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英语讲义【19】容易混淆的常用词

2007-07-03 17:07陈清霖

  两个学生的作业里有这两句话:

  ①“Singapore is a small and young country. It's achievements have been significant.”

  ②“Beside attacking student mobs, the author also criticized the goverment's indulgent attitude.”

  两句中各有一个错误,即:“It's”和“Beside”;应该是“ Its”和“Besides”才对。“It's”是“it is”的缩写,“Its”才是所有代名词“它的”。“Beside”是“在旁边”,而“Besides” 才是“除此之外”。

  像这样“形似义异”的字,在英语里相当多,稍微粗心,便会混淆不清。

  下面是些类似的混淆词,请大家注意:

  ⒈altogether(完全地):all together(全部)
  (a) Dr Zhang was not altogether pleased with his salary.
  (b) Please go all together.

  ⒉complement(辅助):compliment(恭维)
  (a) Different transport means complement one another very well.
  (b) Sam complimented Helen on her assistance.

  ⒊uninterested(不感兴趣的): disinterested(大公无私的)
  (a) All were uninterested in the project.
  (b) A good judge should be disinterested.

  ⒋formally(正式地):formerly(以前)
  (a) The guest was formally introduced to the host.
  (b) Tom was formerly our class monitor.

  ⒌healthful(有利健康的):healthy(身体健康)
  (a) Villagers enjoy the healthful mountain air.
  (b) Healthy people live happily.

  ⒍impractical(不切实际的):impracticable(不易实行的)
  (a) Such a plan is idealistic; it is impractical.
  (b) No one will support an idea if it is impracticable.

  ⒎tasty(好吃的):tasteful(有鉴赏力的)
  (a) Many westerners like tasty Chinese Food.
  (b) Helen made a tasteful arrangement of the furniture in the lobby.

  ⒏statue(雕像):stature(身高):statute(法令)
  (a) There is a gigantic statue of Raffles in the park.
  (b)Most basketball players are men of tall stature.
  (c) It is necessary to remove an outdated statute or replace it with an up-to-date one.

  ⒐appreciable(明显的;可感觉到的):appreciative(欣赏的;感激的)
  (a) There has been an appreciable increase in food prices./ There is an appreciable difference in the attitude of two new clerks.
  (b) David was very appreciative of his colleagues' cooperation in the project.

  ⒑burned:burnt(焚烧)
  (a) The love of freedom burned in our hearts./ The candles have burned brightly since last night.(不及物动词)
  (b) The boy burnt his thumb./ Betty has burnt all the letters from her former boy friend.(及物动词)

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