased to exist. Publicly available independent studies , such as those from the Kiel institute of World Economics , have found some evidence for a short-term disturbance in the demand for money in the wake of German unification. But they have failed to reject the hypothesis that the long-run demand for money has remained stable.

  Second, excessive money supply growth has reflected the partial monetary financing of government debt ,which ,if continued ,could threaten the purchasing power of the D-Mark.

  In recent months Bundesbank representatives and other observers have attempted to explain the rampant growth of money supply on the basis of portfolio shifts between money and "monetary capital" which means the longer-term liabilities of the credit institutions. It is excluded from M3.

  In reality, however, expansion of credit has been driving money supply growth. At the end of 1993, total bank credit amounted to about DM3, 800bn, M3 money to DMI , 900bn, and monetary capital to roughly DMZ , 100bn. With bank credit rising at an annual rate of 10. 3 per cent between the end of 1991 and the end of 1993 ,monetary capital would have to grow substantially above this rate to neutralize the effects of credit growth on M3.

  In fact, monetary capital grew at an annual average rate of only 7. 7 pre cent ,so the annual rise of M3 during this period was 8. 7 per cent.

  If the expansion of bank lending had been used to finance investment in future productive capacity ,there would have been little reason to worry.

  However, between the second half of 1990 and the second half of 1993, real investment in machinery and equipment in united Germany declined by about 4 per cent. This suggests that most of the credit was used for housing construction and consumption.

  An important source of the demand for bank credit was the public sector. Between the end of 1989 and mid-1993 ,public debt rose by 52 per cent. By-the end of 1994 ,the rise will be more than 115 percent. The lion's share of this increase was incurred to finance transfers to east Germany. Since the appetite of German domestic savers for government bonds was not sufficient to absorb the `new debt, the government exported part of it by selling bonds abroad ,and allowed the monetization of another part.

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