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英语讲义【1】疑问附加语 isn't it

2007-07-03 16:17陈清霖

  疑问附加语 isn't it

  "John is smart, isn't it?"

  这个疑问句里的附加语(question tag)对吗?如果是不对的话,错在哪里?

  在公共场所或办公室里,只要稍为留心,不难听到“ isn't it ? ”这个附加语。这种疑问句是英文几种疑问句中的一种,主要的用途在强制答话人提供问话人心目中的答案。

  这个疑问句有一定的格式,即:

  肯定叙述句(affirmative statement)+否定附加语(见例 ①及②)

  否定叙述句(negative statement)+肯定附加语(见例③及 ④)

  ①Mary is happy, isn't she?
  ②They will come, won't they?
  ③Mary isn't sad, is she?
  ④They won't come, will they?

  此外,附加语中的代名词(pronoun)和助动词(auxiliary verb)必须和叙述句中的相符。

  这类疑问句看似简单,其实容易出差错。其中一个错误便是附加语的时态(tense)不对,如:

  ⑤You could hardly expect him to help you, can you?
  ⑥The minister will talk about regional cooperation, wouldn't he ?

  另外一种错误是助动词的错用,如:

  ⑦The clerks are working hard, don't they?
  ⑧Betty won't be a sportswoman, can she?

  “isn't it”的滥用

  最常见的错误来自“isn't it”的滥用,如:

  ⑨Jason likes this book very much , isn't it?
  ⑩She can sing well, isn't it?

  11.Our team won, isn't it?

  12.Young Singaporeans have become achievement - oriented , isn't it?

  13.All our teachers are dedicated, isn't it?

  14.They will go shopping on Sunday, isn't it?

  这6个错误的附加语改正如下:

  ⑨Jason likes this book very much, doesn't he?
  ⑩She can sing well, can't she?

  11.Our team won, didn't it?

  12.Young Singaporeans have become achievement - oriented, haven't they?

  13.All our teachers are dedicated, aren't they?

  14.They will go shopping on Sunday, won't they?

  " lsn't it ? "在下列3个句子中才是正确的用法:

  15.It is fine today, isn't it?

  16.That story book is interesting, isn't it?

  17.It is worthwhile learning a second language well, isn't it?

  现在再看看“John is smart , isn't it ?”错在哪里。很明显的,错在附加语里的代名词:应该是“he ”,不是“it”,全句如下:

  John is smart, isn't he?

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