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英语讲义【133】几个本地常见的句式

2007-07-05 14:50陈清霖

  有没有写过像下面这样的句子:

  “Due to growth in business, we now have the following career opportunities to offer to the right candidates.”

  &“Due to expansion, we have a number of vacancies within our Singapore operation and are seeking to recruit technicians.”

  这两个常常可以见到的句子都很好,很清楚。我要谈谈的只是“due to”的位置问题。

  严格地说,“due to”不管是当“由于”或“应归于”解,都不放在句前,而要出现在句后,最好是在“Be”之后,如:

  ① The company's problems are due to bad management and staff shortage.
  ② Some staff came late, due to traffic congestion.

  如果要“由于”出现在句前也行,但要用“due to”的同义词“owing to, because of, on account of”,甚至“thanks to”。因此,文前的两句话和下面两句都最好改一改:

  ③ Due to their outward appearance, American Chinese are still considered Chinese. (→ Because of)
  ④ Due to the opening up of China's economy, many people have been going there to do business. (→On account of)

  另一个本地常见的句式是:“The reason is because……”,如:

  ⑤ Janet cannot speak Mandarin well. The reason is because she has not learned it properly.

  根据句子结构,上面这话的主句是“The reason is”,后面的分句应该是名词性的才适合当接系动词“is”的补足语(complement)。因此,最好把原因副词分句“because she has not learned it properly”改为名词分句(noun clause):

  The reason is that she has not learned it properly.

  不然就要调整句式如下:

  ⑥ Janet cannot speak Mandarin well because she has not learned it properly.
  ⑦ The reason why Janet cannot speak Mandarin well is that she has not learned it properly.

  最后一个渐渐见到的句式和从属连词(Subordinating conjunction)“because”有关。

  习惯上,由“because”引发的原因副词分句(adverb clause of reason)要在主句之后出现,如上述第⑥句;又如:

  ⑧ The students carried out demonstrations because the government was corrupted.

  但是用美式英语者偶尔倒过来写:

  “Because the government was corrupted, the students carried out demonstrations.”

  一般上,这里的“because”可由“as, since, now that”取代,如下:

  ⑨ As the government was corrupted, the students carried out demonstrations.
  ⑩ Since Sam was the best candidate, he got the job.

  (11) Now that the business has grown, we have the following career opportunities to offer to suitable applicants.

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